%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140416090233+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140416090233+01'00') /Title (The Bolsheviks and the National Question 1917-23) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 1941 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Bolsheviks and the National Question 1917-23)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(80)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 October, 1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jeremy Smith)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780333727591)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(80.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(304pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Macmillan Press Ltd)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?PID=258176)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Raymond Pearson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 5447 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For almost half a century, the classic description and analysis of Communist treatment of the nationalities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question over the early years of the Bolshevik regime has been Richard Pipes magisterial The Formation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Soviet Union: Communism and Nationalism, 1917- 1923, published by Harvard University Press in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1954. To suggest that Pipes depicts the ideology-mandated suppression of the non-Russians drive for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independence and their forcible incorporation into a Soviet Prison of Nations whose management is passing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the mistaken idealism of Lenin to the brutal megalomania of Stalin might caricature his interpretation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but still conveys the essence of what has been seen by many as a sub-zero Cold Warrior work of history. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With the end of the Cold War, the greater availability of primary sources from ex-Soviet archives is enabling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians to add documentary substance to their past misgivings about Pipes antagonistic interpretation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That the new preface to the third and latest edition of The Formation of the Soviet Union published as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently as 1997 makes no serious attempt to update a perception dating from the darkest days of the Cold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War could be regarded as provocative. It is therefore no surprise that a new-generation researcher mining the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archive collections of the Russian Federation has now challenged the long-established but arguably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outmoded holy writ of Pipes and produced what could be taken for the first post-Cold War interpretation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the critical foundation years of the USSR.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jeremy Smith diplomatically suggests that Pipes covers rather different territory from his own study, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example focusing on the major nations which became the Union Republics rather than the smaller )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationalities within Russia and the Transcaucasian peoples targeted by himself. He also claims that while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pipes considers the earlier processes by which the borderlands were sovietised and brought under Bolshevik )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control, his own work focuses on the policies which were implemented once Soviet power was in place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p.xi\). Notwithstanding this modest disclaimer of the challenge implicit in his study, Smiths tactful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proposition that the two works are distinct yet complimentary \(sic\) cannot mask the fundamental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(divergences of interpretation which suffuse virtually every page of the text.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To take just three of the most striking examples of clash of interpretation. First, while Pipes account )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postulates an Olympian duel of titans between Lenin and Stalin over the direction of Soviet nationalities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strategy, Smiths line emphasises the broader debate within a Bolshevik elite which could hardly have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less monolithic in its attitude to the national question. To Smith, while Lenin and Stalin were indisputably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the champions of debate and the second-rankers like Trotsky, Bukharin, Kamenev and Zinoviev played only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modest roles, middle rankers little known in the West like Frunze, Kuibyshev, Ordzhonikidze and Rakovsky )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were perhaps unexpectedly prominent and influential. Smith also underlines the shifting nature of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political positions of the leading players, in particular claiming that Lenin and Stalin \(not to mention the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legendary anti-revisionist Rosa Luxemburg\) changed their minds and positions so frequently and radically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the national question that the later terms Leninist and Stalinist have no coherent meaning in the period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1917-23. The tacit Pipes dichotomy between the idealist-cum-intellectual camp headed by Lenin and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practitioner-cum-managerial camp masterminded by Stalin is a retrospective myth of polarisation which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cannot be sustained under close historical examination.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6213 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Second, Smith contests Pipes emphasis on ideological grand strategy \(which again may well reflect the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical conspiracy theory typical of the climate of Cold War and McCarthyism over the late 1940s and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early 1950s when The Formation of the Soviet Union was being written\). Aside from the kaleidoscope )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety and patent confusion of the opinions of the Bolshevik elite over the national question, ideological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitment was bound to be an early casualty of the immensely complex and infinitely demanding early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years of the Soviet state. Stressing the accelerating primacy of improvisation, Smith persuasively argues that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Bolsheviks national policy, based on ambiguous and frequently inconsistent theories, was neither )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foreseen nor planned [but] instead evolved haphazardly in response to particular circumstances \(p.241\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Third, while Pipess 1923 scenario posits a definitive Stalinist victory over an idealistic but ailing Lenin who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only had months to live, Smith argues that the autonomist-devolutionary position of the nationalities was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still strong: it was not inevitable either that administrative centralism would prevail or that the authoritarian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process would be headed by Stalin. Far from the course of the future Soviet Union being already immutably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determined by the time of the death of Lenin in January 1924, the situation was still remarkably ambivalent. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For instance, the policy of korenizatsia or indigenisation successfully recruited many minority nationality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activists into the Communist Party establishment, stabilised Bolshevik control across its non-Russian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jurisdiction and unintentionally ensured that national consciousness survived the russification of the 1930s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p.162\). Nothing was pre-ordained by the first five years of the Bolshevik regime: the discrete competitive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynamics of the remainder of the 1920s and the Second Revolution of the 1930s were cumulatively required )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to effect the Stalinist state.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For all its meticulous scholarship and indefatigable research, Smiths commendable study exhibits some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively condonable shortcomings. Much of the unrelieved denseness of the text comes with its ideological-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cum-political territory: the bewildering plethora of institutional acronyms makes reading impossible without )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regular recourse to the thoughtfully-provided collected list of abbreviations. However, the uncompromising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(character of the unrevised doctoral thesis is all too evident. The single small map provided is insufficient to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrate the detailed narrative and closer copy-editing would have prevented some minor blemishes \(like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spelling the adjective principal as principle throughout\). Moreover, there seems to have been no effort to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make the text more accessible to either the general or specialist reader, an issue which the editors of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Studies in Russia and East Europe series might care to re-examine.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 270.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More generally, the study is so short on context as to be almost hermetic. Concentrating on Smiths )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unforgiving text, it is easy to forget that his coverage of the ideological debates should be set against the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(backdrop of a bloody and chaotic Civil War which eventually claimed some twenty million lives through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(battle, disease and starvation. The index significantly contains only five references to the Whites and just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three references to the Civil War, a revealing demonstration of the studys tunnel-vision focus on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tortuously Byzantine, occasionally murderously Florentine political intrigues of the new Bolshevik )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establishment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 158.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 132.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(An even broader sense of contemporary historical perspective would have been more than appropriate. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cataclysmic effects of the First World War meant that most of Europe faced similar dilemmas over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 103.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediate post-war years. While the jurisdictional fate of much of the ex-tsarist empire was taxing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 89.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bolshevik leadership, the political disposition of the remainder of eastern and central Europe was being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determined by the Allied statesmen at the Paris Peace Conferences of 1919-23. Europe east and west was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suffering a mirror-problem: how to contain rampant nationalism in an era of imperial collapse through )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 4007 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geopolitical contrivances hopefully concocted to promote stability and progress. The national question over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which the Bolsheviks agonised was just part of a fresh, post-war challenge which was already exercising all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe and much of Asia and was soon to become global in scope.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In conclusion, while it seems timely \(and therefore tempting\) to greet the approaching ten-year anniversary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the collapse of Soviet power with a comprehensive post-mortem, it is apparent that Smith would not claim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to have produced either a complete refutation of the Pipes interpretation or an exhaustive analysis of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period 1917-23. He is admirably candid in conceding that the opening of the archives has not yet produced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stunning revelations \(p.xii\) but rather a better understanding of the day-to-day workings of the Communist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Party and Soviet government. Various processes and episodes remain impenetrably mysterious: considering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lithuanian-Belorussian rapprochement in 1919, Smith concedes that none of these [interpretations] provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a convincing explanation of Litbel \(p.75\); investigating the Ukrainian Borotbists over 1919-20, he confesses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that no adequate explanation for this abrupt reversal has come to light \(p.122\); and contemplating Lenins )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wavering role in the Georgian Affair of 1922, he confesses that the precise reasons for this U-turn are not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clear \(p.203\). It is to be hoped that the current re-evaluation of the early Soviet period will continue to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fueled by a further opening-up of ex-Soviet archives in \(and possibly outside\) the Russian Federation. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meantime, Smith must be congratulated on contributing a thoroughly professional, laudably open-minded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and occasionally present-minded\) piece of work-in-progress. This study may not have sensationally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transformed our perception of the period, in other words revolutionised the historiography of the Revolution, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but it has undoubtedly deepened and enriched our understanding of its always complex and often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contradictory processes. Whether Smith can eventually construct a definitive replacement for the classic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pipes volume by building upon the present penetrating critique of, and necessary and welcome corrective to, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its Cold War assumptions and features remains to be seen.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 413.599 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 395.819 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 395.819 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/80)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 394.425 m 316.316 394.425 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 369.448 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 355.048 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/974)] TJ ET BT 34.016 340.648 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 394.7395 316.3157 406.6195 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/80) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000551 00000 n 0000000633 00000 n 0000002626 00000 n 0000002735 00000 n 0000002845 00000 n 0000002954 00000 n 0000006515 00000 n 0000006643 00000 n 0000006727 00000 n 0000006792 00000 n 0000012292 00000 n 0000012357 00000 n 0000018623 00000 n 0000018707 00000 n 0000022767 00000 n 0000022895 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 22989 %%EOF