%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721145620+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721145620+01'00') /Title (A Mans Place: Masculinity and the Middle-Class Home in Victorian England) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4177 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(A Mans Place: Masculinity and the Middle-Class Home in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Victorian England)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Toshs book is a signal event. It celebrates the full coming of age of the history of masculinity as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognised academic sub-discipline. If Davidoff and Hall laid the foundations in this respect, Tosh finally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establishes and opens up the field. The book will be of great interest to all serious students of Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England; it will also appeal to those with an interest in modern gender studies, since, as the publishers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(roundly and convincingly assert, in exposing the contradictions in their own ideal of masculinity, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorians defined the climate for gender politics in the next century. The book represents a considerable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research effort. Tosh has read widely in the family records of the period and in its advice literature. His )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account is much enlivened by seven carefully chosen case studies. The men concerned include an attorney, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an exciseman, a doctor, a mill owner, a banker and a headmaster. The structure is explicit and persuasive as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a framework for a telling argument: in Toshs scheme of things Victorian Domesticity had preconditions, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(climax between c.1830 and 1880, and a period when it fell under strain in the last thirty years of the century. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The plan is neat; the book is very well written; in broad terms the analysis is faultless. It has to be said that in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the end it is an argument about the rise and fall of an ideology more than a fully chartered way of life. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus is on middle-class men and the basis in primary material is too narrow to sustain a comprehensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(81)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 1 October, 1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Tosh)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780300077797)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(272pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/book.asp?isbn=9780300077797)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, Connecticut; London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthony Fletcher)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6428 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account of fatherhood and lived masculinity in the period. But that would be an enormous project and this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book, as it stands, is genuinely pioneering. Where it digs into personal experience it is always illuminating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the constant sense of interplay between the experience and prescriptive material is always in the authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mind.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is a mark of the excitement the book generates that it leaves tantalising questions. Where are the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boundaries, if indeed they exist, between the practices of middle-class masculinity and upper-class, or for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that matter working-class masculinity? How far is the connection between class and gender, so famously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(delineated by Davidoff and Hall, a bringing together of two necessary categories of analysis that must stand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together? Tosh has enough to do covering his subject succinctly in less than 200 pages without tackling such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues head on. His central concern, in a roundabout way, is really personal identity: the declaration that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(home life became at this time a manifestation of gender is his centrepiece and he brilliantly establishes that. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Never before or since, he insists, has domesticity been held to be so central to masculinity. The words are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chosen with care. For it would take massive research to show that in practice domesticity has been more or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less central since 1900 and it may never be possible to establish whether or not it was earlier than 1830. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Domesticity is after all an ideological product and the relationship between such ideology and lived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience is hard to disentangle. What we know of seventeenth or eighteenth century parents suggests an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intensity of love, affection, even idolisation, of their children that is authentic even if it lacks the Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gloss that followed romanticism and the sacralisation of the child.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chapter on Father and Child is one of the most important and challenging in the book. It deserves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular attention. Tosh paints the Victorian father as under a formidable catalogue of pressures: he faces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all the exigencies of being the breadwinner; he is expected to protect his weak dependants from the harsh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realities of a corrupt world; he is still a figure of authority yet his wife has stolen much of his thunder as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newly proclaimed guardian of moral and spiritual values in the home; with the romanticisation of the child )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his disciplinary role in beating his children, an utmost expression of patriarchy, is under question. Tosh is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very good at stating these contradictions and dilemmas. He is necessarily tentative in answering them. We )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are given a plausible structure of argument: absent father, tyrannical father \(the stereotype\), distant father )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and intimate father. The first is seen as the exception rather than the rule, the second is virtually dismissed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with one case study from the divorce courts, the last is nicely illustrated by the case of the Lincolnshire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(farmer Cornelius Stovin. This leaves the third type, the distant father and distance is presented as the likely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(response exhibited by men confused about their role and under strain. Responsibility holds them back, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lack easy confidence with their children, whereas the intimate father praised, laughed and romped. There is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(real historical conundrum here and where Toshs book falls down is that he simply does not have the range of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence we need to establish the real pattern of practice in Victorian fatherhood with complete confidence. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Or to put it another way, here is a fruitful field for future research. The second central chapter on Boys into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Men is more convincing overall because the analysis rests on much previous work by others and it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successfully contextualises this in relation to domesticity. The central issue is why the upper middle class at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least colonised the expanding public schools. Toshs reason is logical and drastic in view of what he has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argued up to this point. They could not prepare sons for this world on their own; they simply lacked the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resources to do so. How much easier it was to send boys away to have manliness instilled by a course of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standing on your own feet, whatever the attendant bullying and with someone else doing the beating through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the submission to which the boy was hardened into bearing pain with no show of emotion and no mother to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(run to. Tosh is excellent on the significance of the public school ban on points of female emotional reference.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 1392 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this fine book Tosh has blasted the negative and simplified images of the Victorian family. His conclusion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflects interestingly about the dynamic between the home and masculinity which the Victorians set up and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which has continued throughout this century. The book should be read by all who are alert to such matters. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cannot be definitive because the ground is in many respects so new. But it is hugely readable, deeply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pondered and very important.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 682.207 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 664.427 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 664.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/81)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 663.033 m 316.316 663.033 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 638.056 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 623.656 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/992)] TJ ET BT 34.016 609.256 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 663.3475 316.3157 675.2275 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/81) >> endobj xref 0 20 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000568 00000 n 0000000650 00000 n 0000004879 00000 n 0000004988 00000 n 0000005098 00000 n 0000005207 00000 n 0000008768 00000 n 0000008896 00000 n 0000008980 00000 n 0000009045 00000 n 0000015526 00000 n 0000015610 00000 n 0000017055 00000 n 0000017183 00000 n trailer << /Size 20 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 17277 %%EOF