%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818125708+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818125708+01'00') /Title (A Tale of Two Monasteries: Westminster and Saint-Denis in the Thirteenth Century) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4095 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(A Tale of Two Monasteries: Westminster and Saint-Denis in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Thirteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(During the medieval period the Benedictine abbeys of Westminster and Saint-Denis were major centres of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religion, politics and power, while serving as the site of royal shrines and burials. Established originally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(around 960 under Bishop Dunstan of London, the Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster received the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support of Anglo-Saxon kings such as Edgar, and continued to be an important site through the Anglo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norman period and beyond. Westminster has acted as the place of coronation since 1066 and gradually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became the site of royal burials, a tradition greatly developed by Henry III during the 13th century with his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own impressive tomb housed in the abbey church. The present church, with the shrine of St Edward the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Confessor located at its core before the high altar, was started by King Henry in 1245, and became one of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most important Gothic buildings in England. Saint-Denis, near Paris, was founded by Dagobert I, king of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Franks in the 7th century at the burial site of Denis, a patron saint of France. The church itself became an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(object of pilgrimage and from the 10th century the mausoleum of the Carolingian, Capetian and Valois )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kings. Following the completion of the west front in 1140 by Abbot Suger the basilica of Saint-Denis, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constructed in the French or Gothic form, became an architectural model for many great ecclesiastical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(institutions in northern France and England, including Chartres Cathedral.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Westminster Abbey and the monastery of Saint-Denis enjoyed a similar status in their individual countries. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(836)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 30 November, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Chester Jordan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780691139012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(24.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(266pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Princeton University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Princeton, NJ)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Abram)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7938 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Each reported directly to the papacy, thus circumventing the authority of the local bishop and both had a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(special relationship to the Crown. During the 13th century the abbey communities were at the height of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical and political power, particularly under the leadership of Richard de Ware of Westminster )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1258?83\) and Mathieu de Vendme of Saint-Denis \(1258?86\). Both abbots enjoyed parallel, yet differing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(careers. Ware frequently travelled on diplomatic missions for Henry III and Edward I, so often that during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his absence discipline became lax and he was forced to take action. Vendme not only carried out necessary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refurbishments of his abbey church, but aided Louis IX when he went on Crusade and functioned as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treasurer for Louis?s heir Philip III.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Chester Jordan?s book, )] TJ ET BT 191.000 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Tale of Two Monasteries )] TJ ET BT 324.008 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offers a welcomed addition to the historiography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the ecclesiastical and political history of 13th-century England and France. An informed study of Anglo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French medieval royal power and patronage, it offers the first major study of the abbeys of Westminster and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saint-Denis in more than a generation. As such it adds to the wider topic, whilst informing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complimenting recent works, such as Sumner McKnight Crosby?s architectural studies \(including )] TJ ET BT 507.296 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Abbey of Saint-Denis in the time of Abbot Suger)] TJ ET BT 264.668 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), Paul Binski?s useful )] TJ ET BT 375.668 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Westminster Abbey and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Plantagenets)] TJ ET BT 96.680 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Malcolm Vale?s study of medieval courtly culture of northwestern Europe, and Elizabeth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hallam?s 1982 article ?Royal burial and the cult of kingship in France and England, 1060-1330?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 501.284 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 501.284 569.235 m 515.276 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Generally speaking, Jordan?s text is informative and engaging, providing beneficial reading for students of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Middle Ages and ecclesiastical historians more generally, while the detailed and highly relevant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(footnotes provide a high scholarly framework throughout. Yet although )] TJ ET BT 380.636 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Tale of Two Monasteries )] TJ ET BT 513.644 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offers an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessible and wide-ranging survey of the histories of Westminster and Saint-Denis during the 13th century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(via the lives and careers of two leading abbots, the writer assumes that the reader is or should be already )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(armed with a thorough background to the wider topic. This problem is emphasized in the book?s structure. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(No introduction and conclusion \(save for a short epilogue\) are provided, meaning that the aims and layout of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the study are not indicated. Moreover, the book?s useful illustrations might benefit from a map or two. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similarly, at three pages the index is all too brief and an expanded version might have been more useful to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the reader. It is also rather confusing in that it often includes the names of historians quoted in the text rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than the details of the text itself, which is not particularly helpful. This may have been the wishes of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publisher rather than the author, however. This said, the references are detailed and there is a wide-ranging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and thorough bibliography which acts as a useful guide to the reader.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In terms of content, chapter one allows the author to provide a straightforward survey of the political and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynastic climate of England and France during the 13th century. The emergence of Westminster and Saint-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Denis as major centres of power-politics, authority, culture and national character are dealt with in chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two in relation to the rise of the careers of the respective abbots, Richard de Ware and Mathieu de Vendme. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This theme re-emerges later in the book and is fundamental to Jordan?s thesis. Chapter three covers the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political and ecclesiastical significance of the Treaty of Paris of 1259, especially in terms of claims over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French territories by Henry III and his brother-in-law Louis IX. In the next chapter the author tackles the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fortunes of the rival abbeys set against the backdrop of Anglo-French problems, in particular, the major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political and administrative reforms, rebellion and civil war in mid 13th-century England, and also the rapid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deterioration of the relationships between the monks of Saint-Denis and the throne of France. The issue of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mounting rivalry between Westminster Abbey and Saint-Denis as royal and ecclesiastical power-houses is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explored at length in chapter five, while chapter six examines the comparative problems faced by England )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and France in the wake of the demise and death of Henry III, and the late crusading activity and passing of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(King Louis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter seven considers the experiences of the two sites under the new regimes of Edward I and Philip III )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respectively. As Jordan shows, Abbot Mathieu experienced a difficult transition to the new rule of Louis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(IX?s son, but he emerged eventually in the game of power-politics not only as a significant councillor and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomat, but as co-regent of France in 1285 during a further unsuccessful crusade. During this period the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abbey of Saint-Denis enjoyed unprecedented political influence and wealth. In the English case, the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asserts that Westminster?s fortunes, including those of Richard de Ware, became more strained with Edward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I, who initially strove to promote the role of his father in relation to Westminster and a possible )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 501.2837 569.5495 515.2757 581.4295 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7135 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sanctification, but his efforts waned and any focus on a shrine to Henry III failed to get off the ground. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(final chapter, ?Diplomacy and Governance?, returns to the central theme of the book, that is, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical and political careers of Abbots Richard de Ware and Mathieu de Vendme. The epilogue )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(briefly summarizes the main points already made, especially in the previous section, but it is largely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ineffective as a conclusion.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are some notable concerns with Chester Jordan?s study. The introduction, or preface as it is referred to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here, is rather brief, and does not sufficiently explain the motivations behind the work. It seems that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(initial aim may have been a broader analysis of the two monasteries, but he concludes the opening section by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stating that the work is ?the story of two great abbeys and the two men who headed them in a time of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enormous change?. While the comparison is an interesting and stimulating one, more could have been said )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the two monasteries in the period before and after their respective headships, as at present the narrower )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parameters of this study leave unanswered questions, such as whether the abbacies of Richard de Ware and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mathieu de Vendme are comparable with any of their predecessors. Furthermore, the relationships between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the thrones of France and England with other abbeys and cathedrals with royal credentials, like Chartres, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reims and Winchester, barely rate a mention. This is a pity as it would have added more depth to the overall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The comparison of England and France is an interesting one as often historians are knowledgeable about one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(area, but less familiar with another; the decision to compare and contrast St Denis and Westminster takes it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for granted that the readership is equally aware of the political developments in France as it is in England, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and thus at times some of the points being made in the book are not entirely clear. Thought the work is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intended to study the 13th century, much of the chronological scope of its contents focuses on the period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after 1258. While this is undoubtedly a reflection of the author?s decision to concentrate on the careers of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abbots of Westminster and Saint-Denis, it does mean that the context for such themes as royal mausoleums, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for example, so ably discussed by Malcolm Vale and Paul Binski in their discussions of Westminster, is thin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the comparison rather insubstantial.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the areas which could have strengthened the arguments put forward in this book would have been the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inclusion of information regarding other monastic foundations patronised by the crown in both England and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout the book, Jordan emphasizes that Henry III of England and Louis IX of France possessed much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in common: kingship, a high level of personal religiosity, a vow to participate in the crusades \(even though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Louis was the only one to carry this out\), and were brothers-in-law. Yet both men were often at odds in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political terms and their nations officially at war with each other for much of their reigns. Henry and Louis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarded Westminster and Saint-Denis respectively as important symbols of their personal devotion, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author asserts that ?the abbeys were showcases of what some historians would be willing to call an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerging nation spirit?. The latter, the somewhat problematic nature of identifying notions of emerging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?national identities? during the Middle Ages, might have been expanded upon further by addressing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fortunes of the military campaigns between each country and reminding the reader that this would not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crystallize to any meaningful extent itself until the Anglo-French wars of the 14th century. King Henry III )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generously, though not exclusively, lavished gifts and benefits on Westminster Abbey with the main )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intention of constructing a suitable shrine and fostering a cult-centre for Edward the Confessor. Louis IX )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may have been distracted by the building of Sainte Chapelle as a fitting location for the relic, the Crown of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thorns. Nevertheless, his heir worked hard to ensure that his saintly father?s tomb in the abbey church of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saint-Denis was ready for the intercessory prayers of visitors and the site of miracles.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Tale of Two Monasteries)] TJ ET BT 164.024 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( further explores the concerns of both monastic houses in maintaining their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority, properties and sources of income, particularly through royal benefaction. Conversely, the direct )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship between the abbeys and Rome at times created friction with the ecclesiastical authorities in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diocesan sense. Abbot Vendme barred entry into Saint-Denis to his local bishops when the churchman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appeared in vestments indicating superior authority to him. Moreover, at Westminster Richard de Ware as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abbot and treasurer of England clashed with the Franciscan archbishop of Canterbury, John Pecham, over the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 6209 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rights and jurisdiction of his abbey, and the monk?s independence. Such features are good reminders of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growing difficulties encountered by Richard and Mathieu in a wider ecclesiastical context, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(determination of both men to protect their respective privileges, authority and ultimately, rising careers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although it is the intention of the author to concentrate on the competing careers of Richard de Ware and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mathieu de Vendme, to some extent Jordan?s book reads more like a dual biography than a textbook. Thus, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the framework of the royal, political and ecclesiastical climate of the thirteenth century sometimes acts as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(backdrop to the main story. As previously noted, the lack of a detailed introduction and a convincing climax )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the book make it difficult at points to identify the writer?s principle argument and points. In the epilogue, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jordan proposes that the essential theme throughout the careers of Richard and Mathieu was ?competition, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(always competition?. This is witnessed in the actions of their monarchs, Henry III and Louis IX, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contended with each other to act as champions of the papacy against its German adversaries, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hoenstaufen emperors. Jordan argues that during the regimes brought about by the heirs of Henry and Louis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the complexion of any rivalry altered. The author also points to something of a competition between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rulers of England and France to emphasise Westminster and Saint-Denis as cult-centres for ?national? saints )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and concepts of ?national identity?. Here, the particular careers of the abbots are paralleled with each other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in order to act as a barometer for royal, ecclesiastical and political forms of power during the 13th century. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To a degree, Jordan?s book enables the reader to form an understanding of the intricate connections between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Abbots Richard and Mathieu and their contending abbeys during a period of immense upheavals and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rivalries between their respective countries. The ongoing political, dynastic and military differences between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the thrones of England and her French neighbour, that would come together in a far more violent and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economically dynamic fashion from the 1320s onwards, are clearly observable in Jordan?s work. As such, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they were major features of the development of European society during the later Middle Ages.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author has declined to comment on this review.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 423.939 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 393.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sumner McKnight Crosby, )] TJ ET BT 197.348 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Royal Abbey of Saint-Denis in the time of Abbot Suger \(1122-1151\))] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York, c1981\); Paul Binski, )] TJ ET BT 225.668 379.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Westminster Abbey and the Plantagenets: Kingship and the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Representation of Power 1200-1400)] TJ ET BT 238.340 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New Haven, CT, 1995\); Malcolm Vale, )] TJ ET BT 438.968 364.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Princely Court. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 350.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medieval Courts and Culture in North-West Europe, 1270?1380)] TJ ET BT 374.012 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2001\); Elizabeth Hallam, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Royal burial and the cult of kingship in France and England, 1060?1330?, )] TJ ET BT 427.304 336.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Medieval )] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET BT 100.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 8 \(1982\), 201?14.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 191.336 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 191.336 320.643 m 245.324 320.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 295.781 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/catholic_historical_review/summary/v096/96.4.binski.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 265.875 m 456.356 265.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 459.356 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(times)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 237.363 m 270.668 237.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 273.668 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 234.031 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 216.251 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 216.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/836)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 214.857 m 322.316 214.857 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 189.880 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.480 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/3819)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.080 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/catholic_historical_review/summary/v096/96.4.binski.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 146.680 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=407780)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 191.3357 320.9575 245.3237 332.8375 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 266.1895 456.3557 278.0695 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/catholic_historical_review/summary/v096/96.4.binski.html) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 237.6775 270.6677 249.5575 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=407780) >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 215.1715 322.3157 227.0515 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/836) >> endobj xref 0 31 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000583 00000 n 0000000665 00000 n 0000004812 00000 n 0000004921 00000 n 0000005031 00000 n 0000005140 00000 n 0000008701 00000 n 0000008829 00000 n 0000008913 00000 n 0000008997 00000 n 0000016988 00000 n 0000017018 00000 n 0000017146 00000 n 0000017182 00000 n 0000017247 00000 n 0000024435 00000 n 0000024540 00000 n 0000030802 00000 n 0000030930 00000 n 0000030985 00000 n 0000031112 00000 n 0000031249 00000 n 0000031376 00000 n 0000031492 00000 n 0000031620 00000 n trailer << /Size 31 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31715 %%EOF