%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 43 0 R 87 0 R 137 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818133933+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818133933+01'00') /Title (Survivors of a Kind: Memoirs of the Western Front) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3509 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Survivors of a Kind: Memoirs of the Western Front)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brian Bond?s newest book presents an analysis of Western Front memoirs written by British and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commonwealth authors, acting as an analogous volume to )] TJ ET BT 317.660 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Unquiet Western Front: Britain?s Role in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Literature and History)] TJ ET BT 142.688 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 145.688 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 145.688 257.673 m 159.680 257.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 159.680 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The study is organised into a series of essays discussing individual authors, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are in turn complemented by comparative thematic chapters. Chapter titles indicate, roughly, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representative roles of the various servicemen selected: for example, Alfred Pollard and John Reith as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Fire-eaters?; General F. P. Crozier as ?Martinet, militarist and opponent of war; and Anthony Eden and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harold Macmillan, somewhat ironically, ?having a ?good war??. Within these general topical divisions one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finds a breadth of experiences and opinions, which Bond conveys through a series of well-selected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quotations from the memoirs, supplemented by published and unpublished works by the highlighted authors, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(letters, regimental histories and contemporary biographies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(728)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 31 January, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brian Bond)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781847250049)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(192pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Continuum)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alisa Miller)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 145.6877 257.9875 159.6797 269.8675 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R 38 0 R 41 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 9421 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Graves? 1929 memoir )] TJ ET BT 179.324 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Goodbye to All That)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 279.992 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 279.992 783.075 m 293.984 783.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 293.984 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is addressed in the opening chapter, and is presented )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a product of the author?s ?mordant contempt for all the conventional values of the time? \(p. 3\). It serves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a foil to Charles Carrington?s )] TJ ET BT 191.996 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Subaltern?s War)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 286.328 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 286.328 754.563 m 300.320 754.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 300.320 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, also published in 1929 but written ten years earlier. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carrington?s account implicitly rebuts Graves? characterisation of the war as an engine for disillusionment, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instead arguing that 1919 and peace provided ?the real moment of disenchantment? \(p. 16\), the point at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which the serving generation lost confidence in the meaning of their collective experience.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These two books offer contrasting, but not necessarily binary archetypes; what links all of the memoirs is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respect for fellow soldiers, particularly those that did not survive the war. While Graves? literary talents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(serve him well, ?transforming it [his war experience] into his own brilliantly colourful myth? \(p. 3\), Bond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(points out that much of the bitterness conveyed by the memoir is tempered by his tangible and ?undoubted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pride in his regiment? \(p. 6\). He allows the memoirist some latitude, observing that it ?would be unrealistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to expect the persona projected by the Robert Graves of 1929 precisely to reflect his young, immature self at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the beginning of the war? \(p. 4\). This in turn leads to a discussion of Graves? later disputes with Siegfried )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sassoon over whether or not Graves? account stood as authentic recollection, as opposed to fictional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invention, a question Bond returns to implicitly with all of his selected memoirs. Indeed, the genre?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unresolved position, lying somewhere between primary and secondary source, remains an issue throughout )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the study.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite being grouped thematically on the opposite side of the disillusionment divide to Graves, Carrington )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also clung to the ideal of unit cohesion. For him, war could be terrible, but fighting ?side by side created a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense of being initiated, of a shared inner life?. 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Wells? )] TJ ET BT 312.632 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mr Britling sees it Through)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 447.644 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 447.644 402.675 m 461.636 402.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 461.636 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Erich Marie )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Remarque?s)] TJ ET BT 93.332 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( All Quiet on the Western Front)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 248.324 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 248.324 388.419 m 262.316 388.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 262.316 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, he ?largely absolved the best-known British trio of memoir )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writers, Sassoon, Graves and Blunden from criticism? because ?they had shown their true colours in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passionate devotion to their regiment[s]? \(p. 26\). The sense of loyalty and a common understanding still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dictated Carrington?s position, traceable throughout his literary career in later accounts of the war, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remained dominant in )] TJ ET BT 142.340 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Soldier from the Wars Returning)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 313.004 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 313.004 331.395 m 326.996 331.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 326.996 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, written many years after its conclusion.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In essence, the memoirs that follow amplify and expand upon Graves? and Carrington?s examples. Bond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presents Guy Chapman?s )] TJ ET BT 158.996 292.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Passionate Prodigality )] TJ ET BT 282.668 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 302.996 292.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Kind of Survivor)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 396.332 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 396.332 290.883 m 410.324 290.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 410.324 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Edmund Blunden?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Undertones of War )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 129.008 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 129.008 276.627 m 143.000 276.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 143.000 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as sensitive, personalised testimonies to the lingering psychological effects of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war, an event that remained the epitome of an ?overwhelming emotional experience? \(p. 28\) in the lives of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the authors. Alfred Pollard and John Reith?s less literate contributions highlight the fact that for these men, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the war was a welcome shift away from the daily drudgery of unfulfilling jobs and relationships: in Pollard?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words, ??At last I was doing something worthwhile?? \(p. 46\), while Reith was ?frustrated and angry? when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he received his ?Blighty? wound in 1915 \(p. 56\). In a slightly anomalous chapter entitled ?Grandeur and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misery: the Guards?, Bond employs a synthesis of various memoirs to interrogate the experiences and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reputations of the elite British Guards regiments, allowing him to succinctly address the attitudes of men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards their particular units, presenting a more localised, as opposed to nationalised, view of the war, an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach he returns to throughout )] TJ ET BT 199.652 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Survivors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chapter discussing Frederic Manning?s and Frank Richard?s memoirs addresses issues of nationality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and, in particular, class: Manning?s character ?Bourne?, the gentleman ranker of )] TJ ET BT 423.908 109.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Middle Parts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fortune )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 75.680 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 75.680 93.555 m 89.672 93.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 89.672 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, constantly struggles with attempts to make him an officer and Richards, himself a professional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soldier before 1914, expresses hostility to ?all British generals and senior staff officers? \(p. 86\). Siegfried )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sassoon and Max Plowman both objected politically to aspects of the First World War, but Bond is careful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to point out differences in their practical experiences. 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Still, in their memoirs both writers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(call attention to the complexities inherent in opposing war while serving or having served as soldiers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final three chapters continue to expose the war?s inherent contradictions and sometimes surprising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuities. Bond characterises Brigadier-General F. P. Crozier?s )] TJ ET BT 354.620 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Brass Hat in No Man?s Land)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 508.964 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 508.964 726.051 m 528.956 726.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 528.956 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflective of a regular officer with a ?highly irregular career? \(p. 113\), an inconsistent man but a highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting one with a penchant towards what appears, at times, to be indiscriminate violence, and an officer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose ?very odd mixture of militarism and anti-war attitudes ? fell only just short of outright pacifism? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(121\). Cecil Lewis? and Billy Bishop?s memoirs emphasise both the thrill and the strange sense of remove )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that characterised flying and aerial combat, as well as its implications for future warfare; Lewis? service in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defence of London during the First World War made him particularly conscious of ?the terrible fate likely to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(befall urban populations in the next conflict? \(p. 143\). Finally, discussions of Anthony Eden?s )] TJ ET BT 489.644 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Another )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World: 1897?1917)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 128.012 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 128.012 612.003 m 148.004 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 148.004 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the first volume of Harold Macmillan?s )] TJ ET BT 364.640 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winds of Change, 1914?1939)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 510.308 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 510.308 612.003 m 530.300 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 530.300 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those of Carrington?s 1965, Chapman?s 1975 and Reith?s 1966 memoirs, further highlight the complex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nature of the war?s ?end? in the minds of servicemen, providing Bond with greater latitude to address the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war?s legacy as something perpetually shifting, personally and collectively, in the nation?s political, military )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and cultural memory.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Particularly useful throughout the book is Bond?s inclusion of the publishing histories of the individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volumes. Alongside his textual summaries he includes information about when and where they were drafted, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their relation to the publication of other war volumes \(the success of Remarque?s )] TJ ET BT 426.944 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(All Quiet on the Western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Front)] TJ ET BT 61.352 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( serves as a frequent point of comparison\), and the reissuing of editions at various points in time to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(post-war readership. This approach supports Bond?s efforts to presents his analysis not as literary criticism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offering the memoirs instead as products of temporal debates over the war?s historic and cultural meaning. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also helps to remind the reader that the circumstances governing publication of memoirs were as much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial as they were sentimental; they provide evidence of the ?pleasure culture of war? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 481.892 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 481.892 428.931 m 501.884 428.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 501.884 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that relied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on a readership eager for ?authentic? tales from the front. Bond points out that, \(with the possible exception )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Manning, whose )] TJ ET BT 130.004 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Middle Parts of Fortune )] TJ ET BT 271.004 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was written only after extensive prodding from his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publisher Peter Davies \(p. 77\)\) most memoirists who wrote of their war experiences were motivated by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monetary as well as moral and artistic concerns. He explains the practicalities of publication: for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the differences in the financial circumstances of the individual authors, and the disparities in veterans? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowances. His selection of memoirs that proved successful at the time they were published alongside those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that have sold well ever since reminds the reader of their continued usefulness to historians like, for instance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dan Todman, who emphasise the importance of viewing the popular mythology of the war as a product of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shifting cultural, social and political forces influenced by the way in which its literature and memory are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented and used in subsequent periods.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 235.316 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 235.316 286.371 m 255.308 286.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is unfortunate that in his framing of the memoirs Bond chooses not to engage directly with historians like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Todman \()] TJ ET BT 81.008 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Great War, Myth and Memory)] TJ ET BT 248.312 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is listed in the bibliography, but it is not discussed\) who have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently contributed a great deal of nuance to the study of the cultural history of the First World War. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bond?s references to secondary sources emphasise the canon of controversial military histories, including )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alan Clark?s )] TJ ET BT 100.004 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Donkeys)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 165.320 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 165.320 203.091 m 185.312 203.091 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 185.312 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, as well as more recent standard texts, for example Robin Prior?s and Trevor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilson?s )] TJ ET BT 81.680 190.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Somme)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 140.336 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(16\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 140.336 188.835 m 160.328 188.835 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 160.328 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Gary Sheffield?s )] TJ ET BT 267.632 190.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Forgotten Victory)] TJ ET BT 353.960 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 356.960 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(17\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 356.960 188.835 m 376.952 188.835 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 376.952 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( His discussion of literary studies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the war centres on Samuel Hynes? )] TJ ET BT 202.640 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A War Imagined )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 284.960 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(18\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 284.960 174.579 m 304.952 174.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 304.952 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Paul Fussell?s )] TJ ET BT 382.292 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Great War and Modern Memory)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(19\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 160.323 m 54.008 160.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 54.008 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Hugh Cecil?s )] TJ ET BT 145.328 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Flower of Battle)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 248.000 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(21\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 248.000 160.323 m 267.992 160.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 267.992 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which Bond cites in his introduction as a direct precursor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to )] TJ ET BT 46.352 147.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Survivors)] TJ ET BT 92.348 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(p. xiii\). The analysis of individual texts and authors, as well as the societal themes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conditions important to providing a thorough context, would benefit from the more recent work undertaken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by cultural historians such as Jay Winter and Jean-Louis Robert in their )] TJ ET BT 380.636 118.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Capital Cities at War)] TJ ET BT 483.656 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( series \(21\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Winter?s )] TJ ET BT 80.336 104.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 253.328 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(22\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 253.328 103.299 m 273.320 103.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 273.320 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Adrian Gregory?s )] TJ ET BT 385.952 104.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Silence of Memory)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 499.928 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(23\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 499.928 103.299 m 519.920 103.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 519.920 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular Stphane Audoin-Rouzeau?s and John Fuller?s studies of the writings of servicemen in France and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 70.352 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(24\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 70.352 74.787 m 90.344 74.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is also problematic from a theoretical standpoint that there are occasional sections in the study in which it )] TJ ET endstream endobj 45 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 508.9637 726.3655 528.9557 738.2455 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 48 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 128.0117 612.3175 148.0037 624.1975 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 51 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 510.3077 612.3175 530.2997 624.1975 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 54 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 481.8917 429.2455 501.8837 441.1255 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 57 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 59 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 235.3157 286.6855 255.3077 298.5655 ] >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 60 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 62 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 165.3197 203.4055 185.3117 215.2855 ] >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 63 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 65 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 140.3357 189.1495 160.3277 201.0295 ] >> endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 66 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 67 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 68 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 356.9597 189.1495 376.9517 201.0295 ] >> endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 69 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 70 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 71 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 284.9597 174.8935 304.9517 186.7735 ] >> endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 72 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 73 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 74 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 160.6375 54.0077 172.5175 ] >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 75 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 76 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 77 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 247.9997 160.6375 267.9917 172.5175 ] >> endobj 77 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 78 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 79 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 80 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 253.3277 103.6135 273.3197 115.4935 ] >> endobj 80 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 81 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 82 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 83 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 499.9277 103.6135 519.9197 115.4935 ] >> endobj 83 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 84 0 obj [43 0 R /Fit] endobj 85 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 86 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 70.3517 75.1015 90.3437 86.9815 ] >> endobj 86 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 87 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 89 0 R 91 0 R 93 0 R 95 0 R 97 0 R 99 0 R 101 0 R 103 0 R 105 0 R 107 0 R 109 0 R 111 0 R 113 0 R 115 0 R 117 0 R 119 0 R 121 0 R 123 0 R 125 0 R 127 0 R 129 0 R 131 0 R 133 0 R 135 0 R ] /Contents 88 0 R >> endobj 88 0 obj << /Length 13454 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is difficult to tell whether Bond is offering his own opinion about an event or about a particular author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience of it, or whether he is summarising the text or view of the author he is discussing. This may be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explained by Bond?s stated intention to employ ?particular books to illustrate specific themes? of the war \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(xiv\), thus allowing them, to an extent, to speak for themselves, but it can be confusing. Finally, at times one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wishes for more links between the various presented authors. Bond tends to imply reoccurring themes as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposed to stating them outright. Yet this can also be viewed as a virtue, as he leaves room for the reader to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make his or her own connections; his assessments avoid heavy-handedness, rendering the book an ideal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(starting point for students who wish to make their own further inquiries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What is most useful about this study is that it collects analysis of a sampling of memoirs that, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(familiar to historians of the period, are often overlooked in favour of more canonical works. While the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples offered by Graves, Blunden, Sassoon, Henri Barbusse and Ernst Jnger remain widely available to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lecturers and their students, the works of many of the authors discussed in )] TJ ET BT 391.964 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Survivors)] TJ ET BT 437.960 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( have not been reissued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for years, and as a result remain comparatively obscure. This is unfortunate, and Bond works to correct the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem, demonstrating the ?tremendous variety of war memoirs in?their style of presentation and in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors? attitudes to the war? \(p. xiii\). In presenting the writings of individuals like Carrington, Reith, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richards, Crozier, Bishop, Lewis, Eden and Macmillan as a compendium, complete with information )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarding their drafting and publication, Bond contributes to a broader academic effort, working to present )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the First World War as comprising a complex and fluid experience for the servicemen who survived to write )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.963 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 462.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brian Bond, )] TJ ET BT 125.684 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Unquiet Western Front: Britain?s Role in Literature and History)] TJ ET BT 458.684 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 446.691 m 118.004 446.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 433.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Graves, )] TJ ET BT 139.664 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Goodbye to All That)] TJ ET BT 237.332 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1929\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 318.656 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 318.656 432.435 m 372.644 432.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 419.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles Carrington, )] TJ ET BT 161.672 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Subaltern?s War)] TJ ET BT 253.004 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1929\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 290.996 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 290.996 418.179 m 344.984 418.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 405.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H. G. Wells, )] TJ ET BT 127.340 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mr Britling sees it Through)] TJ ET BT 259.352 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1916\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 340.676 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 340.676 403.923 m 394.664 403.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 391.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Erich Maria Remarque,)] TJ ET BT 176.984 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( All Quiet on the Western Front)] TJ ET BT 328.976 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1929\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 410.300 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 410.300 389.667 m 464.288 389.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 376.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles Carrington, )] TJ ET BT 161.672 376.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Soldier from the Wars Returning)] TJ ET BT 319.004 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1965\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 400.328 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 400.328 375.411 m 454.316 375.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 362.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guy Chapman, )] TJ ET BT 139.676 362.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Passionate Prodigality )] TJ ET BT 263.348 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1933\); )] TJ ET BT 345.008 362.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Kind of Survivor)] TJ ET BT 435.344 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1975\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 516.668 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 516.668 361.155 m 556.664 361.155 l S BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 346.899 m 78.008 346.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 334.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edmund Blunden, )] TJ ET BT 154.352 334.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Undertones of War )] TJ ET BT 249.344 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1928\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 327.668 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 327.668 332.643 m 381.656 332.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 319.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frederic Manning, )] TJ ET BT 156.332 319.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Middle Parts of Fortune )] TJ ET BT 297.332 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1929\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 375.656 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 375.656 318.387 m 429.644 318.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 305.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(F. P. Crozier, )] TJ ET BT 131.348 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Brass Hat in No Man?s Land)] TJ ET BT 282.692 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1930\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 364.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 364.016 304.131 m 424.004 304.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 291.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthony Eden, )] TJ ET BT 139.676 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Another World: 1897?1917)] TJ ET BT 272.336 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1976\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 353.660 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 353.660 289.875 m 413.648 289.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 277.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harold Macmillan, )] TJ ET BT 158.336 277.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winds of Change, 1914?1939)] TJ ET BT 301.004 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1966\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 379.328 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 379.328 275.619 m 439.316 275.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 262.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(13.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Paris, )] TJ ET BT 136.340 262.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Warrior Nation: Images of War in British Popular Culture, 1850?2000)] TJ ET BT 479.024 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000\), p. 82.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 125.012 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 125.012 247.107 m 185.000 247.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 234.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dan Todman, )] TJ ET BT 136.004 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Great War, Myth and Memory)] TJ ET BT 303.308 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2005\), pp. 222?3.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 437.960 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 437.960 232.851 m 497.948 232.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 219.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alan Clark, )] TJ ET BT 123.008 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Donkeys)] TJ ET BT 185.324 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1961\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 266.648 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 266.648 218.595 m 326.636 218.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 205.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robin Prior and Trevor Wilson, )] TJ ET BT 220.004 205.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Somme)] TJ ET BT 275.660 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2005\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 356.984 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(16\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 356.984 204.339 m 416.972 204.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 191.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(17.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gary Sheffield, )] TJ ET BT 140.996 191.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Forgotten Victory)] TJ ET BT 227.324 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 308.648 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(17\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 308.648 190.083 m 368.636 190.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 177.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Samuel Hynes, )] TJ ET BT 139.676 177.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A War Imagined )] TJ ET BT 221.996 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1990\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 300.320 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(18\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 300.320 175.827 m 360.308 175.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 162.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Fussell, )] TJ ET BT 128.360 162.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Great War and Modern Memory)] TJ ET BT 305.996 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1975\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 384.644 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(19\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 384.644 161.571 m 444.632 161.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 148.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 148.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hugh Cecil, )] TJ ET BT 128.012 148.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Flower of Battle)] TJ ET BT 227.684 148.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1995\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 309.008 148.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(20\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 309.008 147.315 m 368.996 147.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 134.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(21.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 134.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jay Winter and Jean-Louis Robert, )] TJ ET BT 233.984 134.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Capital Cities at War: Paris, London, Berlin 1914?1919)] TJ ET BT 64.016 120.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 1997\); )] TJ ET BT 161.672 120.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Capital Cities at War: Paris, London, Berlin 1914?1919. 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