%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 27 0 R 35 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141025052954+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141025052954+01'00') /Title (Consuming History: Historians and Heritage in Contemporary Popular Culture) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4623 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Consuming History: Historians and Heritage in Contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Popular Culture)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Heritage should not be confused with history. History seeks to convince by truth ? Heritage exaggerates and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(omits, candidly admits and frankly forgets, and thrives on ignorance and error?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 416.612 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 416.612 250.545 m 430.604 250.545 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 430.604 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( David Lowenthal?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarks on the difference between these two enterprises go a long way to explain why historians have had a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather negative view of public historical practices. Understandably, there is concern at how the past can be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(easily misrepresented and falsified by forms of historical representation that do not adhere to the rules of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence and standards of academic rigour. There is, however, something of an irony here, since historians, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who still think of themselves as having a public audience and a duty to inform their sense of the past \(as I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(believe they do\), lack an informed perspective on popular contemporary engagements with history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enter Jerome de Groot?s )] TJ ET BT 155.984 140.147 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Consuming History)] TJ ET BT 249.656 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which responds to recent calls for a more concerted effort on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the part of historians to understand the nature of historical representations in the public domain.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 492.956 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 492.956 124.497 m 506.948 124.497 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 506.948 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( His aim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is twofold: first, he seeks to understand ?how History as a set of entities and discourses works in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary society? \(p. 3\); and second, he suggests that an examination of the way society engages with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its past can illuminate the dynamics of culture itself. De Groot takes us on a sweeping and, at times, fleeting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(survey of a broad range of cultural phenomena and entities that use and engage with the past. From popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history to amateur history, re-enactment to gaming, history as television to historical television, and drama, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(825)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 31 October, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jerome De Groot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780415399456)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(22.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(292pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Abingdon)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ian Gwinn)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 416.6117 250.8595 430.6037 262.7395 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 492.9557 124.8115 506.9477 136.6915 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7520 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature and graphic novels to museums and heritage, )] TJ ET BT 299.636 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Consuming History)] TJ ET BT 393.308 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( squeezes a lot of material into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(250 pages. Nonetheless, de Groot has produced a lucid and stimulating account of how the ?historical? is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptualised by the cultural imagination.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What the book tries to make clear is that in recent years our engagement with the past undergone an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important shift. This departure is indicated by the title ? how we engage and interact with history publicly is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very much conditionedby processes of consumption and commodification \(p. 5\). Historical knowledge and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(products can now be purchased online or at a museum gift shop; history can be valued as part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(desirability of antiques or property; or it can be ?packaged? as way of selling television dramas or video )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(games. Yet the notion of ?consuming history? ought not to be understood in purely material terms. Rather, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests a way of relating to and ?interfacing? with the past that can be equally symbolic and emotive. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idea is pursued throughout the text and it can be said to pose a challenging thesis about the nature of how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history operates in contemporary society, suggesting that historians may need to rethink their approach to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past as a result.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A brief summary of two examples can help to illustrate the changes in the way we engage with history. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first is outlined in part one \(the book is divided into six parts\), where de Groot contrasts the recent fortunes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the popular historian with that of the historical discipline. He identifies two main trends. On the one hand, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there has been the rise of the ?celebrity? historian?, who are now less valued for their academic credentials )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than their individual persona and style \(?famous for their fame as much as for their profession? \(p. 20\)\). On )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the other, the influence of the academic historian in the public arena has waned, whilst a host of journalists, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critics and other writers have increasingly informed our understanding of the past as writers of biographies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or presenters of television programmes. This is seen as a consequence of a divergence between academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(priorities and popular interests, as well as differing perceptions about the popular and academic historian in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the cultural imagination. More original, however, is de Groot?s claim that the erosion of academic power is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an outcome of the increased ?enfranchisement? of the public that has encouraged by the appearance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading groups, magazines, and websites that support customer-led reviews and on-line blogs \(pp. 46?8\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is part of what he describes as a ?seeming grassroots revolution in historical participation?, examples of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which can be found all the way through the text \(p. 48\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second example comes from the final part of the book, which considers the changing role of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(museum in light of recent funding cutbacks, theoretical shifts, and changes in visitor expectations. De Groot )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that museums have undergone a shift in the way they operate, which reflects the impact of market )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments in the heritage sector, turning museums into commercial ventures with a corporate identity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and structure \(p. 241\). They have also been incorporated into a government-driven agenda based on the neo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liberal rhetoric of inclusion, diversity and widening participation. All this has had the effect of making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(museums places where engagement with the past has become interactive, focusing attention on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience of an active ?user?. For the author, this represents a ?democratisation? of heritage: ?Interactivity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implies an involvement and an enfranchisement for the visitor ? rather than be shown the artefact and told its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaning, interactive exhibits and museums involve the audience in the narratives of history? \(p. 246\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Turning to the rest of the book, it is evident that the author believes the way contemporary culture engages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the past is more complex, multifaceted and diverse than anyone has hitherto imagined. This claim is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made plausible by a variety of examples supported by cogent, well-rehearsed arguments. For example, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part two, entitled ?enfranchisement, ownership and consumption?, de Groot considers how the practice and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience of amateur history has been revolutionised by the advent of technological innovations such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Web 2.0. To a large extent, the internet has facilitated the commodification of historical information, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restricting online access to documents, records, and other sources to those who are willing to engage in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(networks of consumption \(pp. 75?6\). There again activities like genealogy have been transformed into sites )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of complex historical engagement, where the experience of the past has become something personal, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revelatory and liberating. Historiographically speaking, genealogy is wedded to a conventional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epistemological model of history, yet it also supplies a direct and active connection with the past, one that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allows users to bypass culturally established meanings in the pursuit of knowledge and self-identity. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, de Groot contends that the ability to share, store and communicate information, and to establish )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7677 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(online communities, enfranchises users whilst undermining hierarchies of knowledge and the authority of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural ?gatekeepers? \(p. 91\). Above all, the experience of the past is fundamentally interactive, complex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and less reliant upon narratives imposed by external authorities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The themes of complexity and interactivity are repeated in the examination of the forms of re-enactment and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(living history in part three. In this instance, history is experienced as performance, a mode of expression )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(receptive to the contingencies of the past and the imaginative aspects of historical reconstruction. At the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same it is a kind of performance that is rooted in a fidelity to the actuality of the past and an authenticity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience. In battlefield re-enactment, for example, this leads to a paradoxical engagement, whereby the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(striving for authenticity \(customs, behaviours and styles of dress are meticulously reproduced\) is at odds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the re-enactors pursuit of a personalised experience affording them license to act out the past, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imaginatively recreating what might have been. This tension is succinctly expressed by de Groot who writes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?history has to ?live? whilst acknowledging its very pastness? \(p. 113\). This ability to embody the past in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(performance gives re-enactment an enfranchising quality for both participants and audience alike, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communicating meaning in a first-person interpretation of history. As this indicates, performance can be a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potentially space of dissidence, disrupting conventional modes of historical knowing.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another important argument that is raised in support of book?s thesis is the idea that one of the major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments in the positioning of history in popular culture has been the emergence of what has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(described as the ?virtual turn? in historiography \(p. 2\). This notion holds particular significance for mediums )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like television, film, novels and plays. In part four, de Groot debates the presentation of history on television, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenging received assumptions about television history as something simplistic, populist and inauthentic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 153?4\). Firstly, he demonstrates that the historical documentary is a complex and paradoxical visual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(format, analysing how narrative, plot, and stylistic choices are deployed in order to engage audiences and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convey a sense of historicity. This is an interesting example of how a popular form of historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation is comprised of simultaneously conventional and problematic elements. Conventional in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense that documentary relies upon narratives of progress and teleology, which seek to connect with viewers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through empathetic understandings. Yet it also makes such comfortable understandings problematic by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including a series of tropes and visual techniques that often self-consciously foreground the problem of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representing historical truth. ?Historical documentary?, according to de Groot ?is acutely aware that it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cannot reconstruct a true past and as a consequence presents a necessarily indeterminate and incomplete )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picture? \(p. 153\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Secondly, he goes on to discuss Reality History television as a style of programming that presents a rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different experience of the past to audiences than mainstream historical documentaries fronted by popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians like Simon Schama and David Starkey. Indeed, de Groot suggests that the rise of Reality History )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(renders problematic the status of the historian ?as master-of-narrative? \(p. 168\). As a model of historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engagement, reality history creates meaning via the lived experience of ordinary people as they encounter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the past through privation and hardship. In this manner, it seeks an authenticity of experience, immersing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(participants into unfamiliar social and behavioural rules, yet at the same time it remains cognisant of its own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporaneity and artifice. Furthermore, Reality History is a format that is dynamic and interactive, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enfranchising viewers and involving them in the drama that unfolds. Thus, it has potential to subvert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional models of historical knowledge, though it also maintains an affinity for rules, authority and order. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ultimately, however, the results are ambiguous: ?Reality History can challenge the received ideas and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imposed narrative of our past and heritage?, states de Groot ?but replaces them with a muddle? \(p. 72\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Consuming History )] TJ ET BT 130.688 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supports the idea that history dominates contemporary society and the social imagination.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 134.067 m 48.008 134.067 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In part five, de Groot explores the position of history in popular cultural forms of expression, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular the realms of drama and literature. Historical television is accorded extensive treatment; in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular those television series based upon adaptations of works by classic British novelists like Austen, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dickens and Eliot. Whereas most commentators have portrayed them as exemplars of a cultural genre that is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative and elitist, de Groot details a more complex picture, including programmes which defy the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conventional categories of the genre by presenting the stories of marginalised elements in society. Outside of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the classic adaptation, the picture is even more complicated, since new styles of programming have swapped )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 134.3815 48.0077 146.2615 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 30 0 R 33 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 7713 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the comfortable nostalgia of old for a past that is depicted as violent, dangerous, and lacking morality \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(200?1\). On a more historiographically self-conscious level, de Groot identifies recent British film \(notably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Atonement)] TJ ET BT 85.340 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 108.668 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Wind that Shakes the Barley)] TJ ET BT 265.652 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) as a genre where conventional forms of historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation and populist themes are open to question. As a genre often criticised for its cultural elitism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical drama is treated here as something that can also be dynamic, challenging and problematic \(p. 184\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the outset of the book, de Groot boldly proclaims to be setting out ?an agenda for further study of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways that history is presented and engaged with? \(p. 5\). Does he fulfil this ambition here? The answer is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(partly qualified yes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He puts forward a convincing case that popular engagement with history is a more complex affair than most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars have been willing to concede, and he ably demonstrates how it relates to contemporary cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience and meanings. One of the book?s major strengths lies in its comprehensive scope and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broadening of the parameters of our vision of what constitutes public history. The reading of a range of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marginalised elements of culture \(only some of which are mentioned here\), including Reality History, living )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, gaming, urban exploration, as well as the discussion of the role and impact of the internet and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(digitisation are particularly useful in this regard. In addition, de Groot offers fresh insight into more well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known genres, such as television history and museums, situating them within contemporary cultural trends.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As for the question of who should read this book, )] TJ ET BT 274.328 532.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Consuming History)] TJ ET BT 368.000 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has valuable things to say to both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians and scholars of cultural and media studies. What the book shows is how history pervades )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary culture, illustrating how it is used, consumed and exploring what it might mean for our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of the past. ?Recognising this?, Ludmilla Jordanova has written, ?should help historians see )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their own activities in a wider perspective and to raise broad questions about the practice of history?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 517.592 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 517.592 473.955 m 531.584 473.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 531.584 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this sense, )] TJ ET BT 86.348 461.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Consuming History)] TJ ET BT 180.020 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has some unsettling implications for the profession, as not only does it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlight the fact that academic history has no monopoly on historical knowledge, but that popular forms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography signal a diffusion of academic authority, or ?an undermining of authoritative, legitimised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History in favour of multiple histories? \(p. 249\). This is a provocative and disputable thesis, which is sure to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raise levels of anxiety amongst historians.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With that said, de Groot?s volume is not beyond reproach. One has difficulty in accepting certain key )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspects of the book, where the arguments advanced remain unconvincing. This is the case with the claim that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public history can be a source of dissent and resistance towards conventional, academic forms of knowledge. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At issue here is the question of whether these modes of expression actually undermine the epistemic model )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of academic history. We have witnessed a general shift from the textual to the visual, performative and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embodied in popular historical representation, but to what extent has the epistemological status quo been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenged?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Looking at how historical meaning is created and representation is made to function, many of the examples )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given in the book remain wedded to traditional values and concepts, such as authenticity, empathy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience, which betoken a realist epistemic model of history. Moreover, it appears that, in general, what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lies behind the purpose of public displays of history is a conservative intent, either to reinforce a sense of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationhood or to impose a sense of order. On this account, non-academic forms of historiography are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dissident insofar as they give expression to their own subjective and fictive qualities or to the extent that they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undermine the authority of academic and cultural gatekeepers by equipping lay audiences with the tools to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce their own versions of history. Whilst this may not be ?proper? history as conceived by historians, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this does necessarily imply a radically different approach to historiography. As Alun Munslow suggests, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?while first-person interpretation is undoubtedly a way to rethink the expression of history ? it still conforms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the epistemological model for ?discovering? historical knowledge?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 371.300 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 371.300 122.067 m 385.292 122.067 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus, de Groot may well be correct in his view of popular mediums of historical representation as offering a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different style of engagement with the past, but in and of itself this is not enough to substantiate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument that they constitute a fundamental shift in our historical imagination. His claim that ?an entirely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new way of thinking about history and formulating approaches to it ? might be necessary? is perhaps )] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 517.5917 474.2695 531.5837 486.1495 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 371.2997 122.3815 385.2917 134.2615 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R ] /Contents 36 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Length 5066 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(somewhat premature in this regard \(p. 248\). It suggests that further research in the field will need to address )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the conceptual distinction between the means of historical expression and their epistemological and cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implications.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These criticisms aside, )] TJ ET BT 146.000 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Consuming History )] TJ ET BT 242.672 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a timely and important book. Taken as a whole, it adds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substantially to our understanding of non-academic forms of historical engagement and contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture?s ongoing fascination with the past. For this reason it ought to be compulsory reading for anyone )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interested in the boundaries between non-academic and academic history, and the relationship of culture to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its past.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(November 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 623.523 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 592.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 592.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Lowenthal, ?Fabricating heritage?, )] TJ ET BT 266.636 592.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History and Memory )] TJ ET BT 369.620 592.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10, 1 \(Spring 1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 466.616 592.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 466.616 591.507 m 520.604 591.507 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 578.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 578.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Ludmilla Jordanova, )] TJ ET BT 186.668 578.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History in Practice )] TJ ET BT 281.660 578.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2nd ed., London, 2006\), p. 149.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 437.312 578.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 437.312 577.251 m 491.300 577.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 564.394 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 564.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin L. Davies, )] TJ ET BT 152.336 564.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historics: Why History Dominates Contemporary Society)] TJ ET BT 429.308 564.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London and New York, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 550.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 550.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 548.739 m 149.000 548.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 535.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 535.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jordanova, ibid, p. 136.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 177.008 535.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 177.008 534.483 m 230.996 534.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 521.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 521.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alun Munslow, )] TJ ET BT 142.352 521.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Narrative and History)] TJ ET BT 249.020 521.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2007\), p. 76.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 360.344 521.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 360.344 520.227 m 414.332 520.227 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 495.365 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 481.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Times)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 466.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 465.459 m 270.668 465.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 273.668 466.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 452.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 438.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://tcbh.oxfordjournals.org/content/20/2/270.full)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 436.947 m 280.352 436.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 283.352 438.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 424.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(review)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 409.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXV/515/1067.full)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 408.435 m 315.008 408.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 318.008 409.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET 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