%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818093542+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818093542+01'00') /Title (Major Farran?s Hat: Murder, Scandal, and Britain?s Secret War Against Jewish Terrorism, 1945-1948) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4181 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Major Farran?s Hat: Murder, Scandal, and Britain?s Secret War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Against Jewish Terrorism, 1945-1948)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Cesarani?s stylish book unravels the often sordid details of what might at first seem a relatively minor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incident in the decline and collapse of British rule in Palestine. It tells the story of abduction and murder of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alexander Rubowitz, a teenage activist affiliated to the extremist Zionist paramilitary organisation, )] TJ ET BT 513.284 237.683 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lohamei )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(HaHerut b?Yisrael)] TJ ET BT 125.684 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(better known in Britain as the ?Stern Gang?\), and reveals how the British imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establishment subsequently sought first to cover up the crime and subsequently to pervert the course of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(justice in order to protect the commander of the covert police ?hit squad? responsible for the murder. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Skilfully combining a scholarly reading of the archival record with a story-teller?s feel for drama and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative development, Cesarani?s account of the events surrounding Rubowitz?s disappearance and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis of the implications of the case, cast fascinating light on the reasons for British failure in Palestine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and draws interesting, if less developed conclusions in relation to the broader history of British counter-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insurgency and counter-terrorism operations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the centre of the plot is Roy Farran, a Second World War hero and among the most highly decorated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officers in the British Army. Farran, who later took to describing himself as ?a relic of Kiplingesque times? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was undoubtedly a courageous soldier and a skilful exponent of irregular warfare. Cesarani provides a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lengthy account of his wartime activities, testifying to a ruthlessness in battle, which Cesarani characterises )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(856)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 31 January, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Cesarani)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780434018444)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(290pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Heinemann)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James R. Vaughan)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7373 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as ?mercilessness towards his enemies? \(p. 66\). By way of evidence, Cesarani refers to a ?killing spree? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(including the killing of prisoners\) which Farran is alleged to have embarked on in Cyprus in 1941 \(p. 8\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his unconventional exploits with the Special Air Service \(SAS\) in Italy, France and Greece. Farran?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successes, which included an operation northern France in August 1944 in which his 60-strong SAS unit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inflicted 500 German casualties, earned him a second bar for his Military Cross, the Distinguished Service )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Order, the French Croix de Guerre, and a reputation for recklessness that included the capacity for open )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disregard of orders. ?He was a buccaneer?, concluded Major Victor Dover, the adjutant of the 1st Parachute )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brigade responsible for a special forces training course that Farran undertook in 1943, ?and always gave me )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the impression that he was born three centuries too late? \(p. 73\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The transition from war to peacetime was a difficult one for Farran. After a period of depression and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boredom following VE Day, he rejoined his old regiment, the 3rd King?s Own Hussars, and in October 1945 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found himself in Palestine. There is persuasive evidence that Farran arrived in Palestine with no strong )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feelings or prejudice in relation to Jewish or Zionist matters. However, as Cesarani notes, ?In the course of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one blood-soaked year he was embittered by the nature of the war the [Jewish] underground waged on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British security forces? \(p. 81\). Frustrated by what he regarded as the ineffectual policy of the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Government and disgusted by the failure of the Yishuv to take a meaningful stand against the Irgun and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stern Gang, he left Palestine in August 1946. In March 1947, however, the War Office ordered him to return )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Palestine and put his specialist knowledge of guerrilla warfare techniques at the disposal of the Palestine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Police.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The creation of paramilitary ?gangs? or ?special squads? was the responsibility of Colonel Nicol Gray, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspector-general of the Palestine Police, and Lieutenant-General Bernard Fergusson, to whom Gray gave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the task of recruiting the officers who would spearhead a British counter-terrorist offensive. Both men were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experienced veterans of commando operations and advocates of the potential value of unconventional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(warfare techniques. Gray, a former Royal Marine Commando, whose exploits in France and Germany after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D-Day had earned him war hero status, while Fergusson had served with Orde Wingate, the eccentric but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influential pioneer of British counter-insurgency warfare both in Palestine in 1937 and with the ?Chindit? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expeditions in Burma in 1943?4. The spiralling levels of terrorist violence in Palestine in 1946?7 convinced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both men that the situation called for unconventional policing methods in order to return some semblance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(security and stability to Palestine. Fergusson therefore created a number of new positions within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palestine Police to be known as Deputy Superintendents of Police \(Operations and Training\). These DSPs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were to be the leaders of the anti-terrorist special squads and were envisaged as being ?men trained in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commando tactics, fieldcraft, ambushes, weapons use, unarmed combat?. For Cesarani, the conclusion is that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the special squads were envisaged from the start as ?hit squads intended at best to snatch suspects or provoke )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gunfights.? \(p.63\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cesarani, however, does relatively little to explain why the decision to militarise the Palestine Police through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the creation of the special squads was implemented so late in the day in relation to the deterioration of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(security situation in Palestine. The violent extremists of the Stern Gang had been operating against British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(targets since 1940, while the Irgun had recommenced its anti-British campaign in 1944. Furthermore, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be argued that by March 1947, there was growing recognition in political circles that the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(position in Palestine was effectively untenable. The British Government ordered the evacuation of British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women, children and male civilians in non-essential jobs from Palestine on 31 January 1947, well before the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War Office despatched Farran to Palestine on an apparent mission to ?get tough? with the terrorists. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cesarani?s interpretation is that the decks were being cleared in preparation for an all out struggle with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terrorist. Given that on 14 February 1947, Ernest Bevin announced that the British Government would be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(referring the Palestine question to the United Nations, however, it might be argued with at least equal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plausibility, that the British were pursuing a policy of gradual political disengagement. Cesarani is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting when he hints at a split between the politicians and the military on this issue, suggesting that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Montgomery, Cunningham and Barker, sensing which way the political wind was blowing, were seeking a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last chance to save the military?s ?precious bases? in Palestine \(p. 58\). One suspects, however, that in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterising the creation of the ?special squads? as a ?troop surge?, Cesarani is more interested in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7288 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developing parallels with contemporary counter-insurgency operations in Iraq, than in unpicking the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discrepancies between British military and political objectives in Palestine in 1947.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cesarani is more convincing in his analysis of the performance of the special squads as counter-terrorist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gangs. While they may have been generally effective as operational snatch or hit squads, they were deeply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flawed as policing or intelligence gathering units. Early operations conducted by Farran?s squads appear to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been somewhat amateurish and were frequently conducted with a casual disregard for legal procedure. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After a frustrating month of at best minor successes, came the event that forms the centrepiece of Cesarani?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book. On 6 May 1947, 16-year-old Alexander Rubowitz was unfortunate enough to attract the attention of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farran?s squad whilst putting up Stern Gang posters in West Jerusalem. The teenager was abducted, driven )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out of the city towards Jericho where, in a secluded olive grove, he was interrogated and beaten. According )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Cesarani, the ?interview? was terminated when Farran picked up a rock and smashed it against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rubowitz?s head, killing him. The squad returned to Jerusalem where, the next day, Farran confessed what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he had done to Bernard Fergusson. Rubowitz?s body was never found.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The subsequent course of the scandal, as news of the case leaked into both the Palestine and the international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press exposed the cynical reluctance of Fergusson and Gray to take action against Farran until it became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obvious that the evidence entering the public domain was too serious to ignore. Eventually, when Arthur )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Giles, the Deputy Inspector of the Palestine Police \(whose resentment of the military adventurers parachuted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into his police force was barely disguised\), reported the details of the case to Sir Henry Gurney, the chief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secretary of the Palestine government. The storm was now poised to break as Gurney instructed Giles ?to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proceed with the case as an ordinary criminal offence with the object of bringing Farran and any other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accused to trial? \(p. 101\). The ensuing events, from Farran?s flight into Syria, to his return and the dismissal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the murder charges against him by a court martial convened in Jerusalem in October 1947, are related )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deftly and dramatically by the author. For Cesarani, however, the political cynicism surrounding the affair )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pervaded the British colonial establishment to its highest levels. He purports to find Prime Minister Attlee?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitude to the case to be ?remarkable? in that Attlee appears to have been ?more preoccupied with news )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(management? than with any particular concern ?about alleged illegal actions perpetrated by the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(security forces in Palestine? \(pp. 122?3\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cesarani?s account of the Farran case is valuable in that it reintroduces a surprisingly forgotten episode into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the well-trodden narratives of terrorism and counter-terrorism in the final years of the British mandate. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography of the period is extensive )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 230.660 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 230.660 345.651 m 244.652 345.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 244.652 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but whilst accounts of various Irgun and Stern Gang atrocities, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Exodus incident, even the Dov Gruner trial and execution are commonplace, the historian will seek in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vain for a reference to the peculiar case of Roy Farran and the murder of Alexander Rubowitz.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 487.544 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 487.544 317.139 m 501.536 317.139 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 501.536 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intelligent manner in which Cesarani unpicks the complexities, contradictions and hypocrisies of the Farran )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affair, and uses them to develop a broader criticism of British colonial policing in Palestine as the Mandate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drew towards collapse and liquidation, constitutes a valuable and always interesting historiographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution. Cesarani also seeks to draw longer-term historical lessons in relation to the ?toxic legacy? of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the special squads in relation to subsequent counter-insurgency operations spanning a period from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Malayan Emergency, through the Northern Ireland ?Troubles?, to contemporary struggles in Iraq and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Afghanistan. There is no doubt an important argument to be developed on this theme, but Cesarani does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(really give himself the space to make it in any great depth. Cesarani might conclude that:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At a time when counter-insurgency warfare is once again at the forefront of military operations )] TJ ET BT 64.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the British Army and NATO, it is perhaps an opportune moment to revisit the events that )] TJ ET BT 64.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took place on a balmy evening in Jerusalem sixty years ago as a warning of everything that can )] TJ ET BT 64.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(go wrong when young warriors directed by desperate and unscrupulous politicians wage war on )] TJ ET BT 64.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terror.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In light of the fact that this fascinating and important analogy is developed by way of reference to an existing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(counter-insurgency secondary literature in a rather brief ?Epilogue?, this conclusion reads more like an )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 230.6597 345.9655 244.6517 357.8455 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 487.5437 317.4535 501.5357 329.3335 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 5386 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invocation for further comparative research than any definitive statement on the matter.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author did not wish to respond to this review.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 735.315 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 704.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 704.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for example, a selection of recent publications in the general field of the decline of British rule in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 690.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palestine: Norman Rose, )] TJ ET BT 186.008 690.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?A Senseless, Squalid War?. Voices from Palestine 1945?1948)] TJ ET BT 488.324 690.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 676.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009\); Geoffrey Lewis, )] TJ ET BT 179.984 676.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Balfour and Weizmann: the Zionist, the Zealot and the Emergence of Israel)] TJ ET BT 64.016 661.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 2009\); )] TJ ET BT 145.676 661.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britain and the Middle East: From Great Power to Junior Partner)] TJ ET BT 465.668 661.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Zach Levey )] TJ ET BT 64.016 647.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Elie Podeh \(Brighton, 2008\); Michael Makovsky, )] TJ ET BT 325.664 647.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Churchill?s Promised Land: Zionism and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 633.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Statecraft)] TJ ET BT 110.684 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New Haven, CT, 2007\); Martin Gilbert, )] TJ ET BT 311.984 633.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Churchill and the Jews)] TJ ET BT 422.984 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2007\); Jill )] TJ ET BT 64.016 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hamilton, )] TJ ET BT 115.352 619.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(God, Guns and Israel. Britain, the First World War and the Jews in the Holy Land)] TJ ET BT 512.012 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Sutton, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2004\); John Keay, )] TJ ET BT 155.336 604.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sowing the Wind: the Seeds of Conflict in the Middle East)] TJ ET BT 434.000 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2003\); Tom )] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Segev, )] TJ ET BT 99.344 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(One Palestine, Complete. Jews and Arabs Under the British Mandate)] TJ ET BT 433.652 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2000\); A.J. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sherman, )] TJ ET BT 112.676 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mandate Days: British Lives in Palestine, 1918?1948)] TJ ET BT 371.000 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1997\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 452.324 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 452.324 574.995 m 506.312 574.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 562.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Aside from obvious examples such as Farran and Fergusson?s own memoirs: Roy Farran, )] TJ ET BT 497.960 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winged )] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dagger: Adventures on Special Service)] TJ ET BT 253.304 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1948\); Bernard Fergusson, )] TJ ET BT 437.948 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Trumpet in the Hall)] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1970\), brief exceptions to this pattern can be found in Jon Kimche, )] TJ ET BT 435.296 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Seven Fallen Pillars: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Middle East 1945?1953)] TJ ET BT 200.348 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1953\); David Charters, ?Special Operations in counter-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insurgency: the Farran case, Palestine 1947? )] TJ ET BT 280.304 505.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Royal United Services Institute for Defence Studies )] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal)] TJ ET BT 101.348 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 124, 2 \(June 1979\); J. Bowyer Bell, )] TJ ET BT 281.336 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Terror Out of Zion: The Fight for Israeli Independence)] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New Brunswick, 1996\); Philip Brutton, )] TJ ET BT 260.348 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Captain?s Mandate. Palestine 1946?1948)] TJ ET BT 473.348 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1996\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 460.947 m 118.004 460.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 436.085 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guardian)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2010/mar/07/major-farrans-hat-david-cesarani)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 406.179 m 420.944 406.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 423.944 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 402.847 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 385.067 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 385.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/856)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 383.673 m 322.316 383.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 358.696 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.296 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4471)] TJ ET BT 34.016 329.896 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2010/mar/07/major-farrans-hat-david-cesarani)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 452.3237 575.3095 506.3117 587.1895 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 18 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 461.2615 118.0037 473.1415 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 406.4935 420.9437 418.3735 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2010/mar/07/major-farrans-hat-david-cesarani) >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 383.9875 322.3157 395.8675 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/856) >> endobj xref 0 34 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000600 00000 n 0000000682 00000 n 0000004915 00000 n 0000005024 00000 n 0000005134 00000 n 0000005243 00000 n 0000008804 00000 n 0000008932 00000 n 0000009016 00000 n 0000009081 00000 n 0000016507 00000 n 0000016598 00000 n 0000023939 00000 n 0000023969 00000 n 0000024097 00000 n 0000024133 00000 n 0000024163 00000 n 0000024291 00000 n 0000024327 00000 n 0000024432 00000 n 0000029871 00000 n 0000029999 00000 n 0000030054 00000 n 0000030181 00000 n 0000030236 00000 n 0000030363 00000 n 0000030491 00000 n 0000030619 00000 n trailer << /Size 34 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30714 %%EOF