%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 34 0 R 42 0 R 62 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818104220+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818104220+01'00') /Title (Cities and the Making of Modern Europe, 1750?1914) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4674 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Cities and the Making of Modern Europe, 1750?1914)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This text book aims to cover 150 years of European history from a perspective which desperately needs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coverage: the perspective of the city. It attempts a bold fusion of thematic and chronological approaches: the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first half of the book is characterised as ?An Era of Disruption?, from 1750?1850, and comprises a chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on ?Urban Worlds around 1750?, a survey of ?Industrial Urbanisation?, a chapter called ?Varieties of Urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Protest? covering the period between 1780ish and 1850ish, concluding with a survey of early projects of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urban improvement. The second half of the book goes under the banner of ?An Era of Reconstruction?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(covering 1850?1914. It surveys ?The Challenge of the Big Cities?, has a chapter on the growth of welfare, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assesses ?Urban Cultures?, and then concludes with a survey of ?Imperial and Colonial Cities?. As such, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book represents the distillation of a vast amount of data and reading, and stands as an admirable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accomplishment in that regard. It manages to seem far more detailed and far less sweeping and superficial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than other attempts, like Peter Hall?s )] TJ ET BT 214.328 130.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cities in Civilisation)] TJ ET BT 313.688 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 316.688 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 316.688 129.369 m 330.680 129.369 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 330.680 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Its geographical reach is greater, though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual precision is less, than Daunton?s relatively recent collaborative survey, )] TJ ET BT 434.612 116.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cambridge Urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Britain: Volume III, 1840-1950)] TJ ET BT 236.000 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 239.000 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 239.000 100.857 m 252.992 100.857 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The work comes from two urban historians of excellent pedigree: A. Lees? )] TJ ET BT 396.932 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cities Perceived)] TJ ET BT 475.916 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is still a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standard work 25 years after it was written, and his recent work on German morality campaigners has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(774)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 30 June, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Lees)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lynn Hollen Lees)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521839365)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(40.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(314pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leif Jerram)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 316.6877 129.6835 330.6797 141.5635 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 238.9997 101.1715 252.9917 113.0515 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 8902 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well received.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 101.324 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 101.324 795.075 m 115.316 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 115.316 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( L. Hollen Lees? work on migration and poverty in Britain is outstanding.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 469.292 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 469.292 795.075 m 483.284 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 483.284 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Yet this book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is not a monograph. The book does not present an argument, or a new type of analysis, or different sorts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primary evidence. It is unashamedly a textbook \(and there is nothing wrong, and much right, in that\), written )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for classes and teachers, and so it is as a textbook that I will review it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A textbook should be the )] TJ ET BT 157.676 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(first)] TJ ET BT 177.020 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( word on a topic, not the last \(and thus Peter Hall?s tome is often useless to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians, with its search for finality\). Thus, a textbook in history should seek to cover a topic both in terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of alerting students to the competing intellectual concerns that their instructors will expect them to wrestle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with, and in terms of the empirical data that tutors will expect students to interpret. As a starting point, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(textbook must open doors for students, and make the lives of teachers easier. For bright students, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(textbook needs to serve as a springboard, enabling them to launch off in a direction of their own choosing by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(making sense for them of the bigger field; for more pedestrian students, a textbook needs to explain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complexity in a way which alerts them to a problem to be solved, and walks them through solving it. Great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples that I think stand out for a deft balance of data, evidence, debate and survey are McPhee?s slim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002 volume, )] TJ ET BT 103.016 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The French Revolution)] TJ ET BT 213.668 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or Christopher Bayly?s more substantial )] TJ ET BT 415.988 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Birth of the Modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World)] TJ ET BT 64.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 67.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 67.016 583.491 m 81.008 583.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At times, this book does use its fact-driven account to disrupt some clichs upon which students regularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rely ? for example, in describing the fractured, mobile and labile nature of the late 19th-century family \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65\). Equally, pages 70?97 give a real sense of the disorder and instability of political affiliations and systems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the first half of the 19th century ? but while the name of Engels is mentioned \(Marx?s is not\), no attempt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is made to suggest )] TJ ET BT 125.348 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(why)] TJ ET BT 144.680 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( cities produced political conflict. It is merely observed )] TJ ET BT 412.640 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(that)] TJ ET BT 431.312 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( they did. The second half )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the book read much more richly than the first half: the data was better, there were more clues as to where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(students might go with it. However, by this stage of the book, the idea of an urban history of Europe has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(faded, and become much more a history of Europe \(which took place in cities\). The nation state dominates in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the second half; the city seems incidental.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But this book falls short for me on most of the criteria of a good textbook suggested above. I am loath to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(write a negative review, because this book represents real people?s lives and works and hopes, and because )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we work in a job where we pointlessly niggle at each other so much. But hopefully future textbooks might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be better for it \(of course, this also allows me to be both critical and negative, yet heroic and contributory ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers will more likely detect only two of these four qualities\). While the book?s coverage across Europe is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impressive, it is undifferentiated. The city itself is not problematised ? it stands merely as an agglomeration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of individuals, not an economic or cultural or social ?type? of organisation. Thus, Ghent and Naples and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Copenhagen appear unembarrassedly beside Manchester, Paris and Vienna. Of course, it is great to see two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians moving beyond the ?usual suspects? that have dominated, in particular, the cultural turn of the last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15 years. But if the authors are making a point by doing this, they are doing so only implicitly. An )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undergraduate reader would not know that Paris and Manchester have served for 200 years as yardsticks of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modernity, class, family, economic change and experience in a way that Bordeaux and Antwerp have not.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This silence is profoundly significant for the functionality of the book. Large themes ? such as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emergence of a public sphere, class, experience, )] TJ ET BT 267.932 220.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(flnerie)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 308.264 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 308.264 219.603 m 322.256 219.603 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 322.256 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, economic organisation, liberalism/Liberalism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Socialism, governmentality, modernity, )] TJ ET BT 227.348 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Alltagsgeschichte)] TJ ET BT 312.008 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the national paradigm in historiography ? are sort-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of addressed in this work. But they are tackled in the most delicately tangential way, never named, such that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if you did not know about them already, you would not be able to discuss them in a seminar, for it is unlikely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(you would know that the topic had been mentioned in the book at all. For example, chapter 4 discusses the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Pursuits of Urban Improvement? without discussing cholera, typhus, typhoid or consumption, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mentioning governmentality or Foucault, or commenting on how Engels might have addressed \(in fact, did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(address\) the observation that Kay Shuttleworth deplored the conditions that capitalism produced, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supported and justified capitalism. It is as if E. P. Thompson, Poovey, Joyce, Corbin, Kudlick )] TJ ET BT 486.668 106.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(et al)] TJ ET BT 507.668 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( had never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(put pen to paper. While the chapter on ?The Challenge of the Big Cities? in the second half of the 19th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century does focus heavily \(and rightly\) on disease, it still does not draw any of the ?big picture? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions that one might expect - in particular, it does not address the vast controversy as to how and why, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quite suddenly in the 1870s and 80s, urban life-expectancy began to exceed rural. This chapter focuses too )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 101.3237 795.3895 115.3157 807.2695 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 469.2917 795.3895 483.2837 807.2695 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 67.0157 583.8055 81.0077 595.6855 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 308.2637 219.9175 322.2557 231.7975 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 37 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 35 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Length 7921 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on ?middle class fears? of crime and poor people, and the ways they were represented often as racially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inferior ? great topics, which would allow for seminar discussions of ?scientific? racism, social Darwinism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Foucauldian ?discourse? or Marxian ?ideology? \(depending on one?s bent?\). Yet the theme is analysed \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(149 )] TJ ET BT 55.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ff)] TJ ET BT 61.688 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\)according to whether these perceptions are borne out by the evidence ? an important question, no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doubt, but one which ties students into detecting our old friend ?bias?, rather than asking what roles bias )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might play in shaping the world at the time ? the history undergraduate?s much larger task.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other examples of this ?dodging? of the dominant ideas which structure urban history courses abound. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, while surveying the urban scene in the mid 18th century, the authors note that ?Josef Klefeker, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hamburg jurist, needed twelve volumes around 1770 to codify the laws? \(p. 37\). But they do not go on to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention Habermas, the public sphere, the bourgeoisie, literacy, the Enlightenment, or state formation. Thus, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a bright student could not go anywhere with the data, and a pedestrian student would not know that this type )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of urban activity had a profound shaping influence on the whole history of the modern world ? it was not just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a geek in Hamburg writing stuff down. A lecturer would merely have this ?factoid? floating out there that a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(man in Hamburg collated some laws, and is then presented with the task of managing that factoid. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors are merely content to observe that, ?German towns intruded more aggressively into the lives of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citizens than did English or Dutch cities, but the ideal of regulation or effective ?police? by local authorities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the interests of good order was common throughout Western and Central Europe in the Eighteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Century.? The idea of ?Police? in an 18th-century, continental context surely needs explaining to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undergraduates?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When they do introduce ?theory?, as with ?Central Place? theory on p. 58, they do not mention any names ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they merely mention ?central place theorists?. This is an awful model for undergraduates, who rely on ?some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians? to explain so much, although so much data in this book is cited without referencing, that it seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost to )] TJ ET BT 81.356 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(intend )] TJ ET BT 114.356 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that students do not pursue lines of enquiry. Each chapter comes with a select bibliography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? but the works there are almost all books. On the one hand, this is good ? students need reminding that these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(things called books contain so much. Yet I would have liked to have seen a similar number of articles, so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that in our inflated classes, and at universities of different ages and wealth, students could have accessed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more of the work by logging into online \(and therefore infinitely reproducible\) journals. Conversely, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commit the exact opposite ?modelling crime? at other points, for example stating baldly that ?Fernand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Braudel pointed to ??, offering students no insight as to why all historians might regard Braudel as so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant an author. In an age when students are apt to grab any article from JSTOR, and present it as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority, it would have been valuable to explain why some historians from the 1930s or 1940s are regarded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as indispensable intellectual assistants to current historical projects, while others are viewed as, say, slightly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clumsy racists.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Equally, when using primary evidence the authors use it not to present a complex piece of material which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needs interpretation, and then model for students how that material might be interpreted. Instead, the primary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence appears to add ?colour? to a scene. For example, when discussing the persistence of folk religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditions in Rome, there is a detailed description of the clothes people wore from a primary source, and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brief mention that they were ridiculed for wearing them. But what is missing is, perhaps, an interrogation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(why some people were so keen to eliminate such habits, or whether the urban/rural divide is really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sustainable in the light of such evidence, or whether modernisation assumptions needs to be questioned in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urban history \(p. 57\). A page later, wishing to emphasise how cosmopolitan 19th-century cities were, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention that 2.4 per cent of London?s population was foreign born in the 1860s. For undergraduates in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London, Manchester, Melbourne, New York or Miami today, that number will seem bewilderingly small and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parochial \(p. 52\). At the school of 896 pupils at the end of my street in Manchester, 45 languages are spoken.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 131.811 m 48.008 131.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The French Statistical Bureau, INSEE, calculates that the non-French born population of the whole of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France is currently 10 per cent, rising to 25 percent in urban areas such as Seine-Saint-Denis, which is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effectively north Paris.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 143.660 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 143.660 103.299 m 157.652 103.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 157.652 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( I never had any idea that late 19th-century London was so ethnically homogenous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? but it is the opposite conclusion to the one the authors draw.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When discussing the growth in inspection, and the concomitant rise in knowledge, about housing, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors produce evidence from many cities. For example, ?In the early 1880s a Berlin city missionary, Herr )] TJ ET endstream endobj 36 0 obj [34 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 132.1255 48.0077 144.0055 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj [34 0 R /Fit] endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 143.6597 103.6135 157.6517 115.4935 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R 58 0 R 60 0 R ] /Contents 43 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Length 9218 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bckelmann, visited one such building [a tenement] that housed 250 families. Paper, wood or cloth, rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than glass, filled window frames, and many families shared a single room with lodgers? \(p. 150\). Evidence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like this raises many questions that could be touched on lightly to alert students to important foundational )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themes in modern European history which urban history is uniquely positioned to open up: why did middle-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class people start to inspect poor areas? Does such evidence suggest a class identity? Produce a class-based )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics? These questions go unasked. The poor are widely ?done to? in this vision of history. The second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(half of chapter 6, ?Towards the Social City?, is rich in detail about urban ?improvements? ? from rail, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sewage to the demolition of ?unsanitary? housing, and the construction of much less ?model? housing ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thereby driving up rents for precisely the people intended to benefit. But this happens in a series of ?events? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? poor people?s responses to this are strangely detached, as if they just accepted it \(many clearly did ? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still do ? but others did not, and they had a profound historical impact ? the foundation and rapid success of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Labour Party and the SPD are not without consequence, and totally bound up in the history of housing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and cities\). The sense that this was a process, rather than an event, is missing. And the driving force here is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still the nation state: French cities did x, German cities did y, British cities did z. The story would be the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same without the urban aspect at all. What really impresses me as a historian is that all these people in cities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(started doing roughly the same thing at roughly the same time according to roughly the same logic with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(roughly the same personnel ? but this does not receive explicit analysis. Why? How? With what effect?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, all in all, an undergraduate reader of this book would end up viewing history as an agglomeration of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(facts, not necessarily connected, just as these authors view the city as an agglomeration of people, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessarily connected. It would be hard for them to see it as a set of problems to be solved. Ultimately, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very hard to see which urban history course I know of that this would be the coursebook for: urban history is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an important sub-field, because it allows lecturers to introduce students to complex themes and ideas \(like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class, the cultural turn, modernity, capitalism, globalisation, ethnicity\) in a manageable data set that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges clichs . I do not know of any urban history courses that treat urban history as a linear set of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(observations, or who do not differentiate \(rightly or wrongly\) between Zurich and Lisbon on the one hand, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and London and St Petersburg on the other. Ultimately, readers would be led to view history as a series of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?things? which ?happened?, whereas their tutors will mark them on whether they can understand how and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(why different types of evidence can be interpreted by different people in different ways, all pointing towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fundamentals: why? How? So what? Why is this important? I can see this book being used as an adjunct )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to courses aimed at )] TJ ET BT 129.332 371.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(non)] TJ ET BT 147.332 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(-historians in, for example, modern languages degree programmes, where history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courses serve as a broad introduction to the foundations of a contemporary \(national\) culture, rather than as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the core ?problem to be solved?. But it is hard to see this book contributing to turning around the history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major that just doesn?t get it, or inspiring the student who does, and wants more of it. This is a tragedy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because the scholarship in this book would need only a few sentences like, ?This trend goes to the heart of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our understandings of??, or ?This evidence opens up key issues around?? to have been really useful. And a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(textbook stands or falls not by its scholarship, but by its usefulness.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 250.611 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 219.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Hall, )] TJ ET BT 118.340 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cities in Civilisation)] TJ ET BT 217.700 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 299.024 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 299.024 218.595 m 353.012 218.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 205.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 205.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cambridge Urban History of Britain)] TJ ET BT 261.692 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. D. M. Palliser, Peter Clark and Martin Daunton \(3 vols., )] TJ ET BT 64.016 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge, 2000-1\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 164.336 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 164.336 190.083 m 218.324 190.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 177.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Lees, )] TJ ET BT 134.324 177.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cities Perceived. Urban Society in European and American Thought, 1820?1940)] TJ ET BT 64.016 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Manchester, 1985\); )] TJ ET BT 164.324 162.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cities, Sin, and Social Reform in Imperial Germany)] TJ ET BT 413.312 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Ann Arbor, MI, 2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 530.288 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 530.288 161.571 m 557.948 161.571 l S BT 64.016 148.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 147.315 m 90.344 147.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 134.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 134.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lynn Hollen Lees, )] TJ ET BT 156.668 134.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Exiles of Erin : Irish migrants in Victorian London)] TJ ET BT 401.348 134.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Manchester, 1979\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 501.320 134.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 501.320 133.059 m 555.308 133.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 120.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 120.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter McPhee,)] TJ ET BT 134.000 120.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( The French Revolution 1789?1799)] TJ ET BT 304.652 120.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2002\); Christopher Bayly, )] TJ ET BT 480.968 120.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Birth of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 105.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern World 1780?1914 : Global Connections and Comparisons)] TJ ET BT 386.348 105.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Malden, 2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 467.000 105.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 467.000 104.547 m 520.988 104.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 91.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 91.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Flnerie)] TJ ET BT 105.344 91.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is discussed briefly as a phenomenon on p. 224, but its impact on studies of gender, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 77.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience, class, and space are not mentioned.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 290.948 77.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 290.948 76.035 m 344.936 76.035 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 63.178 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 63.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(HM Inspector of Schools, ?Inspection Report: St Peter?s RC High School?, 10 October 2006 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 513.308 63.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 513.308 61.779 m 553.304 61.779 l S BT 64.016 48.917 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 47.523 m 78.008 47.523 l S endstream endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 299.0237 218.9095 353.0117 230.7895 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 164.3357 190.3975 218.3237 202.2775 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 530.2877 161.8855 557.9477 173.7655 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 147.6295 90.3437 159.5095 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 501.3197 133.3735 555.3077 145.2535 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 55 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 466.9997 104.8615 520.9877 116.7415 ] >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 28 0 R >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 57 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 290.9477 76.3495 344.9357 88.2295 ] >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 31 0 R >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 59 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 513.3077 62.0935 553.3037 73.9735 ] >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 36 0 R >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 61 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 47.8375 78.0077 59.7175 ] >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 36 0 R >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 64 0 R 66 0 R 68 0 R 70 0 R 72 0 R ] /Contents 63 0 R >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Length 2302 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Institut Nationale de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, ?Population selon nationalit? 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