%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930025705+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930025705+01'00') /Title (Anglo-Jewry Since 1066: Place, Locality and Memory) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4351 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Anglo-Jewry Since 1066: Place, Locality and Memory)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglo-Jewish history is a growing and arguably important field within the mainstream of British history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although probably much more for what never happened than for what did. The Jews were present in numbers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Medieval England, as money-lenders and tax collectors. The violent and tragic history of this community, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and their expulsion in 1290, are well-known. Readmitted by Cromwell in 1656, the Jews of Britain and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more recent history seemingly present a contrast to the history of the Jews elsewhere in Europe: no ghettos, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no pogroms, no massacres, no Holocaust, only what many observers have seen as a seemingly effortless, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however gradual and chequered, evolution to full acceptance as a model minority. This is the rose-coloured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional view. It has been challenged in recent decades by historians like Tony Kushner, as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Geoffrey Alderman, David Cesarani, David Feldman and others, their views themselves challenged by more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(optimistic historians like David Katz, Todd Endelman, and this reviewer. Indeed, the debates over the nature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the history of Anglo-Jewry are arguably more interesting than the actual facts of their history during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past 350 years, which has plainly lacked the tragedy and persecution of European Jewish history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culminating in the Holocaust. David Cannadine, in a remark often quoted by recent historians of Anglo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewry, noted that ?In the context of international history, the history of British Jewry is neither very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting, nor very exciting. In the context of British history, it is just not that important.? It is hard to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disagree with this assessment, although Cannadine has here surely missed the point that it is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unimportance, indeed near invisibility, of British Jewish history which strikingly sets it apart from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(753)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 30 April, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tony Kushner)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719076541)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(304pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Rubinstein)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7405 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of the Jews in most other places. In Britain, Jews were always a small, low-profile minority, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never ?controlled? the British economy, comprised a major segment of the British left, or were significant as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural modernists. Until after the Second World War there were few if any Strictly Orthodox Jews who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adopted outrageously distinctive dress, while only after 1881 did urban areas of large-scale and obvious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewish settlement emerge in the East End, Manchester, and Leeds. Within a generation or two most British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jews became indistinguishable from other Englishmen. While it always obviously existed, and exists, British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anti-Semitism almost never attained a political dimension or force; the most striking thing, surely, about Sir )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oswald Mossley in the 1930s was how unsuccessful he was.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For these reasons, until recently Anglo-Jewish history was long a celebration of ?British exceptionalism?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially in the writings of its main exponent, Cecil Roth \(1899?1971\); the more negative recent view of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern Anglo-Jewish history finds more anti-Semitism and has emphasised it, but has been unable to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identify a single massacre or pogrom. Somewhat similarly, the subject-matter of modern Anglo-Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history has normally revolved around a predictable table of contents of readmission ?emancipation ? mass )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration ? 20th-century challenge ? assimilation. It is, seemingly, this second form of stereotyped )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptualisation that Tony Kushner challenges in this book, although he is also a notable dissenter from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?British exceptionalism? interpretation. His aim is to take Jewish history from the London-based political, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legal, and religious emphasis it has so often had, to the local and the personal, very much in keeping with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent popularity of studies of historical memory and the like. Although, as he will know, I am )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsympathetic to much of his interpretation of modern Anglo-Jewish history, I certainly welcome this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(endeavour as important and innovative, even path-breaking, when written with his sophistication and deep )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tony Kushner ? who should not be confused with the controversial, gay, radical, anti-Zionist Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American playwright of the same name; they are two different people ? is professor of Jewish/non-Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations in the History Department at Southampton University, and is one of the most prolific and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(innovative of the newer historians of Anglo-Jewry. His book represents something of a departure for him, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although the history of memory is also a subject in keeping with his general approach.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anglo-Jewry Since 1066 )] TJ ET BT 154.328 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an attempt to break out of the usual paradigm by looking intensively at the Jews )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Hampshire down the ages. To reiterate, it is important and innovative, although possibly not as successful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as it might be. The first reason for this is the choice of subject matter, the Jews of Hampshire. Since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Readmission, the Jews of Hampshire have probably never constituted more than say 2 per cent of the total )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewish population of Britain. In the 2001 Census, there were 235 declared Jews by religion in Portsmouth, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(293 in Southampton, and 2100 in Bournemouth \(part of Hampshire before 1974, but not since\), out of a total )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewish population in Britain by religion of 267,000 \(and with probably 350,000 being the actual number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Jews\). In 1900, Portsmouth, then probably the largest of these communities, had an estimated Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(population of 500 out of around 200,000 in the city. One is, in other words, looking at a tiny and possibly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unrepresentative group of Jews, who are, moreover, not a single distinctive community, but divided into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(several main centres. The two most important factors influencing Hampshire Jewry, in all likelihood, are the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strong pressures upon such a small community to assimilate, with the maintenance of a distinctive Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identity for very long being obviously difficult, and the fact that Hampshire?s cities are 60?75 miles from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London, pre-eminently the main centre of Anglo-Jewish life, which plainly acts as a magnet and matrix for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewish identity and attitudes. Strangely, neither of these factors is analyzed in the book, at least not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicitly. Indeed, the peculiarities of being Jewish in Hampshire ? if these exist ? are not explicitly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed, again curiously.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Secondly, this book grows out of a wider previous research project on ?Port Jews?, which itself resulted in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previous book. While the notion of ?Port Jews? is novel and possibly valuable, in fact only rarely did Jews )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the modern world have anything to do with the economic activities of ports \(apart from resorts like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Miami\), Portsmouth in the 18th century being an exception. In Britain, Jews played no significant role in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shipping activities or related trades of Liverpool, Bristol, Hull, or even the port of London, and, again, apart )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from 18th-century Portsmouth, there is little in this book about port activities involving Jews. New York )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became the largest Jewish city in the world by 1900, but, again, Jews had virtually no involvement in the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7720 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(port of New York as either entrepreneurs or workers. Both of these factors might be overlooked if the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented a cogent analysis of memory and identity among Hampshire Jewry, but the evidence, from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memoirs and contemporary accounts, is simply not full enough for this to be successfully done, however )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worthy the intention here may be.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is also the matter of the book?s title, )] TJ ET BT 241.988 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anglo-Jewish History. )] TJ ET BT 352.316 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The clear implication of the title is that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work is intended as a broad general history of Anglo-Jewry over the past millennium. \(Something which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very few histories of Anglo-Jewry have attempted to do, it should be noted. Most cover only the medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period, or all, or more usually part, of the post-Readmission period.\) But it is no such thing and, indeed, is so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(far removed from what the title implies as to fall foul of the Trade Descriptions Act. As noted, it is, and is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intended to be, a quasi-post-modernist history of the Jews in Hampshire, with some reflections on Jewish life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elsewhere. I suppose it has been given its title because a book entitled )] TJ ET BT 371.960 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Jews of Hampshire Since 1066 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would do even less well on the amazon.co.uk tracking system than one on )] TJ ET BT 392.300 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Irish in Bolivia, )] TJ ET BT 491.972 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but )] TJ ET BT 510.308 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(caveat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(emptor.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book consists of 8 loosely connected chapters, not notably well integrated or connected, and reading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more like a collection of previously published articles than a monograph. Indeed, I searched the introduction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to find where they had previously appeared, but it seems that they were all written for this work. Chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one, ?Placing the ?Local??, consists of a long discussion of the notion of ?race? in English local history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with special attention paid to Cornwall and the Cornish, a notion which has been continuously invented. Its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use was almost casually ubiquitous in semi-popular accounts of the people of Cornwall published down to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1960s, and especially so in the 19th century, with that era?s all-embracing ethnic lenses. Yet here little or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nothing is said of the status or nature of Jews who are surely, among other things, a consciously separate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethnic group, bearing in mind the ambiguity of Jewish identity. And while Cornwall is so remote and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinctive as arguably to harbour a separate ethnicity of a kind \(there was, after all, a vernacular Cornish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language until the 18th century\), only with difficulty can Hampshire be viewed in the same way. Chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two, ?Wessex Tales/Yiddisher Spiels? \(sic\), extends the first chapter and addresses the difficulties in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Imagining Hampshire? \(p. 28\), showing how Hampshire has been seen by a variety of writers on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(county. The nature of ?Jewish Memory and the ?Local?? \(pp. 41-8\) is discussed, and some valuable points )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made, although some central issues are not examined, for instance whether Hampshire?s Jews viewed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves as a part of a much broader Anglo-Jewry or world Jewry, whose leaders were in London or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elsewhere, or whether they considered themselves to be Hampshireites of the Jewish persuasion, or some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mix of these assumptions. Kushner dissents from the ?Hoskins/Leicester School style approach? \(p. 46\) to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local history, exemplified before in Anglo-Jewish local studies by Bernard Susser?s )] TJ ET BT 439.292 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Jews of South-West )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(England )] TJ ET BT 77.684 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1993\), which charted the ?rise and decline of [the Jewish] medieval and modern communities? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(46\), preferring \(although this is not made entirely clear\) an internalised narrative of a community as it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actually seen by those who lived it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter three, ?Winchester: Constructing the City of Memories? centres on how modern historians and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular writers have, until very recently, almost always ignored the important role of the medieval Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community of Winchester, consistently obfuscating the brutal anti-Semitism they often encountered. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(black hole is evident even in official or public histories of Winchester. Only recently has this been reversed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and any attempt made to provide a balanced description of the range of Jewish experiences there. Chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(four and five, ?Point of Contestation: Jews in Portsmouth During the Long Eighteenth Century?, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Jewish Emancipation and After: Locality, Brotherhood and the Nature of Tolerance?, charts the somewhat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(curious evolution of the Jewish community of Portsmouth from one widely despised in the 18th century as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rip-off tradesmen and money lenders, especially to sailors on shore leave, to pillars of the Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community, exemplified by the career of Emanual Emanuel, a well-respected early \(1866\) Jewish mayor of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portsmouth. The less successful career of Abraham Abraham of Southampton is also examined. Kushner and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other recent historians are well-known for their views about the ambiguous nature of tolerance as it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experienced by 19th-century British Jews. He paints these lives as evidence of the pervasive racism which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often accompanied the Jewish experience in Victorian Hampshire, although a Whig interpretation, based )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upon the clearly increasing acceptability and success shown to the community and its leaders is surely a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7349 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more warranted inference. Some relevant instances which might have been discussed are not: Nelson?s great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(friendliness towards the Jews, in Porstmouth and elsewhere; the establishment of Aria College, founded in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1855 in the will of Lewis Aria, a Jewish native of Hampshire, for the education of Hampshire natives who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wished to train as Jewish ministers \( a provision impossible of fulfilment due to small numbers, and widened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1876\), surely suggesting confidence in a Jewish future there; or the relationship of Emanuel Emanuel to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London?s Jewish elite \(His daughter Katie married her second cousin, Philip \(later Sir Philip, 1st Bt.\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Magnus \(1842?1933\), a major figure in the history of British technical education and Tory M.P. for London )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University 1906?22; her entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography \(ODNB\) notes that she was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?related to all the big families of British Jewry in the nineteenth century?, including the Rothschilds and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Montefiores. Emanuel himself was only a jewellery retailer in a provincial town, yet was an acceptable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(father-in-law to relatives of the ?Cousinhood?\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This section does, however, have an interesting and surprising discussion \(pp. 165?9\) of Samuel Emanuel, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?staunch Conservative? of Southampton, who, in 1866, hosted a banquet in support of Governor Eyre, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose controversial and violent suppression of an uprising in Jamaica deeply divided Victorian England?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(governing classes and intelligentsia, with a range of liberals condemning his ?feast of blood?, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservatives like Thomas Carlyle and Charles Kingsley strongly supporting him. That a local Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative organised a major banquet in his honour is indeed curious \(although another Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative became Prime Minister two years later\), but Kushner?s strictures about Emanuel ?allying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself not only with the aristocracy and monied elite, but also to the concepts of Englishness defined by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masculinity, ?race? and class? \(p. 168\) represents a predetermined ideological interpretation of what he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thinks, nearly 150 years later, Jews ought to have believed at the time, which contrasts awkwardly with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(avowed intention to depict a community more multifaceted and ambiguous than has been portrayed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter six, ?Settlement and Migration From the 1850s to 1914? examines Southampton and Portsmouth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewry at the time of heavy Jewish immigration and ? unlike the other chapters ? examines in detail a number )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of internal Jewish religious disputes, as well as the growth of Jewish communities in Bournemouth, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke, and Aldershot. It focuses on the lives of \(among others\) the Portsmouth-born scientist Hertha )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ayrton and the Portsmouth-born Ian Mikardo. It is an interesting chapter, but here \(p. 203\) Kushner?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citation of historian Bill Williams?s remark that the Jews of Manchester ?were validated not on the grounds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.186 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of their Jewish identity, but on the basis of their conformity to the values and manners of bourgeois English)] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society? ignores both the desire of very many Jews ? in all likelihood the majority ? to be so ?validated?, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fact that exceptions to this process have not remained ?unvalidated? but romanticised, as, for instance, so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many glowing and nostalgic accounts of the old Jewish East End demonstrate. Chapter Seven ?Historicising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Invisible: Transmigrancy, Memory, and Local Identities?, concerns the role of the Atlantic Hotel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(formerly the Emigrants? Home\), a hostel for steerage immigrants to America, now forgotten in the recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memorialisation of that area as the place where the first Spitfire flight took place. Finally, chapter eight, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Memory at the Margins, Matter Out of Place: Hidden Narratives of Jewish Settlement and Movements in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Inter-War Years?, highlights the colourful interwar Jewish community of Canal Walk and the Ditches in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Southampton, something like the old East End: unmemorialised, it is nostalgically recalled. There is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general rule, I have noticed, that the)] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more wretched the slum from which someone has emerged, the more nostalgically it is later recalled.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 189.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A number of points emerge from the resume. It is clear that the chapters do not form a coherent and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connected analysis, but are a series of slices or sketches, rather miscellaneous, although valuable and well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researched. Secondly, it seems even more clear that much is missing from them above all ? and rather oddly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? the personal narratives of upward social mobility which must have loomed so large in Jewish life. After all, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 132.917 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr. Kushner is a professor of history, not a market stallholder in Petticoat Lane, having followed the normal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.661 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(path of upward social mobility into the professions or management; he speaks English, not Yiddish. Why, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.405 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then, should the rest of Hampshire Jewry be any different? And why should the outcasts and the marginal in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.149 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Hampshire Jewish community, in any account of their history, be privileged at the expense of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.893 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mainstream?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.637 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, having said this, it is equally important to note that, in its way, this is a valuable and path-)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 1859 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breaking book, which does attempt to expand the matrices of Anglo-Jewish history beyond what other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians have made the norm. But, as Disraeli once put it, in a democracy it is occasionally necessary to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defer to the wishes of the majority; this is no less true of democratic history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(h-net-reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 711.795 m 240.992 711.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(times)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 683.283 m 270.668 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 273.668 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 679.951 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 662.171 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 662.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/753)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 660.777 m 322.316 660.777 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 635.800 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 621.400 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3731)] TJ ET BT 34.016 607.000 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=29461)] TJ ET BT 34.016 592.600 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=406988&sectioncode=26)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 712.1095 240.9917 723.9895 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=29461) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 683.5975 270.6677 695.4775 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=406988§ioncode=26) >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 661.0915 322.3157 672.9715 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/753) >> endobj xref 0 28 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000560 00000 n 0000000642 00000 n 0000005045 00000 n 0000005154 00000 n 0000005264 00000 n 0000005373 00000 n 0000008934 00000 n 0000009062 00000 n 0000009146 00000 n 0000009211 00000 n 0000016669 00000 n 0000016734 00000 n 0000024507 00000 n 0000024572 00000 n 0000031974 00000 n 0000032072 00000 n 0000033984 00000 n 0000034111 00000 n 0000034212 00000 n 0000034339 00000 n 0000034470 00000 n 0000034598 00000 n trailer << /Size 28 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 34693 %%EOF