%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141217192652+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141217192652+00'00') /Title (Portuguese Colonial Cities in the Early Modern World) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4172 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Portuguese Colonial Cities in the Early Modern World)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Portuguese Colonial Cities in the Early Modern World)] TJ ET BT 298.352 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( provides a nuanced investigation into cities with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(varying degrees of connection to the Portuguese empire during the 16th through the 18th centuries. Liam )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Brockey has organized the volume into three overlapping sections focused on religion, commerce, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and politics, though discussions of such topics as identity, racism, public performance, and urban space are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found in articles in all three sections. The collection began at a 2004 conference on ?Nodes of Empire: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portuguese Colonial Cities in the Early Modern World?, and Brockey not only translated three of the ten )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributions, he contributed a useful introduction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Though Brockey raises the question of what makes a city ?Portuguese?, and many of the chapters suggest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of the parameters, the net is cast quite widely and the collection does not pretend to provide any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(definitive answer to what is Portuguese. He discusses how these cities were autonomous and sometimes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newly founded, but simultaneously were crucial sites of imperial rule, sharing certain institutions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practices across a wide geographical space. His suggestion that these cities ?could not exist independently of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their exotic surroundings? raised my concerns about the continued idea of the metropolitan world as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(norm, while non-European world areas were formulated as the mysterious yet glamorous other \(p. 8\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But the individual chapters do not continue that theme, as they demonstrate how each city became a ?node of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empire? while also bringing forth an urban culture of racial and cultural mixing ? not that such mixing was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(773)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 30 June, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Liam Matthew Brockey)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780754663133)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(298pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aldershot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kathleen Sheldon)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7353 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(easily welcomed by people on various sides of the continuing divisions, but assimilation and amalgamation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a reality nonetheless. The cities shared common institutions of Jesuit missionaries, markets and trading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centers, and Portuguese civic institutions, while operating in unique locales that unavoidably affected how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religion, commerce, and government were practiced. In the end, the cities also shared the experience of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decline of the Portuguese empire, a process that dragged out over centuries until the cities were each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detached from the empire and became, in most cases, significant cities in their own geographic locale. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brockey suggests that Portuguese cities as cultural and political spaces have been little studied, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is a strong academic tradition focused on urban colonial architecture \(pp. 10?11\). This collection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes a key contribution to the historical development of urban Portuguese societies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first section on ?Religion and Empire?, begins with Jos Alberto Rodrigues da Silva Tavim?s article on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Jewish presence in Asia and North Africa. Tavim traces the history of the expulsion of the Jews from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portugal, and their diaspora into other areas where they could find a more welcoming Portuguese presence. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In North Africa Jews had connections to various communities that enabled them to act as intermediaries both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economically and politically. However, they did not play the same role in the Indian subcontinent, where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they found a more precarious existence. Tavim?s approach is quite broad as he investigates similarities and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differences in various regions. But it is also restricted, because he discusses a very brief period before the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inquisition expanded and deepened the restrictions on Jewish communities throughout the empire.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charlotte de Castelnau-L?Estoile?s chapter on Jesuits in Bahia, Brazil focuses on their role in the city of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Salvador via a study of three public events. The first was a riot in 1610 which nearly forced the Jesuits to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flee, the second was a procession of reconciliation between the Jesuits and the city government in 1614, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the third was a celebratory Jesuit procession in 1622. Though narrowly conceived as a study of a few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decades in a single city, she raises some important themes, including how cities became stages for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(performing political tensions, and the particular experience of processions, which are described in a variety )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of settings in the articles in this collection. Though his chapter appears in the section on ?Politics of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire?, Stuart B. Schwartz also discusses colonial Salvador, and more processions. He suggests that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal processions acted as an intervention into the ?hierarchies of power? in the city, with local \(municipal\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leaders appearing as alternative authorities \(p. 193\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third chapter on Brazil, by Kirsten Schultz, focuses on the development of academies in Brazilian cities. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These organizations paid attention to the development of Portuguese culture in cities that were far from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(center. But she also demonstrates how such activities took on local concerns and became a nexus of imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and local issues. Though members were expected to write celebrations of the monarchy, by the 18th century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(members increasingly proclaimed the significance of Brazil in the empire. The writings of academy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(members came to emphasize the importance of urban order to the local elites \(p. 241\), and streets and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(squares became an urban stage with more processions that served to put forward ideas of power and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority. Some Congo displays were welcomed by the majority African descent population, but they also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasserted the predominance of white imperial rulers, and of the centrality of the Portuguese empire.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. S. A. Elisonas?s contribution may be the most surprising, and it is one of the longest, as he provides a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detailed history of Nagasaki, Japan. While he does not claim Nagasaki as a Portuguese city per se, his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence clearly demonstrates how Portuguese were present and made an impact. In the end, although there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a strong presence of Jesuits, that period of influence only lasted for seven years and it was never a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portuguese colony or settlement \(p. 73\). As he concludes, by the 1640s there was no Portuguese influence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(left \(p. 102\), making this the most fleeting example of the Portuguese urban presence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second section on ? Cities and Commerce? begins with Malyn Newitt?s overview of the development )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and decline of Mozambique Island \(Ilha de Moambique\) as a focus of governance and trade. In his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assessment, the island?s decline reflects the failure of Portuguese government individuals and entities to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adapt to changing requirements in international commerce, coupled with geographic problems related to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(island?s small size and lack of potable water. But the negligence in developing Mozambique Island was seen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a general lack of attention to building or maintaining infrastructure, including docks and major buildings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as hospitals. That the imperial power never built a customs house on the island simply underscores the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7028 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Glenn J. Ames discusses several northern Indian cities that were considered the ?Province of the North?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These important trade centers, including Cochin, were also focus of missionary attempts to expand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christianity. Goa, the best known center of Portuguese activity in the Indian subcontinent, is discussed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Diogo Ramada Curto. In his presentation on the late 18th century he emphasizes the hierarchy of Goan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society, with slaves and elite, racial divisions, and Catholics positioned against heathens. Though its role as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(port and trading center were important in determining Goa?s identity, it was also a contentious urban space )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose geography mirrored and perhaps also induced social differentiation. Curto examines an urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(planning document that attempted to regulate the minutiae of people?s lives, including endeavors to control )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women?s dress \(p. 207\) and the recommendation that prostitutes should be confined \(p. 208\). The concern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with creating an orderly space \(as also seen in Schultz?s article on Salvador\) gave a prime role to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Macau is the focus of Isabel dos Guimares S?s chapter, in which she looks specifically at the intersection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of religion and commerce in the charity society known as the Misericrdias. These quasi-religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organizations were controlled by merchants, and there were repeated conflicts between bishops and other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious leaders, the governor, and members of the Misericrdias concerning the role of each sector in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(providing charity and in regulating the work of the group. She describes a procession of the Corpus Christi, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common event in other Portuguese colonial cities as well \(p. 170\). She also describes how the tiny group of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portuguese in Macau maintained a Portuguese identity, in part through the continued practice of processions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and other Catholic activities. S?s chapter includes some of the only explicit references to women in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial cities, as they were frequently the recipients of charity in their position as widows and mothers \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(152\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catarina Madeira Santos?s contribution on Luanda, Angola, returns to some of those themes, as she informs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(us of the development of the term ?Angolense?, as elite residents of European descent came to recognize the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local African context as essential to their own identity. She describes the city as a ?privileged contact zone? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 266\) in which people of various backgrounds came together to develop a city with a unique culture. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While much of her discussion explicitly refers to men as the members of the Luandan elite \(p. 261\), she also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refers to women ? both European and African ? as the mothers who were raising children as Kimbundu \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(268\). Women?s clothing, which incorporated colorful Indian cloths, was also a marker of Luanda?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multicultural background \(p. 272\). The intermixture was also seen in housing, with one observer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complaining of the sight of huts adjacent to modern buildings, despite the overwhelming numbers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Africans in the population and the cultural importance of African forms of diplomacy \(p. 271\). But her final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comment about the remnants of the colonial physical presence points out that one of the few remaining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structures, today a )] TJ ET BT 124.664 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tribunal Provincial)] TJ ET BT 220.340 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, was once the palatial home of the slave trader Dona Ana Joaquina, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an African woman who built the largest home of 18th-century Luanda \(p. 272\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chapters all share a high level of historical research and writing, with the authors drawing on little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known documents to illuminate aspects of Portuguese imperial history. I appreciated the inclusion of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unexpected Nagasaki, along with attention to Goa and Macau, which invited cross-region comparisons and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strengthened Brockey?s initial discussion of the shared institutions and practices. I also enjoyed the historic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maps and illustrations as evidence of how the urban settings were viewed at the time.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With my own interest in women?s history, I did wish for more attention to gender. We know there were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women in the cities, but with a focus in most chapters on the Jesuit presence and on official government and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merchant activities, I was not surprised that these cities sometimes appeared to be all male. The information )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in S?s and Santos? articles indicates that if researchers keep an eye open for references to women in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents they will be able to analyze a more complete depiction of urban life.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Otherwise, this volume fulfills its goal of answering a decades-old reflection from Charles Boxer; he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wondered ?how the study of colonial cities could fit into the broad interpretive framework of the imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enterprise? \(p. 14\). By focusing on the early modern period but ranging across the globe, these essays bring )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 1290 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new analyses to that inquiry and suggest innovative directions for future research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further)] TJ ET BT 34.016 743.957 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/cat/summary/v096/96.3.cohen.html)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 714.051 m 342.356 714.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 345.356 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 710.719 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 692.939 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 692.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/773)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 691.545 m 322.316 691.545 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 666.568 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 652.168 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3751)] TJ ET BT 34.016 637.768 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/cat/summary/v096/96.3.cohen.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 714.3655 342.3557 726.2455 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/cat/summary/v096/96.3.cohen.html) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 691.8595 322.3157 703.7395 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/773) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000555 00000 n 0000000637 00000 n 0000004861 00000 n 0000004970 00000 n 0000005080 00000 n 0000005189 00000 n 0000008750 00000 n 0000008878 00000 n 0000008962 00000 n 0000009027 00000 n 0000016433 00000 n 0000016498 00000 n 0000023579 00000 n 0000023670 00000 n 0000025013 00000 n 0000025140 00000 n 0000025253 00000 n 0000025381 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25476 %%EOF