%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721111317+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721111317+01'00') /Title (Imperial Island: A History of Britain and its Empire, 1660-1837) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4412 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Imperial Island: A History of Britain and its Empire, 1660-1837)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Among the challenges that define teaching the history of Britain to undergraduates, those presented by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national context are perhaps the most complex. To offer generalisations based on experience, it emerges that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(students who live in the states that had their birth as imperial possessions tend to view their history as being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(initiated by a founding, as if the nation and the state appeared in a sudden act of genesis. The rise of Atlantic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history has, to some extent, softened what was once a strictly imperial narrative. The holy trinity of race, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class and gender put paid to that mode of imperial history that attended to state and economy; exploitative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships were the only ones worthy of consideration, and the story always ended with the same moral ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that empire was a Bad Thing. On the other hand, those who inhabit the island that lay at the centre of empire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are quite often unaware of its imperial past, despite the evidence that lies all around them in material and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social form. Churchill?s lone stand represents an act of atonement, which fits within a pattern of imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memory that dwells on the heroic and romantic aspects of its history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scholarship, meanwhile, continues on its way. The past decade in particular has seen a reinvigoration of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial and Atlantic history, driven by scholars such as David Armitage, J. H. Elliott, Linda Colley, Niall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ferguson, Maya Jasanoff, Trevor Burnard, Jorge Caizares-Esguerra, and Colin Kidd, to name but a few. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respects the imperial history of Britain, we remain in the debt of John Pocock, whose ?plea? for a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject in turn laid the grounds for what became the ?new British history?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 392.300 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 392.300 60.345 m 406.292 60.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 406.292 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The result is that we now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(861)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 February, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Kleber Monod)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781405134453)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(448pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wiley-Blackwell)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles Prior)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 392.2997 60.6595 406.2917 72.5395 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7658 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(locate the roots of empire in the fraught relations between the dominant English and the islands and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kingdoms that lay on their frontiers, marches, and borders. Cultural historians have taught us much about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex processes of the formation of societies and identity, and work of this type that has resisted the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(temptation to heap scorn on actors in the past is no less able to demonstrate the awful realities of empire. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The main job of a text designed for use in the undergraduate classroom is to distil this scholarship, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contain it within a coherent narrative structure, augmented with maps and illustrations, and presented in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(format that balances breadth and detail, while remaining alert to those elements of the subject that may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appear foreign to undergraduates who possess only the slightest understanding of the early modern period. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Monod?s new work represents an impressive achievement, offering students a compact and lucid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative that maps on to what is conventionally called the ?long 18th century?. It is based on nearly three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decades? worth of teaching at Middlebury College in Vermont, one of America?s most highly-ranked liberal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arts colleges, and while it is written with an American audience in mind, it will be no less useful to students )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the United Kingdom and elsewhere.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is divided into seven parts of three chapters each, includes two dozen illustrations and a useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(array of maps, and concludes with a bibliography divided by subject. Monod begins in the mode of Braudel, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describing the geographical and social development of the archipelago and reminding the reader that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long process of state formation that took place there was driven by agglomerations that we recognise as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empires. Perhaps the defining moment in this process was the Henrician reformation, whose statutes defined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England as an empire and extended the concept of sovereignty into the realm of the sacred, and across the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crown?s dominions. In a world of composite confessional monarchies ? dominated by the might and wealth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Catholic Spain ? this was a bold statement of national purpose, and one that was clearly at odds with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ability of the state to project its power. Ireland and Scotland would remain stumbling blocks to unity, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first settlements in Virginia were abject failures. Despite the founding of the East India Company, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England lagged behind its peers in the creation of a centralised mechanism of state finance. The modes of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal and household monarchy favoured by the Stuarts meant that statecraft was left to amateurs; the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French had Richelieu, the Swedish had Oxenstierna, and the English had Buckingham. Indeed, to the extent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that a process of state-building was underway in the early stages of Monod?s story, it was driven by forces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that reshaped the state by first immolating it by war and regicide. 1660 is therefore the natural place to begin.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet Charles II and his brother were forced to contend with lingering issues of religion and questions of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limits of royal sovereignty that had undermined their father. From 1660 immigration to the New World )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(began to surge, the profits from the Caribbean sugar machine flowed in, and the ships of the Royal African )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company plied the oceans with their miserable human cargo. The states that formed on the Eastern seaboard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were a mixed bag: godly Massachusetts, the male-dominated rural society of the Anglicised Chesapeake, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the polyglot Middle Colonies contained within them ingredients that limited the scope of royal control )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the very beginning. Wars with the indigenous population, and resistance to the imposition of control )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over colonial trade were carried on against a backdrop of competition with the Dutch and the French. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monod?s narrative, 1688 is a turning point, which brought with it a sense of the unity of a British Protestant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identity; the politics of party; the rise of commerce and public credit; limits on executive authority; all bound )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together by a ?confessional state?. Yet each of these had its corollary: English dominance came at the cost of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the continued alienation of the Irish and Scots; the politics of party deteriorated into faction and the struggle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to institutionalise an ?opposition? that was worthy of the name. The creation of the Bank of England in 1695 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a major step, but with it came lamentation about luxury, corruption, and the menace of standing armies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all of which sapped the virtues of the sturdy martial citizen celebrated by Harrington and Sidney. And )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whatever ambitions there were to base the )] TJ ET BT 238.964 159.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ancien regime)] TJ ET BT 307.280 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( on a foundation of religious unity, there persisted a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(species of sectarianism that burst into the mainstream around figures like Sacheverell and Atterbury.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From here we move to the age of Walpole and the Pelhams, where crises in state finance were played out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against lingering dynastic wars fought to secure the Protestant interest, and the wider conflict that redrew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperial boundaries from Louisiana to Quebec, and which laid the foundations for the British Raj in India )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Prussian power in Europe. With the elimination of the French as serious rivals, the question now turned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to how these new imperial possessions would be governed. One consequence of the decline of the Whigs )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 5208 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was that George III could govern through hand-picked ministers, a development that some regarded as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reversal of the hard-won concessions of 1688 \(p. 210\). The American crisis, when it came, tested the power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Westminster parliament, and forced commentators on both sides of the Atlantic to ponder the true )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaning of liberty, while England saw the rise and fall of four governments, riots in the streets of London, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the sundering of the Western flank of its empire. Yet, Monod reminds us of the economic benefits of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British power, evident in the transformation of rural and metropolitan England, and the emergence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enlightenment, whose major figures used the grist of empire to fashion more durable concepts of rights and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liberty. However, doubts remained: Burke famously wondered whether the empire would be consumed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its own ?perfidy and violence?. Indeed, contradictions abounded, and were evident in the continuing practice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of African slavery by those who professed themselves to be champions of liberty, while the delicacies and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual sophistication of English society were based upon the predations of the East India Company )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under Hastings.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Here were the roots of debates that would define the politics of the 19th century, as the English laboured to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portray their empire as liberal and progressive, the bringer of all good things to the wretched of the earth. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the absence of mind to which J. R. Seeley referred begins in the age of Austen, where red coats )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(returning from far flung precincts of the British imperial world took their place alongside tea, spices and silk )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as mere ornaments of an enterprise where the majority were consumers rather than projectors. With Cook )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the opening of the Pacific, the empire reverted to its former pattern of marches, border and frontiers. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(island story was now a global epic.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chief strength of this book is that it presents a complex and multifaceted history with exemplary clarity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and concision. The forgoing summary represents the narrative arc of the book, which is embellished with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of excellent and balanced pen portraits of major figures, richly detailed discussions of economics, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urban politics, warfare and intellectual culture. Some readers, to be sure, will set the book aside wishing they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had heard more of the indigenous peoples of the imperial world, not to mention those who laboured in its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fields and plantations; yet if this book leads them to others, then what gaps remain are minor indeed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review anddoes not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 369.171 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 338.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. G. A. Pocock, ?British history: a plea for a new subject?, )] TJ ET BT 350.972 338.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Modern History)] TJ ET BT 480.632 338.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 47 \(1975\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 324.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(601?24. Now see Pocock, )] TJ ET BT 191.324 324.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Discovery of Islands: Essays in British History )] TJ ET BT 440.648 324.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 2005\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 308.643 m 118.004 308.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 283.781 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 269.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 264.799 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 247.019 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 247.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/861)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 245.625 m 322.316 245.625 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 220.648 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.248 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4513)] TJ ET BT 34.016 191.848 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 308.9575 118.0037 320.8375 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 245.9395 322.3157 257.8195 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/861) >> endobj xref 0 25 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000559 00000 n 0000000648 00000 n 0000005112 00000 n 0000005221 00000 n 0000005331 00000 n 0000005440 00000 n 0000009001 00000 n 0000009129 00000 n 0000009213 00000 n 0000009242 00000 n 0000009368 00000 n 0000009404 00000 n 0000009469 00000 n 0000017180 00000 n 0000017271 00000 n 0000022532 00000 n 0000022659 00000 n 0000022714 00000 n 0000022842 00000 n trailer << /Size 25 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 22937 %%EOF