%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818150056+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818150056+01'00') /Title (Europe?s Tragedy: a History of the Thirty Years War) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4824 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Europe?s Tragedy: a History of the Thirty Years War)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Wilson?s monumental history of the Thirty Years War is a work which impresses the reader both by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author?s unrivalled command of detail and by the balanced account he gives of the main events and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(episodes of the war. Not perhaps since the days of Moriz Ritter?s )] TJ ET BT 350.288 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(German History in the Age of the Counter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reformation and the Thirty Years War)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 222.020 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 222.020 243.417 m 236.012 243.417 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 236.012 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? written in the late 19th century and still in many ways )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsurpassed in its judicious assessment of the principal forces shaping the course of the war ? has any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian written such a detailed scholarly book on the war; and then, of course, Ritter never finished his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study which ends in 1635. Geoffrey Parker?s )] TJ ET BT 253.304 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Thirty Years War)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 339.644 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 339.644 200.649 m 353.636 200.649 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 353.636 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, in comparison, is really a book written )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by nine different authors although Parker himself wrote about two thirds himself. Thus Wilson?s work is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impressive achievement by any standards. As opposed to Parker, Wilson focuses on events in Central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe ? the Thirty Years War is for him primarily a German war. This makes the title slightly misleading, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it should perhaps rather be ?Germany?s tragedy? instead of ?Europe?s?, but Wilson is certainly right in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looking at matters in this way; any other perspective tends to dissolve the coherence of the narrative as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dates 1618 and 1648 only make sense as the starting and the closing point of events if one looks primarily at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Holy Roman Empire and not at Spain or France. Wilson neglects no major issue, dealing with the Edict )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Restitution and Wallenstein?s complicated personality as much as the with the appeals to German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patriotism after 1635 or the peace negotiations in Osnabrck and Mnster, but he is perhaps most convincing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when he writes about military matters, that is both about battles and about logistics. His explanation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(866)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 1 March, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter H. Wilson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780674036345)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1040pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Allen Lane)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ronald Asch)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 222.0197 243.7315 236.0117 255.6115 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 339.6437 200.9635 353.6357 212.8435 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7480 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way Wallenstein paid his vast army is much more subtle and nuanced than most other accounts of war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finance and the role of the military entrepreneur. He rightly points out that Wallenstein never ceased to rely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on taxation raised in the imperial hereditary lands as much as on contributions in areas under occupation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus Wilson rejects the idea that warfare after 1618 was largely privatized at least as far as the imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(army and its commanders were concerned. ?Plunder could not make war pay and restricted the size of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(armies? as Wilson writes \(p. 405\). He is equally justified in stating: ?The real core was credit not extortion? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 399\). This meant however that princes and commanders-in-chief often owed huge amounts of money to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their colonels as well as to inferior officers and ordinary soldiers, so that it became almost impossible to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disband armies, as this required enormous sums to pay off the various creditors among the military \(p. 400\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This was in fact one of the reasons why it was so difficult to end the war in the 1640s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Also particularly valuable are the earlier introductory chapters in which Wilson sets the scene for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflict. In eight sections he explains how the Holy Roman Empire worked and where its failings lay, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deals with the impact of the Turkish menace on Central Europe, with the Pax Hispanica and with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growing crisis of the Habsburg monarchy before 1618. His concise account of confessionalization and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limits is particularly instructive and incorporates all relevant recent research. Equally important are brief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subchapters on Sweden, Denmark and Poland before 1618. The latter two countries are often seen as only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minor players or even ? in the case of Poland ? as largely irrelevant for the events in central Europe. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However in around 1610 Denmark was still more powerful and far richer than Sweden ? a rather backwards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country then ? and the Vasa kings ruling the vast kingdom of Poland-Lithuania could with some justification )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(look down on their cousins in Stockholm. Swedish fears of an alliance between the Emperor and the Poles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became a major factor in shaping Swedish policy after 1629.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Later Wilson deals in greater detail with Swedish policy in the 1630s. He rightly dismisses the suggestion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Gustavus Adolphus wanted to create a new universal monarchy, as a sort of Protestant Charles V and at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the same time as a successor to the Goths and Vandals ? the legendary forbears of the Swedes ? who had in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late antiquity conquered Rom. Nevertheless he points out that the Swedish nework of clients and allies in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany created after 1630 presented a possible basis for a future Swedish hegemony in Central Europe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(itself with Gustavus Adolphus as a possible protestant Emperor. In discussing such points Wilson?s study is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as judicious in its assessments as Moriz Ritter?s once was. Wilson?s attempt to do justice to both and in fact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to all sides is a prominent feature of this major study. But he does pay a price for this endeavour to always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(get the balance right and to give a hearing to both sides of an argument among modern historians as much as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among the contemporary participants of the war. In the end the war almost appears at times as a remarkably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(un-dramatic series of events, despite the fact that Wilson paints a vivid picture of the destruction caused by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(warfare. Nevertheless even here he feels obliged to discuss Sigfrid Steinberg?s thesis, that the population of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Empire did not decline at all between 1618 and 1648; surely an interpretation which has been refuted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long ago and can now be considered as obsolete and so it remains surprising that Steinberg is one of the very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(few modern historians to get an entry in the index. Other historians such as Johannes Burkhardt or Geoffrey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parker who have both published widely on this period are not mentioned by name and their work is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicitly discussed as such.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover Wilson shows a certain tendency at times not to commit himself too clearly to any position which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may seem controversial when issues arise which have been the subject of prolonged debate among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians. He rightly rejects the old interpretation that the Peace of Westphalia weakened the constitution of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Empire mortally and was responsible for the fact that Germany did not become a modern nation state at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the same time as France or England. Neither does he subscribe to Johannes Burkhardt?s somewhat extreme )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposite view that the peace treaties were a sort of modern constitution which transformed the Empire into a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well balanced and almost indestructible political system, giving Germany the best constitution it ever had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before the Grundgesetz of 1949. But nevertheless Wilson?s own position remains in the end somewhat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vague on this issue. Clearly Wilson does not like his war and the politics of the war to be too dramatic and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this he clearly differs from his publishers who have printed on the cover of the book a quotation from one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gustavus Adolphus?s letters: ?This is a fight between God and the Devil. If His Grace is with God, he must )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(join me, if he is for the Devil, he must fight me. There is no third way.? This was the stark choice the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7542 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Swedish king offered to German princes who hesitated, whether to stay neutral or join the King?s forces. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Now Wilson is undoubtedly right in pointing out that a lot of this was mere propaganda and that Gustavus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had intervened in Germany not so much to save Protestantism but ? )] TJ ET BT 361.316 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(inter alia)] TJ ET BT 405.656 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? in order to strengthen his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country?s position in its struggle with Poland and Denmark, both habitual rivals and enemies, and to pre-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empt a possible attack by an imperial fleet in the future. Nevertheless the rhetoric of religious and in fact, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Holy War was ? at least until the mid 1630s ? one of the languages which often dominated appeals to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential allies and to the population in general. It would be difficult to deny that this sort of justification for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military and political actions gained a momentum of its own. As late as 1648, when many of the religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflicts of the late 1620s had receded there was still a lot of mileage in appealing to religious allegiances, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although in the end the moderates managed to marginalize the militants who still believed like the Superior )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(General of the Jesuits, Vincenzo de Carafa, that ??a peace that will enslave souls is worse than any war and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ruin of souls is more to be avoided than that of bodies?? \(pp. 720?2\). In 1648 Carafa was an increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(isolated hardliner, but in the earlier stages of the conflict militants like the Jesuit were able to shape the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perception of political events by many ordinary people as well as by princes and their councillors to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable extent. One should not forget that confessors giving advice to Catholic princes or Protestant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(court preachers addressing their rulers from the pulpit could exert a lot of influence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But clearly the rhetoric and the discourse of warfare is not what Wilson is primarily interested in. Whereas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many early modernists these days see cultural history as a necessary framework for any kind of story or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis, Wilson tends to see the subjective experience of the war and the way contemporaries perceived the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflict in churches, in inns and or in town halls ? or were taught to perceive it by sermons, cheap prints and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pamphlets ? as something which did not in itself greatly effect the course of events as such, and this course )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of events is what matters for him.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilson does provide the reader with a chapter on ?experiencing the war?. It is however the last chapter of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book, clearly more a sort of afterthought and rather brief as well. Only a page and a half are dedicated to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witchcraft and its persecution despite the fact that in many parts of Germany the witch crazes were at their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absolute height in the early 1630s. Equally there are a few paragraphs on fear and commemoration ? recently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a major topic in German writings on this period ? but clearly these are not issues which greatly interest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wilson. To some extent the present reviewer can sympathize with this approach. Words and symbols are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed not everything. Soldiers, even when they are mercenaries, may be persuaded by fanatical preachers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that there is nothing more glorious for them than to die in a religious or in fact holy war but even so they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may not win a battle if they have neither powder and bullets for their muskets nor boots to walk in. History )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is more than the history of discourse. Nevertheless the drama, the excitement and the terror of the Thirty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Years War which become so tangible when we look at broadsheets and pamphlets of the period or read )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diaries written at the time, are certainly not among the most prominent elements in Wilson?s account of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War. However, had he given more space to such sources it would probably have been much more difficult to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(write a coherent narrative history of the entire war, and that is what he most admirably has managed to do. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One notices certainly that Wilson is at his best when dealing with issues of German and Scandinavian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history. France, which played such a prominent role in the war after 1635, is given much shorter shrift and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richelieu is clearly not one of Wilson?s heroes, although he is not much given to hero worship anyhow. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Also the effect of warfare on state building or ? the other way round ? warfare as a cause for administrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and political disintegration \(as in the case of Spain\) are not discussed in any detail or systematically \(apart )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from some observations on pages 807?12\) but only briefly mentioned. But this book is not designed to give )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an analysis of a limited number of structural changes between 1618?48 ? it wants to provide the reader with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a straightforward and comprehensive story of the war itself while at the same time incorporating the insights )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of economic, administrative and ecclesiastical history etc. And this objective Wilson undoubtedly achieves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most convincingly. His work will remain the definitive account of the war for a long time to come, at least in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English, and as it is well written and reads easily the book certainly has a chance to find a wide readership )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(despite its considerable length and enormous weight. Perhaps one should add though, as a warning, that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(latter may possibly render it difficult if not impossible to handle for readers who are physically less than fit.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 1721 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 775.827 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 745.210 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 745.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moriz Ritter, )] TJ ET BT 129.680 745.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Deutsche geschichte im zeitalter der gegen-reformation und des Drei?ssigjhrigen )] TJ ET BT 64.016 730.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(krieges \(1555-1648\))] TJ ET BT 161.660 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(3 vols., Stuttgart, 1889-1908\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 312.992 730.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 312.992 729.555 m 366.980 729.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 716.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Geoffrey Parker, )] TJ ET BT 147.644 716.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Thirty Years War)] TJ ET BT 251.984 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1984\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 333.308 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 333.308 715.299 m 387.296 715.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 690.437 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 676.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 671.455 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 653.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 653.675 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/866)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 652.281 m 322.316 652.281 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 627.304 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 612.904 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4541)] TJ ET BT 34.016 598.504 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 312.9917 729.8695 366.9797 741.7495 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 333.3077 715.6135 387.2957 727.4935 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 652.5955 322.3157 664.4755 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/866) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000554 00000 n 0000000650 00000 n 0000005526 00000 n 0000005635 00000 n 0000005745 00000 n 0000005854 00000 n 0000009415 00000 n 0000009543 00000 n 0000009627 00000 n 0000009656 00000 n 0000009784 00000 n 0000009820 00000 n 0000009849 00000 n 0000009977 00000 n 0000010013 00000 n 0000010078 00000 n 0000017611 00000 n 0000017676 00000 n 0000025271 00000 n 0000025369 00000 n 0000027143 00000 n 0000027271 00000 n 0000027326 00000 n 0000027454 00000 n 0000027509 00000 n 0000027637 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27732 %%EOF