%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 32 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141218013938+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141218013938+00'00') /Title (A Companion to Britain in the Later Middle Ages) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4212 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(A Companion to Britain in the Later Middle Ages)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Blackwell Companions to British History enjoy a reputation for quality of scholarship, clarity of text )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and range. This 28-chapter volume is a worthy addition to the series, written by a distinguished group of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialists in the field \(some well-established but also some younger scholars\) who between them cover a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather broader chronological framework than is usually meant by ?later middle ages?, namely 1100?1500. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, as a minor point, these dates could usefully have been added to the title for the sake of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediately clearer identity for the book. The volume is, like others in the series, directed at students, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has much to offer both the general reader in search of an overview and the teacher and scholar looking for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compact and authoritative survey of all the main themes of this remarkable period of British history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume is divided into four sections, the various regions of the British Isles receiving separate treatment, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though there is no avoiding the dominance of England in the story, 15 chapters focussing on this area, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(four equally assigned to Scotland, Wales and Ireland, this last particularly valuable, given that the latter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often suffers from very limited treatment in these kinds of works. The contents page lists the main chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but gives no hint of the fact that they are all subdivided. A list of these headings would have been helpful to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the general reader seeking to investigate particular themes, though in some cases the divisions are hardly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(warranted and sometimes rather break the flow of the chapter given their brevity, especially in part four. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Each chapter has some footnotes, as well as a bibliography and advice on further reading. The light editorial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(816)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 1 November, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. H. Rigby)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781405189736)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(24.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(665pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wiley-Blackwell)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rowena Archer)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7526 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control which was a deliberate decision, and not an entirely happy one, is apparent here. Contributors have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been free to use the critical apparatus as they will and the resultant unevenness is somewhat unhelpful. Some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors have direct quotations in their texts which are not acknowledged at all and others refer to recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(works but omit all details about the writers or their titles. Some chapters have footnotes, others do not. Some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have bibliographies, some of which are divided into sections, others do not. Some have further reading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advice, others do not. The length of these elements varies enormously. There is in addition a final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bibliography of secondary works, though some contributors have listed primary sources in their particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section which do not appear at the end.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Figures, plates and tables are included. There are essential genealogies, sensibly placed in the text where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they are most relevant. The provision of maps of Scotland and Ireland is excellent, but there are only two for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wales and, most regrettably, only one for England. It seems curious, for example, to give valuable maps of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the main ecclesiastical sites and basic structural organisation of the church in Wales, Scotland and Ireland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but to omit these for England. This unevenness is most apparent and most unsatisfactory in the lively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sections which make up part four which is entitled ?Education and Culture?. Naturally these twin themes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vary across the regions but the freedom given to the contributors to do largely what they wanted has resulted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in unwelcome gaps. Education hardly features in the chapter on Wales but is well covered for Ireland while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Scotland particular attention is given to the Scottish universities. By far the best single chapter in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section is that of Edel Bhreathnach and Raghnall ? Floinn on Ireland. Despite the observation that this is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period which still suffers from scholarly neglect the authors have provided a real ?companion? here covering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the historiography, the art and architecture, literature and education in a highly readable and accessible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(format with seven excellently chosen illustrations which are properly discussed. There is much about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(craftsmen who remarkably are a far better known group than elsewhere in Britain in this period, the patrons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the influences that had a bearing on the artistic outpourings. Susan Aronstein, a literature specialist, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes it clear, however, that her chapter on Welsh culture will only cover the literary canon and while it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contains much of interest the general reader will need to go elsewhere to obtain a broad view of Welsh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture in the period. There is not a single illustration to accompany the chapter though there quite clearly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could have been based on what the author has highlighted. The same is true for Louise Fradenburg?s view of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scottish culture where frustratingly she makes several references to beautiful buildings and manuscripts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which could clearly have been used for illustrative purposes. All three chapters make it clear that there are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinctive Irish, Welsh and Scottish cultures. The question of English influence is surely a general question )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that hangs over the whole cultural picture but it is left to the authors to decide whether or not to raise it. Best )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tackled by Bhreathnach and ? Floinn, a brief separate section on the theme is added by Fradenberg but the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matter hardly features in Aronstein?s work on Wales.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One chapter which perhaps offers the best starting point despite its place at the head of part two, is San )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffy?s partly historiographical survey of ?The British Perspective?. Scholars need no reminding of the vital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role played by the late Professor Sir Rees Davies who indeed spanned the whole of the period contained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within these covers, in transforming the history of these islands from English history, with a nod north and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(west, into proper British History, though Duffy rightly reminds us that even this must be placed in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context of the history of the continental Europe, in whose orbit Britain was. This is a theme well covered in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the material which examines the church, of course, but nowhere is this clearer than in those chapters of part )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(four which consider English art, architecture and literature. The authors covering the cultural picture further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(afield similarly do not neglect this fact and are at pains to make the point that there were influences which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affected the art and architecture of Scotland and Ireland from much further off.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffy points out that ?the fringe was larger than the fringed? \(p. 165\), but nevertheless states equally that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England, by the virtues of providing a royal crown and of enjoying a very precocious development, was in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many respects the most important part of this empire. Thus part one, which considers ?Economy and Society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Town and Country? requires five chapters on England. First the land and the population are clearly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented by Bruce Campbell who shows just how secure an economic foundation was laid in the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of England and how crises were survived remarkably well. The family and village community which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focuses upon the large agrarian population and emphasises the great range encompassed by the ?peasantry? )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7668 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are explored by Philip Schofield and towns and trade are superbly presented by R. H. Britnell. Popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics, including a detailed section on the revolt of 1381 are covered by Jane Whittle and Steve Rigby and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(include extremely useful discussion of the role of Marxist historians in the study of the lower ranks of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society. Perhaps a better balance could have been struck between all the revolts of the period though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important emphasis is given to the less dramatic but, in many ways more significant conflicts which arose in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both town and country. Women receive separate attention from Judith Bennett. Scotland, Wales and Ireland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are more uniformly treated in single chapters on economy and society, Nicholas Mayhew and A. D. Carr )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pointing to the need for more to be done in the cases of Scotland and Wales, respectively.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Turning to part two, in ?Politics, Government and Law? Duffy?s advocacy and praise of British history is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tempered by the recognition that each component part of the Isles warrants having its own story told. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although this is not in any sense a narrative history and is in many ways more a book for those with some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grasp of the story, the chronology is firmly embedded in these chapters and emerges in subtle ways while the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach remains broadly thematic. It is at its most narrative in the stories of Scotland, Wales and Ireland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where the reader can rapidly gain an understanding of the main events from Hector Macqueen, J. and L. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beverley Smith and James Lydon, respectively. Ralph Turner, Scott Waugh and Rosemary Horrox track the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(main political developments in three periods for England. Perhaps the most striking message from these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three is the continuity which they all reveal while the reader is more aware of the transformations which take )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place in the stories of the ?fringe? territories. Kingship is thoroughly explored. The king?s role was more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demanding to be sure, due to the various expansions of the period but it was fundamentally unchanging. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was personal, dependant on personality and upon the maintenance of a good working relationship with most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the magnates most of the time. Every king had to balance authority with counsel, in the latter case with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widening but still hierarchical body. Law and order werein the last resorta matter for the kingat all times, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regardless of how much these aspects of government had developed. While all three engage with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nobility, a separate section on the aristocracy which compares the nobility and gentry is provided by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christine Carpenter and effectively draws together many of the points already made. It is the obvious chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to read as a complement to the trilogy on kingship and the political community. Robert Palmer?s overview )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the law emphasises the immense changes in this period particularly the emergence of common law with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all that this meant in terms of regulation and consistency and for the growth of the state. He shows how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English law became rule bound and bureaucratic and how the legal system played a significant role in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects? lives at all levels. This is a difficult chapter, however, for the author states at the outset that he is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not intending to give an account of the changes and for the general reader this presumes much. Some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explanation of terms, some contextualising, even some simple dating would make this easier to digest and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(therefore easier to follow. It would be hard even for ?upper level students? to grasp the proper workings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the law at this period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Among the core legal issues discussed by Palmer, the rights of women and their use of the courts are well )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(covered and indeed for the reader interested in the role of women in the later middle ages there is a lot of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material buried in this volume. It is here that the absence of those subdivision headings makes this quite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unobvious in the table of contents. The story of women of all classes in England is taken up first by Judith )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bennett. The task is enormous for the lumping of all women together signals something which Bennett )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rightly points to, namely the many differences that fracture their experiences. While recognising that there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were indeed cross-class similarities she outlines clearly how varied their lives were. This is a gallop, albeit a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuable one, through historiography but one cannot help but feel that this is mainly the token chapter on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject showing, as Bennett argues, that more incorporation of women is needed in order to understand fully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the whole story of the British Isles. It is, however, a sign of how gender has now naturally come to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarded as integral to a complete picture that a number of the authors have devoted time and attention to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women in their chapters. Nicholas Mayhew highlights this as an area which is beginning to receive attention )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among historians of Scottish society, as does A. D. Carr in his chapter on Wales but Brian Graham refers to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the problem of the ?singular lack of information on the role of women in medieval Irish society \(p. 143\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(None of the authors writing about politics in any part of Britain really engages with the role of the queen or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the influence of women on political life. Even though women could not hold public office their part )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nevertheless warrants attention. Biographies of medieval queens are a commonplace now, though you would )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R 24 0 R 27 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 8274 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not think so from the bibliography.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 202.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 202.016 795.075 m 216.008 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 216.008 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Beyond Palmer?s examination of women and the law, Carpenter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offers something on noble- and gentlewomen in her consideration of the aristocracy. In part three of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book there is much on women?s roles in the life of the church. Matthew Groom argues, in his chapter on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(piety in England, that a distinction between women and men should not be too sharply drawn though the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author tends to broad generalisations in some areas. There is no evidence for the claim that ?many of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(households of wealthy aristocratic widows ?. developed a precise set of regulated daily rounds of prayer and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemplation which drew inspiration from the spiritual disciplines of the religious orders \(p. 392\). In truth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the question of what part such women played in religious life is an area still greatly neglected by historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and over dependent on the evidence of those whom this reviewer has recently dubbed ?the famous five?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who can hardly be taken as representative of their comparatively well documented class.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 458.912 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 458.912 666.771 m 472.904 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 472.904 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Nunneries get )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprisingly little attention in England though there is a good body of literature on the matter. Convents in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scotland and in Ireland are left out though Henry Jefferies concludes that in the latter case this is a story of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical neglect which is only now being addressed. There is, however, some material on the Welsh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nunneries provided by Huw Pryce. Part four can be trawled for more material on women and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to education and culture. Jo Ann H. Moran Cruz briefly discusses women in her chapter on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(education though seems unaware of the work of Caroline Barron and Sharon Michalove.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 459.596 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 459.596 581.235 m 473.588 581.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 473.588 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( There is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tendency to take too little account of change over time in the case of changing levels of female literacy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the whole subject certainly warranted more space in general to reflect more fully recent historiography. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Female patronage of art and architecture is not much commented upon by Veronica Sekules though she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(herself has written on the subject elsewhere and indeed this is a major development in the period and again )] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one covered in recent work. It receives some very interesting consideration by Bhreathhnach and ? Floinn in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the case of Ireland. Whilst Rigby considers misogyny in literature to a limited extent the question of female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ownership of books and patronage of literature is ignored despite the existence of some very important work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 468.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on this by Carol Meale.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 147.008 468.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 147.008 467.187 m 161.000 467.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 161.000 468.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In considering the cultural developments of Wales Aronstein also devotes some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 454.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space to the part which women played.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The church in this period is covered by five authors. David Lepine?s exploration of the English church and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clergy is a model of clarity and any student wishing to have an overview could hardly do better than to start )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with this. The structure and composition of the church are explored in depth, the problems of evidence and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the historiography smoothly incorporated. The relationship with Rome is traced with care and convincingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assessed as one in which the popes enjoyed far less control over the church than they wished. The omission )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Eamon Duffy?s work from the bibliography is surprising, not least because it is so immediately cited by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Groom in his consideration of piety, heresy and anti-clericalism. This too is a commendably clear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exposition though full coverage of this area really needed more space in the volume. Groom of necessity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limits himself, exploring guilds, women and heresy and dissent. Here the absence of any reference to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Haigh?s work, particularly on anti-clericalism, is a surprise.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is no doubting just how ambitious this project has been or how comprehensive its coverage is and it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deserves a place on any student bibliography. Its main weakness is that editorial control was so limited, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one stipulation apparently being that each contributor should ?locate current concerns and debates within a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader historiographical context? \(p.xvii\). Most authors followed their brief, some more so than others, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it currently offers very good insight into the historical achievement of over a century of superb scholarship. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The companion was first published in 2003, however, and the last six years have seen the publication of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some major new and challenging works. It is a pity that in going into paperback the opportunity was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taken, firstly to supply those many titles and references which are missing, and secondly, as a minimum, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(add to the bibliography at the end of the volume. Unless corrections and updates are undertaken the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will shortly become rather dated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 110.307 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 79.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(None of the following mere sample is included in the bibliography. A. Kelly, )] TJ ET BT 437.312 79.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eleanor of Aquitaine )] TJ ET BT 64.016 65.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and the Four Kings)] TJ ET BT 157.688 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, Mass., 1950\); D. D. R. Owen, )] TJ ET BT 370.664 65.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eleanor of Aquitaine. Queen and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 51.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Legend)] TJ ET BT 99.344 51.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1993\);M.Chibnall, )] TJ ET BT 239.336 51.173 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Empress Matilda: Queen Consort, Queen Mother and Lady )] TJ ET BT 64.016 36.917 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of the English )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 202.0157 795.3895 216.0077 807.2695 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 458.9117 667.0855 472.9037 678.9655 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 459.5957 581.5495 473.5877 593.4295 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 147.0077 467.5015 160.9997 479.3815 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 4559 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 1991\); M. Howell, )] TJ ET BT 200.996 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eleanor of Provence. Queenship in Thirteenth Century England)] TJ ET BT 508.304 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1998\); )] TJ ET BT 98.348 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eleanor of Castile: Queen and Society in Thirteenth Century England)] TJ ET BT 434.000 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. J.C. Parsons\(New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(York, 1995\); A. Duggan, )] TJ ET BT 187.664 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Queens)] TJ ET BT 223.652 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( and Queenship in Medieval Europe)] TJ ET BT 397.292 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Woodbridge, 1997\); Anne )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crawford, ?The King?s burden?: the consequences of royal marriage in fifteenth century England?, in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Patronage, the Crown and the Provinces in Later Medieval England)] TJ ET BT 393.332 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. in R. A.Griffiths \(Stroud, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1981\); )] TJ ET BT 98.348 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Letters of the Queens of England, 1100-1547)] TJ ET BT 335.672 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Anne Crawford \(Stroud, 1994\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 509.972 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 509.972 723.795 m 549.968 723.795 l S BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 709.539 m 78.008 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 696.682 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rowena E. Archer, ?Piety in question: noblewomen and religion in later medieval England?, in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women and Religion in Medieval England)] TJ ET BT 268.328 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Diana Wood \(Oxford, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 431.288 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 431.288 681.027 m 485.276 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 668.170 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caroline Barron, ?The education and training of girls in fifteenth century London?, in )] TJ ET BT 478.280 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Courts, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Counties and the Capital in the Later Middle Ages)] TJ ET BT 306.692 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Diana.E. S. Dunn\(Far Thrupp, 1996\); S )] TJ ET BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michalove, ?The education of aristocratic women in fifteenth century England?, in )] TJ ET BT 464.264 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Estrangement, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Enterprise and Education in Fifteenth Century England)] TJ ET BT 332.012 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. S. Michalove and A Compton Reeves )] TJ ET BT 64.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Stroud, 1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 137.012 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 137.012 609.747 m 191.000 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 596.890 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(L. L.Gee, )] TJ ET BT 113.000 596.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women, Art and Patronage from Henry III to Edward III )] TJ ET BT 389.960 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Woodbridge, 2002\);)] TJ ET BT 491.276 596.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Women and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 582.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Literature in Britain, 1150?1500)] TJ ET BT 222.032 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Carole Meale, Cambridge Studies in Medieval Literature, 17 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 1993\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 158.336 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 158.336 566.979 m 212.324 566.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 523.135 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 505.355 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 505.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/816)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 503.961 m 322.316 503.961 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 478.984 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 464.584 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3799)] TJ ET BT 34.016 450.184 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 509.9717 724.1095 549.9677 735.9895 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 709.8535 78.0077 721.7335 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 431.2877 681.3415 485.2757 693.2215 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 137.0117 610.0615 190.9997 621.9415 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 158.3357 567.2935 212.3237 579.1735 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 504.2755 322.3157 516.1555 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/816) >> endobj xref 0 46 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000557 00000 n 0000000639 00000 n 0000004903 00000 n 0000005012 00000 n 0000005122 00000 n 0000005231 00000 n 0000008792 00000 n 0000008920 00000 n 0000009004 00000 n 0000009069 00000 n 0000016648 00000 n 0000016713 00000 n 0000024434 00000 n 0000024539 00000 n 0000032866 00000 n 0000032896 00000 n 0000033024 00000 n 0000033060 00000 n 0000033090 00000 n 0000033218 00000 n 0000033254 00000 n 0000033284 00000 n 0000033412 00000 n 0000033448 00000 n 0000033478 00000 n 0000033606 00000 n 0000033642 00000 n 0000033761 00000 n 0000038373 00000 n 0000038501 00000 n 0000038556 00000 n 0000038682 00000 n 0000038737 00000 n 0000038865 00000 n 0000038920 00000 n 0000039048 00000 n 0000039103 00000 n 0000039231 00000 n 0000039286 00000 n 0000039414 00000 n trailer << /Size 46 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 39509 %%EOF