%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 31 0 R 51 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818083520+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818083520+01'00') /Title (The End of Empires: African Americans and India) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4549 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The End of Empires: African Americans and India)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gerald Horne is a powerhouse. He has authored close to 20 books, many of them setting the terms for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debates on various issues \(from the Hollywood blacklist to the Watts Uprising, from labour movements in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Caribbean to liberation struggles in Africa, from the African slave trade to the life of Shirley Graham Du )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bois\). Little seems to escape his pen. If you add his frequent commentaries on world affairs \(mainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published in )] TJ ET BT 96.020 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Political Affairs)] TJ ET BT 173.036 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), you have a historian who not only finds the time to create a massive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analytical corpus about the past but a citizen of the world who wants to turn that knowledge upon our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary period, to help us shape our understanding of the present based on the contradictions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.672 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bequeathed us by the past. The output is breathtaking; but so is the charge.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.272 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 158.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the past several years, Horne has turned his sights to a different problem. For the past twenty years, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 144.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary inter-ethnic struggles in the United States seem to be on the rise. Coalitions of the past )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fragment for all kinds of reasons, as African-Americans and Jewish-Americans or African-Americans and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Latinos no longer seem to see eye to eye. That, at least, is what is alleged. Horne disagrees with the way the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 101.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem is framed: as if entire communities go after each other, and as if this animosity is timeless, and so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rooted in the cultural DNA of each community. To counter this kind of narrative, Horne disappeared into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archives. He returned with a series of books, each very important to this task. Perhaps the most extraordinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is his work )] TJ ET BT 89.684 59.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Black and Brown: African Americans and the Mexican Revolution, 1910?1920)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 471.308 59.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 471.308 57.801 m 485.300 57.801 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 485.300 59.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(741)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 31 March, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gerald Horne)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781592138999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(42.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(274pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Temple University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philadelphia, PA)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vijay Prashad)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 471.3077 58.1155 485.2997 69.9955 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8647 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(showed the long economic, social and political connections between African-Americans and Mexico, as well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as between African-Americans and Mexican-Americans. No reading of this book will leave you with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(facile framework of enduring Black-Brown hostility. Instead you get a sense of how African-Americans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looked to the Mexican Revolution of 1911 as a haven against racism, how many prominent African-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Americans decamped for Mexico and how this link \(including the threats of military conflict\) produced a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tradition of Black-Brown solidarity that had an impact on the Civil Rights struggle \(this is not as developed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the book, but it is implied; it is, on the other hand, the central theme in much work being done now that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(links the cases of )] TJ ET BT 119.336 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mendez v. Westminister)] TJ ET BT 233.648 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1946\) to )] TJ ET BT 283.976 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brown v. Board of Education)] TJ ET BT 424.976 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1954\), or that ties in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggles between Chicanos and Black radicals in the 1960s, such as Laura Pulido?s book, )] TJ ET BT 470.624 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Black, Brown, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Yellow and Left)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 112.364 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 112.364 666.771 m 126.356 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 126.356 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The other major inter-ethnic fissure that is often talked about is between African-Americans and Asian-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Americans. The idea of the ?model minority? proposes that Asians in the United States are a model for other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minority groups, especially African-Americans \(the thesis goes back to the 1960s, but it was revived most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently by Dinesh D?Souza in his )] TJ ET BT 203.324 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The End of Racism)] TJ ET BT 294.320 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1995 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 327.320 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 327.320 597.747 m 341.312 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 341.312 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). The long history of interactions between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Africans and Asians, African-Americans and Asia, Asian-Americans and African-Americans is elided in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sort of argument. This might not have been the motivation for Horne?s several new studies, but his work has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certainly helped disrupt the ahistorical divisions promoted by ?model minority? sociology. They are also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuable for the riposte they provide against the idea of inevitable inter-ethnic strife between Asians and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.746 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Africans ? the memory of these interactions is a powerful subjective force in these times.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Horne devoured archives from India to Japan, from Hawaii to Boston. A series of crucial books emerged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from these studies, including )] TJ ET BT 175.676 484.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Race War: White Supremacy and the Japanese Attack on the British Empire)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 544.280 484.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 544.280 483.411 m 558.272 483.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 470.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 40.016 470.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The White Pacific: U. S. Imperialism and Black Slavery in the South Seas after the Civil War)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 489.644 470.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 489.644 469.155 m 503.636 469.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 503.636 470.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this book under review, )] TJ ET BT 150.332 456.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The End of Empires)] TJ ET BT 245.996 456.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Each of these books is valuable simply for the immense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archival labors put into them: Horne has opened a continent of research for scholars who are interested in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each of these zones. Few would have thought to use the archives in New Delhi or in Hong Kong to help )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminate the worlds of African-Americans. The parochialism of so much of United States ethnic studies is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here deeply shown up: the planetary experiences of African-Americans, who travelled as missionaries, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soldiers, as diplomats, as musicians, are now recovered at the centre of African-American history. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characters in these books are rich; one wonders now what they brought back with them, what they did to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(black community in Chicago and Detroit, in small towns in the United States ?black belt? and elsewhere. No )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(longer the view of these towns as insular, because they would also have welcomed back people who had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 327.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enlarged their sense of the world through their travels. Perhaps it is this working-class cosmopolitanism that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowed the black community in the United States South to draw in the Gandhian ideas that the leadership )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.362 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed without complaint. They were ready for the world to be alongside them in their struggle.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 284.962 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 270.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More than the political purpose or the guidebook to the archive, Horne provides, particularly in the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under review, a sustained attempt to model how to do the kind of ?encompassed comparisons? \(as Charles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tilly put it\) between peoples who live both in separate parts of the world and who run into each other in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world. The book is about African-Americans and Indians: African-Americans who go to India, Indian-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Americans who encounter African-Americans in the United States, and in the abstract linkages between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(African-Americans and Indians. Chance encounters are not the purpose here. What we have is the objective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(basis of solidarity, well laid out in the opening chapters, and then the subjective moments of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connections that are not happenstance but part of the dynamic of anti-racist and anti-colonial solidarity in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.514 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(era from the late 19th century to the 1950s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Horne opens as if to take us to prehistory, but he quickly finds his balance in the 19th century. It was in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(central period of world history that the fortunes of Africans in the United States were conjoined to those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indian peasants who toiled in the cotton fields. The ?world? cotton market, which was actually an imperialist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oligarchy that had disarticulated local economies into a market for its purposes, linked the destinies of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enslaved and then freed workers of the United States South to those of the bonded and unbonded workers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fertile plains of British India. 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Their linkages that would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(follow did not come from any kind of wishful thinking, but from a profound recognition of the similarity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between colonial domination in India and the slavery-Jim Crow regime in the South \(and in parts of the rest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the United States\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Once Horne establishes that this is not a book that celebrates the solidarity of post-facto fancy, but it is about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the creation of internationalism in the best sense of the term, the rest of the narrative makes sense. It is clear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(why we must look at the Ahmediyya Muslims who migrated to Detroit from Punjab, or of the Ghadar Party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that was formed in San Francisco with a full awareness of the link between colonialism and racism, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed of the intellectual-political work of such people as W. E. B. Du Bois and of Lala Lajpat Rai. Horne )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draws on a number of books that have already opened up this continent of interactions \(Sudarshan Kapur?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Raising Up a Prophet)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.016 640.515 m 156.008 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 156.008 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the work of Vivek Bald, my own research, and others\). The secondary work on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Afro-Asian traffic in the inter-war period is now quite solid, and it provides Horne with a good foundation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and he makes good use of it. His own archival work is very important, particularly when he introduces us to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new figures, whose lives will need to be explored in greater depth, and when he introduces us to new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.770 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possibilities for research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.370 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Much of the previous work has been uneven \(the Thurmans have been written about, but not Max Yergan?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trip to India, nor that of Mary Church Terrell or Benjamin Mays\). Missionaries are written about, but not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soldiers. Horne?s work here is singular: the chapter on African-American troops in India during the Second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World War is exemplary \(Horne?s )] TJ ET BT 202.964 513.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Race War)] TJ ET BT 250.616 513.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, already alerted us to his methodological focus on these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(African American troops\). One wishes they were longer. The story of Private Herman Perry is a gem, and I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would like to see it expanded. Of course the material is sparse: he appears only as a fragment. But I wonder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if he had any contact with the Indian National Army, which defected to the side of the Japanese, or if he was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in touch with the proto-nationalists among the Nagas. The story is elaborated by Brendan Koerner in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Now the Hell Will Start: One Soldier?s Flight from the Greatest Manhunt of World War II)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 471.344 442.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 471.344 440.643 m 485.336 440.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 485.336 442.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but it is too )] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensational. There are more prosaic questions about political affiliation and of the affective connections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.410 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made between this Washington D. C. African-American and the Nagas of Assam.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.010 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 384.725 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50 years ago Martin Luther King Jr. travelled to India. While there he was overwhelmed by the love with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he was received. ?We received a most enthusiastic reception and the most generous hospitality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imaginable. Almost every door was open?, he wrote when he returned. ?We were looked upon as brothers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the colour of our skin as an asset. The strongest bond of fraternity was the common cause of minority )] TJ ET BT 34.016 327.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and colonial peoples in America, Africa and Asia struggling to throw off racialism and imperialism.? Horne )] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quotes this to evoke that ethos, the feeling of internationalism that came out of a century of objective links )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and subjective connections. Horne?s super book shows us what was, with the hope that if the objective basis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 284.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exists this kind of solidarity might be reaffirmed. It is a powerful historical and political vision.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 250.035 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 219.418 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gerald Horne, )] TJ ET BT 135.656 219.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Black and Brown: African Americans and the Mexican Revolution, 1910?1920)] TJ ET BT 514.280 219.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 205.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(York, NY, 2005\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 149.000 205.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 149.000 203.763 m 202.988 203.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 190.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 190.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laura Pulido, )] TJ ET BT 132.344 190.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Black, Brown, Yellow and Left: Radical Activism in Los Angeles)] TJ ET BT 441.344 190.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Los Angeles, CA, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 176.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 98.012 176.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 98.012 175.251 m 152.000 175.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 162.394 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 162.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dinesh D?Souza, )] TJ ET BT 150.332 162.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The End of Racism: Principles for a Multi-Racial Society)] TJ ET BT 425.648 162.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 1995\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 148.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 146.739 m 118.004 146.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 133.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 133.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gerald Horne, )] TJ ET BT 135.656 133.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Race War: White Supremacy and the Japanese Attack on the British Empire)] TJ ET BT 501.260 133.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 119.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(York, NY, 2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 149.000 119.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 149.000 118.227 m 202.988 118.227 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 105.370 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 105.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gerald Horne, )] TJ ET BT 135.656 105.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The White Pacific: U. S. Imperialism and Black Slavery in the South Seas after the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 91.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Civil War)] TJ ET BT 111.020 91.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Honolulu, HI, 2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 219.008 91.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 219.008 89.715 m 272.996 89.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 76.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 76.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sudarshan Kapur, )] TJ ET BT 152.996 76.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Raising Up a Prophet)] TJ ET BT 257.996 76.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1992\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 339.320 76.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 339.320 75.459 m 393.308 75.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 62.602 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 62.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brendan Koerner, )] TJ ET BT 152.984 62.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Now the Hell Will Start: One Soldier?s Flight from the Greatest Manhunt of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 48.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World War II)] 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