%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 30 0 R 54 0 R 68 0 R 76 0 R 87 0 R 109 0 R ] /Count 8 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150729104730+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150729104730+01'00') /Title (Humanities-e Books) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4729 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Humanities-e Books)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Second only to movable type, as far as libraries are concerned, is the emancipation of journals from their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(printed-texts. Gone, or nearly so, are those titles irregularly delivered, with their maddeningly unanticipated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supplements, infernal name changes and gargantuan space requirements, in lieu of their let-freedom-ring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(electronic environments. Electronic journals are both unparalleled and unprecedented. Nothing has changed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(access and delivery more than this change from print to electronic. While not every obstacle has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cleared up, most have. Electronic journals still cost as much as ever but their space requirements, access )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(delivery, frequencies, title changes and so on have either been resolved or absorbed by their electronic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environments. Print journals proved the perfect medium for this switch. Their information tended to be more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediate than monographs, but that immediacy was often hamstringed by their print cycles. Monographs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be delayed by years, but journals, in an ideal world, could render information gleaned only last week. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The electronic medium allowed for this. While even a small library had to watch which titles it purchased )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(some journals might number their issues in scores if not hundreds for a given year\), electronic access )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obviated this concern nicely.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If a given journal decided to publish 12 times a year while coming out with a dozen thematic supplements, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(librarians winced at the logistics required to manage such whimsy. While the electronic medium has not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(solved this entirely, it has made such things much more manageable. Of course, electronic access has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brought with it both latent and manifest challenges, but most of these problems have been resolved to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(everyone?s liking. Even library hours no longer obtain as an electronic journal can be delivered 24/7, as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(phrase has it. E-reserves, though still kibitzing with copyright, added yet another welcomed dimension to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(electronic medium. Only students have opined about this, as ?the library was closed? is no longer a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legitimate excuse, if it ever was. In short, everything about the advent of electronic journals, now more than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two decades old, has been a treasure trove, a godsend to scholars and left librarians, students and patrons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(793)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 September, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American Council of Learned Societies)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.humanitiesebook.org/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New York, NY)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Herring)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8978 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alike applauding wildly while declaiming, ?Encore! Encore!?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For better or for worse, the professoriate rarely leaves well enough alone. Was it Mencken who said an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual is someone who says a stupid thing, twice? If the electronic medium was good enough for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journals, it?ll be gold for everything else, right? Sir Berners-Lee?s HTML invention, along with domain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(names, made this one-electronic-medium-fits-all even more of a surety, but through no fault of his own.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 532.604 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 532.604 726.051 m 546.596 726.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps it is the American fascination with one silver-bullet solution for everything, but if we are to blame, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we have the rest of the globe right there shooting with us. Once the electronic medium moves from journals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or ephemeral websites to the less transient, more perdurable forms of scholarship, the problem becomes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much more a sticky wicket, if I may be permitted this colloquialism \(even though I have never seen even a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minute of a cricket match ? yes, I know, my profound loss\). It isn?t that scholarly tools other than journals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can?t be successfully digitized; it?s just when it?s done ? and it is at every turn now ? it?s not often done )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well or thoughtfully, and echoes Chesterton?s jibe, if not entirely his meaning, that ?a thing worth doing is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worth doing badly?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 130.340 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 130.340 612.003 m 144.332 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 144.332 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But all that may be changing for the better.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enter )] TJ ET BT 63.008 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Humanities-e Books )] TJ ET BT 162.992 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\()] TJ ET BT 166.988 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 190.316 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( for short\), a site \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 276.296 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.humanitiesebook.org/index.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 276.296 585.747 m 489.968 585.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 492.968 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 506.960 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintained by the American Council of Learned Societies \(ACLS\). )] TJ ET BT 360.632 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 383.960 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( may give all digitizing naysayers a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chance to utter a sigh of relief. Relief, because if journals are the perfect medium for electronic access, then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 57.344 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( under the auspices of the ACLS, is an example of how to do everything other than journals right. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(site grew out of a concern about humanities publishing raised by Richard Darnton among others.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 498.284 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 498.284 528.723 m 512.276 528.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Something must be done, or so they felt. There had to be a way to save humanities publishing )] TJ ET BT 486.644 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and)] TJ ET BT 504.644 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( produce a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly site. )] TJ ET BT 103.676 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 127.004 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( may not have been exactly what he had in mind but it sure meets many of his earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criteria!)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For almost 100 years, the ACLS has promoted the humanities in general and humanities scholars in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular, long before Darnton or anyone else thought they should do. The mission of the ACLS is ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advancement of humanistic studies in all fields of learning in the humanities and the social sciences and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintenance and strengthening of relations among the national societies devoted to such studies? something )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it has been doing long before digitization became all the craze.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 334.952 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 334.952 402.675 m 348.944 402.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 348.944 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The ACLS is a private and nonprofit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(federation consisting of 70 national scholarly organizations, and is at the vanguard of promoting American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship nationally and internationally in the humanities and related social sciences. )] TJ ET BT 454.628 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 477.956 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is but one small )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of the overall work of the ACLS which, in addition to )] TJ ET BT 316.988 361.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 340.316 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, also funds many scholars in the humanities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and related social sciences. For example, in 2009 alone, ACLS awarded more than $10 million to over 300 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars. The ACLS also promotes and facilitates peer review in the humanities and related social sciences. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The ACLS?s current president is Pauline Yu \(since 2003\). She succeeds a number of equally notable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars, such as Stanley N. Katz, Frederick Burkhardt and R. M. Lumiansky. The ACLS is funded by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public and private foundation grants, endowment income, dues, government contracts and individual gifts. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Since 1997 the ACLS Fellowship Campaign has sought more and larger gifts to fund scholars? stipends. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ACLS relies on annual subscriptions from individuals and libraries to its publications and programs, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(herein lies its strong connection with )] TJ ET BT 214.004 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 237.332 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 57.344 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is one of the ACLS?s main programs or initiatives in the scope of things ACLS is not yet out of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infancy. But it is a precocious child, nonetheless. Begun in 2002 with a grant from the Andrew Mellon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Foundation \(and how many scholarly endeavors would not be but for this fine philanthropy!\) and additional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(help from the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, )] TJ ET BT 277.988 178.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 301.316 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( became a rarity: it became self-supporting in 2005 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a not-for-profit scholarly publishing venture. In 2007, it became ACLS Humanities E-Book. But why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bother? Why did ACLS conspire with Mellon to launch such a site given both the complexities and the cost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of such Web ventures, not to mention their strong record of failure and their characteristic technological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corner-cutting as far as users were concerned?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Earlier I made mention of the ?trouble? in humanities publishing. Many scholars have opined about this, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(few entities have done anything about it. It has become as proverbial to complain about the cost and upkeep )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in humanities publishing as it is about the weather, and with the same result: everyone complains yet no one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does anything about it. ACLS recognized the problem and sought to address it. Can humanities publishing )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 532.6037 726.3655 546.5957 738.2455 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 130.3397 612.3175 144.3317 624.1975 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 276.2957 586.0615 489.9677 597.9415 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.humanitiesebook.org/index.html) >> endobj 24 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 498.2837 529.0375 512.2757 540.9175 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 334.9517 402.9895 348.9437 414.8695 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 33 0 R 36 0 R 39 0 R 42 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 52 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 10054 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be saved? The jury is still out, but suffice it say that while the humanities are rich in resources for just this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sort of an electronic venture, they are being left behind, shall we say, by their scholarly counterparts, )] TJ ET BT 520.244 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(viz)] TJ ET BT 533.576 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(., the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sciences, pure and applied, as well as economics.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 269.960 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 269.960 766.563 m 283.952 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 57.344 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( may change all that, not by being the only game in town, but by being one of the best. )] TJ ET BT 475.640 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 498.968 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( contains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2,200 titles to date, adding about 500 annually. Such a venture, in the wrong hands, might be notable but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only for its cherry-picking and little else. For example, anyone with access to a reliable server and Internet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provider could initiate a site with dozens of very familiar, very public domain titles, instituting a site not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(based on scholarly and students? needs but on what can be done cheaply and quickly. Many sites have done )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just this, and, if the truth be told, a fair number of mass digitization projects now on tap or underway begin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and end in this dismal fashion. A number of reasons can be brought to bear as blame, but most of them go )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(back to the nature of the Web itself: it is, or rather has become a medium of the moment, the narcissistic, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the dreadfully pornographic, but rarely a medium of the best and brightest as Berners-Lee originally hoped. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yes, certainly exceptions can be found, and if the recent spate of books on this topic is any indication, many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors are trying to convince us that any negative attitude about the Web )] TJ ET BT 390.956 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(can only be Luddite)] TJ ET BT 485.948 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 488.948 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 488.948 597.747 m 502.940 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Not so )] TJ ET BT 68.684 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 92.012 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The 2,200 title were chosen along very carefully selected criteria. )] TJ ET BT 415.256 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 438.584 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( chose titles published )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from 1820 to the present, titles in that time frame that are important to both scholars and students, works )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considered ?vital? by scholars, frequently cited titles and something that has long been considered part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly cadre of works.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 155.312 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 155.312 528.723 m 169.304 528.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 169.304 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Some might reason that )] TJ ET BT 291.968 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 315.296 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( chose its beginning 200 years ago in order to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allow it to ?beef up? its holding with out-of-print titles. Certainly there is some of this and that is, after all as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it should be. Some great books go out of print through no fault of their own. But over 80% of the titles are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(currently with a publisher, and 85% still under copyright.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 309.320 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 309.320 485.955 m 323.312 485.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 323.312 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Countries with rational copyright laws, or with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ones less restrictive than those in the US \(which is just about every other country\), cannot appreciate what a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grand and very difficult undertaking it is to secure copyright permissions.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 386.972 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 386.972 457.443 m 400.964 457.443 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 400.964 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( While 2,200 are accessible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now, over 6,000 have been identified for possible inclusion later. In any event, this assures scholars and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(students of only the best in humanities scholarship, both now and in the past.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By summer 2009, 19 scholarly organizations or learned societies comprised the )] TJ ET BT 418.628 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 441.956 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( working group for title )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selection. Among those 19 are the African Studies Association, AHA, College Art Association, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Linguistic Society of America, Organization of American Historians, Society of Biblical Literature and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Society for the History of Technology. If learned societies aren?t enough to rivet the attention, those scholars )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(choosing in various areas should be. These include Steven Feierman, Sheldon Hackney, James McPherson, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Erik Olseen, Walter Kaegi, Ronald G. Witt, Jose Vasconcellos, Richard Bulliet, Carol Gluck, Susan Mann, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and T. G. Wilfong, to name but a few. All of this name-dropping isn?t for its own sake but to try to paint a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(careful picture of how well and how thoughtfully the ACLS has gone about its work to put together people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and books to create the best possible site. Suffice it to say that numerous other groups and organizations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work together to make )] TJ ET BT 145.328 275.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 168.656 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( one of the best ? if not the best ? electronically accessible sites in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanities. It surely stands as an equal to JSTOR \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 279.332 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.jstor.org/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 279.332 260.115 m 380.672 260.115 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 383.672 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 397.664 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), MUSE \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 447.992 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 447.992 260.115 m 544.004 260.115 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 547.004 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and other contenders to this throne. JSTOR is a much larger database while Muse is a smaller one. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Whether all such groups as these should form one giant electronic humanities conglomerate will be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addressed below.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nor is )] TJ ET BT 66.680 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 90.008 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( short on either award-winning titles or award-winning writers. Among the top monograph )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(awards included in )] TJ ET BT 127.664 178.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 150.992 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are: American and National Book, Toynbee, Bancroft, Pulitzer, Atlantic, Hopkins, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Birdsall, and more than a dozen others. To secure this many award-winning titles is surely enough to attract )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the attention of even the most casual of readers. But none of this is meaningful if readability and navigability )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are impossibly difficult. )] TJ ET BT 152.012 135.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 175.340 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( scores well on both accounts. The page-image scans are of a high resolution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and easily readable.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 128.984 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 128.984 119.811 m 148.976 119.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 148.976 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The default is set to page-image scans and tiff-to-gif. OCR is 99.99% accurate, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that?s important because OCR is still an unusually idiosyncratic function in this day of mass digitalization. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One would think by now that word-recognition software, especially on new or electronic texts, would be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(100% accurate, but that?s simply not the case. This is a puzzling case of the technology lagging behind )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice as even 99% accuracy isn?t always the best, especially if the glitch occurs at a most strategic point. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For years, for example, transcription errors bedeviled translations and manuscripts. OCR errors may well be )] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 269.9597 766.8775 283.9517 778.7575 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 488.9477 598.0615 502.9397 609.9415 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 155.3117 529.0375 169.3037 540.9175 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 41 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 309.3197 486.2695 323.3117 498.1495 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 44 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 386.9717 457.7575 400.9637 469.6375 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 279.3317 260.4295 380.6717 272.3095 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.jstor.org/) >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 447.9917 260.4295 544.0037 272.3095 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/) >> endobj 51 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 128.9837 120.1255 148.9757 132.0055 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 57 0 R 60 0 R 63 0 R 66 0 R ] /Contents 55 0 R >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Length 7458 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leading us into a new kind of ?transcription error? as more and more texts go online, and fewer and fewer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(originals remain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While page resolutions are extremely readable and easy on the eyes, users must realize that page resolutions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in general rarely fly higher than about 50-60% of printed-page resolutions.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 392.276 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 392.276 740.307 m 412.268 740.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 412.268 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This accounts for some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moderate to significant eye-strain for some users of online access, so the higher page resolutions can be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made to be, so much the better for all users. While this is likely to change \(and may even be better than this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figure by the time this review appears\), higher and higher resolutions should be the goal to increase ease of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use. Further, as mentioned in an earlier review \(on Gutenberg-e\), the long-term health effects of long-term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(computer use are only now getting some treatment in the research. The more quickly we address these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential problems the better. )] TJ ET BT 177.668 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 200.996 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has addressed one problem that is bedeviling Kindle \(and others\) now, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and that is access for the visually impaired.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 241.316 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 241.316 640.515 m 261.308 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many scholars will cheer )] TJ ET BT 157.988 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 181.316 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s use of XML features, or those features that allow for interactive links, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including videos, audio, and so on. For example, some XML texts \(there are about 350 of these online )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(already\) allow users to listen to scores of music in texts where that has been embedded. The use, too, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(zoom-images is also a welcome feature. Scholars can now, for example, even view manuscripts carefully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without having to go to the location where those manuscripts reside. Cradle-scanning has also been used on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rare texts, and this is to be applauded. But make no mistake. Scanning a text )] TJ ET BT 402.644 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(will)] TJ ET BT 420.656 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( damage it to some extent. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The amount of damage that occurs may be less machine error and more user error \(especially if outsourced\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Google, for example, uses scanning in India and other Third World countries because labor is so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inexpensive. Quality control becomes a serious issue even when the most up-to-date and state-of-the-art )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scanners are used. )] TJ ET BT 123.980 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 147.308 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( uses the University of Michigan?s Scholarly Publishing Office along with Digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Library Production Services for technical support.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 274.640 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 274.640 471.699 m 294.632 471.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 294.632 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 57.344 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( uses simple searching, Boolean, series and proximity searching capability with highlighted terms in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(HTML context. In short, searching is simple and very user-friendly. Many scholars may approach the use of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a new database with the underlying fear that whatever it is they wish to find may be there but they may not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand the search engine or how to get at what they want with the engine provided. )] TJ ET BT 456.272 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 479.600 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has taken much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the guess work out of that by making searching simple and intuitive. It?s the so-called ?little? things like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this that make )] TJ ET BT 104.348 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 127.676 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( a treasure trove to the rising academic or established scholar. Early iterations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collections such as these required a laborious, Job-like patience to find what the collection contained. It did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not make what treasure remained hidden there any less valuable, but it did make it seem like unmined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diamond veins, full of great potential but by and large valueless until drilled. This searching is only further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heightened by the fact that articles are linked to JSTOR, Project Muse, the History Collection and others. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The collection also contains a number of important series, among them the Gutenberg-e collection, )] TJ ET BT 511.940 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Guide to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Literature)] TJ ET BT 134.360 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, The Collected Writings of Walt Whitman, College of Art Associations Monographs, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the John Harvard Library and the Records of Civilization. \(In spite of the inclusion of possibly America?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greatest overrated poet, Walt Whitman, the series holdings are valuable to scholars just beginning or those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well into their careers.\) Searchability is no small beer, either, though some might think it?s only important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for wizened scholars just now discovering the Web. Yet it remains equally important for students, too, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they are a great deal )] TJ ET BT 133.640 218.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(less)] TJ ET BT 151.640 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( savvy than we are led to believe. Recent reports indicate a far greater )] TJ ET BT 489.200 218.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(inability)] TJ ET BT 529.208 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more sophisticated manipulation of software and investigation of the Web beyond their normal ken.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 513.284 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 513.284 203.091 m 533.276 203.091 l S endstream endobj 56 0 obj [54 0 R /Fit] endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 58 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 392.2757 740.6215 412.2677 752.5015 ] >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 59 0 obj [54 0 R /Fit] endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 61 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 241.3157 640.8295 261.3077 652.7095 ] >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 62 0 obj [54 0 R /Fit] endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 64 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 274.6397 472.0135 294.6317 483.8935 ] >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 65 0 obj [54 0 R /Fit] endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 67 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 513.2837 203.4055 533.2757 215.2855 ] >> endobj 67 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 71 0 R 74 0 R ] /Contents 69 0 R >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Length 8676 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Numbered paragraphs in the online titles make referencing them a great deal easier. At one time, one of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more substantial complaints against online collections was their intractability of citation. The scholar using )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them was forced to reference the entire work or entire chapters. Paragraph numbering, however, has reduced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that as a complaint, coupled as it is with the current footnote/endnote allergy of today?s printed counterparts. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Printed works today, if they have any such notes at all, are typically buried so far in the back of the text that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finding them requires only slightly less effort on the part of the reader than the author substantiating the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claim. This is hyperbole, of course, but only of degrees not substance. Long-gone are those very convenient )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(footnotes located at ? )] TJ ET BT 139.328 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(mirable dictum)] TJ ET BT 212.324 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? the foot of the page. With today?s HTML and ?roll-over? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conveyances, electronic texts may be )] TJ ET BT 215.300 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(better)] TJ ET BT 243.296 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( noted. Printed texts, at least in the humanities, began seeding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their eventual obsolescence with kowtows such as this to the ease of publishing.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 418.304 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 418.304 654.771 m 438.296 654.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Equally important is the price of this collection. Self-supporting ventures sometimes mean the support falls )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entirely on the backs of subscribers. But )] TJ ET BT 229.988 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 253.316 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is most reasonably priced at US$ 450?$3,125, based on FTE, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(full-time equivalent students. This means that libraries with 4,999 or fewer students will pay at the low end, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those with 5,000 ?to 9,999 students in the middle range, and those with 10,000 or more at the top end. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, that price )] TJ ET BT 135.320 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(is guaranteed for three \(3\) years.)] TJ ET BT 294.632 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This guarantee cannot be overemphasized. One of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maddening ?tricks of the trade? with many vendors is to charge a very low or reasonable entry price for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newcomers to a database and then double the cost thereafter, when its users \(mainly library patrons\) have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grown used to it and so will mutiny if it is removed. I would be the last to complain about democratic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capitalism, but this common pricing practice \(low on the front end, high on the back end\) borders on robber-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(baron tactics. Three cheers for )] TJ ET BT 182.624 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 205.952 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and its most reasonable pricing structure. Kudos, too, for the low price )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since many databases, even small ones like this, can cost as much as a modern appliance or automobile. )] TJ ET BT 534.932 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is well within the reach of any library. Since the global economy has now tanked, stimuli notwithstanding, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such news is indeed good for all concerned. Even more helpful is the cost to individuals, a mere $35 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(annually for any member of any one of the 70 learned associations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For those libraries and scholars who must have the text in hand \(and one can anticipate research when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nothing else but the printed text will do\), POD, or print-on-demand is also available. The cost is between 11 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 15 cents a page ? about what one would expect to pay for an academic tome ? and the wait only about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two weeks. This is also now available in the UK/EU. Those wishing to buy the text can contact UM or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amazon.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another feature, and one that many users would not see or even care to know, is )] TJ ET BT 421.928 335.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 445.256 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s concern about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metadata ? literally, data about data. If one opens a web page and clicks on ?view? and then ?source,? one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can see what codes went in to making that page. At the header or top of the page is where metadata often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appears, a tag line to which someone has added possible headings or subject headings. One reason )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pornographers have been so successful in reaching those who would never be tempted by their offerings is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their understanding of metadata. In some cases, pornographers have dumped veritable dictionaries of terms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into the metadata to be certain even unwary users will find them whether they want to or not. In any event, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly databases using carefully chosen metadata means that users will find what they want. One can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make these data too narrow or too broad: too narrow and no one can find it, too broad and it comes up on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(every search. That )] TJ ET BT 125.312 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 148.640 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has addressed this concern is yet one more small feature underscoring this enterprise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and its attention to detail. )] TJ ET BT 158.684 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 182.012 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( prides itself by adhering to its own demands: ?Only well constructed digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collections that pay special attention to collaboration, and the quality, interoperability, and depth of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(content can even hope to begin to achieve this goal.?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 287.300 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(16\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 287.300 162.579 m 307.292 162.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 307.292 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It?s safe to say that )] TJ ET BT 405.272 163.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 428.600 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has achieved this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benchmark of success exceedingly well.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In addition to these essential matters, )] TJ ET BT 215.000 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 238.328 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has taken some pains to consider how something should be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(displayed electronically. All too often mass digitization projects follow along the same, or similar, lines of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their printed counterparts by using the page as the unit of measuring text. But )] TJ ET BT 408.308 94.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 431.636 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( considers the unit of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?chunky text? to be the natural division by chapter or section rather than page \(page units being unnecessary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the electronic format as they are required in the printed ones\). This allows for the aforesaid granularity in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metadata as well as providing some guideline for displaying the text. Of perhaps no interest to anyone other )] TJ ET endstream endobj 70 0 obj [68 0 R /Fit] endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 72 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 418.3037 655.0855 438.2957 666.9655 ] >> endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 73 0 obj [68 0 R /Fit] endobj 74 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 75 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 287.2997 162.8935 307.2917 174.7735 ] >> endobj 75 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 76 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 79 0 R 82 0 R 85 0 R ] /Contents 77 0 R >> endobj 77 0 obj << /Length 7973 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than a librarian are the free MARC records provided by )] TJ ET BT 303.944 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 327.272 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. MARC records are the electronic version of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the once-printed ?catalog card? and so provide libraries with a ready way to add the 2,200 titles )] TJ ET BT 495.248 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in toto)] TJ ET BT 526.256 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their catalogs. It?s an important point as many libraries might take months to include the titles in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(catalogs, unnecessarily delaying the use of them by students and scholars. Too many electronic initiatives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fail because vendors do not take into account how long before purchased materials will be searchable to )] TJ ET BT 535.568 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(their)] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(users, and in some cases this can be not weeks but months. Granted, Google has made this much less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important than it once was, but it is still an important matter.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Most recently, )] TJ ET BT 106.340 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 129.668 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has announced a new initiative with a dozen other university presses to ?scale up its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection and distribution model.?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 201.344 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(17\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 201.344 669.027 m 221.336 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 224.336 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 247.664 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is also launching a experiment with handheld devices \(Kindle, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sony, iPhones, etc.\) and how those devices deliver scholarly materials \(links, pop-up and so on\). This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigation will continue through the coming year with a white paper release date of early 2010. \(If I may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offer my humble advice: try to make the platform of delivery compatible with )] TJ ET BT 410.960 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(all)] TJ ET BT 423.632 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( handheld devices and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resist the temptation to limit it to one.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Much of what has been written here is in praise of )] TJ ET BT 277.628 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 300.956 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the work of the ACLS, and what follows in no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way is meant to discount any of that. But two concerns remain, and those are important ones that should not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be overlooked. One is sustainability; the other has to do with mass digitization projects themselves.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It may seem silly to raise the issue of sustainability with respect to )] TJ ET BT 355.664 532.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 378.992 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( since it not only has the backing of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mellon and the ACLS but has, since 2005, remained essentially self-supporting. All of that is well and good. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But the issue of sustainability also resides in the presence of what can be called the Balkanization of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(noncompeting resources.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A quick search of the Web reveals many such entities like )] TJ ET BT 315.620 463.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 338.948 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Some of these are much larger, others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(smaller. Nearly all, however, are struggling to remain viable, while others have already gone the way of all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(digital flesh. So what?s to come of these sites if they fail? Where do the resources go, and who owns them? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It?s a question that begs answering. Too much of the Web-based presence is a ?do or die? proposition, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many of the smaller \(and some larger\) ventures are following the latter rather than the former. This is not to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(say that print-based medium did not also experience its fair share of what we in library work call ?dead and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defunct titles.? But we also have many examples of the twenty, thirty and 500-year reign of print-based )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resources. We are still waiting for that first digital presence of a database lasting longer than 30 years. This is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an issue that )] TJ ET BT 96.344 349.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 119.672 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s own newsletter addresses better than I could:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the face of Google, go-it-alone, single-publisher solutions \(however defined\) have not ? and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will not ? work. While a multipolar system of independent entities will maintain innovation and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incubate diversity of talent and approach, it?s time to bring together these disparate resources ? )] TJ ET BT 64.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the JSTORs, MUSEs, )] TJ ET BT 171.692 268.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 195.020 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(s, Hathis ? into a cross-searchable, unified system of journals, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monographs, primary-source collections, preliminary research findings, pre- and post-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication peer review. Issues of governance, finance, distribution and archiving are daunting. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(They can, must and will be worked out. There is no longer any alternative.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 421.952 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(18\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 421.952 224.115 m 441.944 224.115 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 187.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The sad fact of the matter is that with the exception of Google \(and again, nothing is certain in the digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 172.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world\), not many others will survive the dog-eat-dog cyberworld. It costs too much merely to get material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 158.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(online, to say nothing of keeping it up, archiving it, making it readily searchable, and so on. )] TJ ET BT 477.308 158.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEB)] TJ ET BT 500.636 158.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 144.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newsletter author is more sanguine than I am. Certainly it must be worked out. Whether it will or not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remains a mystery, and that mystery may well prove to be the undoing of many digital sources, not to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 115.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention the whole e-book enterprise.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 212.984 115.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(19\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 212.984 114.579 m 232.976 114.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 89.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second issue has to do with mass digitization projects in general. When they first began to show up on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the scene, the talk centered on digital preservation. Everyone knew then what we know now: these images )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will not last forever, and certainly will be around for a far shorter duration than printed texts to which many )] TJ ET endstream endobj 78 0 obj [76 0 R /Fit] endobj 79 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 80 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 201.3437 669.3415 221.3357 681.2215 ] >> endobj 80 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 81 0 obj [76 0 R /Fit] endobj 82 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 83 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 421.9517 224.4295 441.9437 236.3095 ] >> endobj 83 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 84 0 obj [76 0 R /Fit] endobj 85 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 86 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 212.9837 114.8935 232.9757 126.7735 ] >> endobj 86 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 87 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 89 0 R 91 0 R 93 0 R 95 0 R 97 0 R 99 0 R 101 0 R 103 0 R 105 0 R 107 0 R ] /Contents 88 0 R >> endobj 88 0 obj << /Length 9043 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the professoriate, at least in the US, appear to be suddenly allergic. Digital preservation is still a topic, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it is not a key, foremost, or primary one. Now, almost no one talks about it or raises it as an important issue. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It isn?t because we have solved the problem of image degradation in tiff and gif formats. It?s simply that this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a matter no one wants to discuss for a number of reasons. It?s unglamorous for one, and it only adds to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather substantial costs. But the trouble remains. We have not solved the problem of long-term digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preservation, and it does not look like we will, at least in the short term. When I raised this matter at a cyber-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conference it was not greeted with much more than ho-hum, not-so-polite throat-clearing and a general, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Next question?. Finally a technician stood up and said he wanted to allay my fears. ?We?ll fix all that?, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(said. ?Consider it done.?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That was ten years ago.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(September 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 595.011 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 564.394 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 564.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sir Berners-Lee?s original idea about the Web included more things like blogging and less what we )] TJ ET BT 64.016 550.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now have \(pornography, ads-a-million, business applications, and narcissism run amok\). Said Berners-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 535.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lee, ?I feel that the web should be something, which basically doesn't try to coerce people into putting )] TJ ET BT 64.016 521.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular sorts of things on it.? See Mark Lawson, ?Berners-Lee on the read/write web?, )] TJ ET BT 496.580 521.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(BBC News)] TJ ET BT 548.252 521.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 507.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9 August 2005 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 144.452 507.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 144.452 505.971 m 198.440 505.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 493.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(G. K. Chesterton, )] TJ ET BT 151.340 493.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(What?s Wrong with the World)] TJ ET BT 297.344 493.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 1910\), p. 320. This book is also )] TJ ET BT 64.016 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available online, e.g., )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 169.664 478.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 169.664 477.459 m 223.652 477.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 464.602 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 464.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for example, his concern in Robert Darnton, ?Google and the future of books?, )] TJ ET BT 468.596 464.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The New York )] TJ ET BT 64.016 450.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Review of Books)] TJ ET BT 143.336 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, February 19, 2009 < )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 250.424 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 250.424 448.947 m 304.412 448.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 436.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(<)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 70.784 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 70.784 434.691 m 124.772 434.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 421.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A host of articles is now appearing regarding the future of publishing ? all publishing ? not just )] TJ ET BT 64.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanities publishing. See, for example, Scott Jaschik, ?Change or die?, )] TJ ET BT 422.312 407.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Inside Higher Ed.)] TJ ET BT 507.968 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 15 July )] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 97.784 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 97.784 391.923 m 151.772 391.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 379.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I mention only three such books, though I could name 20: James Suroweicki, )] TJ ET BT 440.648 379.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wisdom of Crowds )] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York, NY, 2005\); Jeff Howe, )] TJ ET BT 237.632 364.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Crowdsourcing: Why the Power of Crowds Is Driving the Future )] TJ ET BT 64.016 350.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of Business)] TJ ET BT 118.352 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(New York, NY, 2008\); and the most hagiographic, Jeff Jarvis, )] TJ ET BT 433.292 350.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(What Would Google Do?)] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York, NY, 2009\). All of the books are very well written and argued well but tout the ?genius? )] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of crowds over the individual genius. Ostensibly, all three men travel in crowds far different from my )] TJ ET BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own, and I spend as much of my time outside the university setting as in it.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 423.668 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 423.668 306.387 m 477.656 306.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 293.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For more on this see <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 171.776 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 171.776 292.131 m 225.764 292.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 279.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For more see <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 139.436 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 139.436 277.875 m 193.424 277.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 265.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Here?s a small example. Amazon placed Orwell?s works on its Kindle for purchase but without the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(requisite DRM \(Digital Rights Management\) as touching copyright. Orwell?s works ? in what is an )] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ironic twist ?have now been erased from all Kindle holders of his works. See Brad Stone, ?Amazon )] TJ ET BT 64.016 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rrases Orwell?, )] TJ ET BT 139.652 222.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New York Times)] TJ ET BT 218.324 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 17 July 2009 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 296.096 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 296.096 220.851 m 350.084 220.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 207.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This may well be on the way to improving even more, at least as far as reading digital texts on e-book )] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers. E-Ink page screen technology \(technically known as electrophoretic display\) is all the rave )] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now, but 3Qi screens are on the way and may prove even better. Better because 3Qi refreshes screens )] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(faster, meaning that pages will turn faster and display more quickly, utilizing the low energy of the E-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ink technology but with a non-blinking LCD look. For more, see Tom Peters, ?Keep your eyes on the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(screen?, )] TJ ET BT 108.992 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Smart Libraries Newsletter)] TJ ET BT 239.672 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 252.440 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 252.440 135.315 m 312.428 135.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 122.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(We still don?t know what this means in terms of long-term use, but we do know a number of minor )] TJ ET BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problems from long-term computer usage. These include the obvious eyestrain but also encompass )] TJ ET BT 64.016 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general stress and other physiological issues: headaches, upset stomach, vertigo and so on. I mention )] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this in passing only because we need now to be thinking of these issues before all or virtually all \(no )] TJ ET BT 64.016 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pun intended\) scholarly materials are converted to electronic-only, or even electronic-mainly, formats. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 51.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It will serve us little to discover in another decade or so a potential threat to access for a not )] TJ ET endstream endobj 89 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 90 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 144.4517 506.2855 198.4397 518.1655 ] >> endobj 90 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 91 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 92 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 169.6637 477.7735 223.6517 489.6535 ] >> endobj 92 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 93 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 94 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 250.4237 449.2615 304.4117 461.1415 ] >> endobj 94 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 95 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 96 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 70.7837 435.0055 124.7717 446.8855 ] >> endobj 96 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 97 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 98 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 97.7837 392.2375 151.7717 404.1175 ] >> endobj 98 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 32 0 R >> endobj 99 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 100 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 423.6677 306.7015 477.6557 318.5815 ] >> endobj 100 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 35 0 R >> endobj 101 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 102 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 171.7757 292.4455 225.7637 304.3255 ] >> endobj 102 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 38 0 R >> endobj 103 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 104 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 139.4357 278.1895 193.4237 290.0695 ] >> endobj 104 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 41 0 R >> endobj 105 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 106 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 296.0957 221.1655 350.0837 233.0455 ] >> endobj 106 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 44 0 R >> endobj 107 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 108 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 252.4397 135.6295 312.4277 147.5095 ] >> endobj 108 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 51 0 R >> endobj 109 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 111 0 R 113 0 R 115 0 R 117 0 R 119 0 R 121 0 R 123 0 R 125 0 R 127 0 R 129 0 R ] /Contents 110 0 R >> endobj 110 0 obj << /Length 6747 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insignificant percentage of scholars who cannot tolerate online access.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 401.600 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 401.600 795.075 m 461.588 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 782.218 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marc Beja, ?Advocates for the Blind Sue ASU over Kindle use?, )] TJ ET BT 384.956 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicle of Higher Education)] TJ ET BT 534.620 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 2 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(July 2009 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 120.788 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 120.788 766.563 m 180.776 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 753.706 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(13.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More about this and other features can be found at <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 315.392 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 315.392 752.307 m 375.380 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 739.450 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I mentioned several such books and articles in an earlier review on the Gutenberg-e but mention )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another that has only recently come to light. See Erica Hendry, ?Students may not be as software-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(savvy as they think, study says?, )] TJ ET BT 223.340 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicle of Higher Education)] TJ ET BT 373.004 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 20 July 2009 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 453.776 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 453.776 709.539 m 513.764 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 696.682 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(My comments here are only slightly tongue-in-cheek. I am bewildered by the ?notes? in modern )] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books that appear in the back of text as ?notes to pages 456?567?. It might have been easier simply to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tell the reader ?good luck? or to write the author if they want them ? an amazing convention I am now )] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seeing in some modern texts. Scholarly works by Panofsky or Frazier, for example, would never be )] TJ ET BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published today. I?m reminded of the scene in )] TJ ET BT 291.980 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Amadeus)] TJ ET BT 335.972 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( when Emperor Joseph II says to Mozart )] TJ ET BT 64.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about ?The Marriage of Figaro, ?Too many notes?. I fear the same will be said henceforth by )] TJ ET BT 64.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publishers to any scholar who wishes to substantiate claims. See Anthony Grafton, )] TJ ET BT 466.976 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Footnote: A )] TJ ET BT 64.016 596.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Curious History)] TJ ET BT 141.692 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, MA, 1997\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 264.344 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 264.344 595.491 m 324.332 595.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 582.634 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(<)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 70.784 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(16\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 70.784 581.235 m 130.772 581.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 568.378 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(17.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This news comes to me via an email of the )] TJ ET BT 271.988 568.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HEBookNews)] TJ ET BT 338.648 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(,3, 3 \(Summer 2009\). It was not available on )] TJ ET BT 64.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the website at the time of this writing.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 246.008 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(17\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 246.008 552.723 m 305.996 552.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 539.866 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(<)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 70.784 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(18\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 70.784 538.467 m 130.772 538.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 525.610 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(E-book readers are beyond the scope of this review but are not entirely tangential to it. For example, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if collections like ebrary, netLibrary, Questia and the rest are to survive, they must adapt to the so-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(called 2.0 world of PDAs, cell phones and wireless delivery. Ebrary has done that recently and others )] TJ ET BT 64.016 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will not be far behind. But all of them attempting the same sort of delivery apart from one another, or )] TJ ET BT 64.016 468.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a noncompetitive manner will simply mean that all will fail or struggle. It is neither the best of all )] TJ ET BT 64.016 454.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possible worlds or one that I like, but there it is. See Jennifer Howard, ?University presses can hang )] TJ ET BT 64.016 440.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together to make e-books, or all hang separately? )] TJ ET BT 302.960 440.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicle of Higher Education)] TJ ET BT 452.624 440.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 55, 42 \(24 July )] TJ ET BT 64.016 425.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009\), A11. See also Jill Hurst-Wahl, ?Are digitization providers in financial trouble??, 6 July 2009 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 411.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(19\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 410.163 m 124.004 410.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 366.319 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 348.539 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 348.539 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/793)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 347.145 m 322.316 347.145 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 322.168 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 307.768 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3772)] TJ ET BT 34.016 293.368 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.humanitiesebook.org/index.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.968 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.jstor.org/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 264.568 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://muse.jhu.edu/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 250.168 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 111 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 112 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 401.5997 795.3895 461.5877 807.2695 ] >> endobj 112 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 56 0 R >> endobj 113 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 114 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 120.7877 766.8775 180.7757 778.7575 ] >> endobj 114 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 59 0 R >> endobj 115 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 116 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 315.3917 752.6215 375.3797 764.5015 ] >> endobj 116 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 62 0 R >> endobj 117 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 118 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 453.7757 709.8535 513.7637 721.7335 ] >> endobj 118 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 65 0 R >> endobj 119 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 120 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 264.3437 595.8055 324.3317 607.6855 ] >> endobj 120 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 70 0 R >> endobj 121 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 122 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 70.7837 581.5495 130.7717 593.4295 ] >> endobj 122 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 73 0 R >> endobj 123 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 124 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 246.0077 553.0375 305.9957 564.9175 ] >> endobj 124 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 78 0 R >> endobj 125 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 126 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 70.7837 538.7815 130.7717 550.6615 ] >> endobj 126 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 81 0 R >> endobj 127 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 128 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 410.4775 124.0037 422.3575 ] >> endobj 128 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 84 0 R >> endobj 129 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 130 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 347.4595 322.3157 359.3395 ] >> endobj 130 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/793) >> endobj xref 0 131 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000371 00000 n 0000000408 00000 n 0000000550 00000 n 0000000632 00000 n 0000005413 00000 n 0000005522 00000 n 0000005632 00000 n 0000005741 00000 n 0000009302 00000 n 0000009430 00000 n 0000009514 00000 n 0000009626 00000 n 0000018657 00000 n 0000018687 00000 n 0000018815 00000 n 0000018851 00000 n 0000018881 00000 n 0000019009 00000 n 0000019045 00000 n 0000019173 00000 n 0000019266 00000 n 0000019296 00000 n 0000019424 00000 n 0000019460 00000 n 0000019490 00000 n 0000019618 00000 n 0000019654 00000 n 0000019787 00000 n 0000029895 00000 n 0000029925 00000 n 0000030053 00000 n 0000030089 00000 n 0000030119 00000 n 0000030247 00000 n 0000030283 00000 n 0000030313 00000 n 0000030441 00000 n 0000030477 00000 n 0000030507 00000 n 0000030635 00000 n 0000030671 00000 n 0000030701 00000 n 0000030829 00000 n 0000030865 00000 n 0000030993 00000 n 0000031066 00000 n 0000031194 00000 n 0000031266 00000 n 0000031296 00000 n 0000031424 00000 n 0000031460 00000 n 0000031565 00000 n 0000039076 00000 n 0000039106 00000 n 0000039234 00000 n 0000039270 00000 n 0000039300 00000 n 0000039428 00000 n 0000039464 00000 n 0000039494 00000 n 0000039622 00000 n 0000039658 00000 n 0000039688 00000 n 0000039816 00000 n 0000039852 00000 n 0000039943 00000 n 0000048672 00000 n 0000048702 00000 n 0000048830 00000 n 0000048866 00000 n 0000048896 00000 n 0000049024 00000 n 0000049060 00000 n 0000049158 00000 n 0000057184 00000 n 0000057214 00000 n 0000057342 00000 n 0000057378 00000 n 0000057408 00000 n 0000057536 00000 n 0000057572 00000 n 0000057602 00000 n 0000057730 00000 n 0000057766 00000 n 0000057917 00000 n 0000067013 00000 n 0000067141 00000 n 0000067196 00000 n 0000067324 00000 n 0000067379 00000 n 0000067507 00000 n 0000067562 00000 n 0000067689 00000 n 0000067744 00000 n 0000067871 00000 n 0000067926 00000 n 0000068055 00000 n 0000068111 00000 n 0000068241 00000 n 0000068297 00000 n 0000068427 00000 n 0000068483 00000 n 0000068613 00000 n 0000068669 00000 n 0000068799 00000 n 0000068855 00000 n 0000069014 00000 n 0000075815 00000 n 0000075945 00000 n 0000076001 00000 n 0000076131 00000 n 0000076187 00000 n 0000076317 00000 n 0000076373 00000 n 0000076503 00000 n 0000076559 00000 n 0000076689 00000 n 0000076745 00000 n 0000076874 00000 n 0000076930 00000 n 0000077060 00000 n 0000077116 00000 n 0000077245 00000 n 0000077301 00000 n 0000077430 00000 n 0000077486 00000 n 0000077616 00000 n trailer << /Size 131 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 77712 %%EOF