%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150226180404+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150226180404+00'00') /Title (Contested Histories in Public Space: Memory, Race, and Nation) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3822 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Contested Histories in Public Space: Memory, Race, and Nation)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reading an edited collection of articles can be likened to dining out on a tasting menu: you?re afforded the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunity to sample broadly but portions can sometimes be relatively puny. A standard serving, like a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monograph, provides bulk whereas essays may fire up your appetite yet fail to satiate your hunger. But since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual and gastronomic desires fluctuate, you might opt for volume on certain occasions while craving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety at other times.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As it turns out, many of the ?small plates? on offer in)] TJ ET BT 289.988 190.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Contested Histories in Public Space: Memory, Race, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and Nation)] TJ ET BT 87.692 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, edited by Daniel J. Walkowitz and Lisa Maya Knauer, are quite satisfying. Others, however, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leave you craving more.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The aim of the editors is to explore the impact of worldwide developments on various locales: how have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postcolonialism and globalization affected both a sense of national character and resurgent sectarian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identities? Walkowitz and Knauer are also interested in the ways in which state endorsement of neoliberal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policies has spurred an increased interest in culture, heritage, and place. This can be a blessing, but also a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(curse: complex phenomena are inevitably simplified, history is adulterated, and memory is commodified for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political and economic ends.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(833)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 30 November, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Daniel Walkowitz)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lisa Maya Knauer)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780822342366)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(365pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duke University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Durham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steven Dubin)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7085 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Concurrently, partisan groups have increasingly challenged the ways that they have been represented in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(museums, monuments and memorials, libraries, textbooks and historic places. Even strategic environmental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sites can become battlegrounds. But while many historians working within the public sphere have taken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant steps to incorporate previously ignored group narratives into their projects or to tweak skewed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ones, Walkowitz and Knauer highlight an often unforeseen cost of such actions: projecting a Kumbaya sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the world can easily trump bringing up unpleasantries such as colonialism and slavery. The editors are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially concerned that ?professional historians can be remarkably complicit with the initiatives of state )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and commercial cultural enterprises? \(p. 24\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the greatest strength of this compilation is how the authors capture the vigorous contestation that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can arise between advocates with radically opposed sentiments, allegiances, outlooks and agendas. With the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(devil generally being in the details, the particulars in these examples reflect the categorical messiness, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fluidity, the complexities, the shifting loyalties, the unpredictability and the undeniably fascinating nature of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such cultural conflicts. The scope of this selection is notably broad, allowing for a comparative exploration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of how such battles are waged, won and lost worldwide. But it is a drawback as well: Africa and Asia are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represented by just one report respectively, offering thin regional coverage and thereby precluding gaining a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more comprehensive sense of what can be at issue in these areas of the world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charlotte J. MacDonald does an admirable job of decoding the meaning[s] within the exhibitions, patterns of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public usage, and the building that houses the New Zealand National Museum Te Papa [Our Place], and she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also locates the evolution of its narrative strategies within a larger social context: Maoris have made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant legal, political and economic gains in recent years, bestowing them with increased power to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dictate how they are publicly portrayed. Their representation in Te Papa is not simply a reflection of newly-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enlightened curatorial practice, therefore; these people now wield real clout. Moreover, with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disintegration of the British Empire, the identities of non-indigenous ?others? ?ranging from the Dutch to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(East Indians to Chinese ? are also open to reformulation. In the end, however, MacDonald reckons that a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebration of national pride and inclusiveness has obstructed a confrontation with more challenging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions. ?Imagination is safer,? she concludes, ?and infinitely more popular, than the awkward and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argumentative present? \(p. 33\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ruth B. Phillips and Mark Salber Phillips likewise demonstrate how a shifting social context ? what they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argue is ?an important moment of rupture? regarding ?the new postcolonial politics of land and nationhood? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 50\) ? has been reflected in displays at the Canadian Museum of Civilization. Past and present now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(converge in its exhibitions, whereas the building, designed by an architect of indigenous ancestry, supplants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Neo-Gothic grandeur with a structure that echoes a vocabulary of traditional native motifs and is consciously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integrated into the environment. But as they analyze the interior spaces, Phillips and Phillips reveal how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficult it is to balance historical accuracy with entertainment value, and to represent and honor peoples? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past practices without trapping their contemporary descendants within a sort of museological amber.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Ashton and Paula Hamilton report similar processes underway in Australia, where ?renegotiations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(histories? \(p. 73\) have meant that ?progressive museum professionals have in recent years been faced with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics of reaction? \(p. 85\). Here the categories of victim and perpetrator can shift in unexpected and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting ways. Moreover, embracing multiculturalism runs the danger of transforming sanctified places )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into cut-rate spiritual destinations: ?Increasingly the pre-contact [Aboriginal] sites,? they write, ?are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appropriated as ?sacred spaces? for a white culture which seeks to indigenise itself by discovering a spiritual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affinity for the land, a form of white Dreaming? \(p. 92\). Think of Madonna?s faddish embrace of Kabbalah )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a pop culture analogue.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Durba Ghosh argues that by focusing on the thriving global trade between England and Asia before 1840, an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important exhibition at the British Library conveniently failed to take up the brutal consequences of colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rule which ensued. Here the mutual benefits of commerce overshadowed exploitation; an early manifestation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of globalization was thereby rendered benign. Richard R. Flores details how an event considered relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insignificant in its own time can become a highly charged symbol later on, endowed with significance and re-)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7674 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engineered by specific social interests. In his case, it is the Alamo; a 19th-century battle which occurred in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(South Africa at nearly the same time likewise achieved mythic status \(see below\). And Daniel Walkowitz )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines the Ellis Island Immigration Museum both pre- and post-9/11. He explores the depiction of a range )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of immigrant experiences, the different pathways to assimilation, and the tensions between developing a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative of citizenship and national identity while also acknowledging the histories and experiences of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discrete groups. \(Walkowitz unfortunately missed a superb opportunity to delve more deeply into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynamics of this place by not citing a controversy that erupted over an exhibition it hosted in 1997: museum )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officials prohibited the use of the word ?genocide? in relation to the early 20th-century massacre of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Armenians by Ottoman Turks, and banned certain contemporaneous photographs. Some Jewish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spokespeople also objected to the term ?holocaust? being ?usurped? by others, implying a hierarchy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suffering that could not abide comparable claims.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Three contributions stand out for both the theoretical breadth and the descriptive depth of their analyses. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laurent Dubois writes evocatively and insightfully about the incorporation of two neglected champions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liberty into the French)] TJ ET BT 141.008 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( sanctum sanctorum)] TJ ET BT 237.668 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the Pantheon, in 1998. Louis Delgrs and Toussaint Louverture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were thereby transmogrified from ?terrorists? into ?freedom fighters?. Dubois documents the protracted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journey of these men from the periphery to the centre: both geographically \(representing the French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean colonies\), as well as symbolically \(successfully being incorporated into a cherished inner circle of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heroes\). Dubois combines a detailed historiography as well as an astute appraisal of contemporary French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics with a sensitive interpretation of the micropolitics of the precise placement of their final resting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(places. He offers an all-too-rare example of a nation confronting its own history of slavery, making an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important gesture of reconsideration and recompense, and getting it right. \(An interesting contrast can be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawn with the French government?s prolonged resistance to releasing the remains of Sarah Bartmann \(also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known as the Hottentot Venus\) ? cheekily defined as part of the country?s ?patrimony? ? from her shameful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entrapment in a French museum; she was eventually repatriated to South Africa, and respectively buried, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Deborah Poole?s account of conflicting visions for Oaxaca?s)] TJ ET BT 326.948 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( zcalo)] TJ ET BT 361.280 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(central square\) reveals how politics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and race, culture and place, play out in a Mexican context. Fresh politicos have met resistance to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempts to redefine what manner of activity is ?appropriate? there \(increased tourism, s; mass protests, no\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or even which sorts of trees rightfully ?belong? \(cries of ?botanical racism? flavored the debate over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indigenous versus imported species \(p. 202\)\). Poole vividly captures the zealousness of struggle and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(observes, ?claims to cultural and political distinction are tolerated, and even celebrated, as long as they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not articulated as part of oppositional, contestatory, or class-based political projects? \(p. 207\). Her sense of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local history is keen; her inclusion of developments through 2008 is noteworthy; and her discussion of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Committee of Authenticity, arbitrating who may participate in an annual pageant, is precisely the sort of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homegrown curiosity that one hopes might turn up in research of this type.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And Lisa Maya Knauer?s comparative analysis of the poetics of representation inherent within two Cuban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(museums as well as a parade pushes beyond the case study approach which most of the other contributors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adopt. Her goal is to explore ?the relationship between public spectacle and ethnographic display? \(p. 285\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and her analysis draws upon a long engagement with that country and its various forms of expressive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture. Knauer unpacks the significance of government control of institutions versus oversight by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international organizations such as UNESCO; the evolution of attitudes towards African-derived cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forms; and the incorporation of local expression into the collective sense of national identity. In respect to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(African-inspired spirituality, she concludes, ?it had to be transformed from religion into culture and thus into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(folklore? \(p. 291\). As Cuba potentially stands on the brink of sweeping social change, Knauer?s account of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how history, race and traditional practices have been packaged and dispensed gains added significance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Five of the 13 essays in this collection appeared previously in)] TJ ET BT 329.984 106.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Radical History Review)] TJ ET BT 446.972 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In at least one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them, the author?s failure to revise his selection in light of current developments seriously undercuts its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(validity. South Africa is undergoing a social and political makeover on the scale that Cuba may soon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience. And yet the bulk of the references used as evidence in Albert Grundlingh?s ?A cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conundrum? Old monuments and new regimes: the Voortrekker Monument as symbol of Afrikaner power in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7192 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a postapartheid South Africa? \(first published in 2001\) range from 1988 to 2003 ? some of them thereby )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predating the postapartheid era. In a country that has been experiencing a fundamental and continuous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transformation since 1994, this is a serious shortcoming. He quotes one author as having ?recently? made an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(observation \(p. 160\), for instance, when this particular reference dates from 1994, the first year of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(democracy!)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The result is a chapter that is stale at best, irrelevant at worst. Grundlingh cautions, ?To continue describing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the significance of the monument in similar terms as when Afrikaner nationalism was dominant ignores the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seismographic shifts in South African society during the past decade? \(p. 160\). He would do well to heed his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own advice. Moreover, co-editors Walkowitz and Knauer mistakenly reference ?the 1930s, at the beginning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the apartheid era? \(p. 155\), when in fact the much-reviled system of racial oppression was inaugurated by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the National Party electoral victory in 1948.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The monument in question memorializes the Battle of Blood River \(1838\), a key moment in Afrikaner )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history and ideology when a relatively small band of Voortrekkers [pioneers] routed a much larger party of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zulu warriors. Grundlingh does a good job of explaining how the increased urbanization and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embourgeoisement of Afrikaners throughout the second half of the 20th century diluted the meaning of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monument for many of them. But he neglects to mention how the 50th anniversary of the site in 1988 ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when celebrants splintered into rival groups ? made this dramatically evident \(strange, given that he and a co-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author analyzed this superbly in an earlier journal article\). He is also right to argue that with contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Afrikaners enthusiastically jumping onto the consumer bandwagon, the significance of history, monuments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and collective memory has correspondingly diminished. The same pertains to other major groups within )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(South Africa as well.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rumors were rife in 1994 regarding the fate of the monument: it would be demolished, made into a public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(toilet, or painted pink and turned into a gay disco. Current administrators thus have had to decouple the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discredited legacy of Afrikaner racial politics from the group?s cultural accomplishments. According to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Grundlingh, ?Afrikaners have all but abandoned the monument? \(p. 171\). But on December 16 ? formerly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Day of the Covenant, and now rechristened the Day of Reconciliation ? overflow crowds \(capacity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2,500\) still jam the place. Hip young people jostle for space with elders dressed in 19th-century garb. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monument thus retains its power, at least on certain occasions and with some constituents, and attracts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(curious visitors as well.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Museum administrators have broadened the scope and appeal of the site: African languages supplement the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wall texts in English and Afrikaans, and black African tour guides have been hired. Moreover, they have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made the grounds hospitable to sports and nature enthusiasts, and have launched an ambitious building plan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to host Afrikaner-related activities. But Grundlingh neglects these developments. And because his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation stops short of the present by several years he makes only a slight reference to Freedom Park, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(massive memorial still in development, and positioned on an adjoining hill; together the two sites embody a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?dialogue? between different representations of the past \(critics charge, however, that the ANC?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributions to the liberation struggle are privileged at Freedom Park to the diminution of other groups\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Had Grundlingh adequately updated his contribution, he would have noted these important matters.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unlike many of the other articles in this collection, Grundlingh does not offer an extensive reading of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbolism of this building, a structure which offers an embarrassment of riches in this regard. One of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(few descriptive forays reads as follows: ?It was arguably replicated in 1960s buildings such as ... the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overwhelming squareness [)] TJ ET BT 165.320 151.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sic)] TJ ET BT 178.652 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(] and impenetrable design of the South African Broadcasting Corporation? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 159?160\). ?Arguably? is the operative word: comparing the thickset, mausoleum-like, Art Deco-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspired Voortrekker Monument to a soaring modernist rectangle, airily punctuated by rows of windows, is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like equating Abbott with Costello. Moreover, he quotes a local politician, cited by a journalist, claiming that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?our black people provided all the labor for building the thing? \(p. 169\). Rather than interrogate this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assertion, however, Grundlingh accepts it at face value. But in this instance a singularly all-white workforce )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was responsible for the construction of the monument, lest non-white hands sully its sacredness. In sum, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aggregation of omissions, oversights and errors seriously misrepresents both the history and present-day )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 6048 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reality of this place. And this is all the more surprising because the author is a historian who was educated, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and is based in, South Africa.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As is the case with most collections of essays, this book is a mixed bag; some selections are more successful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than others. In certain instances contributors provide too much detail: Paul Amar?s chapter on different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(schemes to conserve and market Brazil?s )] TJ ET BT 234.632 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(favela)] TJ ET BT 263.960 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( [slum] culture swamps the reader with a surfeit of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information that makes it difficult to connect all the dots. At the other extreme, O. Hugo Benavides fails to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide sufficient context to understand his debunking of the foundational myth of the modern Ecuadorian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state with which generations of school children continue to be indoctrinated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many of these researchers share the strategy of reading exhibitions \(as well as other cultural phenomena\) as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(texts. While this frequently offers fascinating interpretations, it also commonly results in a great deal of fault )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finding with the way that displays have turned out. Such investigations strikingly betray an outsider?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective. There is scant consideration of the challenges and constraints that museum professionals face; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analyses focus on outcomes, and not the give-and-take of the curatorial process. \(An interesting exception is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anne M. Rademacher?s examination of a dispute in Kathmandu over a monument to be erected at an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecologically-strategic site; she describes an ongoing debate about alternative visions of marking territory, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thereby revealing how such deliberations unfold.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the extreme, some authors seem to attribute motives to curators ? hunches which they do not substantiate. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And they can even seem priggish at times. Consider Daniel Walkowitz?s description of an audio tour at Ellis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Island: ?I listened to see if I could detect any influence of the last decade?s writing on postcolonialism or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whiteness. All I heard in an hour and a half was one specific reference to whiteness? \(p. 147\). Working )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(curators would likely give a chuckle at such a remark: making complex concepts such as this understandable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the general public, through a single presentation to people who are often distracted, is a daunting task. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, it is complicated by the fact that many visitors are coming in order to learn more about their own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family or ethnic group, and are not anticipating receiving a lecture based on trendy academic ideas.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course the Ellis Island Immigration Museum need not simply yield to consumer preferences. But at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same time, it must factor in and respect its visitors? backgrounds and interests. Effective curators discover )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how to balance public expectations with their own professional desires to convey challenging, provocative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and even discomfiting ideas. Bending too much to consumer demands can result in superficial, patronizing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or triumphalist interpretations. But pushing difficult views or thorny explanations onto an unprepared public, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without sensible mediation and interpretation, can be a turn-off. Successful public historians learn how to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achieve a satisfactory equilibrium in this regard.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even with these provisos, however, a reader hungry for insight into the politics of representation on an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international scale will find much to chew on in )] TJ ET BT 266.324 280.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contested Histories in Public Spaces)] TJ ET BT 444.320 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_world_history/summary/v022/22.2.flaherty.html)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 224.115 m 460.352 224.115 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 463.352 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 220.783 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 203.003 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 203.003 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/833)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 201.609 m 322.316 201.609 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 176.632 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 162.232 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3816)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.832 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_world_history/summary/v022/22.2.flaherty.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 224.4295 460.3517 236.3095 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_world_history/summary/v022/22.2.flaherty.html) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 201.9235 322.3157 213.8035 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/833) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000571 00000 n 0000000653 00000 n 0000004527 00000 n 0000004636 00000 n 0000004746 00000 n 0000004855 00000 n 0000008416 00000 n 0000008544 00000 n 0000008628 00000 n 0000008693 00000 n 0000015831 00000 n 0000015896 00000 n 0000023623 00000 n 0000023688 00000 n 0000030933 00000 n 0000031024 00000 n 0000037125 00000 n 0000037252 00000 n 0000037389 00000 n 0000037517 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 37612 %%EOF