%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 23 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818063932+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818063932+01'00') /Title (Urban Poetics in the French Renaissance) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4328 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Urban Poetics in the French Renaissance)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This work of literary criticism is inevitably aimed more at people working in French departments than at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social or intellectual historians. Despite the interdisciplinary potential of the subject-matter, there is little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 258.952 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here of direct interest to the latter, hence this review is addressed primarily to the former.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.552 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The brief introduction defines ?urban poetics?, as ?the way the city functioned in early modern texts as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new aesthetic subject, as a means by which authors expressed the self as a phenomenon related to location? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 201.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 2?3\). In other words, the point is not to investigate representations of one or more cities but to look at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how the city served as an idea through which writers imagined the self. In fact, the book has ambitions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond this, namely to investigate the link between self and place in French Renaissance writing: ?The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 158.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primary task of [)] TJ ET BT 114.332 158.987 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Urban Poetics)] TJ ET BT 183.992 158.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(] is to study instances in which the relationship the self derives from the city )] TJ ET BT 34.016 144.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and engages with a broader reflection about the nature of self and the sites it occupies in the world and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language? \(p. 3\). Unfortunately, this key sentence is ungrammatical, indeed incoherent, making the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument hard, if not impossible, to follow. This is by no means unusual, for the book contains a very large )] TJ ET BT 34.016 101.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of errors of this kind, as well as numerous infelicities of style, including frequent Gallicisms, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pleonasms, and unexplained repetitions \(e.g. a lengthy passage from Montaigne is quoted on both p. 98 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p. 114\). The author has been badly let down by her publisher who, although they have produced an attractive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cover and illustrations, should have done much more to ensure adequate copy-editing; all too often errors of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(772)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 30 June, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elisabeth Hodges)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780754662068)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(162pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aldershot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hugh Roberts)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8390 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grammar and inadequacies of style obscure the book?s argument.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The apparent aim of )] TJ ET BT 133.988 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Urban Poetics )] TJ ET BT 206.648 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is very broad, for to study the relations between self, place and language )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over a period of almost two-and-a-half centuries is no small thing. Such a wide-ranging endeavour makes it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that much harder methodologically to maintain focus.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book?s four chapters propose readings of Villon?s )] TJ ET BT 299.960 715.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Testament )] TJ ET BT 352.292 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\()] TJ ET BT 356.288 715.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(c.)] TJ ET BT 364.616 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1461\) and the )] TJ ET BT 433.604 715.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal d?un bourgeois )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(de Paris )] TJ ET BT 77.348 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1405?49\) \(chapter 1\), Corrozet?s )] TJ ET BT 242.960 701.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antiquitez de Paris )] TJ ET BT 337.964 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1532\) \(chapter 2\), Scve?s )] TJ ET BT 472.916 701.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saulsaye )] TJ ET BT 518.576 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1547\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(chapter 3\) and Montaigne?s )] TJ ET BT 174.644 686.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essais)] TJ ET BT 205.316 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1580-92\) \(chapter 4\), before an epilogue that looks briefly at a short )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section of Descartes?s )] TJ ET BT 143.648 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Discours)] TJ ET BT 186.980 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1637\). A clearer justification as to why these texts were chosen would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been helpful. Are they particularly representative of ?urban poetics? and, if so, are other, contemporary texts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less representative? Why are some major French authors of the period, who have a good deal to say about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the city in one way or another, barely mentioned \(e.g. Christin de Pisan, Rabelais, Du Bellay\)? What, if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anything, about ?urban poetics? is unique to the French Renaissance and not shared, for example, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Italian city-states or the cities of antiquity? Why this period of history at all?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The attempt to answer the latter question by reference to the European conquest of the Americas and to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invention of printing \(pp. 2, 10\) does not help greatly, not least because one of the five main texts cited, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal d?un bourgeois de Paris)] TJ ET BT 192.680 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, predates both. Nor is the issue of periodisation entirely resolved by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguing that the ??modern? individual? was invented during this period \(p. 2\), because this raises the danger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of anachronism. Here and elsewhere, Terence Cave?s work on the ?pre-history? of the self in )] TJ ET BT 484.208 518.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pr-Histoires: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(textes troubls au seuil de la modernit )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 225.668 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 225.668 502.467 m 239.660 502.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 239.660 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( would have been of methodological help, especially to avoid the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impression of a teleological approach that reads back onto early modern texts the modern notions they could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not have known about. In fairness, the author states her wish to avoid ?conscripting the early modern subject )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into a teleological narrative that privileges modern notions of subjectivity? \(p. 4\), but for this wish to come )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(true the reader should have been given a clearer indication of how Renaissance models of selfhood differ )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from modern ones.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter one starts by analysing one of the most urban of poets, namely Franois Villon. The )] TJ ET BT 480.632 406.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Testament)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(serves as a more secure repository for the poet?s self than his body which, he tells us, is failing. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Interestingly, then, Villon locates his self in writing and not, therefore, in any particular location. Hodges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that the )] TJ ET BT 107.000 363.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Testament )] TJ ET BT 159.332 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moves from the abstract or mythological in its first half to poems that are more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grounded in specific places in its second half, thereby counteracting the sense of loss famously evoked in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?La Ballade des femmes du temps jadis?. She concentrates on two poems, ?Contreditz de Franc Gontier?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which contrasts city and country life, and ?La Ballade des femmes de Paris?, which praises \(perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ironically, given their infamous reputation?\) Parisian fishwives for their gift of the gab. The latter poem in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular conjures up images of 15th-century Paris, of women being educated in the ways of urban living, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even if ?their existence is entirely emptied out? \(p. 25\), thereby suggesting that, here at least, the link )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between personal identity and the city involves the loss of the former.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In an unexplained reversal of chronological order, the second half of chapter 1 concentrates on the early 15th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century )] TJ ET BT 73.004 223.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal d?un bourgeois de Paris)] TJ ET BT 231.668 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, focusing on, first, its treatment of Joan of Arc and, second, its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(descriptions of death in the city through public executions and plague. Joan?s voice is reported in the )] TJ ET BT 521.948 208.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in spite of its author?s political opposition to her, but there is no sense of her subjectivity in the text \(p. 32\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This conclusion does not seem very surprising, because it would be odd if her subjectivity had emerged in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(text by someone who was not her and presumably had never met her. Again, the self is not prominent here, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(either for Joan of Arc or for the author, since ?absent from the text are any narratives that explicitly reveal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the bourgeois? self-reflection? \(p. 33\). It is therefore something of a leap to conclude that these 15th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(texts ?celebrate the emergence of the self? \(p. 40\), since so much of the chapter?s argument points to an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposite finding.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter two examines Gilles Corrozet?s guidebooks, in which ?place functions as a way of understanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and negotiating relations between history, the self, and space at a moment when the book, like the map, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(functioned as a material signifier for the exploration and the representation of the self and the world? \(p. 42; )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 225.6677 502.7815 239.6597 514.6615 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 6390 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the claim is repeated almost word-for-word on p. 72\). Beyond such tricky philosophical questions as to how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place helps us understand our relations with space, or indeed how maps represent the self, the view that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books explore self and world seems at best vague and at worst a truism. However, a potential answer to this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objection comes in the form of the contribution guidebooks make to a growing sense of civic and national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identity in Renaissance France. For Corrozet?s works also take the form of memorials, using ?print as a form )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of permanence that charts the intrinsic symbolic meaning of place? \(p. 52\). This is a promising line of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis, further enhanced by the key historical point that Franois I made Paris the official seat of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchy in 1528 \(p. 59\). History, politics and print culture thereby join forces in these works: ?The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centrality of Paris in the ongoing ideological program to advance the political and artistic superiority of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France aligned cultural politics with the urban imagination? \(p. 60\). Literary or rhetorical analysis is well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(placed to show how this urban imagination is constructed through writing about cities and their history. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Urban Poetics )] TJ ET BT 106.676 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is at its most insightful when it is grounded in such close reading that here is also informed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social history and the history of the book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The analysis of Scve?s )] TJ ET BT 151.988 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saulsaye)] TJ ET BT 194.648 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(chapter 3\) also features close reading, which is now focused more on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual rather than collective historical identities, partly as a result of the change in genre from guidebook )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to eclogue. The poem takes the form of a debate between two shepherds, namely the melancholic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(solitary Philerme, who has taken up residence just beyond Lyon?s city walls so as to avoid the uncooperative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(object of his affections, and his friend, Antire, who seeks to persuade him to return to urban life \(thereby )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raising the intriguing figure of the urban shepherd\). Scve uses the eclogue in an innovative way, moving the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confrontation between urban and rural ways of life from some undefined )] TJ ET BT 386.264 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(locus amoenus)] TJ ET BT 457.256 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to a specific place, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(i.e. the willow-grove of the title, in-between city and countryside \(p. 86\), and illustrated by an engraving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the printed text. Philerme?s move suggests, as Hodges points out, the formation of personal identity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precisely in contradistinction to the city \(p. 101\). Ultimately, though, the poem suspends judgement on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different models of selfhood upheld by the two shepherds, hence it ?stages ... a critique as a way of talking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the interrelated categories of place and identity?, thereby pointing to the idea that both identity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place are cultural constructs \(p. 102\). This conclusion fits neatly with the argument of chapter two, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(viewed the guidebook as a means of contributing to the construction of collective identities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scve was not the first author to take imaginative advantage of places on the outskirts of cities, because there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are key examples in Rabelais. Hodges mentions in passing Panurge?s proposition, in chapter 15 of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pantagruel)] TJ ET BT 88.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1532\), to build the walls of Paris out of female genitalia \(p. 26\), but the passage surely deserved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more attention from the perspective of ?urban poetics?. The same is also true of Panurge?s subsequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(escapades in Paris and indeed Gargantua?s experiences in the same city in )] TJ ET BT 393.260 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gargantua )] TJ ET BT 448.928 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1534\). Similarly, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prologue to the )] TJ ET BT 109.676 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tiers Livre)] TJ ET BT 162.680 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1546\) famously features Diogenes rolling his barrel up-and-down a hill just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(outside)] TJ ET BT 68.684 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Corinth, a performance Rabelais links explicitly to his own writing and his own self, in what was of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course the first book in the sequence signed with his own name. In other words, Rabelais?s ?je? appears to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be defined, like that of Diogenes, in opposition to the city. Obviously, it is not possible to do everything and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a great deal has already been written on these episodes in Rabelais?s works, but not to mention them at all is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very odd, because they are far from being the most obscure examples of how self, place and the city come )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together in French Renaissance literature.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 7724 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final chapter, on Montaigne, takes as its starting point that the essayist is interested in the notion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place, not least as a location for the self; indeed, he is haunted by it, given La Botie?s last words about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether he still had a place \(pp. 104?5\). The chapter combines discussion of the )] TJ ET BT 421.940 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal de voyage)] TJ ET BT 510.584 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essais)] TJ ET BT 64.688 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to argue that Montaigne uses ?a series of landscapes and city views that reiterate the conjuction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between discursive and spatial forms, between place and self-representation? \(p. 124\). In saying, in ?De la )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vanit? \(III, 9\), that his love of Paris makes him French, it seems to me that Montaigne participates in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar process of the formation of civic and national identity as that of Corrozet. It is indeed intriguing that, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in spite of this claim, Montaigne also ?claims to be the citizen of no where [)] TJ ET BT 398.636 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sic)] TJ ET BT 411.968 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(]? \(p. 129\), an observation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that should invite discussion of cosmopolitanism in the light of ?urban poetics?, not least because one of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strongest exemplars of selfhood in the )] TJ ET BT 219.992 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essais)] TJ ET BT 250.664 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, namely Socrates, famously claimed not to be a citizen of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Athens, but of the world \(quoted by Montaigne in I, 26\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anyone writing on Montaigne is faced with the difficulty of finding something new to say. It will come as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprise to no-one that Montaigne?s revisions of his text over time show ?the textual genesis of [his] being? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 123\). It is more surprising that Hodges does not give any indication, in her quotations from Montaigne, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which passage belongs to which edition \(i.e. the [A], [B] and [C] texts that it is standard to cite\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some of the argument of the chapter on Montaigne in particular is frankly baffling. For instance, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sentence ?If place were to take place and to acquire the status of an event equivalent to that of being, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would be discerned in passage, as Stphane Mallarm reminds us in his enigmatic poem, ?Un coup des ds?? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 106\) raises more questions than it answers: what does it mean for place to take place? How is ?being? an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(event? Similarly, Montaigne?s discomfort ?allows him a way into material being? \(p. 128\), thereby implying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he did not have a material being before feeling discomfort, which is plainly absurd. The proposition that ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presence of time imposes an order and value on thought? \(p. 122\) is perfectly clear but equally mystifying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(how does time give value to thought?\). Following or indeed assessing the argument is made more difficult )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by what appear to be truisms alongside these enigmas: for example, ?change [is] a concept associated with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time? \(p. 122\) and ?memory [is] an activity associated with the processes of time and history? \(p. 128\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The epilogue looks briefly at Descartes?s metaphor of the city at the beginning of part two of the )] TJ ET BT 501.932 392.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Discours )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(de la mthode)] TJ ET BT 101.336 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Descartes is a paradoxical place to end a book that investigates the link between self and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place because, famously, for the philosopher the mind has no place, because it is unextended, or immaterial. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More could be said about Descartes?s use of the metaphor of the city, but the primary meaning of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Discours)] TJ ET BT 77.348 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and indeed this metaphor, is very clear, namely that the Cartesian method consists in proceeding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the foundations upwards, thereby going )] TJ ET BT 253.652 320.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in the opposite direction)] TJ ET BT 370.652 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to works, like those of Montaigne, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ? in Cartesian terms, at least ? piece together pre-existing, doubtful ideas \(it is tempting to think )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Descartes has Montaigne in mind when he comments disparagingly on those who use ?vieilles murailles qui )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(avaient t bties d?autres fins?\). In other words, Hodges?s conclusion goes against the grain because, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Descartes, there is no way that his metaphor amounts to ?the ideal image of the rational mind? nor that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sees the mind as ?a form of being in movement? \(p. 133\), precisely because the rational mind is not physical, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Hodges herself mentions \(p. 134\). It might be possible to deconstruct Descartes and argue that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undermines his own argument through his use of this metaphor, but more work needs to be done to make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that point and, as things stand, the case is not made.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In conclusion, then, )] TJ ET BT 131.672 180.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Urban Poetics)] TJ ET BT 201.332 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a frustrating read. Given the major problems of argument, grammar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and style outlined above, I would not encourage any undergraduate to look at this book, and any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postgraduate student should be told to handle it with care. I do not however want to suggest that the book is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of no interest, and the chapters on Corrozet and Scve in particular contain insights from which others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working in the field will benefit. It seems to me though that the project was more or less doomed from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outset, because the proposed aim was simply much too vast and the loss of focus and inexcusable omissions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that result were inevitable. Given the positive features of the book, I hope the author will return to these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions in a more focused way, because there is much here to build on.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 2439 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 775.827 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 745.210 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 745.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Terence Cave, )] TJ ET BT 136.316 745.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pr-histoires: textes troubls au seuil de la modernit)] TJ ET BT 394.628 745.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Geneva, 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 475.268 745.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 475.268 743.811 m 529.256 743.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 718.949 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 704.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 690.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/login)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 689.043 m 154.700 689.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 157.700 690.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 676.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse2)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 661.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/login)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 660.531 m 154.700 660.531 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 157.700 661.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 647.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://fs.oxfordjournals.org/content/64/1/81.full)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 632.019 m 262.352 632.019 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 265.352 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 628.687 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 610.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 610.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/772)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 609.513 m 322.316 609.513 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 584.536 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.136 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3750)] TJ ET BT 34.016 555.851 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] )] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.480 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/lesprit_createur/v049/49.3.peters.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] )] TJ ET BT 34.016 512.824 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/french_studies_a_quarterly_review/v064/64.1.cowling.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 498.424 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://fs.oxfordjournals.org/content/64/1/81.full)] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 475.2677 744.1255 529.2557 756.0055 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 689.3575 154.6997 701.2375 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/lesprit_createur/v049/49.3.peters.html) >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 660.8455 154.6997 672.7255 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/french_studies_a_quarterly_review/v064/64.1.cowling.html) >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 632.3335 262.3517 644.2135 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://fs.oxfordjournals.org/content/64/1/81.full) >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 609.8275 322.3157 621.7075 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/772) >> endobj xref 0 35 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000549 00000 n 0000000631 00000 n 0000005011 00000 n 0000005120 00000 n 0000005230 00000 n 0000005339 00000 n 0000008900 00000 n 0000009028 00000 n 0000009112 00000 n 0000009196 00000 n 0000017639 00000 n 0000017669 00000 n 0000017797 00000 n 0000017833 00000 n 0000017898 00000 n 0000024341 00000 n 0000024406 00000 n 0000032183 00000 n 0000032295 00000 n 0000034787 00000 n 0000034915 00000 n 0000034970 00000 n 0000035097 00000 n 0000035247 00000 n 0000035374 00000 n 0000035542 00000 n 0000035669 00000 n 0000035770 00000 n 0000035898 00000 n trailer << /Size 35 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35993 %%EOF