%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818064615+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818064615+01'00') /Title (British Conservatism and Trade Unionism, 1945-1964) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4106 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(British Conservatism and Trade Unionism, 1945-1964)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It has been a long time since the relationship between the British Conservative Party and the trade unions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was anything other than hostile. From the conflict over the 1971 Industrial Relations Act and the miners? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strikes which helped bring down the Heath government, to the long period after 1979 when a full scale )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assault upon trade unions and the collective regulation of the workplace and the labor market characterized )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Thatcherite brand of conservatism, contemporary historians and social scientists have become used to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deep mutual hostility. Organized around a multi-pronged critique of the role of trade unions in British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society, encompassing their role on the labor market, their electoral support for the Labour Party, and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to political sclerosis via corporatist institutions, modern British conservatism has seemed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implacably opposed to any but the most minimal role for trade unions: friendly societies offering limited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(services to their members perhaps, but playing little wider role in regulating the political economy or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influencing British politics.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Dorey has written what looks to be the definitive account of an earlier, almost forgotten, period when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relationship between trade unions and the Conservative Party was far less hostile, and indeed when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leading Conservative politicians championed collective laissez-faire, free collective bargaining, and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positive role for trade unions in society. Wedged between Conservative hostility to unions in the inter-war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period, the highlight of which was the legislative reaction to the 1926 general strike, and Conservative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(854)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 31 December, 2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Dorey)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780754666592)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(200pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farnham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chris Howell)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7633 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hostility in the period after 1970, this book looks in detail at the shift in Conservative thinking after 1945 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then Conservative government policy towards trade unions while in office between 1951 and 1964. Its value )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lies both in its exhaustive examination of this under-explored period, and in its explanation for how and why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservatism was able to make peace with the central collectivist institutions of British society. It would be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(going too far to suggest that this book offers lessons for the current period, when a new Conservative leader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is attempting to re-locate his party on familiar ideological terrain, and Dorey makes no such claims. But as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work of intellectual history, Dorey does help us understand the multiple, conflicting strands of modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative thinking, and the manner in which some, at least, of these strands could be recombined so as to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be compatible with a more collectivist organization of society, one in which trade unions are legitimate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic and social actors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Conservatism and Trade Unionism, 1945?1964 )] TJ ET BT 301.028 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is organized into seven roughly chronological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters. The first summarizes the relationship between Conservatism and trade unions prior to the Second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World War, tracing primarily the legislative record from the Combination Acts, via a Disraelian detour, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the broad incorporation of the labor movement into policy making during the Second World War. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second chapter traces the shift in Conservative thinking towards trade unions between 1945 and 1951, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the party was in opposition and coming to terms with the changed landscape of post-war politics. There then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(follow two pairs of chapters. The first pair examine the 1951?60 Conservative governments from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective first of voluntarism \(a general refusal to legislate in ways which would interfere with the ability )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of trade unions to govern themselves and engage in collective action\) and second of wage determination. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These two chapters mark the high-water mark of Conservative support for British trade unionism as it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then constituted, and the period when Conservative governments were most resistant to efforts by its own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(backbenchers to constrain what a later Conservative document labeled )] TJ ET BT 374.936 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Giant?s Strength)] TJ ET BT 466.940 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The second pair )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of chapters deal with the 1960-64 Conservative government, again divided into an examination in one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter of voluntarism and an examination in the other of wage determination. During this period, of course, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worsening economic conditions were putting Conservative support for trade unionism under increasing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pressure. The concluding chapter of the book offers a summary of the period and an explanation for why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British Conservatism was, albeit briefly, able to come to terms with trade unionism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The research upon which this book is based is primarily archival, with the great majority of citations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involving documents from cabinet meetings, cabinet committees, the Conservative Party, and civil service )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advice. We have largely passed the point at which the participants are still alive and available for interview. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The result is a highly detailed study of Conservative policy making, but one in which the messy business of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics is largely muted. Official documents rarely contain frank evaluations of the balance of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forces. There are references to debates in cabinet, or dilemmas facing ministers, but it is hard to tell from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence presented in this book why one argument or policy won out over another. Was it the intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(force of the argument or some more narrowly political explanation? What is most striking is that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominant Conservative position during this period ? support for voluntarism and free collective bargaining ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never seems to have been seriously challenged. Criticism from the right of the party is acknowledged, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the impression one gets is that the party leadership was never in danger of losing the debate. This again is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarkable given how fast and how far the party moved away from a policy of rapproachment with the labor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement after 1964. Thus a better sense of how widely supported within the parliamentary Conservative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Party and the wider party membership these policies were would have been helpful.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The narrative that Dorey lays out is in one sense not new. We know that between 1945 and about 1970, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something approaching a consensus among the two major parties existed around some of the central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elements of public policy \(though it is worth noting that the existence of ?the British consensus? is hotly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contested within political science, and Dorey?s book is a forceful reminder that, yes indeed, that consensus is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not a figment of the imagination of an earlier generation of social scientists\). Alongside Atlanticism and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitment to full employment and the welfare state, both major parties sought to work with the trade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unions and to encourage self-regulation of the sphere of industrial relations. But the enormous service of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book is to show, in great detail, how and why that policy position was justified on ideological and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grounds. How, in other words, could a party with such a long history of hostility to trade unionism, make )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7382 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such an abrupt shift, and then, when faced with repeated challenges in the 1950s and early 1960s in the form )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of sharply higher strike rates and evidence of economic failure, how was the leadership of the party able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stick to a commitment to voluntarism?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A series of arguments were made to justify voluntarism and \(until the early 1960s\) free collective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bargaining, all of which had utterly vanished by 1975. These included that trade union leaders were in fact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often more moderate than their members, so that statutory strike ballots or union officer elections were more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likely to encourage disorder than order, and that legislation could not create good industrial relations. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?human relations? approach was deployed to explain why insecurity and alienation at work could not be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wished away or effectively regulated through sanctions. To anyone who has read the final report of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Donovan Commission, or the research papers which were produced by industrial relations academics for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commission, reading Dorey?s book produces an overwhelming sense of dj vu. Time and time again in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1950s and right up to the 1964 election, senior Conservative politicians deployed arguments to justify )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continued adherence to collective laissez-faire which could have been lifted word-for-word from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Donovan Report, which was not published until 1968.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This position remained in place as late as the 1964 election. As Dorey demonstrates, the cabinet was divided )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over whether to announce a Royal Commission to investigate the state of industrial relations in the run up to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1964 election. It was felt that a Royal Commission would be necessary cover if any legislation was to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemplated in the Conservative election manifesto, but such a commission would also risk alienating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moderate trade unionists. Only the )] TJ ET BT 202.664 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rookes v. Barnard )] TJ ET BT 295.316 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legal decision forced the hand of the Conservative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government because now the trade union movement sought legislation to overturn the decision. In the end, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the party entered the election campaign with a pledge to hold an enquiry before contemplating any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislation, and as late as March 1964 the Parliamentary Labour Committee of the Conservative Party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continued to reject the role of legislation and sanctions as solutions to the problems of industrial relations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The remarkable contrast between Conservative policy towards trade unions in the first two post-war decades, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Conservative policy after 1970 begs the question of what changed. It could have been contextual factors, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but Conservative governments prior to 1964 weathered evidence of much higher unofficial strike rates, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poor economic growth, and of communist influence within trade unions without modifying, in any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant way, their commitment to voluntarism. This reader longed for one additional chapter covering the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period 1964?70, which would have traced and explained the collapse of Conservative faith in its policies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the previous 15 years.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The concluding chapter to )] TJ ET BT 162.656 320.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Conservatism and Trade Unionism, 1945?1964 )] TJ ET BT 429.668 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides an explanation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or a series of explanations, for the conciliatory view of trade unionism which predominated. The primary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument is an intellectual one: that among leading parliamentary figures in the Conservative Party, One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nation Tories \(men such as Harold Macmillan, Anthony Eden and Rab Butler\) were intellectually dominant, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and that their sympathy for trade unionism was a product of personal background and experience. It is hard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to know what to make of this argument, not least because, as noted above, we don?t get a good sense in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book of whether one policy position won out over another because of its intellectual superiority or more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mundane political calculations. But this is one place where a chapter dealing with the post-1964 period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have helped clarify the argument because it would have had to demonstrate and explain a shift in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual dominance to a new generation of Conservatives with quite different backgrounds and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences, presumably the less aristocratic Edward Heaths and Margaret Thatchers of the party.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two further arguments are also deployed to explain this remarkable period of Conservative policy towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trade unionism. Dorey emphasizes the role of the Ministry of Labour ? regardless of the identity of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Minister ? as a permanent lobbyist for conciliation rather than legislative sanctions. This raises the question )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of why the Treasury, which had been hostile to trade unionism since at least the creation of the Ministry of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Labour, was not more successful in winning ministerial turf wars. Finally Dorey points to the unique )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conjuncture of the early post-war period, when the labor movement had moderate leadership which was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prepared to work with a Conservative governments so long as they respected voluntarism and free collective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bargaining, and which was as concerned about militants in the trade union movement as any Conservative )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3317 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minister. As Dorey notes, the political space for a cooperative relationship drastically narrowed from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early 1960s onwards, as the leadership of the largest unions shifted in a more left-wing direction, and as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuing decentralization of British industrial relations meant that trade union leaders ? or whatever )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideological stripe ? had less and less influence over wage bargaining.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Post-war British history has long been dominated by attempts to explain the particular dysfunction of British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrial relations and the political conflicts that erupted around the myriad interpretations and solutions to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?labour question?. We are awash with studies of conflict and crisis in the relationship between the labor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement and both the Conservative and Labour Parties. But it is impossible to explain those moments of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political crisis without also being able to explain the moments when British trade unionism was able to carve )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out a cooperative relationship with the party in power; post-war histories too often render those moments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invisible. It is the singular contribution of this book by Peter Dorey to revisit and resurrect this crucial period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of post-war British industrial relations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author has not responded to this review.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://tcbh.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/1/131.short)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 545.235 m 287.684 545.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 290.684 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eh-net)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://eh.net/book_reviews/british-conservatism-and-trade-unionism-1945-1964)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 516.723 m 417.644 516.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 420.644 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 513.391 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 495.611 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 495.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/854)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 494.217 m 322.316 494.217 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 469.240 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 454.840 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4455)] TJ ET BT 34.016 440.440 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://tcbh.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/1/131.short?rss=1)] TJ ET BT 34.016 426.040 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://eh.net/book_reviews/british-conservatism-and-trade-unionism-1945-1964)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 545.5495 287.6837 557.4295 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://tcbh.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/1/131.short?rss=1) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 517.0375 417.6437 528.9175 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://eh.net/book_reviews/british-conservatism-and-trade-unionism-1945-1964) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 494.5315 322.3157 506.4115 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/854) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000553 00000 n 0000000635 00000 n 0000004793 00000 n 0000004902 00000 n 0000005012 00000 n 0000005121 00000 n 0000008682 00000 n 0000008810 00000 n 0000008894 00000 n 0000008959 00000 n 0000016645 00000 n 0000016710 00000 n 0000024145 00000 n 0000024243 00000 n 0000027613 00000 n 0000027740 00000 n 0000027851 00000 n 0000027978 00000 n 0000028106 00000 n 0000028234 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 28329 %%EOF