%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R ] /Count 2 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140724091732+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140724091732+01'00') /Title (Contagion. Disease Government and the 'Social Question' in Nineteenth-Century France) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4157 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Contagion. Disease Government and the 'Social Question' in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Nineteenth-Century France)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book began life some years ago as a doctoral thesis, prepared under the direction of John Merriman. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an investigation of conflicting nineteenth-century theories on contagion. Some experts thought that illness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was brought in from outside society, particularly by immigrants, others that disease arose from within )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through a combination of physical and moral imperfections. The author focuses on how doctors and others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpreted the causes of disease, ranging from Villerm, Buret and Frgier in the 1830s and 1840s to Pasteur )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and almost forgotten health experts of the end of the century, such as Brouardel, Arnould, Kelsch and Lon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colin. His central theme is to explain how, in the last decades of the nineteenth century republicans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggled to square the circle of defending individual liberty, while introducing sufficient government )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regulations to prevent the spread of disease. The question was far from philosophical and involved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguments among doctors who tended the sick, engineers who designed the not entirely satisfactory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expensive new Parisian sewage system and the rival Paris prefect and prefect of police.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enquiries into the social question in the 1830s began to build up pressure that governments should intervene )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the organisation of social life to try to prevent the proliferation of diseases such as cholera. Subsequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scientific investigations reinforced this message. In 1831, before cholera actually hit France, a network of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neighbourhood commissions, consisting of doctors, pharmacists, local officials and wealthy do-gooders were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(85)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 November, 1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew R. Aisenberg)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780804733953)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(252pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stanford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.sup.org/book.cgi?id=1439)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(California)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pamela Pilbeam)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 16 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 4842 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in place, ready to produce statistics and explanations, but, while they prepared endless lists of sick and dead, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they were short on explanations and were helpless to contain the disease. In general the commissions were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(able to show a close correlation between poor housing, sanitation and poverty and the disease, although, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aisenberg, and Catherine Kudlick demonstrated, \()] TJ ET BT 275.636 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cholera in Post-revolutionary Paris)] TJ ET BT 449.972 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1996\), some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extremely poor districts were barely touched. Like subsequent holier-than-thou prosperous social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commentators, those who compiled the official report on the 1832 cholera were convinced that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disorderly and immoral poor were mostly likely to be justifiably struck down.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The problem of containing contagious diseases, whose causes were imperfectly understood before Pasteur, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was addressed by the publication of reports such as those which are at the heart of this book, legislation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notably the law on Insalubrious Dwellings \(1850\) and the Public Health law \(1902\), the physical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconstruction of cities, especially Paris and the development of systems of inspection under the Paris )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prefect of police. The author has praise for the Paris hygiene commissions which, before World War One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigated unhealthy living conditions, but is less impressed by Haussmanns monolithic sewage system, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which, amazingly lacked the slope and water pressure to cope with the real stuff. In 1914 there were still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over 14,000 cess-pits in the capital.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This volume takes up some of the themes of Alain Corbins )] TJ ET BT 319.664 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Foul and the Fragrant)] TJ ET BT 449.000 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which was translated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into English in 1986. It emphasises that the intellectual debate over contagion and the conflicts between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engineers and doctors had more to do with the careers of individuals than science. Experts in the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medicine will welcome the insights into the minds of nineteenth-century professionals. Apart from some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stylistic obscurity, this volume is logically ordered and conveys its thesis effectively. Many dimensions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the perception of the causes of contagion remain to be investigated: how non-experts, such as journalists, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(playwrights and novelists interpreted the battle for health; how property-owners and their tenants reacted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspection by the Paris prefect; to what extent radical doctors, in the tradition of Raspail, Buchez and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gupin, continued to provide free care for the poor in the fight against illness- and how they reacted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasing state intervention; what contribution was made by mutual-aid societies and the popular healers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth Ackermann described \()] TJ ET BT 194.300 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Health-care in the Parisian Countryside,)] TJ ET BT 391.292 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 1990\) had in helping the poor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cope.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 356.575 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 338.795 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 338.795 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/85)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 337.401 m 316.316 337.401 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 312.424 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 298.024 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/1011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 283.624 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 337.7155 316.3157 349.5955 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/85) >> endobj xref 0 18 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000328 00000 n 0000000365 00000 n 0000000573 00000 n 0000000655 00000 n 0000004864 00000 n 0000004973 00000 n 0000005083 00000 n 0000005192 00000 n 0000008753 00000 n 0000008881 00000 n 0000008965 00000 n 0000009049 00000 n 0000013944 00000 n 0000014072 00000 n trailer << /Size 18 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 14166 %%EOF