%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 24 0 R 32 0 R 51 0 R 72 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722181728+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722181728+01'00') /Title (Medieval Sources Online) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 19 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5638 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Medieval Sources Online)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Most famously, Aristotle declared that men are by nature political. It?s chancy, of course, to take on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(genius of Stagirus, but he did manage to get it wrong once in a very long while \(oh, to be so wrong so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infrequently!\). Chaucer, however, may have had it more accurately \(and certainly did so as he anticipated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our digital age\) when he argued that men by nature ?love newfangledness?. Nothing inspires men more than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a new gadget or some new digital gewgaw by which means we can throw about our testosterone \(?My )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(smartphone is faster, bigger, more app-endowed...?\) in yet another, if somewhat oddly geeky, way. Clothes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may make the man, but gadgets define his seriousness, his worth, or so we?re led to believe, and quite a few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of us believe it.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 247.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medieval Sources Online)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 245.847 m 155.324 245.847 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 158.324 247.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 172.316 247.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(or as it appears most often, )] TJ ET BT 311.624 247.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medieval Sourcesonline)] TJ ET BT 427.268 247.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) may not be the most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newfangled of the newfangled digital offerings, but it is one of the most curious at first glance. Here is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(field known for its )] TJ ET BT 126.008 218.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(laudator temporis acti,)] TJ ET BT 236.348 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and yet here it is, in all its online glory. But a quick thought erases )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such nonsense. In another sense, medieval sources should have been online first, given their importance, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as their variety and delight.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 188.660 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 188.660 188.649 m 202.652 188.649 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 202.652 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Furthermore, much of that age?s history, the hagiography, politics, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religion and so on is fundamental to understanding everything else that follows.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thankfully, the long-learned craft, our short lives, and our love of newfangledness all conspired to give us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press?s )] TJ ET BT 184.988 135.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medieval Sources Online)] TJ ET BT 306.296 135.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET BT 313.292 135.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 337.952 135.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). Currently there are about three thousand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pages of materials ?annotated and edited to the high standard expected of a university press.?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 480.920 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 480.920 119.625 m 494.912 119.625 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 494.912 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Given that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the press in question has more than 100 years of experience in creating such resources, scholars and students )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Middle Ages now have a primary source for teaching and research. New titles added to the series will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be added to )] TJ ET BT 92.336 78.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 116.996 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( following a two year embargo.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 51.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The content of )] TJ ET BT 107.000 51.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 131.660 51.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is not, when compared to other databases, very formidable. Indeed, one would not use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(794)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 September, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.medievalsources.co.uk/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Herring)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 258.4723 34.0157 258.4723 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.medievalsources.co.uk/) >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 245.9875 155.3237 257.8675 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.medievalsources.co.uk/) >> endobj 18 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 188.6597 188.9635 202.6517 200.8435 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 480.9197 119.9395 494.9117 131.8195 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 8404 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the world formidable at all when describing the numeric content of )] TJ ET BT 358.292 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 382.952 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. As of August 2009, only 13 texts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were available online. These 13 did include full translations of entire texts \()] TJ ET BT 396.956 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Annals of Fulda, The Annals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of St- Bertin, The History of the Tyrants of Sicily by ?Hugo Falcandus? 1154-69)] TJ ET BT 420.008 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and more content-specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(texts such as )] TJ ET BT 97.676 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Catholic England)] TJ ET BT 182.684 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 188.684 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women in England 1275-1525)] TJ ET BT 335.672 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 341.672 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jews in Western Europe 1400-1600)] TJ ET BT 512.984 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chronicles of the Revoltuion1397-1400,)] TJ ET BT 226.676 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(the deposition of Richard II and the usurpation of Henry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bolinbroke\), )] TJ ET BT 98.012 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Black Death,)] TJ ET BT 184.664 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Norman Europe)] TJ ET BT 262.328 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and more. Janet Nelson of Kings College and Rosemary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Horrox of Fitzwilliam College in concert with the Press have been able to attract some of the most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognizable names in Medieval Studies to write for the series. Among these are Timothy Reuter, R. N. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Swanson, Jennifer Ward, and P. J. P. Goldberg.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The texts are easy to use. A simple browse feature allows access into the texts and a search mechanism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allows for richer, deeper investigation. Universities with subscription access can have unlimited use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout the campus, and, of course, texts proffered by the Press can be used as texts for individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courses. Most interesting is the print option which allows single copies to be made available to students ?to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take the texts away with them to read?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 221.312 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 221.312 597.747 m 235.304 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 235.304 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Subscriptions are both individual \(US $144\) and institution wide )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(US $224\). Obviously, buying each one of these texts individually \(and of course having only one copy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each\), would cost more than the institution-wide subscriptions, even relying on Amazon for the best possible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prices. On the balance, Medieval Sources Online is one of the more affordable online resources for just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about any library. Granted, access to a baker?s dozen of resources isn?t much, but if those resources are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among the most important for the field of study \(and in this case they are\), then any institution offering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval studies or even medieval courses should give serious consideration to the )] TJ ET BT 435.296 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 459.956 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( purchase.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What makes this collection useful is the access it offers to original documents. For example, )] TJ ET BT 479.624 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Towns of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Italy in the Later Middle Ages)] TJ ET BT 178.340 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( offers scholars and students access to documentation and chronology in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(translation not only to primary sources but also to current debates. And the range ? all of Italy ? is enormous. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(108 documents offer a backdrop to medieval Italy in specific and European medieval history in general.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Horrox?s work on the Black Death provides both medieval and contemporary views of the dreaded disease. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The horrific malady that is estimated to have killed 25 million people in Europe in the 14th century is now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attributed to flea bites. But lacking such scientific knowledge, it?s no wonder that many thought divine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(retribution was being visited upon them. It is doubtless, too, at least one reason why Chaucer described our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(teary vale as ?lyfe so short?. Horrox?s book has contemporary significance even today, given the staggering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revelation of the ?Black Death?s? recrudescence. In August of this year, an outbreak of the plague in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(province of Qinghai caused the Chinese government to quarantine the town of Ziketan and its 10,000 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(residents.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 79.676 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 79.676 317.139 m 93.668 317.139 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 93.668 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This is the sixth outbreak of the plague since 2001, according to the World Health )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Organization. The final third of Horrox?s book provides a glimpse into the social and psychological impact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and its devastating economic impact of the disease. The book covers Sicily, Florence, Avignon, Padua, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bristol and more.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The reach of these and other sources is far beyond their themes of even the period covered. Students of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature, history, sociology, geography, economics, philosophy and religion will benefit from access to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these materials. Given the nominal cost, most students in these areas would benefit greatly from this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exposure, even if their major field of study is not literature. But Medieval Sources Online has more to offer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than just the resources. Its portal is also of importance to those interested in medieval studies. The portal is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public and so is open to anyone, whether subscribing or not, and so its many resources are available to any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who know about it. The portal links users to important medieval sources on the web. The link, ?Women in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval times,? for example, provides access to key medieval women and their work: women in the law, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commerce, and women at home in medieval times. Links to the spirituality of women in medieval times is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also included. ?The Black Death? links users to sources, sometimes digitized ones, to reactions to the disease )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well as the ?Peasant?s Revolt of 1381?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?The Anglo-Saxons? links users to sources on or about Beowulf, Bede, archeological sites, and what life was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like during these times. ?The Crusaders? provides links to artwork, military orders, Saladin, the Byzantine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire, Jews, the First and Second Crusades and a great deal more. ?Magna Carta and King John? gives )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 221.3117 598.0615 235.3037 609.9415 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 79.6757 317.4535 93.6677 329.3335 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 35 0 R 38 0 R 41 0 R 44 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 8952 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers access to various online renditions of the original text and documents contemporaneous with it. ?The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vikings? link takes readers to )] TJ ET BT 179.660 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Heimskringla)] TJ ET BT 244.988 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the Chronicle of Kings of Norway and other sources in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medieval and Classical Library)] TJ ET BT 187.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Other links provide access to monasticism, the Norman Conquest, and like-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minded subjects. Following these excellent links are others to search engines and megasearch engines \(e.g. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dogpile\) that will provide students new to medieval studies a research lantern to light their way.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Why can?t students simply ?google? medieval studies? Doubtless they can and will, but this page acts as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first level of filter. Google, despite what it says, is more about quantity over quality. Only persistent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researchers are willing to go beyond the first page or two, most students believing the first screen enough.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 542.264 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 542.264 683.283 m 556.256 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weaning students from the one-search-fits-all approach is troublesome enough. But weaning them from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thinking that?s the end of any type of research is more difficult still. The portal provides professors with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way of telling students where to begin since beginning \(and ending\) at Google is all too commonplace. Of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course, a single portal will not do this, but it is at least a start.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many of the links in the portal come from )] TJ ET BT 238.328 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The ORB:)] TJ ET BT 289.652 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Online Reference Sources for Medieval Studies)] TJ ET BT 516.608 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and its associated )] TJ ET BT 121.004 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Internet Medieval Sourcebook)] TJ ET BT 266.300 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( site, so why not just send students there? While that is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certainly an option, the said site can be daunting to the uninitiated. Medieval Sources Online organizes the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material in such a way that not only guides students in the right direction, but also provides them with ideas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Having said all that, the portal did have some problems. In more than one case, sources ended in dead links. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I tried on several different days in different weeks to be sure this simply wasn?t a glitch in my service or my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institution?s service, but alas, no. Either the links are broken because the sites are no longer maintained, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persistent uniform resource locator \(PURL\) was not used to begin with, or the sites are no longer being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintained. But it could be for no other reason than because the sites are on the web and fall victim to link )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rot.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Link rot \(or linkrot, as it?s sometimes written\) is a process whereby either the links fail or the site itself is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changed but some or many of the links do not.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 256.664 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 256.664 404.931 m 270.656 404.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 270.656 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It is a problem on the web and one that has not entirely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vanished with PURLs and other Web upgrades. Some links fail in as many as 36 months or as few as 18. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is less of a problem with aggregate databases \(e.g. )] TJ ET BT 301.964 377.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Academic Search Premier, Lexis-Nexis)] TJ ET BT 489.920 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) as it is with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(open or public sites on the web, but both experience link rot \(either through links themselves or their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associated footnotes\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 137.996 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 137.996 347.907 m 151.988 347.907 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 151.988 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( What users are to do at this point remains a mystery; and if it?s puzzling to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(superannuated users of the Web, what must it be to the novice or the casual student?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 438.608 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 438.608 333.651 m 452.600 333.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 452.600 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( PURLs solve part of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the problem, allowing for permanent link-tracing regardless of what happens to the site other than complete )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(takedown or dismantlement. Link rot continues as one of a number of problems bedeviling the Web, one that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will not soon disappear until standards and other guidelines are imposed upon a medium that delights in its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own wildness.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 102.680 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 102.680 276.627 m 116.672 276.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another rather annoying problem with the Web and with Medieval Sources Online is ascertaining when the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last update occurred on the site. The ?publication? date on the site is copyrighted ?by Manchester Press )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1991?2004?. Does this mean that Manchester carried out its project until 2004 and dropped it, or is this the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last date of the last update. Either way, an answer would be useful, so I sought one by emailing the contact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(listed at Medieval Sources Online, asking not only about this, but also a few other questions. More than a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(month has passed and I do not have either an acknowledgement of the inquiry nor do I know if anyone is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regularly monitoring the site. Some brief statement or )] TJ ET BT 294.992 166.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(nota bene)] TJ ET BT 341.984 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to this effect would be most helpful. Never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one to give up immediately, I surfed over the Manchester University Press \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 136.323 m 251.660 136.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 254.660 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 268.652 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and fished \(not phished, mind you\) about for an answer. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While it?s still possible to find )] TJ ET BT 184.028 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 208.688 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( titles by searching MUP?s site, there?s no word about )] TJ ET BT 472.988 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 497.648 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, save for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the web address listing on its FAQ page. After an hour of poking about, I finally emailed various contact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(listing for a reply. MUP replied to my inquiry, directing me to email )] TJ ET BT 365.000 94.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 389.660 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Much of this trouble could be easily bypassed if web administrators would simply keep up sites, if only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minimally. While I find )] TJ ET BT 151.016 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 175.676 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( an excellent site, this kind of silence serves neither its reputation nor that of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj [32 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 542.2637 683.5975 556.2557 695.4775 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj [32 0 R /Fit] endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 256.6637 405.2455 270.6557 417.1255 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 40 0 obj [32 0 R /Fit] endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 137.9957 348.2215 151.9877 360.1015 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 43 0 obj [32 0 R /Fit] endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 438.6077 333.9655 452.5997 345.8455 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 46 0 obj [32 0 R /Fit] endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 102.6797 276.9415 116.6717 288.8215 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 136.6375 251.6597 148.5175 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/) >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 54 0 R 57 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R 64 0 R 66 0 R 68 0 R 70 0 R ] /Contents 52 0 R >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Length 8625 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MUP. But this is yet another problem if we intend the Web to become our world?s global library ? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nothing I?ve seen so far tells me this is )] TJ ET BT 223.664 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(not)] TJ ET BT 239.000 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( what many desire. It may not be your desire or mine, it is without )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question the desire and the design of Google, Gates, et al. Not one to demonize either of those eponyms, let )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(me hasten to say that many in my own profession ? librarianship ? also seek this endgame. They are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(succeeding while so many nagging problems, like the furiously maddening dripping faucet that cannot be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fixed or stopped, are draining our intellectual capital. We?ll have this digital and global village library, but it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may one day appear to have been designed by the digital village idiot.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course, it doesn?t have to be this way, but we?re all in a rush ? no one seems to know why ? to get, well, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where we?re not sure either, but certainly away, far away from paper and those things like magazines and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books so dependent upon it. Whether it?s the revenge of the eco-freaks or a case of the green-with-envy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crowd run amok is anyone?s guess. But we are losing to the digital world a great deal of material, even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material it feigns to support and provide access to. The problem is that when digital materials manifest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficulties, the first rule of thumb is to deny them while quickly moving on to the next digital project. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(digital wild world anything is possible, and there are no police. Readers of my earlier reviews will recall the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Orwellian brouhaha in which Amazon and its Kindle put out the fire by summarily deleting Orwell?s books.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The move enraged readers everywhere, to say nothing of the irony of the author in question and the Big )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brother-like move. It also sparked at least one lawsuit.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 295.976 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 295.976 542.979 m 315.968 542.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 315.968 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Is this merely a digital hiccup or the tip of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proverbial iceberg? It?s too early to say but probably not a mere hiccup; it is part of the overall problem of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trying to change quickly from what has worked well for more than half a millennium to something that has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only worked ? and not always well ? for only a few decades.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 324.272 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 324.272 500.211 m 344.264 500.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 344.264 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Perhaps if we all took a collective digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breath, we might be able to figure out what works in this medium and what doesn?t and be content with that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which remains. But I dream while I digress.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Contrary to what readers might be thinking, this oneiric discussion does have more than passing bearing on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 58.676 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The missing link, as it were, in the evolution, so to say, from print to digital is a common platform )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upon which all things digital can work. Kindle has taken the early lead, but more gizmos and gadgets loom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the horizon.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 106.340 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 106.340 402.675 m 126.332 402.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 129.332 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 153.992 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, alive or dead, may one day be relegated to access only upon new widgets now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerging, or, as is more likely the case, ones that have yet to be invented. The dizzying array makes the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.442 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prospect of reading almost as laborious as sex has become since )] TJ ET BT 344.288 375.442 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Playboy)] TJ ET BT 383.612 375.442 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, et al.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trevelyan, as it?s well known, argued that our education had succeeded in creating a vast population able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 346.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read but largely unable to distinguish what is worth reading. I fear we may soon be upon those days where, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(education or no, reading will not be a matter of a discriminating intellect knowing what to read, but of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(access, availability, ease of digitization and whether or not the text has been ?erased? for whatever the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reason contingent upon reading at all. We?ll have a vast population of tech-loaded individuals but with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 289.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kindle-only or Google-only regulated reading. Ah, but it?s brave, new world, after all.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the interregnum, however, we can rejoice in sources like )] TJ ET BT 324.272 263.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(MSO)] TJ ET BT 348.932 263.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( because it does what the Web does, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed, do so very, very well: it makes what may not yet have been known, known to all ? at least for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time being.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 200.211 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 169.594 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 169.589 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I think here of Lewis? famous quip that the literature of the Renaissance was but a drop in the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 155.333 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proverbial bucket to the literature of the Middle Ages. His quip may appear overdrawn to some but )] TJ ET BT 64.016 141.077 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lewis made a strong case in both )] TJ ET BT 226.988 141.077 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Discarded Image)] TJ ET BT 330.968 141.077 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the )] TJ ET BT 371.960 141.077 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Allegory of Love)] TJ ET BT 451.952 141.077 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Anyone who has )] TJ ET BT 64.016 126.821 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read at all the literature of the Middle Ages will likely be quick to agree.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 411.620 126.821 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 411.620 125.427 m 465.608 125.427 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 112.570 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 112.565 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(<)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 70.784 112.565 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 70.784 111.171 m 124.772 111.171 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 98.314 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 98.309 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(<)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 70.784 98.309 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 70.784 96.915 m 124.772 96.915 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 84.058 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 84.053 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph Brownstein, ?Blast from the past: plague strikes China?, 5 August 2009 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 453.428 84.053 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 453.428 82.659 m 507.416 82.659 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 69.802 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 69.797 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For more on the search habits of students see Andy Guess, ?Research methods ?Beyond Google??, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 55.541 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Inside Higher Education)] TJ ET BT 182.672 55.541 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 17 June 2009 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 262.436 55.541 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 262.436 54.147 m 316.424 54.147 l S endstream endobj 53 0 obj [51 0 R /Fit] endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 55 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 295.9757 543.2935 315.9677 555.1735 ] >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 56 0 obj [51 0 R /Fit] endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 58 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 324.2717 500.5255 344.2637 512.4055 ] >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 59 0 obj [51 0 R /Fit] endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 61 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 106.3397 402.9895 126.3317 414.8695 ] >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 63 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 411.6197 125.7415 465.6077 137.6215 ] >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 18 0 R >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 65 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 70.7837 111.4855 124.7717 123.3655 ] >> endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 67 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 70.7837 97.2295 124.7717 109.1095 ] >> endobj 67 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 69 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 453.4277 82.9735 507.4157 94.8535 ] >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 70 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 71 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 262.4357 54.4615 316.4237 66.3415 ] >> endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 74 0 R 76 0 R 78 0 R 80 0 R 82 0 R 84 0 R 86 0 R 88 0 R 90 0 R ] /Contents 73 0 R >> endobj 73 0 obj << /Length 5352 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Susan Lyons, ?Persistent identification of electronic documents and the future of footnotes?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Law Library Journal)] TJ ET BT 164.696 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 97, 4 \(Fall 2005\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 254.360 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 254.360 780.819 m 308.348 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 767.962 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the risk of self-promotion, see my )] TJ ET BT 244.664 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fool?s Gold: Why the Internet Is No Substitute for a Library)] TJ ET BT 536.660 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Jefferson, NC, 2007\), as another place to examine this phenomenon. Chapter four of that book details )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the unsolved problems that really must be resolved if our online futures are not to end in a black hole, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or, as is more likely the case, ?Error 404 File not found?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 337.304 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 337.304 723.795 m 391.292 723.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 710.938 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This ?casual student? could be )] TJ ET BT 213.656 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(any)] TJ ET BT 230.984 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( student as recent studies indicate students aren?t the tech-gurus we )] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take them to be. Yes, they use Facebook or Twitter, but if asked to move beyond that or to think )] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critically about using the Web, they are as often at a loss as the nearly retired professor who is hanging )] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on just to get full retirement. This is why many institutions are turning to Information Literacy to solve )] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this problem.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 127.352 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 127.352 652.515 m 181.340 652.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 639.658 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Let me add, too, that it will not surprise me in the least for some of the links added here to end in a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?404 error not found? )] TJ ET BT 171.320 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(cul de sac)] TJ ET BT 219.308 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. It won?t be from my not trying to prevent this but from the nature of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the beast that is the Web.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 184.664 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 184.664 609.747 m 238.652 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 596.890 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Geoffrey Fowler, ?Lawsuit: Amazon ate my homework?, )] TJ ET BT 342.284 596.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(WSJ Blogs. Digits, )] TJ ET BT 435.284 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30 July 2009 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 507.056 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 507.056 595.491 m 547.052 595.491 l S BT 64.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 581.235 m 84.008 581.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 568.378 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cory Doctorow, ?Jeff Bezos? Kindle apology: please tell us what the Kindle can do? )] TJ ET BT 474.272 568.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(BoingBoing)] TJ ET BT 531.608 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 23 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(July 2009<)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 117.788 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 117.788 552.723 m 177.776 552.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 539.866 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cliff Edwards, ?Barnes & Noble: who needs Amazon?s Kindle??, )] TJ ET BT 384.284 539.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Business Week: The Tech Beat, 20 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(July 2009 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 120.788 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 120.788 524.211 m 180.776 524.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 480.367 526.499 1.500 re 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