%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140723084444+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140723084444+01'00') /Title (The Idea of Greater Britain: Empire and the Future of World Order, 1860-1900) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4289 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Idea of Greater Britain: Empire and the Future of World )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Order, 1860-1900)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duncan Bell?s book comes with an intriguing picture on its front cover: Gustave Dor?s famous 1860 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depiction of a New Zealander perched on a broken arch of London Bridge sketching the ruins of St Paul?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and its environs. The image, derived from an essay by Thomas Babington Macaulay, captures much of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian premonition and anxiety about empire. Schooled on the classics and hardened in the tropics, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successive generations of colonial statesmen and commentators in the 19th century learned to hope for little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and fear much worse from the possession of far-flung dominion and settlement. Their ultimate nightmare )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was that the fate of Rome would catch up with Britain, that is, unbridled expansion overseas would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precipitate the collapse of civilisation at the metropole. So fashionable had this Gibbonseque trope of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Macaulay?s New Zealander? become by the 1860s that, according to David Skilton, the satirical magazine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Punch)] TJ ET BT 64.676 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( called for a proclamation banning its use, along with other proverbial phrases such as ?the Thin End )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Wedge? and ?the British Lion?. As arresting as Dor?s lithograph is, it does seem a slightly odd )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(choice for Duncan Bell?s study, which is devoted to a series of Victorian writers and thinkers who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed a wholly positive vision of empire, looking forward to global peace and order, rather than back to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the gloomy lessons of the past. No such problems are presented by the back cover. Gathered there are a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series of top scholarly names from both sides of the Atlantic endorsing the book, which has been eagerly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anticipated. Derived from his Cambridge PhD thesis of 2004, and trailed in a series of articles and edited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(709)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 January, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duncan Bell)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780691128658)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(26.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(332pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Princeton University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Princeton, NJ)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Miles Taylor)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7751 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collections, )] TJ ET BT 92.012 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Idea of Greater Britain)] TJ ET BT 224.672 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is one the first major studies of Victorian intellectual life with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject of the British empire left in, rather than out. Joint winner of the coveted Royal Historical Society?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitfield Prize, singled out for praise by Stephen Howe in the )] TJ ET BT 336.644 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Independent)] TJ ET BT 395.960 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and already frequently cited in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new work in the field, it is not just the cover, but the contents of this book, which demand to be noticed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is both monograph and manifesto. Bell?s main research task is to resuscitate the somewhat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neglected arguments of those Victorians who idealised and proselytised a ?Greater Britain?, that is a closer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(union of Britain and the settlement colonies. But there is a larger purpose too. Bell calls for historians of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political thought in the 19th century to follow their fellow scholars in earlier periods and take empire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seriously. He contends that the Victorian canon of thinkers ? so skilfully analysed by, among others, John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Burrow, Stefan Collini and Peter Clarke ? has escaped the sort of closer scrutiny which the imperial turn has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspired in intellectual history especially of the 17th and 18th centuries \(for example, in the work of Anthony )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pagden and David Armitage\). By themselves, these two stated purposes are reasonable enough. Although the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Greater Britain? tendency in the 19th century has not been entirely obscured ? as Bell generously notes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ged Martin, Michael Burgess and John Kendle have all written about it extensively ? it has tended to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treated as an annex of imperial and commonwealth history rather than part of the main body of the Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vision. Moreover, its proponents ? Thomas Carlyle, E. A. Freeman and J. A. Froude to name a few ? have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been seen at best as armchair statesmen, and at worst, pedlars of Anglo-Saxon racism. There is also a case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for seeing them as misguided romantics, about which Jonathan Mendilow, not cited by Bell, has written. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(good to have the revisionist case put so forcefully, as Bell does so well. And the grander project is welcome )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too. Whilst 19th-century intellectual historians have not shied away from looking at the connections between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(India and Victorian political thought \(e.g. both James and John Stuart Mill, and Henry Maine\), the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptual place of empire has not been considered in the same way as other Victorian concerns and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shibboleths such as liberty, democracy, poverty, the state, or the economy. It is as if, to paraphrase Sir John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Seeley, one of the heroes of this study, the British empire was acquired in a fit of absence of thought. Both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bell?s case-study of the Greater Britain movement and his wider claims about the limited horizons of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian political thought as a discipline are thus worth considering seriously, separately and in more detail. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is much to commend with both, although there are legitimate concerns about how far the case-study of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Greater Britain can really be used to open up new vistas in the intellectual history of the Victorian era.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unsurprisingly, given his Cambridge provenance, Bell takes a ?meaning and context? approach to the idea )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ?Greater Britain?. Instead of separating out Sir John Seeley and his forebears as belonging to a tradition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial and commonwealth historiography in which they pass the baton onto later scholars such as A. B. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Keith and W. K. Hancock and eventually to the modern era revolutionised by Ronald Robinson and John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gallagher, Bell places them and their preoccupations back in the mid-19th century. This has certain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advantages. It becomes clear, for example, that faith in white empire overseas grew out of concern over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dangers and perils of democracy at home. The aftermath of the 1848 revolutions, Liberal ?little Englander? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(calls for less colonies not more in the 1860s, and an expanded franchise and the advent of socialism in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1880s all led to an upsurge in support for settlement empire as an antidote. Alongside this, the perception of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain?s geopolitical vulnerability across a globe increasingly dominated by Russian, French and then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American and German expansion ? all states with federal or imperial structures ? stimulated what Bell calls )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?one of the most audacious political projects of modern times? \(p. 11\), that is, a global Anglo-Saxon polity. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is obviously something to this: in the 1880s in particular, as other historians have shown, Liberal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unionism and radical Conservatism in Britain veered off in an imperial direction, specifically over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prospect of Irish home rule, but with many of these wider worries in the background. However, Bell does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tend to apply his background strokes with such a broad brush, giving us a sense of the spirit of the times, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without offering specific evidence of links between particular texts and the immediate events which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surrounded their composition. Sometimes the texts are taken from the beginning of the period under study, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes at the end. The effect for this reviewer was to be less convinced by the ?meaning and context? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach than is usually the case.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is helpful too, to see advocates for Greater Britain as engaged in a debate with each other, rather than with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(posterity ? and this is another advantage of the contextual approach adopted by Bell. Between the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8291 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication of Goldwin Smith?s ?Empire? letters in the )] TJ ET BT 302.000 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Daily News)] TJ ET BT 357.668 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1862?3, through Charles Dilke?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Greater Britain)] TJ ET BT 109.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1868, to Seeley?s )] TJ ET BT 211.676 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Expansion of England)] TJ ET BT 318.344 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of 1883 and JA Froude?s )] TJ ET BT 444.992 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oceana)] TJ ET BT 482.312 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of 1886, we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have a remarkably rich and diverse conversation over two decades on the shape of empire. Into the mix Bell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adds the rise and fall of the Imperial Federation League \(IFL, est.1884\), and a host of minor publicists and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enthusiasts, all taking part in an intense moment of heightened interest in white dominion overseas. In a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nuanced manner, Bell shows a range of positions adopted. Some were for the racial union of Anglo-Saxon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peoples pure and simple, or )] TJ ET BT 169.328 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pur sang)] TJ ET BT 211.664 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( certainly, some defined nationhood in terms of culture and religion. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Others were ?scientific utopians?, fuelled by a techno-triumphalist belief that the contraction of ?time and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space? through the telegraph and the steam-ship was making possible the creation of a union of non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contiguous states. Some, albeit in the minority, went as far as to envisage India included in the vision. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bell, the impact of this debate is unquestionable. It was a ?pressing topic? \(p. 18\) and a ?popular rallying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cry? \(p. 31\). Such claims are difficult to confirm or contest, for we are offered no reliable means of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quantifying the impact of the movement, for example, through measuring the incidence of the phrase )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Greater Britain? in the newspapers and periodicals of the period, or in )] TJ ET BT 377.600 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hansard)] TJ ET BT 419.600 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s parliamentary debates, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at election time. The principal thinkers discussed came straight out of the standard liberal canon of Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public moralists, and it is their influence as opinion-makers more generally rather than advocates of empire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that is undeniable. At times, Bell himself doesn?t seem totally convinced of their impact. In the introduction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we are told that his case-studies were ?not sophisticated? thinkers and lacked the ?philosophical skills? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(21\) required to turn people?s minds , that the IFL was not ?taken seriously? \(p. 15\) by politicians \(except )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lord Rosebery, who although later Prime Minister was not always very serious\), and that the movement was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not really ?representative? of wider attitudes \(p. 26\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps one way out of this gulf between Bell?s expansive claims for his topic, and his more cautious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions about the impact of ?Greater Britain? would have been to widen his range of reference beyond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Anglo-centric thinkers and activists discussed here. British radicals and later on socialists do not feature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very much, although historians have always been \(sometimes uncomfortably so\) aware of their pro-pax )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britannica sentiments. Those caught up in the industry of white settlement: agents, advertisers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speculators ? that culture of ?boosterism? about which James Belich has written so persuasively ? might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been discussed in this book. And the idealists who imagined ?Greater Britain? ? the red-pen wielding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cartographers, statisticians, explorers and geographers ? merited mention. Moreover, the neo-British world )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(features very little. It cannot have escaped Bell?s attention that some of the most eloquent and influential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advocates of ?Greater Britain? were not to be found in the metropole, but in Canada, the Cape, Australasia, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and even India. This broader context for analysing the promotion and reception of ideas about imperial union )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might have helped answer more fully the question of movement?s impact. The book could profitably have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been less about the canon, and more about the idea.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If Bell is somewhat contradictory and elusive on context, he proves much more sure-footed on meaning. At )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the core of the book are three excellent case-studies ? of Seeley, Goldwin Smith, and \(though at less length\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Froude. Here the description becomes much thicker. On Seeley, Bell follows others in rooting the Regius )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor?s expanded notion of English identity in his liberal Anglicanism. But he also makes clear in ways )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(others have not the Hegelian and anti-Napoleonic idea of a ?cosmopolitan nationalism? in Seeley?s work ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anti-imperial in intent, imperial in effect. Seeley was ?Greater Britain??s great catch ? W. T. Stead thought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he should be put in charge of a college teaching the value of a global British identity. However, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement was never faraway from easily misunderstood \(especially by posterity\) Anglo-Saxon supremacist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourse, with which Goldwin Smith increasingly became associated. Bell shows how Goldwin Smith was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critical of schemes for formal constitutional union ? and in that sense was a leading radical little Englander )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and later pro-Boer ? insisting that ?Greater Britain? be based on ?blood and sentiment?, and for such reasons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could not include India and Ireland, which were fit only for vice-regal institutions. Froude only gets passing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coverage, but interestingly allows Bell to develop the point that a work such as )] TJ ET BT 415.640 116.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oceana)] TJ ET BT 452.960 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( might be seen as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late flowering of the ?civic humanist? tradition, with the scheme of imperial federation as a rearticulation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the classical republican community ? albeit with a monarch at its head. Here some consideration might have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been given to statesmen out in the field such as the 4th Earl of Carnarvon or Sir Henry Bartle Frere who both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in India and southern Africa proved strong proponents of systems of federation, including non-European )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3625 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation. Indeed, Bell does not really tell us enough about what practical form ?Greater Britain? might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have taken. He notes at length the inability of imperial enthusiasts to adopt a sufficiently persuasive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language and recognises how the sovereignty of Westminster might be imperilled by federal government. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nonetheless, schemes for imperial parliaments with colonial representatives \(either in the Commons, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more commonly by the end of the century, in the Lords\) as well as a more active imperial monarchy, were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frequently advanced during the period, and were worth noting more.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Towards the end of this ambitious book, Bell returns to the scenario depicted by Macaulay?s New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zealander, and argues that over the course of the 19th century, advocates of ?Greater Britain? became less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(haunted by the fate of classical empires. Instead, they looked to north America \(in Goldwin Smith?s case, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of course ended up there\). With its waspish credentials, and never-ending frontier, America offered a fantasy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a future Anglo-Saxon yeomanwealth. Again, there is evidence for and against which be might have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed further. Not all of his generation followed James Bryce in seeing America as the new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commonwealth. Many liberals opposed American new imperialism in Cuba and the Philippines, were not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wholly supportive of westwards expansion, and did not welcome the corporate turn in American capitalism. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For all that, however, via the Round Table movement after 1902 and the Cliveden set between the wars this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspiration helped forged the Anglo-American special relationship, and it is fitting that Bell closes his bold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but not always convincing account with the goal of global federation passing to the continent where it has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remained ever since.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian Studies)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/vic/summary/v051/51.1.tabili.html)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 485.955 m 339.044 485.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 342.044 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 482.623 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 464.843 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 464.843 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/709)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 463.449 m 322.316 463.449 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 438.472 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 424.072 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3686)] TJ ET BT 34.016 409.672 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/vic/summary/v051/51.1.tabili.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 486.2695 339.0437 498.1495 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/vic/summary/v051/51.1.tabili.html) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 463.7635 322.3157 475.6435 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/709) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000579 00000 n 0000000661 00000 n 0000005002 00000 n 0000005111 00000 n 0000005221 00000 n 0000005330 00000 n 0000008891 00000 n 0000009019 00000 n 0000009103 00000 n 0000009168 00000 n 0000016972 00000 n 0000017037 00000 n 0000025381 00000 n 0000025472 00000 n 0000029150 00000 n 0000029277 00000 n 0000029391 00000 n 0000029519 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 29614 %%EOF