%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 39 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140827022701+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140827022701+01'00') /Title (How Taiwan became Chinese: Dutch, Spanish, and Han Colonization in the Seventeenth Century) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4223 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(How Taiwan became Chinese: Dutch, Spanish, and Han )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Colonization in the Seventeenth Century)] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this book, Tonio Andrade tells the story of a wild and uncultivated island originally inhabited by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aboriginal hunters and traders. From 1600, this island became the object of desire for a number of different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural groups, among them migrants from the southern Chinese province of Fujian, representatives of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish crown, Japanese and Dutch merchants, and pirates of various ilks. The island in question we now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(know as Taiwan, but for most of chronological period that forms the focal point for Andrade \(1623 to 1662\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and for most of the people whose records he has drawn on for this study, it was Formosa, from the Spanish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?La Isla Hermosa?, the beautiful island. Andrade?s choice of words in the title, asking how Taiwan became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chinese is, thus, perhaps slightly misleading. By the time it became more widely known as Taiwan, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(already was Chinese, so the question Andrade really addresses in this book is how Isla Hermosa became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Taiwan, or rather, how the island initially known only to its aboriginal inhabitants became Takasago or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Takakuni to the Japanese shogun Hideyoshi, Formosa to the Spanish and the Dutch, and finally Taiwan to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Chinese.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The general point Andrade makes in telling us this story is that at times violent competition ensued amongst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these different groups in their attempts to colonize the space, but that the influence that most shaped the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eventual development of the island was not a conflict but co-operation between Dutch colonizers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chinese settlers. Andrade proposes that we incorporate this type of colonization ? he calls it ?co-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonization? ? into Pearson?s influential distinction between the land-based territorial expansion of Asian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(864)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 28 February, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780231128551)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(35.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(324pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Columbia University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New York, NY)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anne Gerritsen)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7922 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(states and the overseas expansion of states heavily reliant on trade for their income.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 434.600 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 434.600 795.075 m 448.592 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 448.592 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Without hard graft, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the semi-wilderness could not be turned into fertile agricultural land, and the Dutch had neither the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manpower nor the intensive agricultural technologies required. Migrants in search of land, mostly from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fujian, provided the answer. The Dutch advertized the available agricultural land in Fujian where the need )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for land was felt most acutely, and offered those prepared to settle there protection and regularity, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exchange for the payment of taxes. The difference between this way of colonizing new land and the way the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish and the English went about it is striking enough to merit that historians take note.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although Andrade makes this point clearly enough, the strength of this book lies in the story he tells and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way he tells the story. The book is divided into 12 chapters, all of them short, and almost all of them )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organized around a striking individual or an unusual event. It makes for a highly readable text with rich )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detail that always adds colour and depth to the story. It is not a book that indulges in lengthy theoretical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussions, nor does he situate his arguments endlessly within the context of the work of other scholars; that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspect of the story is told in the notes, for those who wish to explore it. So we learn about the work done by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Taiwanese scholars, about how Andrade incorporates but also sets himself apart from their work, and why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he tells the history of the complex, occasionally fragile and always self-conscious national unit that is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Republic of China in this way. With all this hidden away in the notes, the reader has to make an extra effort )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to get at this story, and could at times be forgiven for thinking that the detail serves little other purpose than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to tell a good story.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If the concept of co-colonization is one part of the reason why we need to understand the rich detail in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrade tells his story, a greater understanding of why Dutch rule on the island came to an end is another. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With impressive command not only of a range of languages but of both published documents and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unpublished archival materials across Europe and Asia, Andrade lucidly explores this question. This is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first time historians have asked it; historians working in Taiwan have studied the early history of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(island in great detail. But Andrade?s command of the sources allows him to shed new light on this question. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The relationship between the Dutch and the aboriginal communities, who worked together against the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chinese settlers, the decline in trade during the years of civil war on the Chinese mainland surrounding the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fall of the Ming and the establishment of the Qing dynasty, and the effective block of trade issued by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ming loyalist and powerful sea-merchant Zheng Chenggong are all part of the explanation for the decline )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and fall of Dutch Formosa.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(How Taiwan Became Chinese)] TJ ET BT 178.340 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the connections that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shaped the 17th-century world. By situating the analysis of these connections on this island, Andrade reveals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how crucial its location was. For the migrants from Fujian, it was within easy reach, so that links between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the pioneers and the community at home could remain strong. Not only did that connection provide the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dutch with access to more manpower to work the new land on the island, but it provided the island Chinese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with military protection from those based on the mainland. For the Dutch, Fort Zeelandia on Formosa was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ideal base to manage the highly profitable trade between China, Japan, and their base in Batavia. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish saw Isla Hermosa as a ?strategic bulwark? \(p. 81\), necessary to protect their colony in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philippines. Galleons laden with silks, silver, and porcelain sailed constantly between China and Manila, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where they easily fell prey to merchants and pirates based on the island. The island?s strategic location )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explains its appeal to so many competing groups, which makes the story of co-colonization all the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relevant for understanding its 17th-century development.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course every reviewer has his or her own quibbles with any given text. One of my quibbles, and it is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very minor one, relates to the way in which Andrade has chosen to reference his sources. Even though he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(states that ?E-books are not subject to the editorial parsimony of traditional books? \(p. xix\), Andrade has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made certain decisions in indicating his sources? provenance ?to save space? \(p. xviii\). Materials related to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Dutch East India Company \(VOC\) held in the Dutch National Archives are simply identified with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usual abbreviation of VOC. For Chinese materials, the author has made use of the excellent collection of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Academia Sinica in Taiwan, which has made extensive materials available online, including the )] TJ ET BT 496.940 78.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Taiwan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(wenxian congkan)] TJ ET BT 117.668 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(erroneously referred to as )] TJ ET BT 250.616 64.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(congkang)] TJ ET BT 297.272 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in Andrade?s text\). This database of materials, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes referred to as )] TJ ET BT 154.652 49.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Encyclopedia of Taiwan)] TJ ET BT 292.316 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, brings together almost 600 books of a very diverse )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 434.5997 795.3895 448.5917 807.2695 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R 31 0 R 34 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 9071 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nature related to the history and culture of Taiwan drawn from libraries all over the world, and was compiled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between 1958 and 1972. When Andrade uses materials contained in this database, he offers his readers only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a reference to the number in the series, and the year in which that part of the series was completed. This can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be frustrating. Let me give an example. In chapter two, we are introduced to a pirate named Yan Siqi who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(features in the very early history of Taiwan. For the details of Yan Siqi?s story, Andrade draws on ?an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important \(but dubious\) source known as the )] TJ ET BT 251.660 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Taiwan wai ji)] TJ ET BT 317.684 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(p. 43\). Apparently, this book reads ?like a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(martial-arts novel.? This sounds fascinating, but for the reader who would like to follow up on this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?dubious? novel-like text and find out more about the original, the footnote offers only that it was added to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 51.680 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Taiwan wenxian congkan)] TJ ET BT 174.344 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1960. Andrade tells us there are other ?more reliable Chinese sources? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(43\) that mention the same pirate, and here the footnote refers the reader to four or five other sources that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention the name of Yan Siqi. All of these are again only listed with their )] TJ ET BT 392.648 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Taiwan wenxian congkan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication details. So we learn that the pirate?s name comes up in Huang Zongxi?s )] TJ ET BT 439.628 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ci xing shi mo)] TJ ET BT 509.300 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are given the date of 1958 for that source. The famous early Qing dynasty scholar Huang Zongxi \(1610?95\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is probably best known for his survey of Ming schools of thought, but had broad-ranging interests that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(included political philosophy, mathematics and literature. This little-known short text seems to have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(included in one of two literary collections by Huang Zongxi that were left incomplete, and did not appear in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published form until the very end of the 19th century.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 291.320 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 291.320 566.979 m 305.312 566.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 305.312 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Why would Huang Zongxi be a reliable informant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about a pirate who was ?based in Taiwan sometime in the late Wanli reign \(1573?1620\) or early Tianqi reign )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1621?7\)? \(p. 54\)? The fact that his name appears not only in Huang Zongxi?s text but also in several others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surely is not enough evidence to claim that this man ?existed? \(p. 43\)? The fact that ?these works are usually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in close agreement in the few facts they offer? \(p. 54\) confirms very little beyond the well-known fact that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 497.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors of such texts frequently quote each other verbatim, especially when they have no other information )] TJ ET BT 34.016 482.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to hand. I am not necessarily doubting the existence of Yan Siqi, but I am wondering whether Andrade has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 468.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been critical enough of these early sources, especially when this same reference to Yan and to the source by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 454.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Huang Zongxi that is said to confirm his existence appears more or less verbatim in several of Andrade?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 440.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other works.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 94.004 440.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 94.004 438.675 m 107.996 438.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Recently, a number of publications have appeared that discuss Gutenberg-e, the joint electronic publication )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(project of Columbia University Press and the American Historical Association.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 413.972 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 413.972 398.163 m 427.964 398.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 427.964 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This is perhaps not the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place, then, to embark on a discussion of e-publishing in general. Nevertheless, Andrade?s book is an e-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book, first and foremost, and as the instructions for the reviewer state, a book of which ?the intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(content [was] designed to be evaluated in online form.? Yet, the journal sent me a printed copy of the book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and I brought it with me on a research trip to China to read. I do not own a Kindle or a Sony e-Book reader, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so I was very glad to have the printed copy, as my access to the Internet was far too intermittent to be relied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upon. Of course this affected my reading experience: only once I returned home did I have access to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maps, the illustrations, the hyperlinks, and the web-based facilities such as the search function that feature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only in the e-book and not in the printed version. This is part and parcel of the transitional period we find )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ourselves in: publishing monographs is rapidly becoming too expensive and cumbersome to be available to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all, while the technology that would make e-publishing widely acceptable to most \(i.e. the facility to read )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(web-based content in a quality and format that replicates the reading of a book\) has not yet become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widespread. So the circumstances are perhaps not yet ideal, but at least Gutenberg?s e-publishing makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(works of very high quality available for free to a wide audience.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 341.936 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 341.936 212.835 m 355.928 212.835 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One might have thought e-publishing would make the publication process faster than the production of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional print edition, but that does not seem to be the case. Andrade quotes works as ?forthcoming in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005? \(p. 19\), which suggests 2004 was the cut-off date for materials consulted. Of course we all have to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stop reading material at some point and start writing, otherwise we would never get anything ?out?, but the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gap of four years seems greater than I would have thought necessary in the case of e-publishing.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 495.572 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 495.572 129.555 m 509.564 129.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 509.564 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Another )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advantage of e-publishing with Gutenberg-e is the possibility for readers leaving comments, including )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(replies by the author, although it seems readers have not availed themselves yet of this option.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 485.624 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 485.624 101.043 m 499.616 101.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 499.616 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Clearly, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gutenberg-e has committed substantial resources to the production of this work, but perhaps someone in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(know could shed light on the need for this delay. Overall, however, Gutenberg-e and Tonio Andrade are to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be commended for their commitment to this enterprise: the e-book is easy to read, beautifully illustrated and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 291.3197 567.2935 305.3117 579.1735 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 94.0037 438.9895 107.9957 450.8695 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 413.9717 398.4775 427.9637 410.3575 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 341.9357 213.1495 355.9277 225.0295 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 495.5717 129.8695 509.5637 141.7495 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 485.6237 101.3575 499.6157 113.2375 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R 61 0 R 63 0 R ] /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 7925 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fully annotated, and an important resource for scholars and students alike.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 761.571 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 730.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M. N. Pearson, ?Merchants and states?, in )] TJ ET BT 268.976 730.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Political Economy of Merchant Empires)] TJ ET BT 483.956 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. James D. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tracy \(Cambridge, 1991\), pp. 41?116.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 248.648 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 248.648 715.299 m 302.636 715.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 702.442 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eminent Chinese of the Ch?ing Period \(1644?1912\), ed. Arthur Hummel \(Washington, 1943\). The )] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entry on Huang Zongxi is on pp. 351?4.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 255.668 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 255.668 686.787 m 309.656 686.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 673.930 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Tonio Andrade, ?The Company?s Chinese pirates: how the Dutch East India Company tried to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lead a coalition of pirates to war against China, 1621?62?, )] TJ ET BT 345.968 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of World History)] TJ ET BT 467.636 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 15, 4 \(2004\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(415?44. The reference to Yan Siqi and the text by Huang Zongxi are in note 24, page 425. See also )] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrade?s ?Chinese under European Rule: the case of Sino-Dutch mediator He Bin?, )] TJ ET BT 477.596 631.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Late Imperial )] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(China)] TJ ET BT 93.356 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 28, 1 \(2007\), 1?32. The reference here appears in footnote 18 on page 6.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 446.252 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 446.252 615.507 m 500.240 615.507 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 602.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These include Mark Herring, ?Review of )] TJ ET BT 264.296 602.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gutenberg-e)] TJ ET BT 324.944 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a program of the American Historical )] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Association and Columbia University Press? \(review no. 792\) <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/paper/herringm1.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 572.739 m 332.660 572.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 335.660 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 349.652 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 24 September 2009]; Patrick )] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manning, ?Gutenberg-e: electronic entry to the historical professoriate?, )] TJ ET BT 413.936 559.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Historical )] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Review)] TJ ET BT 98.672 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 109, 5 \(December 2004\), 1505?26; and Margaret Stieg Dalton, ?The publishing experiences )] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of historians?, )] TJ ET BT 135.008 531.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Scholarly Publishing)] TJ ET BT 288.680 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 39, 3 \(April 2008\), 197?240.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 432.332 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 432.332 529.971 m 486.320 529.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 517.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From November 2007, all the titles in the Gutenberg-e history monograph series were made available )] TJ ET BT 64.016 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for free access.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 136.304 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 136.304 501.459 m 190.292 501.459 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 488.602 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I am only guessing, of course, about the end point of Andrade?s new reading. The fact that the 2005 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study by Emma Jinhua Teng on the ways in which Taiwan appears in the Chinese imagination as )] TJ ET BT 64.016 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrated by travel records and maps only merits one brief mention in the conclusion and is not listed )] TJ ET BT 64.016 445.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the bibliography suggests Andrade did not have the chance to incorporate her study fully into his. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 431.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Emma Jinhua Teng, )] TJ ET BT 183.668 431.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Taiwan?s Imagined Geography)] TJ ET BT 335.660 431.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2005\). The PhD thesis on which )] TJ ET BT 64.016 417.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this study is based was completed in 2001.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 268.676 417.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 268.676 415.923 m 322.664 415.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 403.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I consulted the pages on 26 September 2009. The only visible comment was left by the author himself. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 388.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another advantage of e-publishing might be the option of correcting typographical errors in the text, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 374.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but this is not the case \(and there are some rather glaring ones in the first chapters that mar the text\). )] TJ ET BT 64.016 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See pp. 10, 11, 14, 23, 32.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 189.344 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 189.344 358.899 m 243.332 358.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 334.037 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse 1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/login)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 304.131 m 154.700 304.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 157.700 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(muse 2)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/ens/summary/v010/10.4.chang.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 275.619 m 344.360 275.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 347.360 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 34.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ahr.oxfordjournals.org/content/115/1/204.full)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 247.107 m 281.012 247.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 284.012 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 243.775 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 225.995 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 225.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/864)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 224.601 m 322.316 224.601 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 199.624 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.224 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4538)] TJ ET BT 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