%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 31 0 R 66 0 R 86 0 R 116 0 R 160 0 R ] /Count 7 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818093604+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818093604+01'00') /Title (Common Reading: Critics, Historians, Publics) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5182 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Common Reading: Critics, Historians, Publics)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 120.344 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( complements Collini?s )] TJ ET BT 236.684 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Absent Minds)] TJ ET BT 302.348 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 340.340 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 340.340 286.185 m 354.332 286.185 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Absent Minds)] TJ ET BT 422.996 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( establishes the skeleton of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual life in modern Britain; and, if there is more need to put flesh and blood on a 526 page skeleton, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 120.344 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( provides it. Collini deals with the cultural function of British intellectuals in )] TJ ET BT 491.012 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Absent Minds)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. That is, he shows how people deployed reputations gained from specialised learning to address questions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which have no \(or many\) answers. In )] TJ ET BT 215.300 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 301.628 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Collini addresses himself to a wide range of British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors: from Connolly to Orwell, Spender, Rebecca West, A. L. Rowse, to Butterfield and E. P. Thompson. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He drifts out of Britain to take up Edmund Wilson, Malraux, and Perry Anderson. Collini also engages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(larger themes as in his discussion of the ?idealisation? of the Victorian period, the )] TJ ET BT 430.292 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oxford Dictionary of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(National Biography)] TJ ET BT 129.692 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and the nostalgia attached to the great 19th-century reviews. The writers with whom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collini is concerned sought to fill the literary space between journalism and academic writing. The essays in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 120.344 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are Collini?s way of filling that literary space himself \(p. 3\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auden?s description of criticism as writers writing about writing )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 347.648 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 347.648 117.369 m 361.640 117.369 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 361.640 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( hardly captures the pungency and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asperity of Collini?s method, as Collini himself recognises. Collini uses Henry James? and Gershom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scholem?s aphorisms as prescripts to this book \(p. ix\): to be critical ?is the only thing to be, and all else is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humbug?; ?Not system but )] TJ ET BT 166.016 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(commentary)] TJ ET BT 225.332 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the legitimate form through which truth is approached?. Collini )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(takes up Adorno?s rather obscure remark that the ?essayist ?makes himself into an arena for intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(723)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 31 January, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stefan Collini)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(978-0-19-929678-1)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(376pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Lubenow)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 340.3397 286.4995 354.3317 298.3795 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 347.6477 117.6835 361.6397 129.5635 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 9661 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience, without unraveling it?? in order to lay out his own view. He wishes his own essays to ?capture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something of the ?intellectual experience? of reading, without dissolving the personal and temporal qualities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of that experience into more systematic abstractions.? He wishes to rescue ?the business of noticing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterizing and estimating? from the accusation of condescension which is sometimes lodged against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critics \(p. 4?5\).This is no easy furrow to plow and Collini treads carefully as he attacks his enemy: nostalgia, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bridesheadism and ?the stock-in-trade of bufferish keening for the good old days? \(p. 223\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manner cannot be separated from method and in Collini?s hands both are riddled with wit. Connelly?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?hovering preciousness? could descend into a ?critical equivalent of )] TJ ET BT 363.608 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brideshead Revisited)] TJ ET BT 465.260 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?\(p. 15\). He speaks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Hemmingway as ?hardly aestheticism?s most exquisite fruit? \(p. 7\). Connelly?s writing ?functioned as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kind of soft porn for the culturally aspirant? \(p. 18\). He finds it easy to see Edmund Wilson as ?the Sidney )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Greenstreet of literature? \(p. 58\). There are ?hobby farmers? and ?hobby historians? who ?walk away from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the problems whenever the going get tough? \(p. 201\). Collini notes the case of Northcliffe, who feeling he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had been poisoned by Belgian ice cream, issued a requirement that his newspaper should not cover Belgian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(news as ?the earliest example of British tabloid hostility to Brussels? \(p. 218\). He discusses the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Penguinification? of British readers and reading in the 1950s and 1960s \(p. 272\). The ?intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aristocracy? was ?more indulgent toward adultery than laziness? and ?more forgiving of various forms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nonconformity than any form of vulgarity? \(p. 290\). Collini reaches full flight in his assessment of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oxford Dictionary of National Biography)] TJ ET BT 234.020 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. He uses its search-engine to fetch out individuals answering to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(phrases ?egoist?, ?insufferable bore?, ?careerist?, ?ruthless businessman?, ?suffer fools gladly?, ?forceful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personality?, ?all-round sportsman?, ?dashing good looks?, ?attractive to women?. The phrase ?attractive to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men? finds seven cases, two of them to men and both were ?attractive to men and women alike? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(311?314\). Which is to say that )] TJ ET BT 183.668 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 269.996 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( packs plenty of entertainment in a very serious work of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criticism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What then is ?common? about )] TJ ET BT 182.996 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 269.324 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and what are the ?publics? in its subtitle? By ?common? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collini does not mean ordinary, popular or vulgar. Once, after a discussion with Vita Sackville-West, Harold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicolson observed that the life he and his wife lived was ??good? in a philosophical sense.? He went on ?we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are humane, charitable, just, and not vulgar. By God, we are not vulgar?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 383.276 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 383.276 400.419 m 397.268 400.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 397.268 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Collini concerns himself with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those essayists and historians, such as Nicolson, Sackville-West and the writers in this volume, who wrote )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for a ?non-specialized readership?. They were those who in the 19th century were called ?men of letters? or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?public moralists? to which Collini addressed himself in an earlier book.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 399.980 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 399.980 357.651 m 413.972 357.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 413.972 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( They were those who in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20th century continued to contribute to ?general and intellectual discussion? \(p. 1\). The figures which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(populate this book ? Orwell, Spender, Arthur Bryant, Empson, Butterfield, Carr, Scruton ? were those who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addressed themselves to ?publics? which were ?in principle open to anyone? as opposed to predetermined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professional societies \(p. 2\). One of the narratives into which these materials can be classed, therefore, is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative of persistence with modification. 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The )] TJ ET BT 288.632 244.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Edinburgh)] TJ ET BT 339.968 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( only died in 1929, the )] TJ ET BT 450.968 244.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fortnightly)] TJ ET BT 505.640 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1954, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 51.680 230.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Quarterly)] TJ ET BT 99.008 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1967, the )] TJ ET BT 162.008 230.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cornhill)] TJ ET BT 202.688 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1975. ?In France )] TJ ET BT 302.000 230.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La Revue des Deux Mondes)] TJ ET BT 435.296 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, founded in the 1830s in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imitation of the )] TJ ET BT 111.020 216.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Edinburgh)] TJ ET BT 162.356 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, still tries to keep up appearances, as, in its diminished way, the )] TJ ET BT 473.324 216.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contemporary)] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does in Britain?\(p. 228\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are other narratives into which )] TJ ET BT 214.628 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reader)] TJ ET BT 295.616 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( might be cast with various degrees of perfection: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from orthodoxy to secularism \(or various degrees of ambiguity, irony, and doubt\); from attached man to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(letters to alienated intellectual; from amateur to professional; from patronage to market; from general to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialised knowledge; from gentlemen to players. One could go on in a tiresome way: commercialisation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrialisation, democratisation, bureaucratisation, nationalisation, globalisation, even localisation.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 517.316 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 517.316 117.555 m 531.308 117.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Powerful, yet austere, these narratives fail to capture the richness and complexity of the individuals and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups in )] TJ ET BT 82.016 90.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 168.344 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( who created novelty and who reproduced traditions. Indeed, they are the very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sort of abstract nouns which Collini?s method and wit attack.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I, therefore, wish to propose of different narrative. The figures that constitute )] TJ ET BT 406.928 49.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 493.256 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( not only )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 383.2757 400.7335 397.2677 412.6135 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 399.9797 357.9655 413.9717 369.8455 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 517.3157 117.8695 531.3077 129.7495 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 34 0 R 37 0 R 40 0 R 43 0 R 46 0 R 49 0 R 52 0 R 55 0 R 58 0 R 61 0 R 64 0 R ] /Contents 32 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Length 10954 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(filled the intellectual space between journalism and the academic world, they filled the political space )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Habermas famously called the bourgeois public sphere.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 300.296 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 300.296 780.819 m 314.288 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 314.288 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( To call it bourgeois is a way of indicating how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the matter in )] TJ ET BT 97.676 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 184.004 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( stands athwart the conventional tradition-novel binary and raises the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question of social position. The )] TJ ET BT 188.012 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(dramatis personae)] TJ ET BT 277.676 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of )] TJ ET BT 293.672 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 380.000 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( doubtlessly belonged to ?dominant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and relatively homogeneous? elites \(p. 4\). These were ?necessarily elites who exercise disproportionate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power in most areas of social and cultural life? \(p. 270\). It has become fashionable, as Collini notes, to stress )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what must be the moral ?weakness of any kind of socially confident, largely male, ethnically homogeneous? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(group \(p. 292\). Indeed there are risks in these kinds of social formations. There were only 647 contributors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the original )] TJ ET BT 104.348 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dictionary of National Biography)] TJ ET BT 267.356 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and half of it was composed by only 34 people \(p. 309\). Of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early \(anonymous\) contributors to the )] TJ ET BT 235.988 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Times Literary Supplement)] TJ ET BT 365.984 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 20% belonged to the Athenaeum and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further 20% belonged to other clubs in St. James. Behind this reticence there is a lack of transparency which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may have permitted the choosing of favourites, self-advancement, and secret conniving for \(and against\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(careers. Nils Gilman, in his treatment of the Committee on Comparative Politics of the United States Social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Science Research Council, has shown how the consolidation of intellectual formations sometimes occurs ?as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much by excluding and ignoring dissenting voices as through rational persuasion?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 430.976 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 430.976 595.491 m 444.968 595.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 444.968 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Yet such a disposition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has a certain self-righteousness about it which can lead to a sniffy and sneering reverse snobbery blinding us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the real work such elites can do.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As Collini points out, belonging to such elites, with their ?shared assumptions, a common idiom, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective self-confidence? also could ?encourage sophisticated thinking and writing? \(p. 4\). ?[I]n our rush to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(democratic self?congratulation, we should not lose sight of the ways in which a certain mix of intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assurance, secure status, and relaxed agreement on fundamentals can prove fertile ground for thinking of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highest quality? \(p. 292\). The original )] TJ ET BT 219.332 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dictionary of National Biography)] TJ ET BT 385.340 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(\(DNB\))] TJ ET BT 417.332 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and its supplements were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(composed amidst the social contacts of London?s clubs which teemed with personal knowledge and with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(keen interest in the evaluation of vivid personalities.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 285.320 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 285.320 455.187 m 299.312 455.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 299.312 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Indeed, the )] TJ ET BT 358.628 456.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(DNB)] TJ ET BT 382.628 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, it could be argued, was a ?complex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communicative act?, a ?monument of official discourse?, to create authority, even liberal authority.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 510.584 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 510.584 440.931 m 524.576 440.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 524.576 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps Liberal Unionist authority. Leslie Stephen, it appears, included every Irish rebel of 1798 in the )] TJ ET BT 530.936 428.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(DNB)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because he wished to assert the place of Ireland in British history. ?[T]here was to be no home rule in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(DNB)] TJ ET BT 58.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and no need for Irish separatism?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 226.640 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 226.640 398.163 m 246.632 398.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 246.632 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Always a skeptic and a pessimist, Stephen?s conception of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation was pragmatic and inclusive. Even the transvestite \(or hermaphrodite\) French diplomat and soldier, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Chevalier d?Eon, has his \(her\) place in the )] TJ ET BT 258.632 371.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(DNB)] TJ ET BT 282.632 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The authority the )] TJ ET BT 374.288 371.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(DNB)] TJ ET BT 398.288 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( celebrated, therefore, was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national authority but literary authority. It was a tacit, informal, convivial, personal authority, rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structural authority. It was the authority of the elite to which Leslie Stephen and the authors in )] TJ ET BT 489.296 342.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reading)] TJ ET BT 74.012 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( belonged. Of the 19th-century entries in the )] TJ ET BT 289.640 328.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(DNB)] TJ ET BT 313.640 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 955 were soldiers, 1,585 were clergymen, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1,674 were scholars.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 132.656 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 132.656 312.627 m 152.648 312.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(How this ?relaxed agreement on fundamentals? worked is extremely difficult to know. As Collini points out, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?enabling effect? of belonging to such groups is ?implicit? and ?resistant to demonstration?. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?language of elites? implies ?clear and fixed identities ? whereas the reality of actual lives is messier and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multiple? \(p. 283\). Weber gave helpful hints in referring to such groups and people when he said in a time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?marked by the disenchantment of the world? values ?have retreated either into the transcendental realm of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mystic life or into the )] TJ ET BT 140.348 216.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(brotherliness of direct and human relations)] TJ ET BT 349.352 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 357.680 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 357.680 215.091 m 377.672 215.091 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 377.672 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( And Mannheim referred to people of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(learning as an ?unanchored relatively classless social stratum?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 335.948 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 335.948 200.835 m 355.940 200.835 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 355.940 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The words ?unanchored? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?relatively? are particularly attractive. Members of such groups used similarly sociologically indeterminate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language to refer to themselves. When Gilbert Murray described the relations among the Cambridge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ritualists, Jane Harrison, Francis Cornford, and A. B. Cooke, he said ?[w]e somehow had the same general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aim and outlook, or something?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 189.344 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 189.344 143.811 m 209.336 143.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 209.336 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The words ?somehow? and ?something? are telling. In describing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bloomsbury Clive Bell said its members ?differed widely? in their ?opinions, tastes, and preoccupations?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and though ?they criticized each other ? they liked being together?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 356.276 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 356.276 115.299 m 376.268 115.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 376.268 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Writers and essayists fit into such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups only very loosely. Herbert Thring, who was the secretary of the Authors? Club and the Authors? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Society wrote: ?My advice to those about to join literary clubs \(unless it be the Athenaeum or the Savile\) is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(don?t?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 69.008 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(16\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 69.008 72.531 m 89.000 72.531 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 89.000 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( According to some, the requirements for membership in the Savile Club were quite strict. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Candidates had to be atheists and had to have written a book. However, according to the principles of its )] TJ ET endstream endobj 33 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 300.2957 781.1335 314.2877 793.0135 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 430.9757 595.8055 444.9677 607.6855 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 285.3197 455.5015 299.3117 467.3815 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 42 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 510.5837 441.2455 524.5757 453.1255 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 45 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 226.6397 398.4775 246.6317 410.3575 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 48 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 132.6557 312.9415 152.6477 324.8215 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 51 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 357.6797 215.4055 377.6717 227.2855 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 54 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 335.9477 201.1495 355.9397 213.0295 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 57 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 59 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 189.3437 144.1255 209.3357 156.0055 ] >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 60 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 62 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 356.2757 115.6135 376.2677 127.4935 ] >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 63 0 obj [31 0 R /Fit] endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 65 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 69.0077 72.8455 88.9997 84.7255 ] >> endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 69 0 R 72 0 R 75 0 R 78 0 R 81 0 R 84 0 R ] /Contents 67 0 R >> endobj 67 0 obj << /Length 9025 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(founding members, the Savile should be a society of ?different professions and opinions? and its members )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should be people of differing ?tastes, accomplishments and interests? all united by the motto ?)] TJ ET BT 486.296 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sodalitas-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Convivium)] TJ ET BT 86.012 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 94.340 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(17\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 94.340 766.563 m 114.332 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such groups may be ?dominant? but, as Collini observes, they are only ?relatively? homogeneous \(p. 4\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(They were loosely affiliated reference groups, coherent but still open to novelty. If they were too robust and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tight they would be incapable of recognizing what might be fruitful anomalies; if they were too loose their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speculations might spin out into nothingness. Consequently, they might be confident, even dominant, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they were also vulnerable. Because such associations were not wholly cohesive, they were filled with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contradictions and inconsistencies. Individuals sought clarity about where they belonged and to whom they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(belonged. The dissonance created by uncertainty and isolation led some to a cognitive and emotional drive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(toward some guiding principle. However, this seeking for a guiding principle itself produced, in a sort of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competitive way, additional contradictions, uncertainties, and conflicts. Belonging to such groups created )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(awareness of themselves, of others, and of what they knew and did not know. This required trust. Historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have turned their studies to the question of trust, but chiefly with regard to economic transactions.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 503.624 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(18\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 503.624 597.747 m 523.616 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 523.616 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Trust, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, is more than a material matter.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 227.972 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(19\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 227.972 583.491 m 247.964 583.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 247.964 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Trust is based upon shared memories, reputations, and routines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which allow people to do all kinds of business. Bound together by sensibility rather than ideology, such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups construct trust through conviviality, sociability, and civility. In turn trust creates webs of mental, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emotional, aesthetic, and moral impulses, restraints, reservations, reflexes, and responses. A good deal of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent research is recovering the role of this kind of personal, even charismatic, authority as a complement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to, or even as an attribute of, structural authority in the workings of elite groups.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 418.964 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(20\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 418.964 512.211 m 438.956 512.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The social positions of the members of these affiliative societies were multiple. Henry Sidgwick?s name )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leaps to mind at once. The son of a clergyman-schoolmaster, he was connected by marriage to a Scottish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gentry family \(the Balfours\) and the scientific aristocracy \(Lord Rayleigh\). He himself was a member of any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of coteries and intellectual societies: the Apostles, the Metaphysical Club, the Synthetic Society, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eranus Society, the Ad Eundem Society. He was active in the preliminary planning for the British Academy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(BA\) and would have been a founding fellow had he not died. He represents, therefore, as Collini has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pointed out in another place, a case of multiple duties: as philosopher, as professor, and as public moralist.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(21\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 386.163 m 54.008 386.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 54.008 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Similar cases can be found amongst those who figure in )] TJ ET BT 328.304 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 414.632 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Aldous Huxley was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grandson of ?Darwin?s Bulldog?. His mother was Matthew Arnold?s niece. His father was a schoolmaster )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before becoming the editor of the )] TJ ET BT 197.312 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cornhill Magazine)] TJ ET BT 288.320 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Huxley himself was educated at Eton and Balliol. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Empson, ?a bohemian Wykemanist of gentry stock? \(p. 106\), got firsts in Mathematics and English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at Magdelene College, Cambridge where Frank Ramsey?s father was his supervisor. Banned from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge for improprieties \(a servant found condoms in his rooms\), he taught in Japan and China before )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(returning to Britain and a career in teaching and criticism. \(Empson, in textbooks, Collini points out ?still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tends to figure as the star performer of the whizz-bang school of criticism? \(p. 107\).\) G. M. Young, the son )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a waterman, was a Prize Fellow of All Souls, a civil servant, diplomat, and man of letters, and the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of )] TJ ET BT 47.012 259.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Portrait of an Age)] TJ ET BT 134.684 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1936\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Young, however, as Collini points out, had a ?dodoesque status? since his position was more an echo of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social characteristic of 19th-century public moralists than a reflection of his specialized contemporaries \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(213?4\). All this, then, reflects a shift in British intellectual life. Essayists and writers in )] TJ ET BT 454.988 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Reading)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may have had more than one social identity but their associations were more specialised and less likely to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overlap with others of their kind. The BA itself marked such a departure. James Ward, the Cambridge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philosopher, psychologist and a founding fellow, had been a member of the Synthetic Society. He welcomed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the new Academy because, as he remarked to Arthur Balfour, he thought the Synthetic Society was too )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of an ?)] TJ ET BT 96.332 133.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(omnium gatherum)] TJ ET BT 183.992 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? and the Academy ?would afford a better opportunity for philosophic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussions?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 97.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(22\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 97.016 117.555 m 117.008 117.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 117.008 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( As Collini points out, the BA was ?deliberately placing itself at one remove from that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?impure? world of Victorian literary and political writing that was now coming to seem, when measured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against the high ideals of )] TJ ET BT 157.004 90.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wissenschaft)] TJ ET BT 219.668 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, largely peopled by amateurs and partisans? \(p. 219\). Yet, some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defied these novelties. H. G. Wells said: ?this world of creative and representative work we do, is I am )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convinced best anarchic. Better the wild rush of Boomster and Quack than the cold politeness of the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 68 0 obj [66 0 R /Fit] endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 70 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 94.3397 766.8775 114.3317 778.7575 ] >> endobj 70 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 71 0 obj [66 0 R /Fit] endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 73 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 503.6237 598.0615 523.6157 609.9415 ] >> endobj 73 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 74 0 obj [66 0 R /Fit] endobj 75 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 76 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 227.9717 583.8055 247.9637 595.6855 ] >> endobj 76 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 77 0 obj [66 0 R /Fit] endobj 78 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 79 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 418.9637 512.5255 438.9557 524.4055 ] >> endobj 79 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 80 0 obj [66 0 R /Fit] endobj 81 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 82 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 386.4775 54.0077 398.3575 ] >> endobj 82 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 83 0 obj [66 0 R /Fit] endobj 84 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 85 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 97.0157 117.8695 117.0077 129.7495 ] >> endobj 85 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 86 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 89 0 R 92 0 R 95 0 R 98 0 R 100 0 R 102 0 R 104 0 R 106 0 R 108 0 R 110 0 R 112 0 R 114 0 R ] /Contents 87 0 R >> endobj 87 0 obj << /Length 9548 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established thing? \(p. 245\). 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Herbert Hart, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(educated at Bradford Grammar School and New College, Oxford, after practicing as a barrister in London, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became Professor of Jurisprudence at Oxford, Principal of Brasenose College, and a leader of a group )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pursuing plain-language philosophy. Though tolerant of the tests put to his marriage by ?the sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bohemianism of his energetic and colourful wife?, his life was ?wracked by anxiety, depression, and inner )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflict?\(pp. 287, 292\). After a Cornish childhood, A. L. Rowse passed through the highly competitive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(educational system to a first in history at Christ Church and thence on to an All Souls fellowship and found )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself ?living what he described as ?this university cum writing cum margin-of-politics life?? \(p. 110\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From a radical youth, Rowse, in old-age, astonishingly, came to admire Margaret Thatcher as a 20th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Good Queen Bess. Though he had admirers in the United States, making frequent visits to the Huntington )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Library in California, he had more than his share of disappointments. He lost the Wardenship election of All )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Souls in 1952 to John Sparrow. \(In a poem Rowse referred to Sparrow?s charm as ?intermittent?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 500.936 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(24\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 500.936 526.467 m 520.928 526.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 520.928 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Honours came to him, but late and the wrong ones. Ill, aged, and embittered, Rowse became a Companion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Honour but he was not appointed to the Order of Merit. He always felt that Veronica Wedgewood held the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place which was rightfully his. He was highly insulted when the Prince of Wales visited him to congratulate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(him on being appointed to the Companion of Honour and referred to him as ?Professor?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 459.620 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(25\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 459.620 469.443 m 479.612 469.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It addition to its wit and acuity, Collini?s brisk trot through the literary careers of the 20th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intelligentsia opens rather than closes important research questions. The figures he discusses were the priests )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of modernity and as such they explored modernity?s ironies. In seeking cultural authority and in attempting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to find universal truths they discovered local ones. In pursuit of dominance they discovered decline.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 513.272 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(26\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 513.272 400.419 m 533.264 400.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 533.264 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seeking control they experienced loss. In finding intellectual patterns, they dissolved them. Collini?s book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opens these and other issues. We can look forward to his and others? research to explore them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 312.147 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 281.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stefan Collini, )] TJ ET BT 137.024 281.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Absent Minds: Intellectuals in Britain)] TJ ET BT 318.356 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2006\). About which see W. C. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lubenow, ??We have such a class and they are known as p-p-p-prigs?: the anxieties of intellectuals,? )] TJ ET BT 64.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([Review Essay], )] TJ ET BT 145.664 253.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Minerva)] TJ ET BT 186.320 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 45 \(2007\), 459?74.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 283.640 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 283.640 251.619 m 337.628 251.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 238.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(W. H. Auden?s remark is in a letter to Cyril Connolly which Collini quotes \(p. 9\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 456.992 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 456.992 237.363 m 510.980 237.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 224.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harold Nicolson Diary, 13 January 1940, printed in Harold Nicolson, )] TJ ET BT 400.304 224.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The War Years, 1939?1945: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 210.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Volume 11 of Diaries and Letters)] TJ ET BT 224.348 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Nigel Nicolson, \(New York, 1967\), p. 57.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 447.980 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 447.980 208.851 m 501.968 208.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 195.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stefan Collini, )] TJ ET BT 137.024 195.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Public Moralists: Political Thought and Intellectual Life in Britain, 1850?1930)] TJ ET BT 64.016 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 1991\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 139.664 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 139.664 180.339 m 193.652 180.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 167.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For a decidedly untiresome treatment of such themes see Peter Burke, )] TJ ET BT 402.620 167.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Social History of Knowledge: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 153.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(From Gutenberg to Diderot)] TJ ET BT 197.672 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2000\) and, to take the story into more recent times Burke, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?A social history of knowledge revisited?, )] TJ ET BT 269.648 138.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Intellectual History)] TJ ET BT 404.300 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 4, 3 \(2007\), 526?34.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 507.620 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 507.620 137.571 m 547.616 137.571 l S BT 64.016 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 123.315 m 78.008 123.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 110.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jrgen Habermas, )] TJ ET BT 153.656 110.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 96.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bourgeois Society)] TJ ET BT 151.004 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, MA., 1991 [1995]\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 311.648 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 311.648 94.803 m 365.636 94.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 81.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nils Gilman, )] TJ ET BT 129.020 81.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mandarins of the Future: Modernization Theory in Cold War America)] TJ ET BT 468.008 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Baltimore and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London, 2003\), pp. 129, 294 n. 41.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 231.344 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 231.344 66.291 m 285.332 66.291 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 53.434 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 53.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Keith Thomas, )] TJ ET BT 138.344 53.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Changing Conceptions of National Biography: The Oxford DNB in Historical )] TJ ET BT 64.016 39.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Perspective)] TJ ET endstream endobj 88 0 obj [86 0 R /Fit] endobj 89 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 90 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 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[(National Biography)] TJ ET BT 159.692 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the late nineteenth-century political field?, in )] TJ ET BT 401.984 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Life and Work History )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Analyses: Qualitative and Quantitative Developments)] TJ ET BT 322.652 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Shirley Dix \(London and New York, 1991\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pp. 144?66, esp. 145?6; David Amigoni, )] TJ ET BT 262.004 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Victorian Biography: Intellectuals and the Ordering of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Discourse)] TJ ET BT 112.676 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, 1993\), pp. 10?12, 14, 21, 180 n. 27.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 347.312 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 347.312 723.795 m 401.300 723.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 710.938 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Or so H. C. G. Matthew told Keith Thomas. See Thomas, )] TJ ET BT 343.328 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Changing Conceptions of National )] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Biography)] TJ ET BT 114.680 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, p. 16. The quotation is from H. C. G. Matthew, )] TJ ET BT 350.000 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Leslie Stephen and the New Dictionary of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(National Biography)] TJ ET BT 159.692 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1997\), p. 13.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 287.012 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 287.012 681.027 m 347.000 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 668.170 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew, )] TJ ET BT 112.676 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Leslie Stephen and the New Dictionary of National Biography)] TJ ET BT 411.344 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, pp. 15, 36. ?Madame? d?Eon )] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visited Oxford in 1796 and dined with The Club as an honourary member. Falconer Madan, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Records of The Club of Oxford, 1790?1917)] TJ ET BT 272.348 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1917\), p. 59.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 380.996 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 380.996 638.259 m 440.984 638.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 625.402 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(From Max Weber: Essays on Sociology)] TJ ET BT 254.312 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. H. H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills \(New York, 1946\), p. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(155. \(The emphasis is mine.\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 206.336 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 206.336 609.747 m 266.324 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 596.890 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(13.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karl Mannheim, )] TJ ET BT 146.336 596.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ideology and Utopia: An Introduction to the Sociology of Knowledge)] TJ ET BT 478.652 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( trans. L. Wirth )] TJ ET BT 64.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and E. Shils, \(New York, 1938\), p. 155. )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 257.996 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 257.996 581.235 m 317.984 581.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 568.378 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jesse Stewart, )] TJ ET BT 134.336 568.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jane Ellen Harrison: A Portrait in Letters)] TJ ET BT 337.004 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1959\), p. 83. Alas, this statement )] TJ ET BT 64.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not appear in Murray?s letter to Stewart where he deploys the phrase ?looking for the light our )] TJ ET BT 64.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elders had not seen? and other phrases she quotes. Stewart must have garbled Murray?s letter when )] TJ ET BT 64.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she transcribed it. It would have been better for my argument if she had not so garbled it, but she did. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Gilbert Murray to Jesse Stewart, 26 October 1953, Newnham College, Cambridge, Harrison )] TJ ET BT 64.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Papers 5/1/2/45.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.016 495.699 m 202.004 495.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 482.842 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clive Bell, )] TJ ET BT 119.024 482.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Old Friends: Personal Recollections)] TJ ET BT 295.340 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1956\), p. 130.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 412.664 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 412.664 481.443 m 472.652 481.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 468.586 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 468.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Quoted in Philip Waller, )] TJ ET BT 185.012 468.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Writers, Readers, and Reputations: Literary Life in Britain, 1870?1918)] TJ ET BT 64.016 454.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 2006\), p. 495.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 175.664 454.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(16\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 175.664 452.931 m 235.652 452.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 440.074 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(17.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 440.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Savile Club, 1868?1923)] TJ ET BT 200.684 440.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1923\), pp. 1, 8, 35.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 342.008 440.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(17\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 342.008 438.675 m 401.996 438.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 425.818 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 425.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for example, Margo C. Finn, )] TJ ET BT 227.996 425.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Character of Credit: Personal Debt in English Culture. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 411.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1740?1914)] TJ ET BT 118.016 411.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 215.336 411.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(18\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 215.336 410.163 m 275.324 410.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 397.306 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 397.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Geoffrey Hosking, ?Trust and distrust: a suitable question for historians??, )] TJ ET BT 445.628 397.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Transactions of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 383.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Royal Historical Society)] TJ ET BT 181.340 383.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 6th series, 16, \(2006\): 95?116.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 333.656 383.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(19\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 333.656 381.651 m 393.644 381.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 368.794 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 368.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steven Shapin, )] TJ ET BT 139.016 368.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Social History of Truth: Civility and Science in Seventeenth-Century England)] TJ ET BT 64.016 354.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chicago and London, 1994\); )] TJ ET BT 209.000 354.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Scientific Life: A Moral History of a Late Modern Vocation)] TJ ET BT 64.016 340.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chicago and London, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 205.664 340.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(20\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 205.664 338.883 m 265.652 338.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 326.026 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(21.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 326.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stefan Collini, ?My roles and their duties: Sidgwick as philosopher, professor and public moralist?, in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 311.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Henry Sidgwick)] TJ ET BT 140.336 311.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. 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