%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 23 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141030015833+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141030015833+00'00') /Title (State and Market in Victorian Britain: War, Welfare and Capitalism) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4731 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(State and Market in Victorian Britain: War, Welfare and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Capitalism)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book brings together 12 previously published essays, with a substantial new introduction. The essays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fall into three broad sets. One set is centrally concerned with the fiscal character of the Victorian state, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has many of the same broad themes as Martin Daunton?s previous work on the politics of taxation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Trusting Leviathan: The Politics of Taxation in Britain, 1799-1914)] TJ ET BT 355.712 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, whose approach is continued in )] TJ ET BT 516.020 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Taxes: The Politics of Taxation in Britain, 1914-1979)] TJ ET BT 292.028 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 295.028 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 295.028 207.777 m 309.020 207.777 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 309.020 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The analysis emphasizes the success of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian state in constructing a viable taxing apparatus by judicious balancing of interests, so that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?fiscal-military? state of the Napoleonic period was succeeded , eventually, by a state that minimized )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(borrowing and sought to spread the tax burden in accordance with contemporary notions of ?fairness?. These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notions were less often class-based ideas of capital and labour, or rich and poor, than moral categories such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as idle versus active wealth, waste versus prudence, spontaneous versus industrious incomes, or dissipation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(versus healthy consumption. Crucial to the argument here is the idea is that the state so constructed sought to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contain the power of monopolistic interests of any kind, lest they undermine the spreading of the benefits of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competition across the mass of the population. In consequence, alongside its tax strategy, the state in various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways regulated the supply of infrastructural goods, including gas, water, electricity, telegraph and rail )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(services, so as to reduce unfair exactions by the suppliers. In this account, the Victorian state was )] TJ ET BT 503.924 66.611 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(laissez-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(faire)] TJ ET BT 56.684 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( only in the sense that it spent substantially less of the national income than in the 20th century \(or late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(821)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 31 October, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin Daunton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781843833833)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(352pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boydell and Brewer)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woodbridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jim Tomlinson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 295.0277 208.0915 309.0197 219.9715 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7750 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18th century\), but in other respects the term is seriously misleading. In particular, Daunton argues, it was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an ?amoral? state in terms of E. P. Thompson?s dichotomy between a moral economy and a triumphant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political economy. The state had a moral purpose: ?the removal of special interests, a purging of the state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and a removal of the curse of speculation? \(p. 5\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second set of essays concerns the nature of the state in a different sense; the extent to which it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subordinated to a predominant City interest in the shaping of policy. Here Daunton brings together his essay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from 1989 criticising Cain and Hopkins? notion of ?Gentlemanly Capitalism? with the first of his recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series of articles on globalization in the )] TJ ET BT 225.656 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Transactions of the Royal Historical Society)] TJ ET BT 438.656 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, along with more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detailed studies of the workings of the 19th century City of London. In line with the arguments of the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of the book, the theme of the second is that the Victorian state was not subordinate to any single interest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(group, and certainly not the City. He shows both the complex internal divisions within the City which make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it impossible to assume the existence of a singular ?interest?, and the limits on the capacity of ?finance?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however conceived, to subordinate industrial and other interests in determining policy. Conversely, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that industrial interests were not subordinated to those of finance as so often alleged. In part the idea )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that they did relies on a sharp dichotomy between the interests of industry and finance which is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsustainable. Much of the financial system was directly concerned with the provision of credit to industry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and commerce. The City certainly had an international orientation, but so did much of industry, with huge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reliance on exports of manufactured goods to pay for raw materials \(and food\), and thus on complex webs of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(financial services. Rather than losing out to the interests of finance, industrial capitalists in the Victorian and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edwardian period, Daunton argues, largely got the policies they wanted from the central state ? free trade, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taxation equitable between interests, public order and a relief system based on a free labour market.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third set of essays links issues of state formation and finance to the developments in non-state provision )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of welfare, and unlike the rest of the book take the arguments up to the middle of the 20th century. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important theme here \(with contemporary resonance\) is the Gladstonian distrust of tax privileges for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philanthropy, believing this to be another example of potential subversion of public purposes by the rich in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the guise of subsidized charity. More broadly, the theme is the paradox of how Victorian Britain, which had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such a rich nexus of associational welfare provision, evolved by the mid 20th century into a society with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most centralized state welfare system in the developed world. What is important in looking at this paradox is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not to idealize those associational structures, and Daunton points to their often undemocratic character and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limited coverage of the population. But, above all, he is concerned, in telling the history of British welfare )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provision, to undermine a simple linear narrative of the demise of voluntarism and the rise of the state. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rather, the story is one of how different combinations of state, charity, families and markets have provided )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welfare, and how the relationships between these elements have shifted over time. The shift to a highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centralized welfare state in mid-20th century Britain is seen not largely as the emanation of a centralizing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bureaucratic ideology, but rather as the state pursuing a politically-mandated expansion of welfare provision )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whilst seeking to sustain trust in itself. Hence, for example, the decision to employ National Insurance as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key financing mechanism for social security.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Books of previously published essays are often welcomed as ?useful compendiums of scattered materials? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but any such notion would be wholly inadequate recognition of the value of this book. Though the essays are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely un-amended from their original form, the introduction persuasively shows how they fit together to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form a complex, interwoven, and extremely rich account of the Victorian state and the political economy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian society. In that sense, the whole is more than the sum of its parts. Though the core issue is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nature of the Victorian state, the analysis ramifies into a very wide range of issues, on each of which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something important is said. On the question of Empire, for example, it is emphasized that the notion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Gentlemanly Capitalism? is commonly linked to the argument that the costs of the British Empire were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disproportionately born by domestic industrialists and workers to the benefit of financiers and )] TJ ET BT 487.628 118.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(rentiers)] TJ ET BT 524.960 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(home, and the colonies \(or at least some of them\) overseas. But this, it is argued, is too benign a view of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Empire, within which many countries developed effective mechanisms to extract taxation, and spent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the money on purposes which helped Britain, for example by providing infrastructure for the cheap supply of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(food to the Metropole. On the other hand, British defence spending, while its distribution was closely related )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7150 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Empire, commonly bought substantial benefits to the home country by defending the world of free trade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and international division of labour on which Britain?s prosperity rested. Also very telling are more specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(points, like the fact that far from turning businessmen into gentry, public schools led their pupils to be more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.586 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often involved in trade and commerce that their fathers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The essays collected here have clear, common analytical assumptions underpinning them, though these are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not spelt out at great length. These assumptions are those of ?historical institutionalism?, which in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context means especially a concern to assert the ?relative autonomy? of the state from societal, including )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic interests. In this account the state apparatus is not subordinated to the political process in any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(direct fashion, but neither is it the creature of any social class or sectional interest like ?the City? or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Industry?. States pursue their own agendas, but in doing so develop capacities which in turn define future )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possibilities. These agendas tend to be concerned above all with social stability, and hence lay great store on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintaining state legitimacy and not provoking widespread discontent. This approach shifts attention away )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the size of the state, which has so concerned many politicians as well as historians, onto the manner of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 610.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its financing as the key issue which mainly determines its trajectory. In the judgement given here, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian state was highly successful because it sustained consent, and this continued, albeit with some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges into the Edwardian period, despite a rising share of public spending in national income. It was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a weak state because prior to that expansion its spending was highly constrained; on the contrary, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 553.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successfully delegated many state functions to local authorities, a delegation which achieved functional ends )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whilst helping to sustain legitimacy by recognizing the importance of allowing much greater powers in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(localities than is compatible with contemporary notions of avoiding ?postcode lotteries?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This methodological starting point leads Daunton to a radical questioning of many conventional wisdoms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about modern British history. Most importantly, it leads to a powerful critique of the ?declinist? focus of so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of the narrative of Britain since the late 19th century. Cain and Hopkins? ?Gentlemanly Capitalism? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thesis is, as Daunton points out in his introduction, linked to a broader narrative about the British state and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British society, and which draws on diverse political and ideological positions to suggest that there was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never a ?proper? bourgeois hegemony established in Britain, that the aristocracy in alliance with the City )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remained pre-eminent politically, and that culturally there was widespread hostility to ?the modern?, evident )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in everything from veneration of ancient institutions to nostalgia for rural life. All these elements feed into a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long established theme of Britain as a country suffering far more than the inevitable adjustment to the loss of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(high-Victorian industrial and commercial pre-eminence, but rather some kind of pathological failure to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adjust, leading to serious and prolonged ?decline?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This whole complex of ideas has come under increasing critical fire since Daunton wrote his essay on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Gentlemanly Capitalism? 20 years ago. For example, the work of David Edgerton has radically re-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appraised the notion of an anti-technological and anti-scientific state which underpins many declinist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts. The work of Peter Mandler and others has effectively criticized the portrayal of a Britain crippled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by rural nostalgia and the dominance of aristocratic and anti-bourgeois values. The work of Steve )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Broadberry has shown how the long-standing adverse comparisons of the British economy with German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?efficiency? were commonly based on misunderstandings about the scale and significance of areas of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German superiority. This book, then, should be read both for its powerful analysis of the dynamics of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victorian state, providing an important perspective on almost all major issues in understanding Victorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society, but also as a major contribution to undermining the narrative of decline which still encumbers so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much of the historiography of modern Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author wishes to express his thanks to the reviewer.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 126.675 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 96.058 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 96.053 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin Daunton, )] TJ ET BT 147.008 96.053 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Trusting Leviathan: The Politics of Taxation in Britain, 1799?1914)] TJ ET BT 470.708 96.053 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 81.797 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2001\) and )] TJ ET BT 115.340 81.797 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Just Taxes: The Politics of Taxation in Britain, 1914?1979 )] TJ ET BT 400.688 81.797 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 495.008 81.797 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 495.008 80.403 m 548.996 80.403 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 55.541 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 41.285 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 495.0077 80.7175 548.9957 92.5975 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 915 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/vic/summary/v052/52.2.o-connor.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 795.075 m 357.692 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 360.692 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 791.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 773.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 773.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/821)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 772.569 m 322.316 772.569 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 747.592 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 733.192 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3804)] TJ ET BT 34.016 718.792 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/vic/summary/v052/52.2.o-connor.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 795.3895 357.6917 807.2695 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/vic/summary/v052/52.2.o-connor.html) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 772.8835 322.3157 784.7635 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/821) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000569 00000 n 0000000658 00000 n 0000005441 00000 n 0000005550 00000 n 0000005660 00000 n 0000005769 00000 n 0000009330 00000 n 0000009458 00000 n 0000009542 00000 n 0000009571 00000 n 0000009699 00000 n 0000009735 00000 n 0000009800 00000 n 0000017603 00000 n 0000017687 00000 n 0000024890 00000 n 0000025016 00000 n 0000025071 00000 n 0000025162 00000 n 0000026129 00000 n 0000026256 00000 n 0000026372 00000 n 0000026500 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26595 %%EOF