%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 28 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141222094015+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141222094015+00'00') /Title (What is Global History?) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 2368 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(What is Global History?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Like most practitioners in global history, Pamela Kyle Crossley, in )] TJ ET BT 358.004 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(What is Global History)] TJ ET BT 469.676 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, engages this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simple yet profoundly provocative question: ?how to tell a story without a centre?? In a smallish, 120-page )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treat of the question, Crossley provides a gripping overview of the field, along with its genealogy, trends and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possibilities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(749)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 30 April, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pamela Crossley)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780745633008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(152pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Polity Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Iftekhar Iqbal)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8180 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crossley weaves her study through four analytical-cum-narrative categories, which, in Crossley?s own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words, are the following: ?divergence? \(the narrative of things diversifying over time and space from a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(single origin\); ?convergence? \(the narrative of different and widely spaced things necessarily assuming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similarities over time; ?contagion? \(the narrative of things crossing boundaries and dramatically changing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their dynamics at the same time; and ?systems? \(the narrative of interacting structures changing each other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at the same time\). The book opens with a chapter on what Crossley terms ?the great story impulse?, by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which she shows, using oral traditions and literary and religious-textual evidences, how people in different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultures have sought to tell stories of connections with the rest of the humankind. This has been true of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classical and medieval periods as well as our own time. So, to Crossley, the story we now want to tell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through global history is a continuation of a ?great story impulse? that has driven intellectual and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imaginative domain since the emergence of man. How can we map the four conceptual-narrative categories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(onto this millenarian ?great story impulse??)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In terms of ?divergence?, examples are taken from, for instance, Wilhelm Schmidt, who argued that all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religions were originally monotheistic, the Jesuits, who argued that the Chinese were not alien or barbaric, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but that their culture evolved from the same roots as those of Europe and the Middle East, and the narratives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of great epochs of global migrations from either Africa or Northeast Asia. With ?convergence? Crossley )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(takes up the example of the origin of agriculture which has not been explained adequately through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diffusionist or ?divergence? theories. She supports the idea that the global expansion of agriculture can be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explained by the theories of human development taking place in different places, implying that agriculture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has multiple origins. Crossley then goes on to critique the Marxist discourse of transformation from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feudalism to capitalism, Weber?s modernization theories, and Kuhn?s science-centric narrative of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernity?all of which Crossley tends to see as Euro-centric, or at least informed by European historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences. However, through using the theory of ?convergence? by Dutch economist Jan Tinbergen, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crossley argues that ?there are important dialects of dialectics, and contradictions over the contradictions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that still keep Marx and Engels at the center of speculation that humanity may be subject to universal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material forces that will eventually vanquish all cultural estrangements?. Crossley takes up these points with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regard to the second and fourth categories.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In terms of ?contagion?, Crossley, not surprisingly, touches on themes that political scientists and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sociologists, including Hegel, Marx, Kuhn or Weber, did not seriously consider. This takes her to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader field of environmental history. Drawing on Alfred Crosby )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 355.292 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 355.292 345.651 m 369.284 345.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 369.284 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, William McNeill )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 460.616 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 460.616 345.651 m 474.608 345.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 474.608 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,Jared Diamond )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 331.395 m 48.008 331.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Sheldon Watts )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 144.668 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 144.668 331.395 m 158.660 331.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 158.660 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Crossley shows that global history has been fostered no less convincingly by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diseases, contamination, germs and biological elements than by ideologies and social and economic forces. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With regard to the last of her categories, ?systems?, Crossly depends on Pirenne?s argument that material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interactions between different systems, such as trade, fostered historical transformations of global scale. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, Europe?s economic rise owed much to interactions between systems: ?Islamic empire?s economy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the local economies of Europe interacted in such as way as to transform Europe itself?the Islamic trade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(system was the originating actor, and Europe the reactive one? \(p. 88\). Crossley then draws on Braudel?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecology of sea and land routes around the Mediterranean and Wallerstein?s world system that extends )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Braudel?s study by attempting to explain the global political economy of dependency. But, as Crossley takes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it from the critique of Wallerstein by Andre Frank, a more materialistic and objectivist world system view )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has since been liquidated by cultural theories and subjectivity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(So, Crossley responds to her question, ?how to tell a story without a center??, through multiple stories with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multiple centres. She seems to be happy about it, because she does not particularly strive to see a distinction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or convergence between ?global? and ?world history?. By not pinning the possibility of a global history on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the postmodern condition only, Crossley takes a different path to that of Bruce Mazlish, who sees a clear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinction between ?global? and ?world history?. For Mazlish, global history seeks to attain objectivity by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undermining the subjective agencies of culture and concentrating more on the materially oriented disciplines )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as artificial intelligence, epidemiology, neurology, paleobotany and so on. Crossley, on the other hand, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not deal with this problem of the distinction between ?world? and ?global? history because she does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point to a single origin or discourse of global history - neither to the teleology of Hegel and Marx or more )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 355.2917 345.9655 369.2837 357.8455 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 460.6157 345.9655 474.6077 357.8455 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 331.7095 48.0077 343.5895 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 144.6677 331.7095 158.6597 343.5895 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R ] /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 7101 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently of Francis Fukuyama, Samuel Huntington or Bruce Mazlish. It is in this context that Crossley finds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ?actual history of human diversity is more football-like, vase-like, or violin-like than pyramidal? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p.120\). This approach makes the book a far more interesting and nuanced statement of global history. If she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fails to tell a story without a centre, she does it with the conviction that there is no culminating point in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(global history and that no amount of disciplinary materiality can achieve objectivity in global history. Her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(points are quite simple: ?history as we know it is written in language, usually prose \(as contrasted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pictures, equations, dances, or melody lines\), which is linear and subject to perceptions of writer and reader? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p.106\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus although Crossley uses four broad categories to analyze global history, she remains perceptually plural. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But this categorization, at the same time, can prove problematic in terms of global history?s thematic reach. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She suggests this structure seems to be the ?most heuristically valuable?. But the heuristic value of it does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not solve the problem of ontological fluidity of disciplines and discourses. For instance, the problem of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(categorization between ?convergence? and ?divergence? is not merely related to the way how a phenomenon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can be explained by both these categories, but to a more important problem as to how to locate globality in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an event or a series of events that are not informed by any of these specific categories. For instance, how do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we grasp the ways in which the global concourse of ideas, events and practices have dislocated not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe but many other ?indigenous? claim to ethnocentrism across the world, as the recent work of C. A. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bayly )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 65.684 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 65.684 540.723 m 79.676 540.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 79.676 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( perceptively shows. Within the categorical limits set by herself, Crossley finds no broader space )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for issues like the evolution of the middle class, multinational corporations, or environmental resistance at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the global level.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the end this is an exercise in capturing historiographical debates, thus offering a crisp summary of many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major works in the area along with the intervening glittering insight of the author herself. But more than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anything else, most of Crossley?s readers may relish the fact that her ?football? of global history takes a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flight clearly above the apex of the ?pyramid? of global history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 409.683 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 379.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alfred Crosby, )] TJ ET BT 139.004 379.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The)] TJ ET BT 160.004 379.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492)] TJ ET BT 496.328 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Westport, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(CN, 1972\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 117.680 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 117.680 363.411 m 171.668 363.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 350.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William McNeill, )] TJ ET BT 152.348 350.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Plagues and Peoples)] TJ ET BT 253.004 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1977\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 331.652 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 331.652 349.155 m 385.640 349.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 336.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jared Diamond, )] TJ ET BT 143.000 336.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Guns)] TJ ET BT 168.332 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 174.332 336.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Germs and Steel: the Fates of Human Societies)] TJ ET BT 401.300 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1997\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 482.624 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 482.624 334.899 m 536.612 334.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 322.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sheldon Watts, )] TJ ET BT 140.348 322.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Epidemics and History: Disease, Power and Imperialism)] TJ ET BT 414.656 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New Haven, CT, 1997\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 306.387 m 118.004 306.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 293.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(C. A. Bayly, )] TJ ET BT 127.352 293.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Birth of the Modern World 1780?1914: Global Connections and Comparisons )] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Malden, 2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 141.668 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 141.668 277.875 m 195.656 277.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 253.013 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/login)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 223.107 m 154.700 223.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 157.700 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 219.775 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 201.995 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 201.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/749)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 200.601 m 322.316 200.601 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 175.624 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.224 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3726)] TJ ET BT 34.016 146.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] )] TJ ET BT 34.016 132.568 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/journal_of_world_history/v021/21.2.riello.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 30 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 65.6837 541.0375 79.6757 552.9175 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 117.6797 363.7255 171.6677 375.6055 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 331.6517 349.4695 385.6397 361.3495 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 482.6237 335.2135 536.6117 347.0935 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 306.7015 118.0037 318.5815 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 141.6677 278.1895 195.6557 290.0695 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 30 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 223.4215 154.6997 235.3015 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/journal_of_world_history/v021/21.2.riello.html) >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 200.9155 322.3157 212.7955 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/749) >> endobj xref 0 47 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000519 00000 n 0000000601 00000 n 0000003021 00000 n 0000003130 00000 n 0000003240 00000 n 0000003349 00000 n 0000006910 00000 n 0000007038 00000 n 0000007122 00000 n 0000007227 00000 n 0000015460 00000 n 0000015490 00000 n 0000015618 00000 n 0000015654 00000 n 0000015684 00000 n 0000015812 00000 n 0000015848 00000 n 0000015878 00000 n 0000016004 00000 n 0000016040 00000 n 0000016070 00000 n 0000016198 00000 n 0000016234 00000 n 0000016367 00000 n 0000023521 00000 n 0000023551 00000 n 0000023677 00000 n 0000023713 00000 n 0000023841 00000 n 0000023896 00000 n 0000024024 00000 n 0000024079 00000 n 0000024207 00000 n 0000024262 00000 n 0000024389 00000 n 0000024444 00000 n 0000024572 00000 n 0000024627 00000 n 0000024754 00000 n 0000024912 00000 n 0000025040 00000 n trailer << /Size 47 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25135 %%EOF