%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 28 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141001042952+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141001042952+01'00') /Title (The Grand Tour) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5371 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Grand Tour was ?a phenomenon which shaped the creative and intellectual sensibilities of some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth century?s greatest artists, writers and thinkers?. So reads the opening paragraph of Adam )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Digital?s new website, )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 191.660 344.603 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Grand Tour)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 191.660 343.383 m 270.332 343.383 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 273.332 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 287.324 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. It is a substantial claim to make, but a fair one. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Grand Tour, which attracted British travellers to the continent between c.1550 and 1850, was hugely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influential in terms of Britain?s cultural, social, political, architectural, gastronomic, sartorial and artistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evolution. Among its many and far-reaching influences, it fuelled the transformation of Britain?s finest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historic houses and provided much of their contents, defined the syllabi of many English preparatory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(schools, and introduced the authoritative architectural language of neoclassicism to British governmental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and institutional buildings. It is perhaps not surprising then that the Grand Tour currently enjoys great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popularity among scholars. In a research community where interdisciplinarity is celebrated and visual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources have finally won their place in peer-reviewed historical research, the Grand Tour holds appeal for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researchers and reading audiences alike.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The recent avidity for ?all things Grand Tour? might justifiably be attributed to a succession of exhibitions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the subject over the past 15 years. One of the earliest, the Tate?s )] TJ ET BT 360.608 175.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Grand Tour: The Lure of Italy in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eighteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 127.676 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1997\), provided the model for much that was to follow. In this substantial exhibition the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(curators presented an array of visual material ranging from busts and oil paintings to sketches and panels. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The result suggested comprehensiveness, but it was in fact, focused squarely on the image and experience of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Italy. Four years later, between 2001 and 2002, a trilogy of exhibitions at the Getty in Los Angeles ensured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ongoing international interest in the essentially British phenomenon. Again, the focus was Italy. )] TJ ET BT 497.312 104.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Naples and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vesuvius on the Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 170.012 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 176.012 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rome of the Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 294.008 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and )] TJ ET BT 320.336 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Drawing Italy in the Age of the Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 530.336 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accompanied by musical performances and talks which fuelled popular as well as academic enthusiasm for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the subject. More recently, these broad, inclusive shows have given way to exhibitions that address a specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(839)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 December, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adam Matthew Digital)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.amdigital.co.uk/collections/Grand-Tour)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marlborough)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Katy Layton-Jones)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 191.6597 356.0083 191.6597 356.0083 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.amdigital.co.uk/Collections/Grand-Tour.aspx) >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 191.6597 343.5235 270.3317 355.4035 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.amdigital.co.uk/Collections/Grand-Tour.aspx) >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 8699 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(element of the Tour, or which contextualise it more explicitly within 18th-century society and culture. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although small, )] TJ ET BT 114.356 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(From Reason to Revolution: Art and Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain)] TJ ET BT 474.668 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge \(2007?8\) positioned the Grand Tour alongside the Industrial Revolution, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploration, scientific discovery, and slavery. In so doing, the Fitzwilliam revealed to visitors some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tour?s wider social, cultural and artistic implications. The importance of the Grand Tour?s legacy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence is also reflected in the Victoria and Albert Museum?s British Galleries, which opened in 2001 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continue to attract large numbers. In 2008, the National Gallery?s Pompeo Batoni exhibition gave visitors a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different perspective of the Tour through the portraits painted by that artist. Although it attracted large )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crowds, this particular show may have prompted more ?Tour fatigue? than enthusiasm. Other specialist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows such as the Victoria and Albert Museum?s )] TJ ET BT 273.980 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(James ?Athenian? Stuart, 1713-1788)] TJ ET BT 452.636 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2007\) and )] TJ ET BT 510.956 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Thomas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hope: Regency Designer)] TJ ET BT 154.640 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2008\), and the Royal Academy?s )] TJ ET BT 324.272 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Andrea Palladio: His Life and Legacy)] TJ ET BT 507.932 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2009\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(testify to the seemingly endless potential for interesting and challenging exhibitions on the Grand Tour and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its associated art and architecture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite the evident appetite for exhibitions, digital resources on the Grand Tour have been slow to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materialise. Jeremy Black?s complaint, made in )] TJ ET BT 266.648 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British Abroad)] TJ ET BT 359.324 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1992, that ?much tourist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence is poorly catalogued and scattered in general political or family correspondence and, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequence, difficult to find? remained unanswered for 15 years. )] TJ ET BT 354.260 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 432.932 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website is the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coherent attempt to respond to this challenge by collating letters, diaries, printed guidebooks, travel writing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maps, paintings and architectural plans within one searchable, online resource. It is, therefore, a notable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achievement and much-welcomed by the research community.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Technologically, )] TJ ET BT 118.004 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 196.676 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( provides a number of benefits to scholars and general readers alike. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transcript feature enables a full-text search, leading viewers quickly and directly to relevant passages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout the collection. The inclusion of original colour scans on a separate tab means that readers can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alternate between the two formats, checking references and viewing illustrations as they read. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combination of searchable, easy-to-read transcripts and original scanned material is one of the greatest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strengths of )] TJ ET BT 93.344 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Grand Tour.)] TJ ET BT 175.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( However, the effective integration of digital technologies does not end there. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A download feature enables readers to download either a single image or an entire chapter in PDF format, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while the inclusion of an export feature for )] TJ ET BT 242.636 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Endnote)] TJ ET BT 282.632 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 305.960 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Refworks)] TJ ET BT 350.624 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ensures that references can be easily and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accurately recorded in the reader?s own files. Of course, other websites and digital archives have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorporated similar electronic features. However, by making these elements more intuitive to use, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(architects of )] TJ ET BT 95.996 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 174.668 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( have broadened their potential user group. In doing so, they may prove to have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(played a significant role in reshaping the way in which scholars approach archival research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The inclusion of a substantial number of manuscript sources, scanned and indexed represents a significant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new resource for scholars and students of the period. There is no denying the sheer pleasure in being able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(skip easily between such delights as )] TJ ET BT 209.996 275.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The frauds of Romish monks and priests set forth in eight letters)] TJ ET BT 517.676 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1725\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maximilien Misson?s cool and blas observations on prostitution in Rome and Venice \(1739 edn.\), and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph Addison?s surprisingly vehement criticism of the beef tax in Naples \(1705\). It is this diversity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material that attracts scholars to the Grand Tour as a subject, and the digitisation of these sources certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes the appeal all the greater. The search engine is powerful enough to be both specific and fast and there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is no doubt that it can handle the volume of information currently uploaded to the site.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The digitized manuscripts and printed books constitute the richest resource on )] TJ ET BT 411.632 178.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 490.304 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, the editorial board and designers have clearly made efforts to make the website as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interdisciplinary as possible and visual material holds a prominent position within the site. It is perhaps the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same fundamentally visual character of the Grand Tour, which lent the subject so easily to colourful and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attractive exhibitions, which also makes it so well-suited to an interactive online resource. In fact, at its most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(basic level )] TJ ET BT 88.004 106.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 166.676 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website can be viewed as an online exhibition. However, the range and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organisation of the visual material is a little disappointing. Within the ?Visual Sources? section of the site, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(items are categorised uneasily under the headings of ?maps?, ?art gallery? and ?photo gallery?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unfortunately, the ?maps? section is an interactive map, rather than a gallery of historical cartography. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similarly, the ?photo gallery? is, rather inexplicably, a collection of specially-commissioned modern )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 8393 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(photographs of extant historic Italian landmarks. Some of these are far more ?poster art? than historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resource, making the ?photo gallery? appear more like a page from )] TJ ET BT 358.592 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Flikr)] TJ ET BT 382.592 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or )] TJ ET BT 398.588 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Facebook)] TJ ET BT 445.904 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( than a valuable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly resource. The ?art gallery? is the most rewarding of the three ?galleries? and the most valuable for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic research. Although hardly comprehensive, the gallery brings together paintings and sketches from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a number of prominent collections, including the Paul Mellon Collection and Birmingham Museums and Art )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gallery. Works by Richard Wilson, William Pars and Claude Lorrain appear here alongside one another, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(providing novices with a useful introduction to the role of the visual arts in the Grand Tour experience. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, here, as with many museum exhibits, the material has taken centre stage at the expense of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effective contextualising commentary.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the most traditional element of the website, in terms of publishing at least, comes in the form of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three essays written by distinguished scholars, expert in this field. The essays by Jeremy Black, Rosemary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sweet and Edward Chaney, comprise an introduction to the Grand Tour as a subject, a ?tour? through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changing perceptions of Italian cities during the 18th century, and a historiographical account of Grand Tour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship since 1900 respectively. Jeremy Black?s introductory essay is a little disappointing, if only for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its brevity. At just over a thousand words in length it can merely hint at the diverse themes and subject )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matter he explores in his more substantial publications. Over the past two decades, Black has become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(synonymous with the Grand Tour, with two of his most well-known publications being )] TJ ET BT 455.336 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Italy and the Grand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tour)] TJ ET BT 57.356 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 80.684 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British Abroad)] TJ ET BT 173.360 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 176.360 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 176.360 540.723 m 190.352 540.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 190.352 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Ironically, it may well be due to his extensive research and publications on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the subject that his essay is disappointingly slight. The essay is too broad and at the same time too brief to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(satisfy a potentially wide readership. With such a huge base of material and knowledge, Black?s essay reads )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too much like a ruthlessly edited digestion of a lengthy and varied article, skipping between subjects with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(few extended examples or quotations to illustrate his brief account. It provides little of the detail and primary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material that a knowledgeable scholar might appreciate, and yet presumes too much prior knowledge among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new initiates to the subject. Black moves so quickly through the themes of tourism, sex, travel literature and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Italy, that the non-specialist may well feel they are missing something. And indeed they are. There is very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little historical context in either Black?s essay or the website as a whole, almost no mention of the education )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(system that prepared the tourists for the locations, art and culture they would encounter, and very little about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the legacy of their journeys on the architecture, politics, art and society of Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edward Chaney?s account of one hundred years of scholarship on the Grand Tour takes readers from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Herbert Thurston?s )] TJ ET BT 129.992 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Holy Year of Jubilee)] TJ ET BT 228.980 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to Carole Paul?s )] TJ ET BT 313.640 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Borghese Collections and the Display of Art )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in the Age of the Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 173.348 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 176.348 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 176.348 343.395 m 190.340 343.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 190.340 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In this sense his contribution is comprehensive and certainly provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars with a fine reading list. However, it is perhaps the checklist quality of his essay that makes it appear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather out of place within the wider project. Chaney?s account is likely to be of most interest to serious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars of both the Tour and the study thereof, and is therefore arguably mismatched to a website in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the majority of contextualising material is apparently targeted at the general reader.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rosemary Sweet?s essay represents the most traditionally academic material on the site and yet, by virtue of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its organisation by city, also the most accessible secondary account. Her account takes us from Florence to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rome and on to Naples and Venice. Although the focus is Italy, rather than a more geographically inclusive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation of the Tour, Sweet makes important connections between the political context of the Continent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at large and the specific experiences of the individuals upon whose accounts historians rely. Furthermore, by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focusing upon the cities as they were encountered by the tourists themselves, rather than the antique remains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they examined so self-consciously, Sweet provides a fascinating analysis of 18th-century attitudes to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urbanisation. Street plans, lighting, crime and hygiene are revealed as common preoccupations among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travellers. By providing such a distinctive and original perspective, Sweet makes a valuable contribution to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Grand Tour scholarship.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sweet and Chaney?s essays are certainly both specific in their intention and scholarly in their execution. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, as there are only two such essays, there presence possibly unbalances the project and throws into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question the motivation behind their inclusion. They would sit more comfortably within a larger collection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that reflects the true breadth of contemporary scholarship on the subject, and which might also include: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women and the Grand Tour, a survey of cartographic sources, an art historian?s perspective, an essay on the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 176.3597 541.0375 190.3517 552.9175 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 176.3477 343.7095 190.3397 355.5895 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R ] /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 5543 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of the Continental hospitality industry during the 18th century, and any number of other, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(equally specific and well-researched subjects.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inconsistencies in the length, depth, and format of these three essays also serve to compromise the potential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact of this element of the website upon the wider research community. The absence of something as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediately noticeable as a consistent referencing system across the three essays, robs the collection of any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense of being a single, coherent publication. Perhaps this is quite proper and resources such as )] TJ ET BT 493.268 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Grand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tour)] TJ ET BT 57.356 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( should be perceived much more as ?libraries?, ?scrapbooks? or, to use the jargon of the moment, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?hubs? of information rather than formal publications. However, if this is to be so then the editorial boards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of such projects may need to rethink their target audience and cease to present such resources as comparable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to more rigorously copy-edited and peer-reviewed printed publications. Furthermore, if such a concession )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was to be made, and online resources awarded a special status in the field of scholarly publishing, then such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(projects may find it increasingly difficult to attract high-calibre scholars, when the perceived status of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(final product, whether rightly or wrongly, is commensurate to that of an erudite internet blog.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(None of these points are intended to impugn the quality of the scholarship that is clearly evident here in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays and the website as a whole. But )] TJ ET BT 222.320 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 300.992 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( does highlight the persistent and, as yet, unresolved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges that pervade academic publishing online. Perhaps applying a consistent ?house style? to these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays would have meant that they sat a little more comfortably with the academic audience who, by virtue )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the cost of subscription and the consequent reliance upon institutional subscriptions, will surely comprise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the largest proportion of the site?s readership. Notwithstanding these issues, by collating and indexing such a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(varied and fascinating array of verbal and visual sources, )] TJ ET BT 310.604 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 389.276 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( represents a valuable and, what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will surely prove to be a much-utilized, digital resource on this popular subject.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 452.451 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 421.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jeremy Black, )] TJ ET BT 135.668 421.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Italy and the Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 257.000 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2003\); )] TJ ET BT 341.660 421.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The British Abroad)] TJ ET BT 434.336 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Stroud, 1992\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 510.332 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 510.332 420.435 m 550.328 420.435 l S BT 64.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 406.179 m 78.008 406.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 393.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Herbert Thurston, )] TJ ET BT 152.996 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Holy Year of Jubilee)] TJ ET BT 251.984 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1900\); Carole Paul, )] TJ ET BT 398.972 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Borghese Collections and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Display of Art in the Age of the Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 292.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Burlington, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 388.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 388.016 377.667 m 442.004 377.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 352.805 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 333.823 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 316.043 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 316.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/839)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 314.649 m 322.316 314.649 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 289.672 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.272 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4304)] TJ ET BT 34.016 260.872 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.amdigital.co.uk/Collections/Grand-Tour.aspx)] TJ ET BT 34.016 246.472 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 510.3317 420.7495 550.3277 432.6295 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 406.4935 78.0077 418.3735 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 388.0157 377.9815 442.0037 389.8615 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 314.9635 322.3157 326.8435 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/839) >> endobj xref 0 38 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000517 00000 n 0000000613 00000 n 0000006036 00000 n 0000006145 00000 n 0000006255 00000 n 0000006364 00000 n 0000009925 00000 n 0000010053 00000 n 0000010137 00000 n 0000010265 00000 n 0000010371 00000 n 0000010499 00000 n 0000010605 00000 n 0000010670 00000 n 0000019422 00000 n 0000019513 00000 n 0000027959 00000 n 0000027989 00000 n 0000028117 00000 n 0000028153 00000 n 0000028183 00000 n 0000028311 00000 n 0000028347 00000 n 0000028452 00000 n 0000034048 00000 n 0000034176 00000 n 0000034231 00000 n 0000034357 00000 n 0000034412 00000 n 0000034540 00000 n 0000034595 00000 n 0000034723 00000 n trailer << /Size 38 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 34818 %%EOF