%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 64 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141021120320+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141021120320+01'00') /Title (Geographies of Empire: European Empires and Colonies c. 1880-1960) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4037 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Geographies of Empire: European Empires and Colonies c. 1880-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1960)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As the title of the book suggests, )] TJ ET BT 194.012 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Geographies of Empire)] TJ ET BT 306.668 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( covers the period roughly from the beginning of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?scramble for Africa? ? following the British invasion of Egypt in 1882 ? to the year by which many of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the territories formerly acquired by European colonial powers had been lost or given up.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In fact Robin Butlin?s informative and extremely wide-ranging account of empire often reaches into earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 197.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periods, and the chronological period that constitutes the primary focus of the book is one in which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major European colonial empires were at their fullest geographical extent and tensions between European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great powers arising out of colonial competition were at their height. In this respect it should appeal to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wide readership. Moreover, the coverage of imperial expansion and contraction does not contain itself to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russia and the imperial powers of Western and Southern Europe, but includes the rising Great Powers of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late 19th and early 20th century, the United States and Japan. In other words this is a book of enormous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scope, although the British, followed by the French, empires tend to feature more heavily than others.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter two, looking at ?chronologies, spaces and places?, provides an overview of the spatial pattern of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 71.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of the seaborne European empires. Unusually, in addition to the usual imperial coverage, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contains a short section on the ?northern archipelago? and the extent to which Wales, Scotland and Ireland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(851)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 30 November, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robin Butlin)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521800426)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(692pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Collins)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8630 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were brought into a colonial relationship with England.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 299.324 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 299.324 795.075 m 313.316 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 313.316 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Butlin?s analysis draws on the extensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical overview by Stephen Howe, which points towards the difficulties created by attempts to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view the relationship between England and Ireland under the guise of a ?generalised colonial model? \(p. 56\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 752.307 m 48.008 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In addition to the historiographical focus, we might have been told more about the actual historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geography of the Anglo-Irish relationship, for example patterns of settlement and land use. However, Butlin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has much ground to cover, and moving on from coverage of the British Empire, he turns first to France, then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Dutch Empire, Germany, Portugal and Spain, Belgium and Italy, followed by Russia, Japan and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(United States. The breadth of coverage in this chapter somewhat compromises the depth in which each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial power is investigated, but the chapter does constitute a helpful descriptive account of imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expansion. The comparative dimension is less prominent than it might have been. With this in mind, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis of French claims in Morocco, and German imperialism more generally, might have benefited from a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greater emphasis on the way in which the land grab that followed Britain?s invasion of Egypt in 1882, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the subsequent exclusion of France from the Nile Delta region \(Fashoda is mentioned on p. 267, but only as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an aside\) led to increased competition over colonial territory in North Africa, which saw Germany challenge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France in Morocco twice in the immediate run-up to the outbreak of the First World War, once in 1905?6 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and once in 1911. Butlin does acknowledge that Germany?s colonial policy was ?clearly influenced by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial activities of other European states, notably France and Britain? \(p. 97\), but this period of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competition for land, resources and markets ? which may or may not have precipitated the First World War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(an unresolved debate\) ? seems to be ripe for further analysis by a historical geographer like the author.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters three and four cover interconnected themes, with chapter three looking at population movement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the use of data and censuses linked to strategies of governance, or what Bernard Cohn has called ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enumerative modality?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 147.332 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 147.332 483.699 m 161.324 483.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 161.324 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The familiar example is British imperialism in India, which sought to develop )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex taxonomies of populations as part of a process of modernisation and management intimately bound )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up with racialised distinctions and hierarchies. Butlin also looks at the use of numbers in white settler )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonies, firstly South Africa, then Australia. A good deal of very instructive information is also provided )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about population changes within territories controlled by other European colonial powers both in Africa and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Asia. The chapter also includes a helpful summary of the literature concerning migration out of Europe to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial territories, and within colonial systems. Chapter four then goes on to trace the impact of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migrations and settlements on land use, and includes a substantial section on Germany?s colonial land )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policies in Africa, pointing out that Germany?s relatively late entry into the competition for land and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resources in Africa in part underpinned the devastating impact that German colonialism had in countries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as Cameroon \(pp. 207?17\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters five, six and seven cover exploration, geographical knowledge and the creation of geographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(societies and the connections between cartography and colonialism. The chapter on exploration features, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is to be expected, familiar figures such as David Livingstone, as well as less well-known explorers in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Empire such as Mary Kingsley \(pp. 240?7\). The history of geographical societies is an area where the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author himself has recently published, but it also provides Butlin with an opportunity to showcase some of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the best recent work in historical geography.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 247.640 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 247.640 243.603 m 261.632 243.603 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 261.632 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The work of Felix Driver, which is familiar to many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians of empire, and which ? via its linking of intellectual developments within the colonial metropole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the practice of imperialism at the periphery, has appealed to exponents of the new imperial history in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent years ? features heavily.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 182.288 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 182.288 200.835 m 196.280 200.835 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 196.280 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( With the proliferation of geographical societies amongst European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial powers in the late 19th century there is the suggestion of transnational connections, for example the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(president of the Royal Dutch Geographical Society outlining Dutch colonial ambitions in a speech to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Royal Geographical Society in London in November 1879, and Dutch geographers subsequently consulting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents held in London \(p. 305\). The complicity of geographical societies with the colonial project, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the simultaneous intellectual drive to compare, contrast and sometimes share knowledge across borders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes for a fascinating topic in which intellectual history and historical geography neatly overlap.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter eight looks at the intellectual, cultural and physical impacts of European ?civilising missions?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Following Chris Bayly )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 147.032 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 147.032 74.787 m 161.024 74.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 161.024 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Butlin argues that the ?nineteenth and early twentieth centuries witnessed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substantial expansion in most major religions, partly through greater association with rapidly developing )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 299.3237 795.3895 313.3157 807.2695 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 752.6215 48.0077 764.5015 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 147.3317 484.0135 161.3237 495.8935 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 247.6397 243.9175 261.6317 255.7975 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 182.2877 201.1495 196.2797 213.0295 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 147.0317 75.1015 161.0237 86.9815 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 35 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Length 6689 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideologies of nationalism? \(p. 358\). The following discussion places welcome significance on the role of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gender in missionary activity, but ? although including a section on ?local agency and religious missions? ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Butlin might have spent more time looking at the way in which the indigenous religion of colonised peoples )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was reformed, developed and instrumentalised as part of a process of colonial resistance \(the ?Hindu' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revival, and the )] TJ ET BT 111.332 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brahmo Samaj)] TJ ET BT 182.996 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( immediately spring to mind\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters nine, ten, eleven and twelve revert back to territory that is more obviously ?historical geography?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looking at environment, transport and communications, towns and cities, and the economic relationship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between empire and colony. This is one of the strongest and most interesting sections of this extensive book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and an area where the value of historical geography is most apparent. The discussions of forestry, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly water use and management, are especially valuable, and this area of focus again provides the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunity for Butlin to generously promote the work of some of his colleagues.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book ends with a chapter on histories of decolonisation. Insights from the perspective of geography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abound, with water featuring as an important factor, e.g. in the role of rivers in drawing boundaries or the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control of water supplies as key aspects in negotiations between coloniser and colonised, as well as between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emergent postcolonial states. The British have of course, quite rightly, come under much criticism for their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obsession with the practice of partition as a decolonisation ?exit strategy?. Even if it does not raise any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathy for British authorities, it is illuminating to learn that the Radcliffe commission ? which oversaw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the drawing of boundaries in Bengal between India and what would become East Pakistan ? had to contend )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with river channels that dried up for parts of the year, and in fact which changed their course entirely \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(587\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Because of its breadth, this book does work as a kind of textbook which would be of particular value for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undergraduate and MA courses on the history of Empire. For that readership, it offers a solid overview of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial period with a particular emphasis on aspects of colonialism that fall within the parameters of what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might loosely be called geography. A great deal of the literature on empire is also summarised and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thoughtfully presented. There is however one caveat to add. The usefulness of the book for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undergraduate readership is undermined by some shortcomings in the way that Cambridge University Press )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has produced the book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With regard to the referencing, it would have been far more appropriate in a book that draws upon as wide a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature as this does, to have used footnotes ? allowing the reader to glance down at the full reference ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than the Harvard system. One is required to turn to the bibliography to find out which particular book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is being referred to, a task which is both tedious and cumbersome when it comes to a book of this size.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Much more significantly, a number of errors occur in the text. For example, we are told that Britain declared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war against Germany and Italy on behalf of India in 1938 \(p. 584\). This is obviously an uncorrected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(typographical error, but it somewhat undermines the strength of the argument that undergraduates ought to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stick to the scholarly literature, rather than use say, Wikipedia, because the latter contains basic factual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mistakes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is also unnoticed repetition. As formidable as David Washbrook?s work on India is, surely it doesn?t )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(warrant the same sizeable quote appearing twice \(pages 68 and 581\). This, combined with the fact that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(page references to Washbrook?s article are different in each case, does not inspire confidence in the copy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editing that has gone into the book?s production. This may appear to be overly pedantic, but one is left with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the distinct impression that the publisher has done the author a disservice in this area, and he would surely be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entitled to expect better from CUP.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More meaningfully, how far does it really constitute a new contribution, and specifically, is this a work of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical geography that will introduce the latest theoretical and methodological innovations in the field to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the wider and more diffuse groups of historians working in the field of imperial history?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 58.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As I have suggested, the book leans heavily towards providing descriptive accounts of things falling within )] TJ ET endstream endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 39 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R ] /Contents 37 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Length 8880 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the remit of geography ? e.g. migration, population, environment, transport and communications ? rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than explaining causes and explicating consequences within an analytical framework that is distinctive to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical geography. Butlin?s )] TJ ET BT 181.340 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Geographies of Empire)] TJ ET BT 293.996 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( does not bring to the fore much of what is most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(striking about ?modern historical geographies?, which \(in an edited collection of that name\) Brian Graham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Catherine Nash suggested is concerned with new directions ?informed by feminism, post-structuralism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antiracism and post-colonial perspectives, sharing concerns about questions of power and meaning?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 516.260 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 516.260 723.795 m 530.252 723.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Graham and Nash?s edited volume included contributions from scholars who have since gone on to produce )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of the more innovative work connecting historical geography and the history of empire, such as David )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lambert and Alan Lester?s )] TJ ET BT 167.312 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Colonial Lives)] TJ ET BT 237.656 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 240.656 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 240.656 681.027 m 254.648 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although the first chapter of the book makes reference to the field of post-colonialism, to issues of gender )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and sexuality, and to historical geographers who have recently sought to bridge the gap between histories of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empire informed by postcolonial theory and the field of historical geography, one doesn?t really feel the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weight of these more theoretically inclined perspectives )] TJ ET BT 304.964 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(evenly)] TJ ET BT 335.612 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the text that follows. That being said, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first chapter constitutes an exemplary overview of developments in the field of imperial historiography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(going back to J. R. Seeley, Hobson and Lenin through to Robinson and Gallagher, Cain and Hopkins, Chris )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bayly and Miles Ogborn.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In sum, then, this is an impressively erudite and knowledgeable book, which draws on a considerable weight )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of scholarship. But for those \(like this author\) who are eager to better understand how historical geography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can shape current developments in imperial historiography ? for example the recent ?transnational turn?, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps an emergent ?material turn?, which looks to the way in which theories of power and identity are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(placed in social and material contexts by someone like Bruno Latour ? we may need to wait.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author's response is pending.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 426.195 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 395.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 395.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What Butlin calls the ?northern archipelago? is perhaps more familiar to historians as the ?Atlantic )] TJ ET BT 64.016 381.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archipelago?. See J. G. A. Pocock, )] TJ ET BT 232.976 381.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Discovery of Islands: Essays in British History)] TJ ET BT 479.300 381.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 367.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 367.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 365.667 m 149.000 365.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 352.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 352.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cf. Stephen Howe, )] TJ ET BT 158.336 352.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ireland and Empire: Colonial Legacies in Irish History and Culture)] TJ ET BT 485.336 352.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000\), p. 67.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 125.012 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 125.012 337.155 m 179.000 337.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 324.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 324.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bernard S. Cohn, )] TJ ET BT 150.344 324.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India)] TJ ET BT 450.032 324.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Delhi, 2002\), p. 8.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 308.643 m 118.004 308.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 295.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The linking of imperial and local is explicit in the title of Butlin?s recent essay R. A. Butlin, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 281.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('"Geography - Imperial and Local"; the work of the Royal Geographical Society of Australia )] TJ ET BT 64.016 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Queensland Branch\) 1885?1945', )] TJ ET BT 230.804 267.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Queensland Geographical Perspectives)] TJ ET BT 421.436 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. I. R. W. Childs and B. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. Hudson \(Milton, 2006\), pp. 217?41.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 248.012 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 248.012 251.619 m 302.000 251.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 238.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Felix Driver, )] TJ ET BT 129.008 238.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Geography Militant: Cultures of Exploration and Empire)] TJ ET BT 408.008 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2001\). )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 489.656 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 489.656 237.363 m 543.644 237.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 224.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cf. C. A. Bayly, )] TJ ET BT 145.352 224.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Birth of the Modern World 1780?1914: Global Connections and Comparisons)] TJ ET BT 64.016 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 2004\), introduction.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 223.004 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 223.004 208.851 m 276.992 208.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 195.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brian Graham and Catherine Nash, )] TJ ET BT 235.976 195.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern Historical Geographies)] TJ ET BT 390.632 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Harlow, 2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 470.612 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 470.612 194.595 m 524.600 194.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 181.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Lambert and Alan Lester, )] TJ ET BT 222.644 181.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Colonial Lives across the British Empire: Imperial Careering in the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 167.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Long Nineteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 185.348 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 282.668 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 282.668 166.083 m 336.656 166.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 141.221 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_interdisciplinary_history/summary/v041/41.2.smith.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 111.315 m 500.372 111.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 503.372 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 107.983 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 90.203 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 90.203 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/851)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 88.809 m 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