%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R 29 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930024019+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930024019+01'00') /Title (The Eagle and the Crown: Americans and the British Monarchy) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4122 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Eagle and the Crown: Americans and the British Monarchy)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In early 1840, the New York lawyer and diarist George Templeton Strong noted that the newspapers were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obsessed with commentary and speculation about the upcoming wedding of Queen Victoria. All this was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?doubtless very interesting and important to her Majesty?s loyal subjects?, wrote Strong huffily, but ?to us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(republicans is, or ought to be, rather dull and profitless? \(p. 50\). As Frank Prochaska emphatically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates in this witty and engaging book, whether or not Americans ?ought? to be fascinated by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal family, they frequently have been.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If it seems paradoxical that, more than 200 years after their successful rebellion against the Crown, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British royal family retains a hold on the American imagination, Professor Prochaska?s book offers some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explanations. The book opens by arguing that reverence for the monarchy was so embedded in colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American culture that, for many, republicanism was embraced only with reluctance. George III had once )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been revered by his American subjects and, even once the war with Britain was underway and the breach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had become irreparable, many still harboured monarchical sentiments. ?Contrary to opinion widespread in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America today,? Prochaska writes, ?the Founding Fathers were not averse to kingship, at least of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undespotic, limited variety? \(p. 13\). Pragmatism rather than principle was the underpinning of the republic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he suggests ? the influence of Paine notwithstanding. More than that, some Americans were unable to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptualise how the new nation could function without the magic of royalty as a binding agent ? and so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(808)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 30 September, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frank Prochaska)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780300141955)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adam I. P. Smith)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7680 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Federalists lavished leves and lavish dinners on that most unlikely of surrogate kings, George Washington.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Prochaska is certainly right to recognise that this is an argument which runs contrary to popular historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consciousness in the United States, and even, to some extent, to the prevailing historiography on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Revolution, much of which continues to emphasise its radicalism.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 350.000 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 350.000 740.307 m 363.992 740.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 363.992 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( He does seem to me, however, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capture an important truth about the enduring conservatism of the new republic, or at least of important sub-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultures within it. In perhaps the most interesting chapters in the book, which cover the 19th century, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Prochaska traces the cautious rapprochement between Americans and the monarchy in the decades )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediately following the Revolution, the reverence shown by many Americans towards the monarch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dubbed by some ?America?s Queen,? and the reciprocal fascination between the United States and the future )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward VII. Victoria?s Golden and Diamond Jubilees were seemingly celebrated with almost as much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enthusiasm in America as in the British Empire, while the Queen?s death in 1901 was marked by tolling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bells and days of mourning across the United States. The second half of the book covers the 20th century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and beyond. It deals with the familiar but enduringly fascinating story of the abdication crisis, the role of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal family in solidifying the American alliance in the world wars, the warmth shown towards Queen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth, especially on her 1976 visit to mark the bicentennial of the Declaration of Independence, and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inevitably, the immense impact of Princess Diana, both in life and death.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the inevitable risk of making a trenchant argument, as Prochaska does here, is the occasional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exaggeration. Certainly, his fondness for generalisations about the ?American people? as a whole will raise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the occasional eyebrow. ?Brought up on monarchical idols,? Prochaska writes, ?Americans continued to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(succumb to their idolatry? \(p. 25\). Such sweeping statements have the effect of obscuring the very important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question of how different groups in American society constructed differing, and, in some cases, rival, images )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the monarchy, and more generally of Britain. In fairness, however, this is not a book solely about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American images of the monarchy, but about the relationship between the Crown and the United States. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some of the strongest \(and, not coincidentally, least speculative\) parts of the book concern not the response )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Americans to the Crown, but the very self-conscious way in which the Royal family and successive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British governments have approached such matters as state visits to the United States. The former recognised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very early on that building good relations with the American public was shrewd politics. ?To be known in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the United States as a friend of democracy,? writes Prochaska of the court of Edward VII, ?was part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crown?s strategy to subvert anti-monarchical republicanism at home? \(p. 113\). Such an approach dovetailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the diplomatic needs of British governments wanting to generate support or sympathy with Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On one level, this book traces the role of the royal family in the creation and consumption of celebrity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture. Throughout Victoria?s reign, American newspapers and periodicals expressed an insatiable appetite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for royal tittle-tattle, from discussion of the ?foxy mustachios? sported by the Queen?s consort to the utter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensation created by the Prince of Wales? visit to the United States in 1860. The concern with physical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appearances and personalities and with the ?soap opera? of births, marriages and deaths, is, as Prochaska )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows, not a recent phenomenon but dates back to the very early years of the Republic. Even as Americans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embraced democracy, as they boasted to visitors of their egalitarian culture, and as they cheered the heroes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of republican revolutions in Europe in 1848, it was still the case, Prochaska argues, that ?royalty dazzled and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided an enthralling, if remote, dimension to life in a country with more space than tradition? \(p. 37\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whiff of glamour attached to even the most undashing monarchs such as George VI as well as the utter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(devotion shown to more obvious candidates like Princess Diana, seems to suggest that there is something )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inherent in royal titles which has secured successive generations of British monarchs and their families an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(automatic place in the pantheon of those whose lives have been idolised, dissected and romanticised in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American media.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On another level, this book raises a much larger, and in a way, more surprising and interesting question, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about what the apparent American fascination with the royal family tells us about the political culture of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(United States. On this subject, Prochaska makes some potentially provocative claims. His core point is that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British monarchy has always ? before, during and since the Revolution ? been ?part of America?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversation about itself? \(p. xii\). Prochaska?s pithiest encapsulation of this idea is his claim that ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Loyalists lost in the Revolution but had their revenge in the republic? \(p. 202\). While he concedes that ?few, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 349.9997 740.6215 363.9917 752.5015 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7767 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if any, Americans wanted a hereditary monarchy at home? \(p. 107\), he also claims that ?echoes of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Loyalism? \(p. 37\) resonated long after the Revolution. There is, perhaps, an uncertain dividing line between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebrating a foreign monarch and a sense that a constitutional, hereditary head of state had some political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advantages. It is fairly uncontroversial to point out that the social mobility of 19th-century America brought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with it insecurity; Prochaska?s contribution is to link this sense of instability to a yearning for the certainties )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of hierarchy and Americans? own monarchical past. As is well known, there has always been a powerful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anti-aristocratic discourse in American politics. Prochaska deals very well with the ironic juxtaposition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this tradition with a yearning for leaders who magically transcend the ordinariness of citizen-politicians. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he shows, the Whitmanesque dream of a pure democracy has curiously co-existed, perhaps in symbiosis, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a tendency to search for kingly qualities in leaders.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The interpretation of 19th-century America presented in this book is one which would have been instantly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognisable to those contemporary British commentators who shared Macaulay?s quotable, if misleading, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view that the American constitution was ?all sail and no anchor? and who noted the apparent hypocrisy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(republican Americans obsessing about status and wealth even while they rejected the outward trappings of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British-style class system. The notion that if Britain was, in a sense, a republic disguised as a monarchy, then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America was a monarchy disguised as a republic is not a wholly original one, but Prochaska probably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elaborates the American side of that equation better than any previous scholar. At least, he finds quote after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quote which re-emphasises not only the fascination with the royal family as celebrities, but a respect for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political function of the monarchy which seemed to reflect an awareness of something lacking in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American republic. ?Had Queen Victoria been on the throne, instead of George III,? wrote William M. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Evarts, Secretary of State under President Hayes in what, for Prochaska, is an exemplary expression of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benign view of a Victorian American, ?our rebellion?would not have been necessary, and had there been any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rebellion at all, it would have been on the part of England? \(p. 82\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such comments suggest, Prochaska argues, that the break with Britain was ?less absolute than is widely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assumed? \(p. 200\). He captures the almost physical attraction that many Americans from General Grant to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harriet Beecher Stowe felt when they visited the ?Old Country? ? the ?thrill and pulsation of kindred? Stowe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(called it. That sense of racial kinship was often rooted in a religious sensibility ? the idea of Britain and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(United States as fellow Protestant nations, similarly endowed by God with a transcendent, perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(redemptive, purpose. This, presumably, is part of what explains the effusiveness of Arthur Cleveland Coxe, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Rector of Grace Church in Baltimore, who apparently wrote after a visit to the House of Lords, of all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(places, that ?I defy anyone to look at the Throne of England without veneration? \(p. 51\). While recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship has rediscovered the late Victorian British preoccupation with ?Anglo-Saxon? racial ideology it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is still less common to view this question from the American perspective despite the wealth of evidence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which suggests that Americans were equally susceptible to such ideas, and, in this regard, Prochaska?s book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is helpful.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 82.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 82.016 286.371 m 96.008 286.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 96.008 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In 1897, the )] TJ ET BT 159.668 287.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New York Tribune )] TJ ET BT 250.676 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hailed Victoria as ?a Queen of our own race and blood, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(head of a sister nation, the titular ruler of the elder half of our own people, who are one with us in spirit, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathy, in ambition, and in destiny? \(p. 100\). A plethora of similar sentiments could be found ? and there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are many in this book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such purple prose raises the question of how far admiration for the British monarchy correlated with a wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural or political affinity with England. One might imagine that images of the monarchy reflected this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(divide fairly straightforwardly, but this does not appear to have been the case. George Templeton Strong, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who I quoted at the start of this review, was cited by Prochaska to illustrate a metropolitan scepticism about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relevance of the British royal family to the American republic. Yet, far from being a typical Anglophobe, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Strong was a Whiggish Episcopalian banker proud of his English ancestry. He was the kind of person, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other words, who was reliably pro-British in his cultural prejudices and even in his political views. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Notwithstanding the lukewarm support for the Union cause by the Palmerston government during the Civil )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War, it was men like Strong who despaired of what they saw as the baleful consequences of unrestricted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suffrage and the cultural debasement of Catholic Irish immigrants)] TJ ET BT 349.964 90.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( ? )] TJ ET BT 361.964 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and envied the stability, moderation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liberalism of mid-Victorian Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall, it is probably fair to say that Prochaska?s approach tends to overstate the extent of American )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 82.0157 286.6855 96.0077 298.5655 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7707 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enthusiasm for the British monarchy in the Victorian era while simultaneously downplaying Anglophobia as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a political and cultural force. Blaming England for all America?s ills and seeing internal threats to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(republic as always emanating from perfidious Albion was not just the default position of Catholic Irish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immigrants, it was a reliable electoral tactic throughout the 19th century, indulged in by politicians of all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parties. Meanwhile, the hostility often provoked by anyone \(British or not\) who was perceived to be putting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on aristocratic airs is well known ? one thinks, for example, of the bloody riot in New York City in 1849 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inadvertently provoked by the actor William Charles Macready who \(ironically, given his republican )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathies\) became the victim of a rowdy working-class political culture which was not only Anglophobic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but virulently republican. Strong?s case reminds us, however, that an antagonism towards England on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one hand, and an admiration for it on the other, were not, in practice, antithetical. 19th-century American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(views of England were laced with the ambiguities characteristic of a post-colonial nation. Even as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Republican newspapers baited Britain for what they saw as its tacit support for the Confederacy, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preoccupation with British opinion and with British affairs was revealing. In 1863, even in the midst of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Civil War, the )] TJ ET BT 105.344 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New York Tribune, )] TJ ET BT 199.352 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edited by the sometimes showily Anglophobic Horace Greeley, found five )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or six full columns to run a respectful multi-part obituary of the Tory Lord Chancellor, Lord Lyndhurst, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had been born John Singleton Copley, son of the portrait painter, on Beacon Hill in Boston before the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Revolution. The whole implication of the coverage was that Lyndhurst?s success at the heart of the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establishment somehow reflected glory back onto the country of his birth, a place he had left at the age of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one. More generally, one cannot read mid 19th-century American newspapers without being aware of how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(far Britain served as a historical and contemporary reference point. Lincoln?s transgressions of civil liberties )] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were assessed in the light of Cromwell?s; emancipation was debated with reference to the experience of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Empire; American artists and writers were judged by their success on the other side of the Atlantic.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One valuable service of this book, then, is to remind us of the value of examining the United States in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first century or so of its existence through the lens of its rootedness in an imagined England. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transnational perspective allows us to reflect on the differences and the similarities between the bourgeois, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Protestant-dominated cultures of the two countries. The ?invisible immigrants? from the Protestant parts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British Isles clearly had a disproportionate influence on the culture of their new home, but to label the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(United States ?Victorian? is also to emphasise not only the importance of the Anglo-American connection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also, ultimately, America?s provincial status. Although several influential historians of 19th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America have made similar arguments in the past, it is probably true to say that this is still not a perspective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that has had the influence on historical scholarship on the 19th-century United States that it should have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(done.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 60.344 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 60.344 341.139 m 74.336 341.139 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If the Victorian era offers fertile terrain for a transatlantic perspective on American culture, this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progressively less true of the 20th century. Clearly the dynamic in the relationship between the Crown and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America altered with the shifting balance of power between the UK and the USA which took place by mid-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century and Prochaska is at his most deft when discussing the political strategies pursued by Buckingham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palace in this context. The King and Queen?s visit to the United States in 1939, for example, is very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effectively tied into the wider story of the anxiety of the British government to secure American support in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the coming conflict with Nazi Germany. The material on American responses to the royal family in the 20th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, is, however, slightly less convincing than the earlier parts of the book because the generalisations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essential to this kind of argument become harder and harder to sustain, especially in the post-war period. Is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there, as he suggests, a common thread, connecting and explaining American reactions to Queen Caroline )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Princess Diana, or are they, alternatively, part of different stories? Prochaska is convinced that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuity is more important than discontinuity in this context and, implicitly at least, this leads him to a tacit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(endorsement of the view of scholars like Samuel P. Huntingdon that, despite multiculturalism, American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture retains a core of ?Anglo-Protestant? values.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whether or not the British monarchy retains its own special relationship with the American people, this is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book which offers an interesting and in some ways revealing sidelight on American political culture. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Prochaska ? rightly, in my view ? points out, Americans have dreaded, as well as being drawn to, change; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their faith in the future has always been balanced by a ?devotion to precedent, a love of ancient ritual, a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 60.3437 341.4535 74.3357 353.3335 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R ] /Contents 30 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Length 3350 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(toleration of inherited privilege, a fondness for dynastic families, a regard for titles, and deference to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(head of state? \(p. 204\). It is for this insight, even more than for its delightfully readable quality, that this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book should be welcomed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is content with this thoughtful review and does not wish to comment on it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 706.803 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 676.186 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 676.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The paradigmatic book in this context is, Gordon Wood, )] TJ ET BT 338.324 676.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Radicalism of the American Revolution )] TJ ET BT 64.016 661.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York, NY, 1991\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 181.652 661.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 181.652 660.531 m 235.640 660.531 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 647.674 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 647.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duncan Bell, )] TJ ET BT 130.340 647.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Greater Britain: Empire and the Future of World Order, 1860?1900 )] TJ ET BT 462.656 647.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Princeton, NJ, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007\).See )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 115.340 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 115.340 632.019 m 169.328 632.019 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 619.162 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 619.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Victorian America)] TJ ET BT 153.008 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Daniel Walker Howe\(Philadelphia, PA, 1976\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 400.628 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 400.628 617.763 m 454.616 617.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 592.901 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 578.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Scholar)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 564.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://britishscholar.org/publications/2010/07/02/the-eagle-and-the-crown/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 562.995 m 391.652 562.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 394.652 564.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 550.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 535.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ahr.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/2/434.full)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 534.483 m 281.012 534.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 284.012 535.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 531.151 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 513.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 513.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/808)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 511.977 m 322.316 511.977 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 487.000 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 472.600 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3790)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.200 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://britishscholar.org/publications/2010/07/02/the-eagle-and-the-crown/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 443.800 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://ahr.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/2/434.full)] TJ ET endstream endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 181.6517 660.8455 235.6397 672.7255 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 115.3397 632.3335 169.3277 644.2135 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 400.6277 618.0775 454.6157 629.9575 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 563.3095 391.6517 575.1895 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://britishscholar.org/publications/2010/07/02/the-eagle-and-the-crown/) >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 534.7975 281.0117 546.6775 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://ahr.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/2/434.full) >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 512.2915 322.3157 524.1715 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/808) >> endobj xref 0 43 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000569 00000 n 0000000651 00000 n 0000004825 00000 n 0000004934 00000 n 0000005044 00000 n 0000005153 00000 n 0000008714 00000 n 0000008842 00000 n 0000008926 00000 n 0000009010 00000 n 0000016743 00000 n 0000016773 00000 n 0000016901 00000 n 0000016937 00000 n 0000017021 00000 n 0000024841 00000 n 0000024871 00000 n 0000024997 00000 n 0000025033 00000 n 0000025117 00000 n 0000032877 00000 n 0000032907 00000 n 0000033033 00000 n 0000033069 00000 n 0000033188 00000 n 0000036591 00000 n 0000036719 00000 n 0000036774 00000 n 0000036902 00000 n 0000036957 00000 n 0000037085 00000 n 0000037140 00000 n 0000037267 00000 n 0000037393 00000 n 0000037520 00000 n 0000037624 00000 n 0000037752 00000 n trailer << /Size 43 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 37847 %%EOF