%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141129042717+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141129042717+00'00') /Title (Race, Law and ?The Chinese Puzzle? in Imperial Britain) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4208 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Race, Law and ?The Chinese Puzzle? in Imperial Britain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sascha Auerbach?s )] TJ ET BT 129.980 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Race, Law and ?The Chinese Puzzle? in Imperial Britain )] TJ ET BT 407.312 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a truly unsettling account of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how in the 19th and early 20th centuries media, politicians, trade unionists, writers, thespians, film makers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and not least police and court officials across the British realm stolidly and uncompromisingly articulated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and executed racist, Sinophobic judgements, deliberately whipped up anti-Chinese sentiments in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(population, and elaborated on lurid, racist narratives about Chinese people. Auerbach?s book is from cover )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to cover packed with detailed evidence of the ?yellow peril? and other infamous myths about ?John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chinaman,? extracted with great care from rich archival and media sources from the time. His effort proves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the odd dog-eared copy of a Fu Manchu novel encountered in a car boot sale is not an outrageous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anomaly, but represented mainstream beliefs of its time.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is a welcome addition to the growing literature of the ethnic Chinese in Britain, because it gives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substance, social and political context and depth of vision to some of the racist themes that today are only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vaguely known as a handful of jaded slogans, names and topics of another age. The great effort that has gone )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into collecting the evidence and creating this excellent volume allows us to gain an unprecedented and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extraordinarily detailed understanding of the protagonists and outlets of multi-layered racist hate-campaigns )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(waged against Chinese in Britain and its colonies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The evidence is rich and clear and presented eloquently, providing excellent pointers to the historical context )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(815)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 31 October, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sascha Auerbach)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230609495)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(280pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Flemming Christiansen)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7588 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of how these ideas about the Chinese emerged across the British empire, serving the diverse ?needs? of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial administrators and politicians in Transvaal, Hong Kong and Australia, of trade union leaders in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain, and of shipping magnates. The rich material of racism is skilfully narrated into the social and moral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourses of wider society, leaving the reader with a vivid impression of how common and normal anti-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chinese bigotry once was. The sources from press, pulp literature and official archives, which the author has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consulted and cited from, reveal the wide range of diverse prejudices held by different groups of people. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Their voices, in verbatim quotations, give life to Auerbach's account, showing the personal foibles and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual modulations of what ultimately could be a pretty boring and repetitious affair: the articulation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(racist stereotypes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auerbach must be commended for his systematic exploration of a huge collection of scattered sources, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(basic integrity and thoroughness of his account, and his subtle analysis of racism as a cultural phenomenon. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is easy to read, attractively written with an unassuming, somewhat underplayed style that allows )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the content to stand out in its grotesque, hyperbolic and self-important absurdity. This enables the reader to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be drawn into a sound and reflecting engagement with the issues. I was made to wonder whether the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protagonists were cynical manipulators of race for their own purposes or buffoons believing what they said )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and wrote in spite of the glaring evidence of its falseness. The human cost of the deliberate invention of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allegations, the manipulation and falsification of facts and the malicious recycling of slander was too great to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be ignored: people died, went to jail, were deported, and were exploited in the most horrendous ways due to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what in retrospect seem ridiculous and absurd charges. Just because we, with the hindsight of a few decades, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(find the racism of the past scurrilous and laughable, it cannot, and should not be, a laughing matter.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sascha Auerbach focuses his account on London?s Limehouse Chinatown, thereby cleverly binding the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative to a specific place and allowing its demise in the 1930s, destruction during the Blitz in the 1940s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and final demolition in the 1950s to conveniently end the story. This is, of course, necessary, for by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1940s other matters were on people's minds, and the empire slowly commenced its decline, calling into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question many of the presumptions the bigotry had lived off. Yet, ending the story around the Second World )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War is a great pity, for one wonders how the anti-Chinese sentiments fared in the shadow of Holocaust, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the age of human rights, the ideals of the United Nations, and of post-colonialism and multiculturalism. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Were they forgotten or have they continued a new life under a new identity?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auerbach's book rightly limits itself to the story of London Chinatown during a century of colonialist anti-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chinese racism. This focus means that a range of important themes are not addressed; the author, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, sidesteps the obvious question about anti-Chinese racism in relation to other types of racism at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time and in more general terms; the different and evolving attitudes to blacks, Jews, Arabs, Chinese, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Japanese mean that an exclusive focus on the Chinese may skew the picture. Although there are some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(references to the concerns about miscegenation, he avoids the wider perspectives of the development of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scientific advances at the time, related to genetic inheritance, racial hygiene, eugenics, and other ideas now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considered erroneous, which no doubt had a strong influence on the anti-Chinese racism. He also evades the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possible comparison and link between the horror stories about Chinese evil and the genres of gothic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narratives of evil, depravity and dark powers that became so popular in 19th century Britain, for example in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(novels by Robert Lewis Stevenson, Bram Stoker and Mary Shelley: What, if anything, set Sax Rohmer's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(novels about Fu Manchu apart from an existing dark trend in literature? Did their main character signify )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something that was deeper and more fundamental than racial angst directed against the Chinese? He does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention Fu Manchu's afterlife on the international rock scene as adrenaline pumping punk and heavy metal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visions of doom and total power that draw on the dark and ominous sides of Sax Rohmer's figure, oblivious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of its racist connotations. He meticulously tells the stories of the politicians, administrators, media people, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(businessmen, trade unionists and artists that together create the racist public imaginations, indicating how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they are closely linked to a mixture of economic interests and the empire's perceived need to control and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edify colonial populations, but he shies away from discussing his topic in terms of )] TJ ET BT 431.660 104.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(discourse)] TJ ET BT 477.656 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The selection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of sources is also very narrow in the sense that descriptions of Chinese across the world and in China )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published in mainstream scholarly and popular books, journals and pamphlets, in particular ethnographic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts, memoirs, travelogues, cultural studies, and Orientalist works about Chinese civilisation are not )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7022 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consulted, an omission that also extends to the rich church and missionary society media and archives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(related to Christian missions in China and among Chinese elsewhere. The significance of this, of course, is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the racist ?Chinese puzzle? perceptions documented by Auerbach are far from representative of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public images of China and the Chinese; there is no end to anti-Chinese bigotry in many such works, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many have very different perspectives, more complex judgements, showing cultural admiration, empathy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in some cases strong anti-racist opinions. People who lived through the time covered in Auerbach's book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were thus exposed to a much broader cacophony of voices when it came to a public appreciation of China )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the Chinese. However, Auerbach is probably right in limiting his account, for his terse and simple )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presentation of the embarrassing facts and his low-key analysis evoke the maximum effect in his readers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focusing the attention on a truly shameful phenomenon. Even so it is a pity, as the )] TJ ET BT 430.652 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(general)] TJ ET BT 467.312 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( significance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that phenomenon is not explored, and because an awareness of the broader social and cultural discourses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could have thrown a much more revealing and comprehensive light on anti-Chinese racist discourses.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auerbach's book provides substantial ammunition for a wider analysis: It elegantly reveals how racial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prejudice is constructed. Judgements of immorality, criminality, lack of hygiene, ethnic otherness, incivility, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(low class, promiscuous and dangerous sexuality, dishonesty, violence and many other perspectives merge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together in invented views of the Chinese as the other. Crime was in many cases described as instances of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presumed culpability; formal rights were often circumvented; the practice of police and other government )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officials, judges and the media was to create uncertainty, a sense of subliminal danger based on hearsay and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invention, presenting it to the general public in suggestive media formats. Where Chinese had rights, laws )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were changed to undo those rights. Where Chinese, believed to be unable to adopt to British ways, actually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assimilated, this was held against them as an example of their deceitful cunning. Confrontations where only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one Chinese was slightly injured and no harm was done went down in media reports and memory as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?London's tong feuds? \(alluding to the violent warfare between different )] TJ ET BT 384.764 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(tongs )] TJ ET BT 413.768 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in San Francisco Chinatown)] TJ ET BT 549.428 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(\),)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the fact that the Chinese had )] TJ ET BT 193.652 456.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(refrained)] TJ ET BT 238.316 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( from violence was another proof of their devious nature. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(starting point for a broader approach lies exactly in the intersection of prejudice in media and public policy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the murky association between concerns in different discrete policy areas directed against certain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groups, in particular social classes and ethnic groups. It is commonly observed that modern civic pride is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associated with public hygiene, civility, public order, proper sexual conduct, moral comportment, soberness, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(honesty, sanity, rationality, legal behaviour, religious uprightness and so on, which the public authorities, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courts of law and the church were in charge of policing, lest, of course, the horrors of depravity, dishonesty, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drunkenness, illness, insanity, immorality, soberness, criminality, deviousness, infidelity, and incivility were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(able to take hold. The blurred association of moral contagion and criminality was used to keep the working )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class in their place and as a pretext for deportation and containment of people of other races through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enforcement by state agencies and by )] TJ ET BT 216.632 314.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(de facto)] TJ ET BT 254.960 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( deprivation of rights. The discourse, seen from this angle, has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broad social significance in both defining the social mainstream and in creating class and race control. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(racial and class identity becomes an intractable ?other? beyond the norms of society and therefore beyond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 51.680 271.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(normal)] TJ ET BT 86.348 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( rules of public policy. Where Chinese men were better and more caring husbands of white )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women, and sober, less obstinate and more reliable workers, the ?reality? generated by public opinion, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claimed that they were leading white women astray, into depravity, often using opium, and paving the way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for a degeneration of the white race. Policemen investigating the marriages and cohabitation of Chinese men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and British women found ?nothing illegal?, but felt compelled to note their worries and disgust in the case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notes. Their degenerate character and by implication culpability was taken for granted, and they ?only? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(escaped on a technicality, thereby creating the need to bend the rules.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3775 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auerbach records, but never really analyses, the development over time of the prejudices; the different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labour market needs for Chinese workers across the empire manifests itself in many inconsistencies in racist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invention, and as time goes by the media and the authorities gradually negotiate new rationales and purposes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that suit the diverse conditions. Rules employed in Transvaal and Australia against Chinese had awkward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implications in Britain, but ultimately were superseded by the invention of gang violence among Chinese, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their seduction of innocent women, and of their role in providing opium to British people, in short creating a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(myth about Chinese as vectors of unrest, depravity and the decay of British society, thereby making the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earlier views obsolete.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Those of us who do feel that, in spite of race equality policies, political correctness, and strong public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(displays of ethnic unity, there are in Britain today still discernible echoes of the prejudices so pervasive just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a couple of generations ago will find little in the book that confirms it. I am probably not alone in thinking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that an analysis )] TJ ET BT 111.008 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(today)] TJ ET BT 137.672 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of statements on Chinese and China by media, politicians, police, court officials and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various activists will reveal a similar realm of racial bigotry, malevolence and ignorance, albeit often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articulated in less overtly offensive ways. We need not go far, looking at media reports on the Morecambe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bay disaster, the tragedy in Dover Docks and the political debates, policy making, police and court practices )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relating to immigration of Chinese people, snakeheads and gangland crimes, seemingly calibrated with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assertions about China as a repressive and totalitarian state, the exploitation of labour in sweatshops, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(China's aspirations to be a great power. The racial themes and prejudices )] TJ ET BT 386.432 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(have)] TJ ET BT 409.088 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( found a new life.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sascha Auerbach delivers the raw materials on which we will be able to build our analyses of how racist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourse works. In that sense, it is a timely and highly accomplished contribution to the literature about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both anti-Chinese racism and to race relations in the colonial period.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 458.623 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 440.843 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 440.843 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/815)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 439.449 m 322.316 439.449 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 414.472 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 400.072 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3798)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 439.7635 322.3157 451.6435 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/815) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000557 00000 n 0000000639 00000 n 0000004899 00000 n 0000005008 00000 n 0000005118 00000 n 0000005227 00000 n 0000008788 00000 n 0000008916 00000 n 0000009000 00000 n 0000009065 00000 n 0000016706 00000 n 0000016771 00000 n 0000023846 00000 n 0000023930 00000 n 0000027758 00000 n 0000027886 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27981 %%EOF