%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818071036+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818071036+01'00') /Title (Paris and the Commune, 1871?78: the Politics of Forgetting) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4395 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Paris and the Commune, 1871?78: the Politics of Forgetting)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It has often been observed that the greatest legacy of the Paris Commune of 1871 was its myth. In its short )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(duration the Commune failed to transform Paris in any lasting way ? even its supreme gesture of repudiation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the military traditions of the French past, the toppling of the Vendme column, was to be reversed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite the ravages of the fires that broke out during the )] TJ ET BT 307.628 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(semaine sanglante )] TJ ET BT 399.620 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 21?28 May 1871, Paris )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(escaped remarkably unscathed. Much of the damage was rapidly repaired ? the Htel de Ville and Palais de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Justice were rebuilt ? and soon the Parisian authorities went beyond rebuilding, looking to bring to fruition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those of Baron Haussmann?s urban improvement projects that had not been realised under the Second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire. Only the ruins of the Tuileries, symbol of monarchy and empire ? and significantly the only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(building that Communards never denied having deliberately set alight ? remained as a grim reminder of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commune, not removed until 1883. Yet these ruins were anomalous. Otherwise, Colette Wilson argues in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her intriguing )] TJ ET BT 102.680 145.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Paris and the Commune, 1871?78)] TJ ET BT 267.008 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, there was a concerted effort to efface memories of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commune, beginning immediately after the close of the )] TJ ET BT 304.988 130.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(semaine sanglante)] TJ ET BT 393.980 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Wilson?s closely focused study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reveals the tension between the ?state obliteration of the memory of the Commune? \(p. 1\) and its submerged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presence in literary, artistic and photographic production. The memory of the Commune haunted the French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imagination in the 1870s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Echoes of the Commune have been traced well into the 20th century and indeed, as Wilson demonstrates in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(710)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 January, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colette E. Wilson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719074769)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin Simpson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8757 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her conclusion, commemorations of the Commune endure today, particularly through the activities of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Association des Amis de la Commune)] TJ ET BT 214.340 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Lessons from the experience of the Commune were drawn by figures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the political spectrum. When Maxime Weygand and Philippe Ptain advocated an armistice in June )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1940, fears of a socialist revolution following defeat, in a replay of 1870?71, figured in their thinking. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Above all the Commune was appropriated by the socialist movement as a founding myth ? witness for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance the use of a Communard flag as a shroud for Lenin, or the pilgrimage of the leaders of the French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Popular Front of 1936 to the legendary )] TJ ET BT 223.664 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mur)] TJ ET BT 244.328 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( des Fdrs )] TJ ET BT 307.976 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Pre Lachaise cemetery. Robert Gildea has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even argued that)] TJ ET BT 64.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The ?making of the working class? in France did not take place as a result of industrialisation or )] TJ ET BT 64.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urbanisation but as a result of the construction of a collective memory, the myth of the Paris )] TJ ET BT 64.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commune.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 117.020 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 117.020 628.515 m 131.012 628.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilson has chosen a much narrower focus. The general amnesty of 1880, advocated by Lon Gambetta in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms of the need to ?place the tombstone of oblivion over the crimes and vestiges of the Commune? falls )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outside the scope of her account. Wilson instead takes 1878 as her chronological finishing point, marked by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the reinvention of Paris as a modern, healthy, hygienic and regenerated metropolis during the )] TJ ET BT 489.932 548.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Exposition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Universelle)] TJ ET BT 89.336 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(p. 2\). In part this choice reflects Wilson?s understandable desire to avoid rehearsing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(familiar narrative of the various socialist interpretations of the Commune and subsequent struggles among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fragmented left to lay claim to the contested heritage of the Commune. Moreover the amnesty does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figure in Wilson?s account because it is in cultural production broadly speaking that she is interested. There )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is little here on the Commune as a political stake during the 1870s ? nothing for instance on how the counter-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolutionary right equated the Opportunist republicans with Communards during the crisis of the )] TJ ET BT 506.972 463.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Seize Mai)] TJ ET BT 553.964 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For Wilson, it is cultural production that speaks most loudly and in cultural production that the elaboration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and construction of collective memory can be analysed. It is therefore through close reading of a compact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body of sources that Wilson seeks to unpack what she identifies as the collective memory of the anti-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Communard bourgeoisie, the dominant memory of the 1870s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilson?s approach is informed by literary studies, and consists of four case studies, ranging from the reports )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of )] TJ ET BT 47.012 365.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Monde Illustr)] TJ ET BT 133.004 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to the images of Paris captured by photographers Soulier, Baldus and Marville, by way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the writings of Maxime du Camp and mile Zola. One of the strengths of Wilson?s selection of case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies lies in her decision not to restrict herself to representations of the Commune, but to look rather at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how the Commune was present in works that did not directly address )] TJ ET BT 368.648 323.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(l?anne terrible)] TJ ET BT 445.640 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Thus she turns not to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zola?s )] TJ ET BT 69.008 308.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La Dbcle )] TJ ET BT 127.664 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(which in any case lies outside the chronological span she has chosen\) but to )] TJ ET BT 498.272 308.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Ventre )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(de Paris)] TJ ET BT 74.348 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 80.348 294.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Assommoir )] TJ ET BT 150.020 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 170.348 294.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Une page d?amour )] TJ ET BT 266.000 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to see how the experience of the Commune informed these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(novels of the 1870s. Likewise Wilson does not focus solely on Du Camp?s notorious )] TJ ET BT 444.992 280.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Les Convulsions de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Paris )] TJ ET BT 63.020 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(a canonical work in propagating the reactionary version of the Commune\) but is particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interested in his detailed analysis of Paris begun during the Second Empire, )] TJ ET BT 399.644 251.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Paris: ses organes, ses fonctions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(et sa vie dans la seconde moiti du XIXe sicle)] TJ ET BT 258.308 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Wilson is also attentive to linkages between the texts she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies, pointing, for instance, to Zola?s indebtedness to Du Camp?s study of Les Halles in the second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume of )] TJ ET BT 86.012 208.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Paris: ses organes )] TJ ET BT 178.340 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when he came to write )] TJ ET BT 289.976 208.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Ventre de Paris.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilson?s discussion of )] TJ ET BT 147.680 182.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Monde Illustr )] TJ ET BT 236.672 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates her care to marry close reading to an appreciation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the wider context. Attention is drawn to )] TJ ET BT 227.996 168.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Monde Illustr?s )] TJ ET BT 327.656 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting stance, part of the Dalloz press )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empire and therefore sister paper of the quasi-official )] TJ ET BT 292.604 154.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Moniteur Universel)] TJ ET BT 401.924 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, conservative and supportive of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church and state, but distancing itself from president MacMahon as his ?Moral Order? regime faltered in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1877?8. Wilson notes that the illustrations from the 1871 editions of )] TJ ET BT 364.676 125.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Monde Illustr )] TJ ET BT 453.668 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are by no means )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unknown, but have been analysed in isolation, the accompanying texts ignored. Jean Nol?s illustration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Aux Tuileries ? Rapprochements et Contrastes?, evidently reflects the experience of the Commune in terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a working class invasion of bourgeois space and the received image of Communard women as masculine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and grotesque. However our appreciation of the illustration is sharpened by Edouard Hubert?s ironic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(description of the scene: innocent children play at being Communards \(the chief blasphemer, the drunken )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 117.0197 628.8295 131.0117 640.7095 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 9535 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soldier, the 15-sous women who supply their food\) in close proximity to the reality of drunken women and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cursing soldiers who represent the tyranny of the rabble. On the other hand, the fit between image and text is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not always perfect, Wilson suggests, pointing to possible tensions between illustrations of the toppling of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vendme column or the supposed ?last stand? of the )] TJ ET BT 290.312 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(fdrs )] TJ ET BT 327.968 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Pre Lachaise cemetery and the firmly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anti-Communard text that accompanies them. Wilson?s most interesting use of )] TJ ET BT 415.652 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Monde Illustr)] TJ ET BT 501.644 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, however, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is not to look at representations of the Commune, but to look at the two spectacles of 1878, the )] TJ ET BT 491.648 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Exposition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the )] TJ ET BT 72.008 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(fte)] TJ ET BT 89.336 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of 30 June. For Wilson, ?at a subliminal level ? the Commune [was] everywhere present?, above )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all as both spectacles were describing in terms of )] TJ ET BT 272.300 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ftes)] TJ ET BT 294.296 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which could not but recall the ?)] TJ ET BT 451.604 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(fte)] TJ ET BT 468.932 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commune. Were the crowds of workers once more a threatening presence, invading the city? Parisians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might see parallels between the celebratory fireworks of 30 June and the bombardment of Paris and fires of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(May 1871. There were also ambiguities inherent in any discussion of the )] TJ ET BT 386.300 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Exposition)] TJ ET BT 437.636 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, given the Second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire?s enthusiasm for exhibitions as displayed in 1855 and 1867. In addition, the associated projects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(carried Napoleonic echoes in the cases of the enlargement of the Napoleonic Pont d?Ina and the colossal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statue of Charlemagne. The close reading of the reports of )] TJ ET BT 316.280 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Monde Illustr)] TJ ET BT 402.272 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Wilson provides illuminates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these issues.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maxime Du Camp?s extensive investigation into Paris, originally published as a series of articles in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative )] TJ ET BT 97.664 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Revue des deux mondes)] TJ ET BT 211.292 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the period 1867?74 attracts Wilson?s interest precisely as a work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interrupted and altered by the experience of the Commune. The experience of )] TJ ET BT 409.580 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(l?anne terrible )] TJ ET BT 489.572 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(left Du Camp )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the situation of cataloguing an administration that had suddenly ceased to exist, but he nonetheless )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determined to leave volumes three and four unchanged, as marking a significant moment in the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paris, the shift from authoritarianism to the liberal empire. This has led other commentators to consider )] TJ ET BT 532.628 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Paris)] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(: ses organes )] TJ ET BT 100.340 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a ?memorialist? work, recalling a vanished Paris. However, Wilson draws our attention to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explanatory notes Du Camp chose to add to the completed volumes that call attention to the devastation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wrought by the Commune, from material ruin to the destruction of the judicial documents and archives. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Du Camp the destruction of the records of births, marriages and deaths held at the Htel de Ville destabilised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the very identity of the city. The final volumes allowed Du Camp to expand on the impact of the siege and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Commune on the Parisian working class who fell prey to alcoholism and mental illness ? their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?ptrolomanie alcoolique? resulted in the destruction of city. Yet, Wilson suggests, Du Camp does rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more than this ? his anti-clerical observations on the Catholic church served as an ironic commentary on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clerical ?Order morale? regime of MacMahon. )] TJ ET BT 260.936 371.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Les Convulsions de Paris )] TJ ET BT 386.276 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1878?79\), allowed Du Camp the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space to refute pro-Communard memoirs at length and fully develop the observations made in the )] TJ ET BT 506.948 356.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Paris)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(: ses organes)] TJ ET BT 97.340 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. )] TJ ET BT 103.340 342.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Les Convulsions)] TJ ET BT 182.348 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which positioned itself as an ?impartial? first hand account of the Commune )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(supplemented by archival documents\), was prompted by the issue of the amnesty and signalled Du Camp?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(desire to prevent both an amnesty and any forgetting of the crimes of the Commune. As Wilson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates, Du Camp?s method was indebted to that of Taine; a debt that extended to his use of medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and scientific metaphors \(the Commune as a diseased prostitute\) and his readiness to fall back on his own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imagination. Tendentious and unreliable though it was, Du Camp?s )] TJ ET BT 360.992 271.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Convulsions )] TJ ET BT 423.332 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?fulfilled a need in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hearts and minds of the reactionary and monarchist elite? \(p. 123\) and ?served to consolidate the constructed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anti-Communard memory of Paris and the Commune? \(p. 125\). Du Camp?s reward came in the shape of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(election to the )] TJ ET BT 105.008 228.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Acadmie Franaise )] TJ ET BT 206.984 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1880.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If in the case of Du Camp, the originality of Wilson?s account lies in her attention to )] TJ ET BT 443.300 202.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Paris)] TJ ET BT 469.304 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: )] TJ ET BT 475.640 202.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ses)] TJ ET BT 493.304 202.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(organes)] TJ ET BT 531.968 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when it comes to Zola Wilson has to contend with existing scholarship on Zola?s attitudes towards the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commune. Wilson is not the first to examine covert political references in )] TJ ET BT 392.972 173.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Ventre de Paris)] TJ ET BT 483.296 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1873\)and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Assommoir )] TJ ET BT 103.688 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1877\). However, it is Wilson?s skill to provide an original and insightful analysis by means )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of examining the ?relationship between the text, the city?s topography and the Commune as a function of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective memory? \(p. 133\). Most strikingly this is the case with )] TJ ET BT 349.664 130.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Assommoir.)] TJ ET BT 419.336 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In a particularly interesting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis Wilson traces the route of Gervaise?s wedding party from Montmartre to the city centre, showing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that each landmark mentioned was saturated with memories of the Commune \(though I did find myself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wishing that the book included a detailed map of Paris\). Wilson also goes beyond other critics in choosing to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read )] TJ ET BT 57.668 73.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Une page d?amour )] TJ ET BT 153.320 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1878\)through the lens of the Commune. Subtle allusions to the Commune are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(teased out ? for instance, ?Zola specifically singles out Montmartre on the horizon as if shrouded by glowing )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 8233 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crimson and golden embers, reminding us once again of conflagration and bloodshed? \(p. 163\). However, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there are moments when I am unclear as to what sort of parallel is being drawn. Take for instance another of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilson?s observations on )] TJ ET BT 160.340 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Une page d?amour)] TJ ET BT 252.992 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The description of Paris as if it were a cesspool of filth, crime and wretchedness ? recalls Zola?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own sense impressions in the wake of )] TJ ET BT 248.324 715.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(la semaine sanglante)] TJ ET BT 349.652 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( when he walked the city streets, his )] TJ ET BT 64.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand over his nostrils so as to keep out the stench of putrefying bodies lying under the hot sun )] TJ ET BT 64.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 163\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 648.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I am unsure whether this is to argue that Zola had this image specifically in mind when he wrote this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 634.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passage, or whether it might be expected that any of his readers would recall the Commune when reading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this passage. Wilson, familiar with the details of Zola?s biography can make this link ? but can we really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 605.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take this as a reference to the Commune, or proof of Wilson?s overall judgement that ?Zola?s response to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commune ? lies at the heart of his literary project as a whole? \(p. 168\)?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 565.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite the interesting nature of Wilson?s work, I do have certain reservations. Here the question of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 551.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach is key. Close reading undeniably sheds light on ways in which the Commune continued to resonate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 536.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the French imagination. Wilson?s readings of all her sources are of considerable interest. However, there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are problems with this way of proceeding. As I see it, the problems are of two orders. First, at times more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be uncovered by going )] TJ ET BT 177.668 508.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(beyond)] TJ ET BT 212.324 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the case studies. The use of additional sources would strengthen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguments and perhaps provide alternative perspectives, while still preserving the focus on the bourgeois )] TJ ET BT 34.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anti-Communard memory. Most strikingly, I feel this in relation to the discussion of 1878, which I found )] TJ ET BT 34.016 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one of the most interesting sections of the book. Here the close focus on )] TJ ET BT 382.964 465.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Monde Illustr)] TJ ET BT 468.956 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is not always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(helpful. Wilson?s contention that the )] TJ ET BT 214.004 451.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Exposition )] TJ ET BT 268.340 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was designed to efface the negative images associated with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Commune is interesting, but could be explored in more depth. I would have liked more detail on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Exposition )] TJ ET BT 88.352 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(including more on Marville?s officially commissioned photographs, briefly discussed in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(final chapter\) and a closer look at the associated official discourse. Secondly, there is the issue of reading so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(closely as to find things that might have escaped both audience and author. For the most part, Wilson?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readings are persuasive, but at times I find myself reluctant to follow her. I offer two examples. Wilson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convincingly shows the possible readings of the marionette-show in )] TJ ET BT 362.984 365.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Une page d?amour )] TJ ET BT 458.636 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(references to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacMahon as Polichinelle were not uncommon, but equally it could be read as a reference to Napoleon III )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or the Communards\), but additionally notes ?the red stage curtain reminiscent both of the red flag of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commune and the red blood of )] TJ ET BT 186.668 323.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(la semaine sanglante)] TJ ET BT 290.996 323.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 296.996 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(p. 158\). In her examination of Soulier?s album of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(photographs, )] TJ ET BT 99.344 308.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Paris Incendi: mai 1871)] TJ ET BT 221.660 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Wilson declares, ?for those who sought salvation in a return to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic church after May 1871, Soulier?s light-filled archway ? would no doubt have had a strong appeal ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like the gates of heaven the archway rise high above the rubble of the palace?? \(p. 187\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Given that bourgeois anti-Communard collective memory is what is being explored, it seems a shame to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marginalise official discourse which cannot but have informed this memory. Silence and repression of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathetic accounts of the Commune was not the sole response of the government ? there was an official )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourse on the Commune \(for instance the important three volumes of findings of the Parliamentary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enquiry on the Insurrection of 18 March\) which might have been touched upon. In addition, there are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions to be raised about which collective memory is under analysis. It is an ambitious goal to use the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case studies in question to reveal the operation of ?broadly conservative, reactionary and counter-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolutionary memories and myths? \(p. 2\). Although counter-revolutionaries would have endorsed some of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Du Camp?s observations in )] TJ ET BT 169.340 139.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Les Convulsions de Paris)] TJ ET BT 291.680 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, little light is shed on counter-revolutionary memory. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The most stridently counter-revolutionary memories were those held by legitimists and ultramontane )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholics. These collective memories were marked by an obsessive focus on the revolution, understood as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ongoing phenomenon, a Manichean struggle between what Joseph de Maistre had identified as the ?satanic? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution and Christian France \(?true France?\). The Commune was thus read through the lens of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution ? as was indeed the Opportunist Republic. Moreover there was a strong theme of expiation, again )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an idea to be found in Joseph de Maistre?s )] TJ ET BT 240.980 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Considrations sur la France )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 385.652 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 385.652 53.043 m 399.644 53.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 399.644 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, powerfully expressed in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 40.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Voeu National )] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj [21 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 385.6517 53.3575 399.6437 65.2375 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 4341 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement, which aimed to dedicate France to the Sacred Heart. Though Wilson does refer to )] TJ ET BT 485.588 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Sacr-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Coeur basilica to be built in Montmartre, the physical symbol of the )] TJ ET BT 362.996 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Voeu)] TJ ET BT 390.656 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(National)] TJ ET BT 432.668 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( movement, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elaboration and operation of counter-revolutionary memory is not to be found in her account.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It will be apparent that the reservations I have about Wilson?s work are chiefly to do with what she does )] TJ ET BT 537.920 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(not)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(do. I am full aware that it is perhaps unhelpful, if not unfair, to take a book to task for missing out certain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(points. I would like to conclude by reiterating my appreciation of what Wilson )] TJ ET BT 413.972 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(does )] TJ ET BT 438.968 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(do. The strengths of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilson?s book deserve to be recognised. The close reading approach is used to good effect and illuminates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the way in which bourgeois memories of the Commune were constructed and how these memories came into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(play, as the Commune continued to resonate in the bourgeois imagination. At the same time, Wilson avoids )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the temptation to treat texts in isolation, but effectively contextualises them. In addition Wilson?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploration of bourgeois collective memory is informed by theory. Wilson is well-versed in theories of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memory and addresses 19th-century understandings of memory, Halbwachs?s ideas of collective memory, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how images operate in the fashioning of memory and contemporary theories on reminiscence. If this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewer is not entirely persuaded by all the readings provided by Wilson, the arguments put forward are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undeniably interesting, provocative and stimulating. To be introduced to some unfamiliar texts and to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made to see familiar texts though fresh eyes cannot but be a rewarding experience.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(January 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 509.475 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 478.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Gildea, )] TJ ET BT 137.672 478.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Past in French History )] TJ ET BT 272.000 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New Haven and London, 1994\), p. 44.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 460.628 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 460.628 477.459 m 514.616 477.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 464.602 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 464.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph de Maistre, )] TJ ET BT 156.668 464.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Considrations sur la France)] TJ ET BT 298.340 464.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1796 \(Paris, 1988\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 399.332 464.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 399.332 463.203 m 453.320 463.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 438.341 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 424.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 419.359 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 401.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 401.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/710)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 400.185 m 322.316 400.185 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 375.208 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 360.808 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3687)] TJ ET BT 34.016 346.408 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 460.6277 477.7735 514.6157 489.6535 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 399.3317 463.5175 453.3197 475.3975 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 400.4995 322.3157 412.3795 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/710) >> endobj xref 0 34 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000568 00000 n 0000000650 00000 n 0000005097 00000 n 0000005206 00000 n 0000005316 00000 n 0000005425 00000 n 0000008986 00000 n 0000009114 00000 n 0000009198 00000 n 0000009282 00000 n 0000018092 00000 n 0000018122 00000 n 0000018250 00000 n 0000018286 00000 n 0000018351 00000 n 0000027939 00000 n 0000028023 00000 n 0000036309 00000 n 0000036339 00000 n 0000036465 00000 n 0000036501 00000 n 0000036599 00000 n 0000040993 00000 n 0000041121 00000 n 0000041176 00000 n 0000041304 00000 n 0000041359 00000 n 0000041487 00000 n trailer << /Size 34 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 41582 %%EOF