%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140801191959+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140801191959+01'00') /Title (Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3924 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book is dedicated to Edward M. Peters, well known to medievalists for his wide-ranging work in many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fields, often closely related the law and the illicit. The editors set out the focus of the book in the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paragraph of their preface: ?law, both as practice and as intellectual discipline, occupied a central and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(privileged place in medieval culture ? This deep respect for law and legal procedures cut across geographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and chronological boundaries, but a number of developments occurring over the late eleventh and twelfth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centuries greatly accelerated the pace of legal development. The chapters that follow provide various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives on the dynamic process of legalization that both characterized medieval society and was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instrumental in transforming it? \(p. xi\). This chronological argument is then developed by Edward Peters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself in his ?Introduction: The Reordering of Law and the Illicit in Eleventh- and Twelfth-Century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe.? He concludes with the very interesting suggestion that the 11th and 12th-century changes had a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deeper and more lasting effect than Carolingian efforts at reform, because they ?provided ways to invent the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(means of their own communication throughout Christian society and thus their continuity for centuries to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(come.? \(p. 14\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part one of the book is entitled ?Legal Systems?. William Chester Jordan adds possible parallels from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(862)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 31 January, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ruth Mazo Karras)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joel Kaye)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(E. Ann Matter)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780812240801)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(39.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(336pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Pennsylvania Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philadelphia, PA)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Hudson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8179 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18th century and later to the work of Gervase Rosser and others in order to provide ?A Fresh Look at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Medieval Sanctuary.? R. I. Moore provides an analysis of heresy trials which subtly examines the impact of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political context, although only to a limited degree does he look at any possible changes in treatment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heresy by canonists. James A. Brundage?s contribution is a sparkling essay on ?Legal Ethics: a Medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ghost Story?, to which I shall return later in the review. James Muldoon examines colonisation and law, an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(area also treated, for example, in Robert Bartlett?s )] TJ ET BT 278.624 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making of Europe)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 389.948 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 389.948 723.795 m 403.940 723.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 403.940 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( but here given a comparative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspect with early modern America. Part two of the volume deals with ?Writing the Law.? Robert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Somerville?s essay is the only one closely concerned with a manuscript text, in this case part of the )] TJ ET BT 512.948 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Decretals)] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Pope Gregory IX. It is a fascinating study, although one which only at its very end directly engages with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the core theme of the book. Patrick Geary examines ?Judicial Violence and Torture in the Carolingian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire.? His proposal that ordeal may not only have been succeeded after 1215 by increased use of torture, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also preceded by its use is an interesting one, but the evidence is not sufficient to prove it. At times the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essay might have distinguished more sharply between testimony and confession, procedural torture and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(punishment, but is of considerable value in its treatment of physical punishment in the Carolingian period. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen D. White looks at ideas of treason in law and literature in the Anglo-French world c. 1150?1250, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguing for a multiplicity of competing views of treason. At the same time, he exposes the dangers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian? reliance on the )] TJ ET BT 157.988 568.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Song of Roland)] TJ ET BT 231.992 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and demonstrates the need to understand relationships between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literary texts before using them to construct models of social behaviour or legal culture. John van Engen?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case study of Friar Matthew Grabow is of considerable interest, although without entering deeply into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions of the nature of law. Ruth Mazo Karras?s essay on ?Marriage, Concubinage, and the Law? does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engage more fully with these. In particular, like White she finds beyond the 12th century a lack of a single )] TJ ET BT 34.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fixed position on an important legal question. Unfortunately the form of the volume does not allow such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convergences of findings to be brought together in order to test the overall chronology sketched in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 468.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preface and introduction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part three is entitled ?Cases and Trials.? Jessalyn Bird?s essay on crusader privileges is one of the essays that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stands out by asking core legal questions, about law and politics, conflicts of jurisdiction and strategic choice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of court, access to legal remedies, legal learning and legal regulation, and about law as a framework around )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which negotiation may take place. Likewise Alan M. Stahl?s examination of ?Coin and Punishment in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Medieval Venice? discusses the relationship between statute law and severity of punishment. William J. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Courtenay examines the role of Parisian masters of Theology under Philip the Fair, although without really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysing whether there was a significant distinction between the theologians? processes of reasoning and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those of canon lawyers. Part four is entitled ?Law beyond the Law?, although unfortunately neither the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays within it, nor the preface or introduction, give any extended discussion of the implications of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(phrase. Alex Novikoff?s study of ?Licit and Illicit in the Rhetoric of the Investiture Contest? provides a very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful summary of his subject, written primarily within the tradition the historians of political thought. Susan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mosher Stuard?s essay on Maria of Venice succeeds in her aim of contextualising a saint?s life in regard to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(laws and economic conditions. Her case involving a woman taking on a religious life without her husband?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(permission, however, raises the general question of whether ecclesiastical regulations were intended to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(applied to the letter or were even in the later middle ages ? at least in hard cases ? a set of guidelines that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should be applied with discretion, in this case because the husband had abandoned the wife. The last two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays, by Henry Ansgar Kelly and Joel Kaye both deal with the subject of magic, although Kaye?s starting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point seems to be that magic was considered ?illicit knowledge? \(p. 225\) whereas Kelly begins by telling us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ?Natural magic was considered a legitimate science in the Middle Ages? \(p. 211\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(We have, then, a variety of essays, many of which are specific case studies, particularly those concerning the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later Middle Ages. This may be inevitable given the brevity that was obviously required. Starting with a case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can work very well, but problems do arise. The first obviously is typicality, a point made most tellingly by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(White?s examination of the trial of Ganelon; historians? and literary scholars? prioritisation of the )] TJ ET BT 507.944 116.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Song of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Roland)] TJ ET BT 68.684 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has not sufficiently questioned its typicality. Had she had space, Stuard would have been able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examine other instances of contested marriage and female choice of the religious life, thereby being able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggest how far Maria?s case was determined by a particular view of law. Especially in the early Middle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ages, the only cases for which evidence is plentiful are atypical, almost by definition. They are likely be )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 389.9477 724.1095 403.9397 735.9895 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8285 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cases where law was either intrinsically indeterminate, or where issues of power conflicted with legal norms. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Illuminating as they may be, any model of the ordinary workings of law derived from such disputes is likely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to mislead; hard cases can produce bad legal history. A further problem is the limitation even of the later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval sources. Historians? favouring of close examination of particular cases derives in part from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence of the anthropologist Max Gluckman?s extended case method. The anthropologist could watch a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dispute or series of disputes develop, set them in the context of social and cultural relations, and investigate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their connections to underlying conflicts. The medieval historian very rarely has access to sources that allow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any such study over a considerable period of time; at most the sources will reveal those few peaks of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dispute that were considered worth recording in writing.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A further issue is revealed by the very title of the volume, the contrast of the legal and the illicit. Some, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although far from all, of the writers seem simply to assume that the two terms are a pair of opposites, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slipping between use of illegal and illicit, and thereby failing to explore the relationship of legal and licit. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contrast, writers in the Middle Ages were well aware of this problematic relationship, particularly in the field )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of marriage law. A further, connected issue is that of fields of law where different views of what was legal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coexisted and competed, a point well made by White and Byrd. Such difficulties are hinted at in various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essays, but most of the writers do not seek to address through sustained legal reasoning the issue of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nature of law, and changes in that nature over time \(for an example of such reasoning, see pp. 93?4\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Methodological issues are raised most clearly by the editors? preface to the volume, where they outline their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach in terms deliberately distinct from, in some ways opposed to, the terms used by those whom they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refer to as legal historians: ?Several of the chapters are by legal historians; most, however, are by historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose main field of research is not the law but who fully recognize its central place and importance in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval life. The consequence of this recognition, developed over the last half century, is that other older )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boundaries separating legal history from ?other? histories ? social, religious, political, intellectual, even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literary ? have been blurred, if not thoroughly dissolved. We, the editors and contributors to this volume, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(believe that this blurring of boundaries properly reflects the complexity of the historical picture? \(p. xii\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One wonders what F. W. Maitland would have thought of their statement that it was the late 20th century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that discovered that court rolls and notarial documents are ?an extremely right trove of data for the social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian? \(pp. xi?xii\), let alone the somewhat creedal tone of the last sentence of the passage just quoted, far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from his view that ?an orthodox history is a contradiction in terms?. A problem in the execution of the types )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach favoured in the editors? preface is that the writers tend to make use of the work of secondary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature that reinforces their new orthodoxy. In looking just at the secondary literature cited on British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matters, the relative absence of works by such significant writers as Wormald \(very relevant e.g. at p. 79 on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(physical punishment\), Brand, MacQueen \(relevant to Jordan?s piece on sanctuary\), and Milsom is very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(striking.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The approaches proposed can add to the understanding of the functioning of law, particularly if the approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is informed not just by processual and functional models drawn from anthropology but also by subtle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consideration of the historical implications of various forms of jurisprudence, as best demonstrated by Chris )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wickham?s )] TJ ET BT 93.668 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Courts and Conflict in Twelfth-Century Tuscany)] TJ ET BT 326.024 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and William Ian Miller?s )] TJ ET BT 453.008 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bloodtaking and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Peacemaking: Feud, Law and Society in Saga Ireland)] TJ ET BT 293.312 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 296.312 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 296.312 217.347 m 310.304 217.347 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 310.304 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The danger, however, is that the concentration on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disputes and their conduct leads to a neglect of other important questions. What the editors describe as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?older yet still vital tradition? is important not just with respect to institutions, an aspect that the editors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention \(p. xiii\), but on other issues too. What functions did law have apart from prohibition of certain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actions and beliefs or the influencing of dispute settlement? What of the enabling functions of law, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example the securing of property dispositions? Certain topics here receive much attention ? law as ideology, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(violence, marriage, magic ? but others are strangely neglected. In particular, there is little treatment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(property law, in particular law relating to land, the core resource in what Peters calls ?agroliterate societies?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nor is there much extended analysis of what can be referred to as ?fundamental legal ideas?, such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?wrong? or ?ownership?, analysis of the type that features illuminatingly in David Ibbetson?s )] TJ ET BT 485.948 90.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Introduction to the Law of Obligations)] TJ ET BT 219.704 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and most stimulatingly in S. F. C. Milsom?s )] TJ ET BT 437.744 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Natural History of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Common Law)] TJ ET BT 101.024 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.024 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.024 60.531 m 118.016 60.531 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 118.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Such ideas may or may not be consciously held by people at the time, but are of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 296.3117 217.6615 310.3037 229.5415 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.0237 60.8455 118.0157 72.7255 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 5008 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance in understanding long-term changes in the nature of law, the driving forces of legal development, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the relationship of law to society, themes that are professed to be central to the overall argument of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume. And such insights may give legal history, or historical jurisprudence, a role in thinking about legal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development in the present day, as suggested by Harold J. Berman in )] TJ ET BT 368.636 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Law and Revolution)] TJ ET BT 465.308 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 468.308 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 468.308 752.307 m 482.300 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 482.300 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( As Brundage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writes at the close of his essay on the ?ghost story? of the 12th-century revival of Roman Law, ?the ethical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions that medieval lawyers confronted have not gone away. ? As a historian I am struck by how closely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the solutions that the legal profession in our own day prescribes to meet those challenges resemble )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions that their opposite numbers in the Middle Ages arrived at by following the directions signalled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by their still earlier counterparts in late antiquity. The ghost story, it seems, still continues.?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors are grateful for this thoughtful review and do not wish to respond.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 621.267 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 590.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Bartlett, )] TJ ET BT 141.680 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making of Europe: Conquest, Colonization, and Cultural Change, 950-1350)] TJ ET BT 64.016 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Princeton, NJ, 1993\) .)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 173.336 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 173.336 574.995 m 227.324 574.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 562.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chris Wickham, )] TJ ET BT 145.676 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Courts and Conflict in Twelfth-Century Tuscany)] TJ ET BT 378.032 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2003\); William Ian Miller, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bloodtaking and Peacemaking: Feud, Law and Society in Saga Ireland)] TJ ET BT 405.980 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Chicago, 1990\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 489.968 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 489.968 546.483 m 543.956 546.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 533.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Ibbetson, )] TJ ET BT 143.672 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Introduction to the Law of Obligations)] TJ ET BT 381.032 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1999\); S. F. C. Milsom, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Natural History of the Common Law)] TJ ET BT 240.368 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 1993\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 358.004 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 358.004 517.971 m 411.992 517.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 505.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harold J. Berman, )] TJ ET BT 155.000 505.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Law and Revolution: the Formation of the Western Legal Tradition)] TJ ET BT 478.676 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MA, 1983\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 120.344 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 120.344 489.459 m 174.332 489.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 464.597 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 450.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/art/summary/v020/20.2.kennedy.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 434.691 m 353.024 434.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 356.024 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 431.359 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 413.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 413.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/862)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 412.185 m 322.316 412.185 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 387.208 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 372.808 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4514)] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.408 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/art/summary/v020/20.2.kennedy.html)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 468.3077 752.6215 482.2997 764.5015 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 173.3357 575.3095 227.3237 587.1895 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 489.9677 546.7975 543.9557 558.6775 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 358.0037 518.2855 411.9917 530.1655 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 120.3437 489.7735 174.3317 501.6535 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 435.0055 353.0237 446.8855 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/art/summary/v020/20.2.kennedy.html) >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 412.4995 322.3157 424.3795 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/862) >> endobj xref 0 44 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000541 00000 n 0000000623 00000 n 0000004599 00000 n 0000004708 00000 n 0000004818 00000 n 0000004927 00000 n 0000008488 00000 n 0000008616 00000 n 0000008700 00000 n 0000008784 00000 n 0000017016 00000 n 0000017046 00000 n 0000017174 00000 n 0000017210 00000 n 0000017301 00000 n 0000025639 00000 n 0000025669 00000 n 0000025797 00000 n 0000025833 00000 n 0000025863 00000 n 0000025989 00000 n 0000026025 00000 n 0000026151 00000 n 0000031212 00000 n 0000031242 00000 n 0000031370 00000 n 0000031406 00000 n 0000031534 00000 n 0000031589 00000 n 0000031717 00000 n 0000031772 00000 n 0000031900 00000 n 0000031955 00000 n 0000032083 00000 n 0000032138 00000 n 0000032265 00000 n 0000032380 00000 n 0000032508 00000 n trailer << /Size 44 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32603 %%EOF