%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 27 0 R 32 0 R 49 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140416204436+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140416204436+01'00') /Title (The Domination of Strangers: Modern Governance in Eastern India, 1780-1835) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4269 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Domination of Strangers: Modern Governance in Eastern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(India, 1780-1835)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It has begun to seem clear that the modern British Empire was driven by a remarkable amount of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncertainty. Far from the shameless and confident enterprise some once imagined, the value and proper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shape of overseas expansion was ? from Hakluyt to Hobson ? a matter of constant and consistent debate. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This was particularly true in the 18th century, as the nature of that empire was itself in flux, whether in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bengal, Quebec, or any number of points between. In terms which have now become familiar, territorial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expansion and a mass of new, non-British subjects challenged an empire that imagined itself to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Protestant, commercial, maritime, and free? to come to terms with its identity as ?a free though conquering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 74.336 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 74.336 165.009 m 88.328 165.009 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 88.328 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Modern empire thus found its ideological power not solely in the relentless expansion of blue )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(water navies and sepoy armies but in the measures ? such as the trial of Warren Hastings or the abolition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the slave trade ?to regulate, accommodate, and validate what was in fact a strange and often discomfiting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(project. Imperial aplomb was, in the end, something made not born.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While we have come over the past decades to think and know more about this imperial ?anxiety?, it has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tended to be understood largely as a metropolitan problem: how the excesses of those abroad affected, and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turn were affected by, the ambivalent reactions of those ?at home?. This, in turn, has blurred the formerly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stark lines that marked the transition between the ?first? and ?second? British empires, though in some ways )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(790)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 31 August, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jon Wilson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230574533)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philip Stern)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 74.3357 165.3235 88.3277 177.2035 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8231 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also reinforced that division, by envisioning imperial anxiety as a sort of moment of transition, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimately gave way to a more comfortable and confident ?more modern ?form of empire.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this innovative and stimulating book, Jon Wilson both extends and, in several ways, inverts this issue, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggesting that the critical conversation determining the shape of Britain?s new empire in India was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessarily to be found in London newspapers, coffeehouses, and parliamentary inquiries, but in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courthouses, district offices, and emerging public sphere of late 18th- and early 19th-century Bengal. East )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(India Company judges, administrators, and governors in early colonial Bengal, as Wilson describes them, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discovered governing over strangers ?that is, in its early modern sense, foreigners ?to be a keenly paralytic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience, particularly in India. The natural and immediate response was not hubris but desperation, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps an odd mixture of the two. British officials thus, in fits and starts, found themselves searching for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more general and abstract rules and principles that suited the frustration and detachment that governing by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(custom in India seemed to produce. As a consequence, the style of empire we now come to associate with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern British India ?dismissive of the South Asian past and present, ?liberal? and ?utilitarian? in its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(character, universalizing in its scope and ambition, exemplified in any number of quotes from Macaulay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?was not primarily a European export but a product of the act of governing itself. Thus, importantly, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book implies, such ?anxiety? over governing strangers never could really ever subside, but only be diverted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into a style of government which assuaged it by treating its subjects )] TJ ET BT 361.988 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(as )] TJ ET BT 375.656 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strangers, through universal, abstract, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and codified laws. Yet, the final turn to Wilson?s argument reveals, this was not an exception but the rule for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how polities across the world would come to regard their citizens in the 19th-century; in other words, British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(India was not the product but indeed the very model of the modern state.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If )] TJ ET BT 45.008 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Domination of Strangers)] TJ ET BT 185.348 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ends with this fall into modernity, to which we will return, it first begins in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sort of prelapsarian ?connected? early modern global moment, worked out here in the second chapter but of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sort also described in different ways by recent scholars, such as C. A. Bayly and Sanjay Subrahmanyam.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 443.187 m 48.008 443.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( From this vantage, Hanoverian Britain and Mughal Bengal looked far from the alien political cultures we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once imagined. In Europe and Asia, relationships between lords and patrons, landholders and peasants, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(princes and subjects were similarly based in networks of patronage and hierarchy, mediated by negotiation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and forms of moral economy. In both, politics and the law were deeply and indelibly integrated with history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(custom, and tradition. In neither was the early modern state a monolithic institution: rulers may have made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspirational and prescriptive claims to total power but in practice relied upon a political system that operated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on ?different levels within a complex web of institutions that criss-crossed rural society,? whether on JPs, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corporations, and landlords or )] TJ ET BT 180.992 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(faujdars, nawabs, )] TJ ET BT 269.672 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 290.000 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(zamindars)] TJ ET BT 340.004 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, not to mention peasants, merchants, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(artisans of all stripes. As a result, the early modern Eurasian polity was by form and function deeply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integrated with society, not distinguished from it, or, in Wilson?s words, ?political practice was [a kind of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(action] inseparable from social life? \(pp. 29?30\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilson illustrates this not only analytically, but with some compelling comparisons, that push beyond the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standard marvel that 1707 witnessed both the death of Aurangzeb and the union of England and Scotland ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or, at the very least, which understand that those two coincident events also had similar ramifications. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, Wilson notes that the challenges posed to the British state by the mid 18th-century Jacobite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rebellion found an analogy in the simultaneous Maratha invasions of Bengal \(to which he could also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(probably have added, perhaps if taking a wider lens than the study permits, the disruptions occasioned by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slightly earlier Persian ?sacking? of Delhi\). It is a thought-provoking insight, though one which also perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlights some further questions. Both moments can and need to be understood as part of succession )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggles, born of the military and fiscal demands of expanding states, but which state matches to which? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Maratha incursions were a product of the space opened by the decentralization of the Mughal Empire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the increasing power of a state on Bengal?s borders; the same dynamic could hardly describe Scotland, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where it seems more like the Jacobite invasions were a rebellion )] TJ ET BT 345.620 118.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(against)] TJ ET BT 380.960 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( an increasingly centralizing state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from its periphery rather than on behalf of one. Conversely, it may be possible that instead of pulling up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reins, we might just need to push the comparison even farther. In particular, historians of other parts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(South Asia might wonder how to fit this insightful vision of Bengal into a wider lens: did )] TJ ET BT 465.692 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mughal )] TJ ET BT 506.024 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rule, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, seem as familiar and socially embedded in the south, for example, where the Mughal state was no )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 443.5015 48.0077 455.3815 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 8123 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(older by the time of Muhamad Ali Khan than British rule in Bengal by the time of Macaulay. Thus, if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mughal Bengal is best analogized to somewhere in the English south, is the 18th-century Mughal Karnatic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Indian version of the Scottish highlands? And, if Mughal rule was somehow less embedded in some parts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of South Asia than others, perhaps this may have been an important influence on those alternative visions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revenue administration, like those of Thomas Munro in Madras, which Wilson rightly points out ?inflected? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the conversation in Bengal while similarly attempting ?to apply a set of consistent, general rules across the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole of Madras? agrarian society which offered little room for the vicissitudes of time and movement, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local diversity? \(p. 127\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These are simply some thought experiments which may unfairly stray, of course, from Wilson?s central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point: governing Bengal was not like governing an English province, not because British and Mughal forms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of government were so alien from one another but because, in many ways, they were so similar ?just not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar enough. Wilson draws on and amplifies the work of Robert Travers, who has shown how Company )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officials in the wake of the acquisition of the )] TJ ET BT 251.648 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(diwani)] TJ ET BT 284.324 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or office of revenue collector, in Bengal searched for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coherent way to translate Indian law and custom into policy, which they found in the familiar but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasingly contested and modified languages of ancient constitutionalism \(e.g., p. 51\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 456.296 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 456.296 583.491 m 470.288 583.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 470.288 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Both Company )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officials and those Bengalis they governed could imagine a state and society tied together through custom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and tradition, what Company officials translated into a ?Mughal ancient constitution?. As Wilson argues, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem with this did not inhere, as the scholarship on Orientalism has tended to argue, in the fact that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British relied on )] TJ ET BT 115.016 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pandits)] TJ ET BT 150.356 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 156.356 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(munshis)] TJ ET BT 195.692 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 201.692 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(dubashes)] TJ ET BT 246.356 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and )] TJ ET BT 272.684 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(qazis)] TJ ET BT 297.356 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to interpret, privilege, and codify one version of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past at the expense of a flexible and multiple, but ultimately inscrutable, Indian present. Wilson?s Britons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were perfectly comfortable with a politics of flexibility and multiplicity, and could even approximate it in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many ways in Bengal. What they lacked was the intuitive understanding of custom and tradition in South )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Asia necessary truly to get it ? for example, to adjudicate seemingly equally valid but rival civil claims, or to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand property relations in their proper historical context. Try as they might, Company officials quickly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found they did not have the proper ?analytical vocabulary? to describe and interpret 18th-century Indian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics \(p. 41\) nor the proper ?context? in which they could ?convert facts into norms? \(p. 126\). In fits and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(starts, this retreat from history and custom took shelter in a ?particularly abstract, objectivising style of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought,? derived from the increasingly characteristic detachment of rule itself: the tendency, in the words of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company critic Ghulam Hussein Khan Tabatabai ? who himself has been experiencing somewhat of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical renaissance of late ? to treat Indian subjects ?like pictures on a wall? \(pp. 12?3\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Here it is worth pausing to catch a glimpse of Wilson?s attempt not simply to offer a new theory of colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state formation but indeed a set of suggestions about the methodology of the history of political thought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(itself. The book finds its apostasy within the broad church of the ?linguistic turn? on the one hand and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical anthropology on the other ? both of which have been very influential in defining the ways we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand the tensions of this early colonial encounter. Such critiques are not uncommon but tend simply to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dismiss both as too theoretically inflected. Wilson instead offers alternatives. Instead of Michel Foucault, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has Martin Heidegger, while Bernard Cohn is counterpoised to Georg Simmel. From Heidegger, Wilson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(derives an epistemological foundation for his argument, which suggests that understanding is not derived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from abstract speech-acts but direct engagement with the world. This has two major consequences for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilson?s argument: first, the historical observation that any politics which is not involved in the world )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(around it is bound to face a crisis of meaning; second, historiographically, we need to look for political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought not in the ether but on terra firma, as understood but also produced by those who themselves did the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(governing. Through Simmel, we are introduced to a modern state not distinguished by the difference )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Eastern and Western styles of politics, but simply defined as a regime, wherever it is found, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treats its subjects as ?strangers.?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, for Wilson, Ghulam Hussein Khan is ?uncannily Heideggerian?, in his implicit complaint that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem with British administrators was that they acted and reacted as if they were outside rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involved with the Bengal they governed; thus removed, it is no surprise they could not truly understand the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(task before them \(p. 13\). \(This, of course, raises an odd, somewhat renegade thought in my mind, as to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether or not there is an alternative but possibly complimentary interpretation to be found as well in a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 456.2957 583.8055 470.2877 595.6855 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 30 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 7766 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heideggerian aesthetics, which might imagine these ?pictures on a wall,? like van Gogh?s ?Pair of Shoes,? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be not just a detached imitation of Indian society but even productive of new, but ultimately dangerously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incomplete and flawed, way of understanding itself. The metaphor includes artwork and the artist, but absent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the essential understanding of the art; in even more starkly Heideggerian terms, perhaps British rule in India )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is ?earth? without ?world?? \) What is crucially ?Heideggerian? in this sense is also the notion that the search )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for Indian custom began to fail by the end of the 18th century not because it became anathema to a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generation of English sensibilities: a conflict between an older style of ?Orientalism,? embodied in someone )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like Warren Hastings and William Jones, and a newer generation of ?Anglicists,? ?Utilitarians,? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Liberals,? like Cornwallis, Mill, and Macaulay. Rather, the transformation in the style of government came )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Company governors found themselves on ?an anxious search for semantic coherence? produced by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact that they were ?in a world they did not understand? \(pp. 7, 105\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the one hand, this anxiety was political and administrative, a failure of affective engagement or intuition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to provide adequate languages through which to govern, ?stable hermeneutic practices? \(p. 97\) to resolve )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disputes, define and prosecute crime, or collect revenue. On the other, this alienation was also epistemic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychological, and emotional, informed by the rampant loneliness, strangeness, and linguistic and cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distance experienced by Britons in India itself.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 257.648 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 257.648 569.235 m 271.640 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 271.640 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The result was ?a mood of anxious detachment [that] )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominated the way officials privately discussed their lives? \(p. 66\). \(It would be of course tempting to quip )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Wilson has just replaced utilitarianism and liberalism with another British export: the quintessentially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?English malady? of melancholy\). This is a compelling insight, though it does suggest that there is much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more story to be told about the history of British India \(and empire more broadly\) as a history of emotions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially how this kind of unhappy detachment translated into policy, society, and culture as these colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figures and administrators came ?home?. It also leaves open the possibility for others to think through how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this might affect our vision of another quite vibrant subject in the historical literature on empire: that is, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britons? fascination with actual ?pictures on the wall?, the kinds of art, artifacts, and collecting that also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterized this engagement with India. After all, while it is true that ?Robert Clive had his Claremont? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(68\) he also had his Plassey in County Clare, both populated with physical reminders of India and neither of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which could prevent at least his, ultimately fatal, melancholy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This raises another set of questions which might engage some historians of early modern Britain: the degree )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to which British \(or Mughal, for that matter\) rulers also had the potential to see their subjects as ?pictures on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the wall?. While there is no doubt the conditions described by Wilson represent a fundamental break from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the past, early modern Britain was not without at least its impulses to nationalize and abstract: discourses of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political economy, political arithmetic, probabilistic science and statistics, credit, classification, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incipient challenges to the ?moral economy? all carried with them the germ of ?the assumption that it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possible to use general, social scientific categories which were supposed to have meaning across the whole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the province? \(p. 129\). Importantly, these were produced from precisely the sorts of dynamics implicit in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the expansion of state power that Wilson describes, though by no means as extensive or complete. Did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company figures like Holt Mackenzie ?who contrasted the need for abstract, formalist, and seemingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arbitrary rule in India, Ireland, and highland Scotland with a more flexible and de-centered government of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?friendship and neighbourhood? in southern Britain \(p. 145\) ? offer a perceptive vision of home or a slightly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idealized one? Was the ?almost Burkean description of the polity as a de-centered web? any less prescriptive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than the Hobbesian Leviathan, especially in an 18th-century India which seemed to produce as much anxiety )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about political authority as 17th-century England? None of this at all challenges Wilson?s premise or his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions; it simply is to suggest that perhaps the exclusively pastoral vision of Britain produced by early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19th-century Company administrators was also in part a product of the encounter with a ?strange and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncertain? India \(p. 132\). Put another way: nothing assuages anxiety like nostalgia ?or, in Wilson?s words, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the familiar fantasy of life back home? \(p. 192\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whether Britain was possibly slightly more ?modern? in the 18th century than Wilson suggests, however, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has very little to do with the central foundations of his argument that it was the failure of Company officials )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to govern through Indian society that compelled them to create a system that fundamentally divorced politics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from it. This insight offers a critique both of the genealogy of colonial liberalism but also the Indian )] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 257.6477 569.5495 271.6397 581.4295 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 8799 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responses to it, and thus a different way of talking about the question of whether nationalism was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?derivative? discourse. Even ostensibly anti-liberal nationalism, Wilson argues in chapter seven, accepted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the premises established by that liberal regime: namely, that society was alienated and severed from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state. In this vision, there was a fast distinction between )] TJ ET BT 304.652 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(samaj)] TJ ET BT 333.320 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 356.648 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sarkar)] TJ ET BT 387.980 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, though for those rejecting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial rule, it was ?Bengal?s ?social institution? rather than its polity was seen as the place where proper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indigenous practice occurred? \(p. 181\). Wilson?s argument implies that to see society as separate from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(polity, in either Europe or Asia, is not a natural division but a product of the arguments of generated by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contingent circumstances of attempting to rule a modern state, and the consistent discovery of just how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limited that ability was. Thus, in a different direction, this book also suggests to me that modern state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strength is produced not out of an inexorable logic for expansion but indeed from its own endemic anxieties )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and insecurities. It is a powerful and sobering image of the modern state and empire, one that looks less like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Big Brother, and more like a schoolyard bully.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the end, )] TJ ET BT 88.004 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Domination of Strangers )] TJ ET BT 231.344 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a remarkably evocative book, and what has been said here should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be taken as inspired by rather than critical of its interventions. Its methodological suggestiveness ?both in its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular understanding of what marks a ?modern? state as well as its arguments that the history of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought must attend not just to abstract philosophy or to its reception, but to the ideas produced out of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political practice of those in the middle who did the governing )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 336.320 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 336.320 554.979 m 350.312 554.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 350.312 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ?will make it quite stimulating reading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both within colonial history and beyond it. Though it is by no means the first work of late to highlight the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centrality of imperial anxiety in determining the shape of the late 18th-century British Indian Empire, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relocates that crisis of confidence from London to Calcutta and provincial Bengal and into the hands \(and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heads\) not primarily of polemicists and parliamentarians, but of judges, administrators, and governors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engaged in the everyday practices of rule. It is also extremely provocative to suggest that the anxiety that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accompanied expansion was not simply the abstract problem of measuring liberty against conquest, but in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact was actually engendered by the frustrations implicit in doing the business of empire itself. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Consequently, its solution came not in the ?confident articulation of coherent ideas expressing Britain?s will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to transform Bengal, nor the expression of Enlightenment principles,? but rather from a somewhat panicked, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incoherent, and non-linear response \(p. 46\). That East India Company officials began to treat India as strange )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because that is how they perceived it, and in the process prompted a revolutionary way of thinking, gives a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarkable texture to the deeply flawed act of colonial rule, not to mention to our understanding of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern state itself.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 336.147 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 305.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Armitage, )] TJ ET BT 147.668 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ideological Origins of the British Empire)] TJ ET BT 367.004 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2000\); P. J. Marshall, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(??A free though conquering people?: Britain and Asia in the eighteenth century? \(1981\), reprinted in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(P. J. Marshall, )] TJ ET BT 136.016 277.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?A Free Though Conquering People?: Eighteenth-Century Britain and its Empire)] TJ ET BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Aldershot, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 152.336 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 152.336 261.363 m 206.324 261.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 248.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sanjay Subrahmanyam, )] TJ ET BT 181.004 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Explorations in Connected History: From the Tagus to the Ganges)] TJ ET BT 501.992 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Delhi, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005\); C. A. Bayly, )] TJ ET BT 161.684 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Birth of the Modern World, 1780?1914: Global Connections and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Comparisons)] TJ ET BT 128.024 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Maiden, MA, 2004\), esp. chaps. 1?2.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 312.656 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 312.656 218.595 m 366.644 218.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 205.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Travers, )] TJ ET BT 142.328 205.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ideology and Empire in Eighteenth-Century India: the British in Bengal)] TJ ET BT 488.636 205.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 191.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 190.083 m 149.000 190.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 177.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 177.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Here Wilson draws inspiration, quite cleverly, from William Reddy, )] TJ ET BT 394.640 177.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Navigation of Feeling: a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 162.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Framework for the History of Emotions)] TJ ET BT 254.348 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 351.668 162.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 351.668 161.571 m 405.656 161.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 148.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 148.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To show my sympathy for this point in particular, though not nearly as articulately or extensively )] TJ ET BT 64.016 134.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worked out, see Philip J. Stern, ?Rethinking institutional transformations in the making of modern )] TJ ET BT 64.016 120.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empire: the East India Company in Madras?, )] TJ ET BT 281.984 120.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History )] TJ ET BT 501.344 120.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9, 2 \(Fall )] TJ ET BT 64.016 105.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 105.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 104.547 m 149.000 104.547 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 89.215 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 71.435 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 71.435 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/790)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 70.041 m 322.316 70.041 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 45.064 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj [32 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 336.3197 555.2935 350.3117 567.1735 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 152.3357 261.6775 206.3237 273.5575 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 312.6557 218.9095 366.6437 230.7895 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 190.3975 148.9997 202.2775 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 351.6677 161.8855 405.6557 173.7655 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 104.8615 148.9997 116.7415 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 70.3555 322.3157 82.2355 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/790) >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 50 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Length 153 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3769)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 51 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000356 00000 n 0000000393 00000 n 0000000591 00000 n 0000000680 00000 n 0000005001 00000 n 0000005110 00000 n 0000005220 00000 n 0000005329 00000 n 0000008890 00000 n 0000009018 00000 n 0000009102 00000 n 0000009131 00000 n 0000009257 00000 n 0000009293 00000 n 0000009377 00000 n 0000017661 00000 n 0000017691 00000 n 0000017817 00000 n 0000017853 00000 n 0000017937 00000 n 0000026113 00000 n 0000026143 00000 n 0000026271 00000 n 0000026307 00000 n 0000026391 00000 n 0000034210 00000 n 0000034240 00000 n 0000034368 00000 n 0000034404 00000 n 0000034530 00000 n 0000043382 00000 n 0000043412 00000 n 0000043540 00000 n 0000043576 00000 n 0000043704 00000 n 0000043759 00000 n 0000043887 00000 n 0000043942 00000 n 0000044069 00000 n 0000044124 00000 n 0000044252 00000 n 0000044307 00000 n 0000044434 00000 n 0000044489 00000 n 0000044615 00000 n 0000044710 00000 n 0000044775 00000 n trailer << /Size 51 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 44980 %%EOF