%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818071556+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818071556+01'00') /Title (The American Future: a History) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4329 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The American Future: a History)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Now that the dust has settled on the presidential race, it?s easier to assess Simon Schama?s ambitious project )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of last autumn: )] TJ ET BT 109.016 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Future: A History)] TJ ET BT 265.664 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The book \(and the accompanying television series\) departs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from his previous work in several ways. First, Schama steps confidently into the terrain of journalism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(punctuating his familiar historical storytelling with the voices of politicians, public officials, farmers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even military officers whom he?s interviewed on his travels across America. Second, he experiments with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memoir: Schama first visited the United States in 1964, on an assignment for a Cambridge student magazine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that took him to the Democratic convention, and we learn a good deal about his \(mostly euphoric\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship with his adopted home. Finally, he dives into contemporary politics: )] TJ ET BT 424.340 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Future)] TJ ET BT 527.660 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( looks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to capture America at a crossroads, and handicaps the presidential race between Obama and John McCain. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Which was reaching its climax when the book and the TV series appeared last year.\) It?s not hard to see that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schama is hoping for an Obama win, but the publication schedule forces him to hedge his bets on which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American Future might come to pass. The result is an uneven and at times disorienting analysis. This is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history on the hoof: the approach is exhilarating, but the result is a blur.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(About that title. Surely Schama must have imagined the ruffled feathers of professional historians: most of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(us are already pathetically jealous of the telly dons, and now we have to endure their narration of events that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(haven?t even happened yet. The book isn?t quite as outrageous as it sounds. Schama does peer into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(756)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 30 April, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Schama)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781847920003)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(400pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bodley Head)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicholas Guyatt)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7526 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future, too much for the taste of many historians, but the title points to a more subtle ambition. He?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interested in the idea of the future in American history, and especially in the attempts of diverse Americans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to imagine the gradual improvement of their national enterprise. This is a promising topic that suits his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impressionistic approach to history: the book guides readers through familiar and obscure debates between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rival boosters of American progress: between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton, for example, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had very different ideas about how the nation should develop; between the Confederate general Robert E. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lee and Union general Montgomery Meigs, former roommates and West Point graduates who saw the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(United States \(and the role of the armed forces\) from opposing sides; and, in the book?s final section, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Americans who saw very different possibilities for the American West. The stories \(and perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even the juxtapositions\) will be familiar to historians, but Schama does a fine job of cataloguing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arranging them for a wider public. Throughout the book, he undermines the idea of American history as one-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dimensional or impervious to change, and he argues that the richness of historical experience in the United )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(States provides reasons for optimism even during the current crisis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Future)] TJ ET BT 137.336 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( pursues its subject across four themes. The first is ?American War?, and challenges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our contemporary prejudices about the U.S. military as crudely imperialist by insisting upon a ?nation-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(building? ethic among the American armed forces. Schama traces this back to the founding of the officer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(college of West Point and the achievements of the Army?s Corps of Engineers in the 19th century. He takes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a shine to Montgomery Meigs because Meigs?s career defies our expectations: in an era when the Army was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(principally involved in suppressing Indian rebellions or gobbling up parts of Mexico, Meigs was devising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(schemes to improve the Washington water supply and to raise a new dome above the Capitol. During his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finest hour, as the Union quartermaster during the Civil War, Meigs looked to defeat the South through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(careful management of resources and communications rather than the senseless slaughter of the battlefield: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he played his part in facilitating the carnage at Antietam or Gettysburg, but Schama emphasises his logistical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brilliance and recovers a sharper, more nimble understanding of the purpose of military power.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second section, on ?American Fervour?, argues that the European stereotype of the United States as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(land of religious zealotry is wrong: in fact, Americans created a society in which religious freedom allowed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for intense piety and faith without great danger to either the social fabric or the course of government. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Whatever your suspicions of Schama?s presentism in this project, you have to allow that this line doesn?t )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(follow the recent, rather shrill anxiety about the impact of the religious right on American life.\) He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approaches the topic of immigration and American identity with a similar purpose. While he concedes that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nativism and xenophobia are embedded in American history, he suggests that a broader and more inclusive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of American citizenship has always fought for the public?s attention. This third section has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of the best history in the book: I particularly enjoyed Schama?s delicate handling of Crvecoeur?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Letters from an American Farmer)] TJ ET BT 197.336 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, written in the shadow of the political heartbreak of the American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Revolution \(Crvecoeur?s family were loyalists\) and fraught with romanticism and tragedy about American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(belonging. Schama restores German migrants to their rightful place as one of the most important groups in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the history of American immigration. And, with an eye on present-day debates, he neatly inverts warnings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?Mexican threat? in the Southwest by considering the ?first immigration problem in Texas?: in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1820s, when Texas was still a part of Mexico, it was Anglo-American settlers ? who had been invited to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assist the new Mexican nation in strengthening its northern periphery ? who undermined traditions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brought political chaos.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final section ? on ?American Plenty? ? is less coherent, spinning two rather different tales \(Indian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(removal and the problem of water use in the West\) around a single theme of \(over\)consumption. Schama )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only looks at southeastern Indians, mostly the Cherokees, and he?s beholden to the idea of Andrew Jackson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as villain-in-chief. Schama wants us to see Jackson and the federal government as crudely expansionist, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eager to displace Indians and to secure a moving frontier of white homesteaders. The reality is more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complicated. In the late 1820s, Jackson was merely the latest politician to recycle the idea that Indians might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be more successfully brought to ?civilization? if they were removed from antagonistic settlers in the East. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spite of Schama?s finger pointing, the key determinant of the climactic 1830 debate over removal may have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been state politics. Jackson, a man of considerable bluster and menace, was nonetheless confronted by a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7337 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(basic ambiguity in American politics that remained largely unresolved before the 20th century: where did the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powers of the federal government end, and those of the state governments begin? Southern states were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially anxious about slavery, but they also complained about the federal tariff and Washington?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempts to control Indian policy. Jackson?s decision to expel the southeastern Indians in 1829?30 ? the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fulfillment of a campaign promise in 1828 ? owed more to his sense that the East should be white than that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indians would have no place in a western future. More immediately, he bowed to southern legislators who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might otherwise create trouble for the federal government both in Washington and at home. \(This was, after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all, the season in which South Carolina briefly asserted the right to nullify federal laws.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps Schama realised that this material didn?t work as well as the stories about the hydraulic West, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because the TV series simply drops the removal angle and focuses on water. In both the book and the TV )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(show, Schama follows the career of John Wesley Powell, the soldier and geographer who undertook a daring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploration of the Colorado River in 1869 \(becoming the first white American to glimpse the Grand Canyon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from within its towering walls\) and mapped out the possibilities and pitfalls of western settlement. Powell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(got to know the Southwest the hard way, by trying to survive the worst that the region?s climate and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geography could throw at him, and he concluded that large-scale settlement would not succeed unless it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(closely tracked the available water supply. This verdict proved unpopular with the promoters of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agricultural and real estate bonanza for the region, who insisted that the ingenuity of man would overcome )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(details like aridity and flimsy topsoil.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The optimists won out, as they always do, and Schama follows the course of their dreams through the 20th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century in the Southwest and the Plains states. We witness the famous Dust Bowl of the 1930s, the result of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a brief agricultural boom of intensive farming that had ignored the warnings of Powell and other Cassandras. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After a few years of plenty, devastating windstorms simply blew away the soil and created a social disaster. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Then we?re introduced to the massive irrigation and hydroelectric schemes of the New Deal era, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tamed the Colorado River and made Sunbelt cities like Las Vegas possible. Finally, Schama spends time in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present-day southern California and Nevada, talking to farmers and water managers about what happens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(next. Water levels in Lake Mead, the enormous reservoir that gradually filled up in the late 1930s behind the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new Hoover Dam, have fallen by more than a hundred feet over the past decade. While the miraculous water )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(management of the New Deal has allowed agriculture and urbanisation to sprawl over the past seven )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decades, the record drought of recent years suggests that John Wesley Powell was right all along.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But Schama doesn?t quite see things this way. In spite of his evidence, he thinks that Las Vegas and, more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generally, the political system that has facilitated this unchecked consumption can still turn things around: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that rejected versions of the American future can now usurp their erstwhile conquerors. Here?s where the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book?s multiple identities ? history, memoir, campaign-trail souvenir ? undermine its impact. The big idea )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Schama wants to sell is that America is endlessly inventive and unusually good at remaking itself. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schama puts it cheerfully in his final pages: ?The Hamiltonians have done you wrong for the last eight )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years? Well you know where to go for redress.? But does American history actually work like this? Where, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for example, is the redress for what Schama describes as the ?monstrous crime? of Indian removal? And can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we take much comfort from the history of the West when viewing the impending water crisis in the Sunbelt?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The problem is familiar to anyone who?s tried to write history with a political edge: at some point, you need )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to determine where the descriptive mode ends and where your prescriptions begin. Does the history of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?American future? suggest that the United States always rights itself, or that the nation?s history )] TJ ET BT 499.292 178.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide solutions for today?s Americans if they listen to the wisdom of the past? In other words, is a revived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future an historical inevitability, or a possibility \(slim? likely?\) that might be secured through a better )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of the 19th and 20th centuries? Should the historian try to show his hand, and nudge readers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards instructive examples that will secure the better tomorrow?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schama walks this line awkwardly, and the publication of this book in the middle of an election campaign )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hardly helps him to write clearly about the present. Schama says at the start of the book that Barack )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Obama?s victory in the Iowa primary in January 2008 is the moment ?when American democracy came )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(back from the dead?, which suggests that national renewal might be secured by an Obama victory. But the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7693 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book and the TV series flirt with the idea that )] TJ ET BT 255.320 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(both)] TJ ET BT 276.656 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( candidates have embraced a different trajectory for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation; even John McCain, whom the book correctly criticizes for drifting rightwards on environmental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues during the campaign, speaks feelingly about the problems of water management \(intercut with shots )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a parched Lake Mead\) during Schama?s TV show on ?American Plenty?. Would a McCain victory have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disproved Schama?s thesis? Does Obama?s triumph confirm it? Why not just wait until the election is over, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or preferably for a few years after that, and then try to assess its place in the broader argument about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America?s ability to generate ?rejuvenating alternatives? in troubled times? Patience may be a virtue for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians, but it?s the enemy of television schedulers and publishers. )] TJ ET BT 369.320 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Future)] TJ ET BT 472.640 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( reads like a book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that was rushed out, alternately squeezed and stretched to fit the timetable and the circumstances of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(election campaign. With no victor available, Schama falls into the strange position of sensing change no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matter who succeeds George W. Bush.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I?d never seen Schama?s TV programmes before )] TJ ET BT 272.936 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Future)] TJ ET BT 376.256 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and I was surprised by just how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of him you get to watch during the hour-long episodes. His thoughtfulness is too often used as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substitute for his thoughts, with wordless postcards of a pensive Schama gazing into space, or framed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(silhouette on a sand-dune horizon at sunset, or regarding his reflection in a pool. The book, by comparison, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is more restrained. Some of the memoir sections ? especially his recollection of that exciting 1964 trip to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Democratic convention in Atlantic City ? serve to integrate the historical examples with Schama?s own faith )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the American future. Others, including his account of dinner at 10 Downing Street last year with President )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bush, are more distracting, and sometimes teeth-grinding. Schama is at his best when he looks for new ways )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to present familiar stories, but his historical instincts are now so closely bound up with his celebrity that it?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(probably churlish to seek a separation of the two.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It seems more reasonable to ask him to keep track of his scholarly discoveries and borrowings, and in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Future)] TJ ET BT 137.336 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a disappointment. The book has no notes, only a shortish bibliography for each of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sections with a handful of primary sources. I wondered throughout the book whether a particular insight )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or argument was based solely on the findings of other historians or on Schama?s own engagement with an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archive or document. Occasionally, he praises a historian and draws attention to his dependence on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secondary account: William McLoughlin, for example, is his major \(only?\) authority on the Cherokee story. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But mostly we?re left in the dark about how Schama has pieced his stories together. This isn?t just a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question of professional etiquette: selfishly, historians will read some of the stronger sections of the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and lament that they can?t easily follow Schama?s paper trail. \(The portions on Montgomery Meigs are a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(good example.\) When Penguin appends hundreds of endnotes to David Reynolds?s )] TJ ET BT 436.628 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(America, Empire of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Liberty)] TJ ET BT 68.684 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? also pitched at a general audience ? it?s hard to argue that scholarly apparatus is a casualty of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial publishing.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At his best, Schama has a knack for storytelling that makes you forget both his excesses and his corner-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cutting. For readers new to American history, this book provides something considerably better than a bland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survey or a basic introduction to the timeworn narrative. But if some of the historical sections are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impressively crafted, the political tilt ? and especially Schama?s belief in America?s capacity for self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(renewal ? is less convincing. Do we need another book assuring us that Americans will always come up with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?rejuvenating alternatives? in times of crisis? More pertinently, do Schama?s own stories support this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The concluding section on water management in the Southwest offers a good place to test Schama?s faith. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He excitedly recounts his meeting with Pat Mulroy, the tough-as-nails manager of the Southern Nevada )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Water Authority \(and a German immigrant!\) who has been doing her best for nearly 20 years to square the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circle of Las Vegas: a desert city that keeps getting bigger. Schama notes Mulroy?s achievements in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuading Nevadans to recycle their water, or to sacrifice some of the greenery around their houses and golf )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courses, and he presents Mulroy as another custodian of the American Future: people like her ?represent the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most hopeful course ... dominated by neither the raw power of the market nor the overbearing and remote )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority of federal government.? \(In fact, Mulroy put herself forward for the job of interior secretary in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Obama administration, and may have been a little disappointed that Schama?s attention didn?t advance her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claim.\) But what gets lost here is the underlying absurdity of the situation: although Mulroy may have )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 6357 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(succeeded in cutting the city?s consumption during the past ten years or so, Las Vegas continues to be the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fastest-growing city in America even as the Colorado River withers in a decade-long drought.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What Schama doesn?t tell you: the Southern Nevada Water Agency is currently laying another pipe to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connect Lake Mead to the city; the existing ?straws? are expected to run dry in the very near future, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fateful effects on the city?s water supplies, so the new pipe \(which will drill into the lake at a much lower )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(level\) may postpone nature?s reckoning for a little longer. But the long-term prognosis is catastrophic. Last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(year, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego warned of a 50% chance that the lake would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be effectively exhausted by 2021. This would mean not only that taps would run dry in Las Vegas, but that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lights might go out in Los Angeles: the Hoover Dam won?t count for much when it abuts an empty lakebed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(The report pointed out that the dam would stop generating power several years before the water runs out, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which would be bad news for Las Vegas and most of southern California.\) Meanwhile, Nevadacontinues to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tout its peculiar brand of profligate conservationism: another hotel and casino complex agrees to plant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cactuses rather than lawns beneath its vast, air-conditioned suites; another fountain, pirate ride or miniature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Venice on the Strip owes its happy existence to ?recycled? water; Mulroy?s Water Agency invites )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homeowners on its website to embrace ?water efficiency? in return for ?an instant rebate to be used toward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the purchase of a new pool cover?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American exceptionalism, the idea that different rules apply to the United States than to the other nations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the world, is often seen by outsiders as an ugly and crude prejudice. Schama, who has spent half his life in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the United States, astutely recognises that exceptionalism can?t be dismissed so easily. American history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(isn?t simply an exercise in collective self-delusion, but an excited \(and sometimes overheated\) recognition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America?s unusual circumstances, historical and geographical. Since the 18th century, the United States has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been able to offer a standard of living that was simply unavailable to people in other parts of the world, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to sustain its growing population and power even as other nations have risen and fallen in prominence. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key to understanding the American future is to determine whether this unparalleled national success depends )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more on American ideas or on human and environmental factors that are themselves historically contingent. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If America runs out of oil or water, or simply fails to keep up with the progress of China, will it still be able )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to claim a special status in the modern world?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schama is clear on this: as he says in his television series, when Americans run out of a natural resource, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they can draw upon their endless resourcefulness. But here Schama leaves history behind and becomes a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(partisan for the American future. There?s a real prospect that the environmental, economic and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges of the coming decades will force upon the United States an unprecedented recognition of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limits of its power. I?m not sure that their history has prepared most Americans for this moment, or that a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bright faith in the possibilities of the American past will illuminate the uncertain future that lies ahead.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guardian)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2008/oct/12/history)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 248.115 m 292.352 248.115 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 295.352 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(washington post)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/06/12/AR2009061201402.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 219.603 m 483.692 219.603 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 486.692 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 216.271 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 198.491 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 198.491 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/756)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 197.097 m 322.316 197.097 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 172.120 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.720 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3734)] TJ ET BT 34.016 143.320 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2008/oct/12/history)] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.920 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/06/12/AR2009061201402.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 248.4295 292.3517 260.3095 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2008/oct/12/history) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 219.9175 483.6917 231.7975 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/06/12/AR2009061201402.html) >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 197.4115 322.3157 209.2915 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/756) >> endobj xref 0 28 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000540 00000 n 0000000622 00000 n 0000005003 00000 n 0000005112 00000 n 0000005222 00000 n 0000005331 00000 n 0000008892 00000 n 0000009020 00000 n 0000009104 00000 n 0000009169 00000 n 0000016748 00000 n 0000016813 00000 n 0000024203 00000 n 0000024268 00000 n 0000032014 00000 n 0000032112 00000 n 0000038522 00000 n 0000038649 00000 n 0000038752 00000 n 0000038879 00000 n 0000039015 00000 n 0000039143 00000 n trailer << /Size 28 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 39238 %%EOF