%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140416160701+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140416160701+01'00') /Title (Cross Currents and Community Networks: The History of the Indian Ocean World) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4227 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Cross Currents and Community Networks: The History of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Indian Ocean World)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cross Currents and Community Networks)] TJ ET BT 235.364 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an important contribution to a growing literature on the Indian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ocean world. Edited by historians Himanshu Prabha Ray and Edward A. Alpers, it brings together leading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figures to discuss the cultural landscape of the Indian Ocean world and the communities that crossed it. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(takes a particular and ultimately rewarding approach, arguing that this unique maritime world cannot be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defined simply by geography or environment, but rather through the complex relationship and interaction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both with maritime communities. Most especially, and following the pioneering work of Michael Pearson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Kenneth McPherson among others, it urges that we shift our gaze: not to look outward from land to sea, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but from ocean to coast. It takes a two-fold approach in this endeavour. The first half of the book focuses on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maritime communities and littoral societies, and the second examines commercial transactions and currency )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(systems. The scope of both sections is refreshingly broad, with respect to geography, community, and time. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first \(communities and societies\) incorporates overviews by Pearson and McPherson, followed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of colonial India \(Ray\), Paravas \(pearl fishers\) in South India/ Ceylon and Portuguese Jesuits )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Mahesh Gopalan\), Aceh in Indonesia \(Anthony Reid\), the Mozambique Channel \(Alpers\), Cape Town )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Nigel Worden\), and Oman and Zanzibar \(Erik Gilbert\). The overarching theme of this first set of chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is, as McPherson suggests, the idea of maritime communities as ?nodal points where different cultures came )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(738)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 31 March, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Himanshu Prabha Ray)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward Alpers)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780195677058)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(320pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clare Anderson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7937 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into contact and were filters through which these cultures permeated into hinterlands ? meeting points for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of peoples, cultures, and ideas? \(p. 39\). The second half of the book \(commerce and currency\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines monetary exchange \(Najaf Haider\), the circulation of the rupee \(an especially richly illustrated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(piece by Shailendra Bhandare\), non-metallic currencies \(Sanjay Garg\), merchant risk-sharing \(Lakshmi )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Subramanian\), and slavery and the slave trade \(Gwyn Campbell\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I would like to focus this review on one of the challenges posed by the volume: the desire for a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rigorous incorporation of Africa in Indian Ocean studies. Indeed, previously Pearson has gone as far as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggesting that a more correct name for the Indian Ocean is the ?Afrasian Sea?. As editors Ray and Alpers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point out in their introduction, there are two large gaps in this respect. First, despite evidence of Indian trade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Zanzibar, Mozambique, and Madagascar, Africa has been largely neglected in writings on the Indian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ocean. Second, despite what we know of African seafaring and Indian Ocean slavery, there has relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little work on island or littoral African communities. I would like to focus on those chapters of )] TJ ET BT 490.640 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cross )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Currents)] TJ ET BT 76.688 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? by Alpers himself, Nigel Worden, and Gwyn Campbell ? that take up these concerns.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alpers examines both sets of issues in his discussion of the Mozambique Channel. He argues that by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18th century there was a complex, multilingual littoral society stretching along the southern east African )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coast to the Comoro Islands and across to western Madagascar. These communities included the descendents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of early migrants from Indonesia, Islamicised coastal Africans, Portuguese and Indian merchants, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mozambican slaves, ?not to mention Dutch, English, American, and French traders who resided in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(midst from time to time? \(p. 136\). One fascinating detail to emerge from Alpers? discussion is that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(descendants of enslaved Africans in western Madagascar call their homeland over the channel in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mozambique )] TJ ET BT 100.340 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(mrima)] TJ ET BT 131.672 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or )] TJ ET BT 147.668 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(morima)] TJ ET BT 185.000 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: the coast \(p. 132\). Alpers also draws attention to the importance of the slave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trade in the Mozambique Channel. According to his analysis, the exchange of livestock and agricultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce for slaves, underwritten by Indian and European trade goods and capital, created ?bonds of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interdependency that were not only economic, but also social and religious? \(p. 134\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nigel Worden?s contention that, despite its more traditional positioning within the Atlantic world, Cape )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Town ought to be studied as part of the Indian Ocean world is similarly compelling. He highlights recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(histories of the port during the 18th century ? constructed through the innovative use of probate inventories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and criminal records, materiality, speech, and archaeology - to show how significant its Asian connections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were. Europeans, Indians \(Hindu and Muslim\), Javanese, and Chinese in Dutch East India Company \(VOC\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(service all passed through the port. Cape Town was also home to large numbers of slaves ? initially from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(South and Southeast Asia and later on from Southeast Africa ? who far outnumbered free men and women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the 1700s. The Dutch also used the Cape as a penal colony for )] TJ ET BT 370.292 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(bandieten)] TJ ET BT 417.620 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and other exiles from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(VOC settlement in Batavia, creating what Kerry Ward has referred to recently as )] TJ ET BT 425.240 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Networks of Empire)] TJ ET BT 521.240 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 524.240 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 524.240 302.883 m 538.232 302.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, in his discussion of slavery and the slave trade in the Indian Ocean Gwyn Campbell seeks to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorporate Africa into what he terms Asia-centric readings of the first ?global? economy ?associated with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the rise and development of Islam and of the maritime power of Sung China? \(p. 287\). Moreover, he argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasively for an approach to slavery and the slave trade that does not hinge on the plantation-based )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Atlantic model. In the Indian Ocean, as Campbell shows, slavery was not primarily associated with such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work. To be sure, there were plantations on the spice islands of Pemba and Zanzibar and on the sugar islands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Runion and Mauritius. However, in the Indian Ocean women and children were far more commonly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traded than in the Atlantic, enslavement was far less violent \(according to Campbell perhaps the majority )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entered slavery through debt\), and employment patterns for slaves were far broader. Significantly, whilst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slavery was the dominant form of servile labour in the Atlantic, it was part of ?multiple and overlapping )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structures and statuses? \(p. 291\) in the Indian Ocean, including debt bondage and forced labour.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Turning our attention to Africa as well as to South Asia does not simply suggest the possibilities of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transforming the Indian Ocean into the ?Afrasian? Ocean \(or of an Indian Ocean world that for Campbell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stretches ?from the Cape to Cairo to Calcutta to Canton and beyond? \(p. 287\)\). Neither should it become a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straightforward exercise in solidifying colonial difference between two separate maritime worlds: Atlantic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Indian Ocean. A more rigorous incorporation of Africa into the Indian Ocean is also enormously )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 524.2397 303.1975 538.2317 315.0775 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7172 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant in drawing our attention to the possibilities of what Sanjay Subrahmanyam has termed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?connected histories?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 139.988 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 139.988 780.819 m 153.980 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 153.980 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Of further relevance in this respect is Peter Marshall?s recent intervention arguing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for Britain?s loss of a North American Empire and gain of an Indian one as part of the same process. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Readers might be interested in a new AHRC-funded Atlantic/ Indian Ocean network incorporating scholars )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the UK and North America that seeks to interrogate the maritime dimension of such connectivity.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 528.608 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 528.608 738.051 m 542.600 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cross Currents)] TJ ET BT 107.696 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( will be of interest to historians working on trade, movement, and mobility across the Indian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ocean, and on Indian Ocean islands and littoral zones. The volume reads very well alongside emergent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research that has in many ways either anticipated or drawn on it.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 343.280 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 343.280 683.283 m 357.272 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.272 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In an important recent review, Markus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vink argued for a ??new thalassology?? \(from the Greek )] TJ ET BT 309.596 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(thalassa)] TJ ET BT 349.604 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or sea\). He called for ?process )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geographies? of the Indian Ocean that historicize and localize ?porousness, permeability, connectedness, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flexibility, and openness of spatial and temporal boundaries and borders.? He suggested that future research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might fruitfully focus on the movement of individuals, communities, and cultural practices, in order to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce histories )] TJ ET BT 119.336 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in)] TJ ET BT 128.672 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( rather than )] TJ ET BT 186.320 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of)] TJ ET BT 195.656 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the region.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 249.980 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 249.980 612.003 m 263.972 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 266.972 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cross Currents)] TJ ET BT 340.652 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( certainly answers that challenge.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 578.499 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 547.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kerry Ward, )] TJ ET BT 127.652 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Networks of Empire: Forced Migration in the Dutch East India Company)] TJ ET BT 480.968 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 532.227 m 149.000 532.227 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 519.370 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sanjay Subrahmanyam, ?Connected histories: notes towards a reconfiguration of early modern )] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eurasia?, )] TJ ET BT 111.332 505.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Asian Studies)] TJ ET BT 217.328 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 31, 3 \(1997\), 735?62.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 326.648 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 326.648 503.715 m 380.636 503.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 490.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Asia and the British Atlantic, 1500?1820)] TJ ET BT 296.372 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 306.140 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 306.140 489.459 m 360.128 489.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 476.602 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sugata Bose, )] TJ ET BT 129.680 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Hundred Horizons: the Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire)] TJ ET BT 458.648 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2006\); )] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Engseng Ho, )] TJ ET BT 129.008 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Graves of Tarim: Genealogy and Mobility across the Indian Ocean)] TJ ET BT 473.636 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Berkeley, CA, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006\); Pier Larson, )] TJ ET BT 160.004 448.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ocean of Letters: Language and Creolization in an Indian Ocean Diaspora)] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 2009\); Thomas R. Metcalf, )] TJ ET BT 260.660 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imperial Connections: India in the Indian Ocean Arena, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1860?1920 )] TJ ET BT 121.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Berkeley, 2007\); Eric Tagliacozzo, )] TJ ET BT 296.300 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Secret Trades, Porous Borders: Smuggling and States )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Along a Southeast Asian Frontier, 1865?1915)] TJ ET BT 285.356 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New Haven, CT, 2005\); Megan Vaughan, )] TJ ET BT 496.640 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Creating the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Creole Island: Slavery in Eighteenth-Century Mauritius)] TJ ET BT 332.996 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Durham, 2005\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 416.312 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 416.312 389.667 m 470.300 389.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 376.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Markus P. M. Vink, ?Indian ocean sudies and the ?new thalassology??, )] TJ ET BT 408.956 376.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Global History)] TJ ET BT 533.960 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 2 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2007\), 41?62.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 134.336 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 134.336 361.155 m 188.324 361.155 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 345.823 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 328.043 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 328.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/738)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 326.649 m 322.316 326.649 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 301.672 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.272 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3715)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 139.9877 781.1335 153.9797 793.0135 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 528.6077 738.3655 542.5997 750.2455 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 343.2797 683.5975 357.2717 695.4775 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 249.9797 612.3175 263.9717 624.1975 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 532.5415 148.9997 544.4215 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 326.6477 504.0295 380.6357 515.9095 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 306.1397 489.7735 360.1277 501.6535 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 416.3117 389.9815 470.2997 401.8615 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 134.3357 361.4695 188.3237 373.3495 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 30 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 326.9635 322.3157 338.8435 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/738) >> endobj xref 0 45 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000572 00000 n 0000000654 00000 n 0000004933 00000 n 0000005042 00000 n 0000005152 00000 n 0000005261 00000 n 0000008822 00000 n 0000008950 00000 n 0000009034 00000 n 0000009118 00000 n 0000017108 00000 n 0000017138 00000 n 0000017266 00000 n 0000017302 00000 n 0000017449 00000 n 0000024674 00000 n 0000024704 00000 n 0000024832 00000 n 0000024868 00000 n 0000024898 00000 n 0000025026 00000 n 0000025062 00000 n 0000025092 00000 n 0000025220 00000 n 0000025256 00000 n 0000025286 00000 n 0000025414 00000 n 0000025450 00000 n 0000025577 00000 n 0000025632 00000 n 0000025760 00000 n 0000025815 00000 n 0000025943 00000 n 0000025998 00000 n 0000026126 00000 n 0000026181 00000 n 0000026309 00000 n 0000026364 00000 n 0000026492 00000 n trailer << /Size 45 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26587 %%EOF