%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141221115623+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141221115623+00'00') /Title (Blood and Mistletoe: The History of the Druids in Britain) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4711 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Blood and Mistletoe: The History of the Druids in Britain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two books on druids in two years, and by the same author! If I were either of Ronald Hutton?s publishers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I?d be biting my nails over this, but let me reassure them both right at the start that Hutton pulls it off, and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(style. The two really do complement each other. So what does )] TJ ET BT 335.636 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Blood and Mistletoe)] TJ ET BT 432.968 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( have that )] TJ ET BT 482.624 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Druids: A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 73.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 73.016 243.417 m 87.008 243.417 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 87.008 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( does not? It is literally more heavyweight, three and a half times the length of its predecessor, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which as Hutton explains was ?explicitly written for the popular market? \(p. 11\). The first book treats its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject thematically, a device that emphasises the variety of different uses to which the druids have been put )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(down the years; )] TJ ET BT 113.000 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Blood and Mistletoe)] TJ ET BT 210.332 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( reverts to a more traditional chronological treatment which makes it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(easier to place these often-contradictory usages in proper historical context. Yet Hambledon will be relieved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to note that there are still plenty of choice pieces to be found in the first book alone, for instance the lurid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and salacious treatment meted out to druidry by 19th-century fantasists. Author and publisher have done )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their homework: not only are there really are two markets for books on druids, but book one succeeds in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whetting the appetite for book two.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Because druidry appears to deal with matters archaeological, the 20th-century heavyweight tomes on druids )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were written by archaeologists ? T. D. Kendrick in the 1920s, Stuart Piggott in the 1960s ? whose principle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intention was to debunk and to purge prehistory of error. Piggott in particular had little sympathy for people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the present who, as he saw it, pretended to be druids. His book )] TJ ET BT 349.640 61.739 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Druids)] TJ ET BT 403.976 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, first published in the fateful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(846)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 31 December, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ronald Hutton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780300144857)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(492pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adam Stout)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 73.0157 243.7315 87.0077 255.6115 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7610 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(year of 1968, sought to stem the rising tide of anti-rationalism by describing modern druidry as ?a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compelling magnet for many a psychological misfit and lonely crank?. Much of his book was devoted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disproving the existence of druids in prehistory, and their reappearance at the Renaissance was seen as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slide into confusion, delusion and ultimately unreason.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hutton does not shirk from dealing with the limited and contradictory evidence for ?original? druids but that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is not his focus. It is druidry as a historical phenomenon that interests him; he accepts that druids are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essentially modern creatures, products of the renewed interest in the classical ancient world that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterised the incipient nation-states of the early modern period. As such they make what Hutton calls ?a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wonderful subject for a student of modernity? \(p. 48\), and he brings his formidable scholarship and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encyclopaedic knowledge of the early-modern centuries to bear, setting the evolution of druidry in its proper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical context for the first time.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Counter-intuitively, it appears that the druids first make their modern appearance in Germany in the 1490s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amongst a group of scholars keen to redeem their prehistory from the taint of barbarism inflicted by Caesar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Tacitus. The druids soon became the adopted ancestors of both France and Scotland, but the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were strangely silent in the 16th century. ?There are no druids in Shakespeare?, as Hutton points out, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggesting that their popularity amongst England?s enemies then counted against them: ?Druidry was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just bad, it was foreign? \(pp. 60-1\). Hutton?s emphasis in later chapters of necessity shifts away from France )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Germany but I found myself curious about the later fate of druidry in these countries: a subject for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(follow-up, maybe?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hutton charts the contradictory ideas on druidry that developed during the 17th century, and the crucial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(linkage between druids and stone monuments of high antiquity that was first made by John Aubrey in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1660s. He traces the famous image of the Wicker Man, in which the druids? unfortunate human sacrifices )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were incarcerated, to a drawing made for the lawyer Aylett Sammes? peculiar publication of 1676, )] TJ ET BT 510.896 446.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britannia )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Antiqua Illustrata)] TJ ET BT 119.696 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The figure bears a striking similarity to Hobbes? famous frontispiece to )] TJ ET BT 471.980 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Leviathan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published twenty-five years earlier, in which a giant made up of human bodies represents the State. To )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sammes, druidic power, unlike the fragmented power of little kings and chiefs, was ?universal over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole island ? their power and interest was infinitely the greater? and they were led by an annually-elected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?primate?. Is it possible that Sammes was satirising Hobbes? very familiar image? Is the Wicker Man )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leviathan?s demonic alter-ego?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hutton is very good on the blossoming of the druidic idea in the late 18th century, a by-blow both of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Romantic movement and of a growing interest in the world BC. By 1790, druids and their purported )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monuments ?were virtually everywhere. They loomed out of books, strutted in plays, and peered through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shrubbery? \(p. 124\). The role of William Stukeley is emphasised but also contextualised: the Church of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England druid whose fine drawings of Avebury and Stonehenge have led him to be considered as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forerunner of modern archaeology shares the spotlight with William Borlase, the Cornish antiquary, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Wood, the builder of Bath, whose druidic speculations underpin the layout of The Circus, the circular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of stately houses he erected on druidic principles in the heart of the city, which Hutton suggests ?may, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in fact, be the first stone temple ever built in the name of Druidry? \(p. 107\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is a whole chapter on Iolo Morganwg, the Welsh stonemason-polyglot whose pursuit of an adequate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foundation-mythology for modern Wales led him to rectify some inexplicable omissions in the Welsh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national canon by creating many new texts of his own: his forgeries not only influenced Welsh scholarship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for a century but also, through the institution of the )] TJ ET BT 282.332 151.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gorsedd)] TJ ET BT 323.660 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, placed druidry at the heart of the Eisteddfod. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Iolo?s opus has been comprehensively reviewed by Geraint Jenkins and his colleagues at the University of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aberystwyth, whose first fruits, in the form of a biography )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 318.644 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 318.644 122.067 m 332.636 122.067 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 332.636 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is now essential reading, but Hutton has some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important new insights to offer, including the convincing suggestion that Unitarianism )] TJ ET BT 452.000 109.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(replaced)] TJ ET BT 493.988 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( druidism for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Iolo. He is good on what he calls ?Iolo?s Children? ? the motley collection of wayward scholars and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eccentrics who developed Iolo?s ideas in the 19th century: Matthew Arnold, who fanned the flames of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ioloanism as part of his highly influential rehabilitation of the Celts; the angry Chartist William Price, most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(famous today for cremating the remains of his baby son. \(Hutton plausibly derives Price?s rage from his )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 318.6437 122.3815 332.6357 134.2615 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7330 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(father?s mental collapse, which threw the family into penury; I wonder whether Matthew Arnold?s Celticism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might similarly be attributed to a reaction to the ideology of his own father, Thomas Arnold of Rugby fame, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as renowned for praising Teutons as his son is for condemning them?\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hutton deftly demonstrates the importance of new money in the creation of old culture in 19th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wales ? Augusta Hall \(who designed the Welsh national costume\) and Charlotte Guest \(editor of )] TJ ET BT 502.268 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mabinogion)] TJ ET BT 92.684 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) were both married to major ironmasters. He points out that Pontypridd, an important druidic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centre in the mid 19th century, not only takes its name from a bridge built in 1756 but was actually known )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by its English name of Newbridge until the 1860s. I feel that he could perhaps have made more of the appeal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ?ancient? culture to the uprooted lower orders in South Wales; it is surely significant that chapel preachers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(felt so strongly about the druidical utterances of Myfyr Morganwg on Pontypridd Common that their flocks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were urged to buy his books and burn them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The nonconformists of South Wales were not the only Christians to feel that druidry posed a threat. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford Movement evangelist Frederick William Faber apparently felt that the populace was in danger of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forsaking Christianity and reverting ?to Druid rite once more?, but Hutton convincingly shows that both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were swept away by post-Darwinian prehistory: ?Druids had been too completely absorbed into the old, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biblically based, model of the ancient past ? Noah?s Flood and the Druids had to go out together, as part of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the process of reformation, evangelism and conversion? \(p. 304\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hutton also demonstrates how the Freemasonic rituals of what he calls ?fraternal Druidry? were able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(function as ?an alternative form of spirituality, which could exist within Christianity but was not part of it? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 217\). He has much new information to offer on fraternal druidry in general, the druids of the Friendly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Societies and Ancient Orders that flourished in the 19th century. Except that, as he shows, the most famous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(group of all, the Ancient Order of Druids, was not originally a Friendly Society at all, but a convivial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drinking-club whose lack of any ?redeeming touch of utility? engendered a major split in 1831, an event )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which Hutton puts masterfully into the context of the contemporary transformation of the British political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(system.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hutton writes with style and wit. The verbose Romantic poet Richard Polwhele, saved from druidic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nostalgia by a timely cherub, simultaneously lost control of his verse and was thereby ?cleansed of sin and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scansion? \(p. 203\). Another druid-stigmatiser, Michael Wodhull, ?is probably unique in accusing them, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(along with most of the usual vices, of halitosis? \(his druids were ?subtle priests with venomed breath?: pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(199-200\). Sidney Sedgwick?s )] TJ ET BT 180.668 335.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Daughter of the Druids)] TJ ET BT 293.000 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, required to participate in the ritual roasting of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sacrifices, is ?despite her unpromising relatives and job description ? really a nice girl? \(p. 336\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The text sparkles with observations such as these that lighten the density of his scholarship without )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diminishing it; and also defy the reader to take any contemporary pronouncement too seriously. For, in spite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 500 years of scholarly debate about druids and their role in prehistoric society, no consensus has ever )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been reached. Druidry remains a conceptual clothes-horse, bedecked with the ideas and aspirations of people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from all parts of the political and religious spectrum, keen to ground their agendas in the soil of high )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antiquity. Druidry is fundamentally elusive; that?s why it?s proven so useful.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This means that this book is first and foremost a history of scholarship: Hutton himself suggests that it could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have readily been called ?)] TJ ET BT 158.636 182.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Thinking with Druids?)] TJ ET BT 267.320 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(p. 419\))] TJ ET BT 308.312 182.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(. )] TJ ET BT 314.312 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is the story, affectionately but insightfully told, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the historians and others who made and re-made druidry to their own measure, some well-known but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many less so, previously peering but dimly through the historical shrubbery, now brought convincingly into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the limelight. I was particularly taken with his portrayal of the deist John Toland and his ?firework display )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ideas?, and the summary on page 84 of the distinction between Toland and his orthodox counterpart )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry Rowlands is a little )] TJ ET BT 162.344 111.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(tour de force)] TJ ET BT 224.336 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, demonstrating how Toland ?blundered onto the right path out of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maze, while others, like Rowlands, chose the wrong one on equally rational grounds?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shambolic Aubrey, arrogant Toland ... this catalogue of antiquarians could have been dry as dust but is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enlivened by the understanding and the sympathy that this historian feels for his predecessors. His harshest )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 5544 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words are reserved for Iolo Morganwg, who he sees as having ?sabotaged? Welsh history by having )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?substituted an imagined early Wales of his own ? In doing so, he had at once betrayed his friends and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country? \(p. 164\). This is strong language, the understandable wrath of a scholar whose own work depends )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upon the sanctity of the original text. But from the point of view of the ?ordinary literate Welsh people? that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hutton sees Iolo as having bamboozled, was there really so much difference between Iolo and the hundreds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of other writers whose arbitrary scholarship, so convincingly chronicled in this book, was equally available )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to them? Iolo gave the Welsh a sense of nationhood and dignity at a time when apologists for all the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incipient nations of Europe were doing much the same thing. There was little succour for the literate Welsh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the anti-druidic pronouncements of Oxford dons such as Algernon Herbert, or for that matter the musings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of more prominent English historians such as Charles Kingsley or Edward Freeman, who sought to minimise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pre-Saxon influence in the English national narratives they were creating. Were the Welsh so wrong to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prefer the Iolo-fostered culture of the Eisteddfod? Whose interest does ?pure history? serve, and does it exist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anyway? )] TJ ET BT 79.664 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Blood and Mistletoe )] TJ ET BT 179.996 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meticulously records five centuries of contradictory and self-serving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speculation, most of it now rejected. It is an object lesson in how much history is the plaything of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians, and just how wrong they can be.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Beautifully written, lucidly argued, carefully illustrated, comprehensive. A scholarly delight, and thoroughly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recommended.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 521.475 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 490.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ronald Hutton, )] TJ ET BT 141.020 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Druids: A History)] TJ ET BT 248.684 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 330.008 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 330.008 489.459 m 383.996 489.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 476.602 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A )] TJ ET BT 74.348 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rattleskull Genius)] TJ ET BT 162.680 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: )] TJ ET BT 169.016 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Many Faces of Iolo Morganwg,)] TJ ET BT 342.332 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ed. G. H. Jenkins \(Cardiff, 2005\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 506.636 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 506.636 475.203 m 560.624 475.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 450.341 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independant)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/blood-and-mistletoe-a-history-of-the-druids-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 420.435 m 560.276 420.435 l S BT 34.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in-britain-by-ronald-hutton-1684903.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 406.179 m 235.004 406.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 238.004 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(telegraph)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookreviews/5323383/Blood-and-Mistletoe-The-History-of-the-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 377.667 m 546.956 377.667 l S BT 34.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Druids-in-Britain-By-Ronald-Hutton-review.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 363.411 m 272.996 363.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 275.996 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 360.079 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 342.299 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 342.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/846)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 340.905 m 322.316 340.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 315.928 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.528 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4421)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/blood-and-mistletoe-a-history-of-the-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 272.872 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(druids-in-britain-by-ronald-hutton-1684903.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 258.587 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookreviews/5323383/Blood-and-Mistletoe-The-History-of-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.216 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the-Druids-in-Britain-By-Ronald-Hutton-review.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 330.0077 489.7735 383.9957 501.6535 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 506.6357 475.5175 560.6237 487.3975 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 420.7495 560.2757 432.6295 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/blood-and-mistletoe-a-history-of-the-druids-in-britain-by-ronald-hutton-1684903.html) >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 406.4935 235.0037 418.3735 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/blood-and-mistletoe-a-history-of-the-druids-in-britain-by-ronald-hutton-1684903.html) >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 377.9815 546.9557 389.8615 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookreviews/5323383/Blood-and-Mistletoe-The-History-of-the-Druids-in-Britain-By-Ronald-Hutton-review.html) >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 363.7255 272.9957 375.6055 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookreviews/5323383/Blood-and-Mistletoe-The-History-of-the-Druids-in-Britain-By-Ronald-Hutton-review.html) >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 341.2195 322.3157 353.0995 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/846) >> endobj xref 0 40 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000560 00000 n 0000000649 00000 n 0000005412 00000 n 0000005521 00000 n 0000005631 00000 n 0000005740 00000 n 0000009301 00000 n 0000009429 00000 n 0000009513 00000 n 0000009542 00000 n 0000009668 00000 n 0000009704 00000 n 0000009788 00000 n 0000017451 00000 n 0000017481 00000 n 0000017609 00000 n 0000017645 00000 n 0000017710 00000 n 0000025093 00000 n 0000025219 00000 n 0000030816 00000 n 0000030944 00000 n 0000030999 00000 n 0000031127 00000 n 0000031182 00000 n 0000031309 00000 n 0000031507 00000 n 0000031634 00000 n 0000031832 00000 n 0000031959 00000 n 0000032157 00000 n 0000032284 00000 n 0000032482 00000 n 0000032610 00000 n trailer << /Size 40 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32705 %%EOF