%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 27 0 R 39 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141221041240+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141221041240+00'00') /Title (Seeking a Role: The United Kingdom 1951-1970) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 1786 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Seeking a Role: The United Kingdom 1951-1970)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(867)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 28 February, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brian Harrison)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780198204763)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(30.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(688pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Baxendale)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8346 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When A. J. P. Taylor undertook the final volume of the old )] TJ ET BT 320.984 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oxford History of England)] TJ ET BT 449.984 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, it was ?England?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not ?History?, which he found the problematic part of his brief.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 337.964 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 337.964 768.819 m 351.956 768.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 351.956 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The volume under review is the latest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to the )] TJ ET BT 125.684 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Oxford History of England)] TJ ET BT 279.020 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and how things have changed since Taylor?s day. Back )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then, we knew roughly speaking what to expect from a ?general history?. Taylor wrote, as he said in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction, ?in the form of a continuous narrative, though with occasional pauses for refreshment?. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heart of that narrative, and therefore of the book itself, was, of course, politics: and it was a widespread )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(belief in the primacy of the high-political that made this kind of general history possible, providing a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(framework over which other concerns could be draped, part of the picture, but not really part of the story. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But even as Taylor was writing changes were afoot, and the cultural and social byways where he paused for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refreshment have become for many if not most historians the main road, the story itself. As a result, the once-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominant political narrative has been displaced and recontextualised by narratives of social and cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change. This is more than just a change in subject-matter: these new narratives are multiple and complex, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bringing many interwoven historical themes into play, and therefore posing a challenge to the whole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possibility of a unitary ?general? history. As if that were not enough, awkward questions have been posed to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the validity of ?national? history by a discipline, and a world, which has become increasingly globalised. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these circumstances to undertake not just one but two volumes of what on the face of it is still a general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national history series is nothing short of heroic, even from a historian of Brian Harrison?s stature.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the light of all this, it is not surprising that while the titles of the old )] TJ ET BT 374.696 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oxford History)] TJ ET BT 447.692 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( series were about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynasties, periods or political eras, the new ones are mostly thematic and often socio-cultural ? often with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tell-tale question-mark to signal the theme?s tentative status: ?A Polite and Commercial People? \(Paul )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Langford\), ?A Land of Liberty?? \(Julian Hoppit\). Brian Harrison?s title may seem suspiciously political ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evoking the loss of empire, Cold War, Europe and all that ? but though he deals well with these things, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which for a latter-day Taylor would have been the main story, he makes it clear that for him the doings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politicians and governments carry less historical weight than the underlying processes of non-political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(change: in )] TJ ET BT 86.672 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Annaliste)] TJ ET BT 132.008 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( terms, the )] TJ ET BT 185.336 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(longue dure )] TJ ET BT 251.324 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trumps)] TJ ET BT 287.660 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(histoire vnementielle)] TJ ET BT 398.636 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The powerful concluding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Retrospect? reaffirms that Britons? ideas \(albeit often illusory\) about their nation?s role were cultural and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moral as much as political and imperial, and, in the political realm, more about traditions of freedom and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(democracy and experienced statesmanship than about empire and world power. The underlying theme of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book is how a period of relatively rapid social and cultural change destabilised these ideas of the national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role and the social cohesion which they fostered ? which even so is shown to have survived reasonably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intact, shaken but not overthrown, at least up to 1970. This narrative, although it lacks the detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronology of the old-style political framework, is strong enough and general enough to allow the author to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range widely in his choice of themes and topics without losing coherence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A history of destabilisation needs to start with a period of relative stability. The introductory chapter on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain in 1951 depicts a nation with plenty of problems and perhaps rather complacent, but with its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cohesiveness and security seemingly validated by wartime experience and historical continuity: though we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might ask whether this was the default position for British society, or simply the product of an aberrant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical moment, to be followed by the resumption of business as usual, and if the latter, whether it makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any difference to Harrison?s analysis. Either way, this first chapter is followed by seven thematic chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploring the upheavals that were to follow: ?The United Kingdom and the World? \(Empire, Cold War, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration, Europe\); ?The Face of the Country? \(environment, transport, urban development\); ?The Social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Structure? \(monarchy, classes and minorities\); ?Family and Welfare? \(sexuality, gender, youth and age, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(NHS\); ?Industry and Commerce? \(corporatism, consumerism, ?declinism?\); ?Intellect and Culture? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(religion, education, the arts, recreation\); and ?Politics and Government? \(executive, Parliament, the parties\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter nine breaks with thematism and returns to another historical moment, rightly named in quotation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marks: ?The Sixties?, that mythic decade in which it all came together, or fell apart. A concluding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Retrospect? draws the themes together, arguing that the stability and cohesion of British society was held )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together by a collection of props and illusions mostly rooted in vague ideas about the war or in even vaguer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideas about the more distant past, all of which were rapidly losing conviction by the end of the 1960s. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?There were as yet few signs of the gloom that was shortly to descend? \(p. 546\), the book ominously )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 337.9637 769.1335 351.9557 781.0135 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8099 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concludes, but descend it surely would: sending the audience into the interval nervously anticipating act two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? for, astonishingly, Harrison is doing the same job again for the 1970s and 1980s. The title of the next )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume, ?Finding a Role??, carries, we should note, a telling question-mark.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chapter themes are well chosen, and they are explored with the detail and analytical flair we would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expect, and which it is impossible to convey adequately in a short review. However, a thematic approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poses structural problems which unless addressed might appear to undermine the book?s claim to be a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?general? history. This problem is largely illusory: any way of writing history is arbitrary and selective, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an old-style continuous narrative, while purporting to include everything \(that is, everything considered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important\) is actually the most selective of all. In our times we are apt to be up-front about the arbitrariness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and selectivity of the way we write history, an approach which sits uneasily with the tradition of general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(histories, with their implicit claim to include everything. By contrast, to take one example, Ross McKibbin?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Classes and Cultures: England 1918?1951 )] TJ ET BT 243.692 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1998\), while it covers a tremendous amount of ground, can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(afford to declare its thematic selectivity in its title.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 275.660 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 275.660 612.003 m 289.652 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 289.652 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Harrison addresses this problem in the introduction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identifying a half a dozen ?recurring themes? which crop up across the chapters but are dealt with in detail in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one of them, and eight ?cross-cutting motifs? which are not given sustained discussion anywhere but picked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out in the conclusion to each chapter \(p. xx\). As well as filling gaps and tying the chapters together, these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recurring themes suggest what is almost an alternative chapter structure, another way the material might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been carved up. On the whole this approach works well, although it adds up to rather a lot of themes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and motifs, and sometimes those chapter conclusions can seem a bit mechanical, ticking off the motifs as if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the whole thing was being plotted on some vast wall-chart. But such are the problems of writing general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history for our time, and it would be churlish to criticise Harrison?s solution without offering a better one. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The only important question is, does it work?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To which the answer has got to be, on the whole, yes. Quite apart from its underlying analysis of the post-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war British mentality, there are few corners of national life which do not find a place somewhere in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book, and we invariably learn something new about them. To pick a few more detailed examples at random, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passages on the development of archaeology \(pp. 126?8\), the impact of tourism on the quality of food back )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(home \(pp. 84?7\), the fate of the canals \(p. 143\) and changing ideas about death \(p. 287ff\), all offer concise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative, lively analysis and illuminating bits of fact. Harrison is adept at picking up unfamiliar details, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usually from recondite secondary sources, which not only shed light on a topic but enchant the reader: hands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up those who knew that there were only 50 Chinese restaurants in Britain in 1957 \(p. 86\), or that cycling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounted for ten per cent of passenger miles in 1952 but only one per cent by 1970 \(p. 137\), or that this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period saw a long, slow decline in suicide by drowning \(pp. 290?1\)? In his sustained analysis of more central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues, Harrison argues that strident class assertiveness in the 1960s and 1970s masked both a decline in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(real centrality of class division and the persistence of pockets of poverty \(pp. 209?13\); although the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section on the working class and poverty goes straight on to discuss crime, in one of several awkward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transitions that need more rationalisation. There is an eloquent analysis of the whys, wherefores and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problems of high-rise building, which broadens into an exemplary account of architecture, conservation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(housing, weaving together social, political and aesthetic concerns into a persuasive history of the rise and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fall of the modern movement in housing which has done so much to mould our urban environment \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(151?164\). The one thing missing here, and this is true not just of this chapter but of much of the book, is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voice of those who actually lived in these flats, new towns and suburbs. This is a significant absence; such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual voices as we hear are almost all from the elite, in well-chosen and illuminating observations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picked up from the diaries and memoirs of such luminaries as Macmillan, Coward, Lees-Milne, Crossman or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Benn. Perhaps there are no sources for this period equivalent to the late 1940s Mass Observation material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deployed by David Kynaston in )] TJ ET BT 189.668 145.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Austerity Britain)] TJ ET BT 270.008 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or the oral history once used by Paul Thompson to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminate )] TJ ET BT 85.688 130.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Edwardians )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 167.696 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 167.696 129.555 m 181.688 129.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 181.688 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but it is a pity to see people?s lives solely through the eyes of outsiders such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as sociologists and politicians, however acute their observation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The political also finds its place in the book, though not the doings of politicians so much as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of the state and the political process. This is, of course, something Harrison has written about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before and so he is on firm ground. There are fluent and persuasive accounts of the machinery of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 275.6597 612.3175 289.6517 624.1975 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 167.6957 129.8695 181.6877 141.7495 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 7930 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government and its tendency towards what he calls ?pluralistic centralism? ? though, driven by the greater )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibilities of the state, more centralising than plural ? and of the conflicting traditions within the two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major parties. Harrison, unlike some observers, does not seem to regard the British political system as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(having been in any kind of crisis, and dismisses constitutional reform as an ?irrelevant diversion? \(p. 403\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and reform of Parliament in particular as equally unnecessary \(pp. 420?1\); piecemeal rather than root and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(branch change would take care of any problems,)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The climax and in some ways the centre-piece of the book is the chapter on the 1960s. Here, Harrison )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identifies four key motifs \(youth in revolt, relaxed manners, political radicalism and puritanism repudiated\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which took root in the 1950s and earlier, but flourished in and have long outlasted the 1960s. Again, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(description and detail on specific issues ? such as the spread of social informality \(491?7\), the significance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of clothing and hair-styles \(pp. 487?91\), and the ?new puritanism? evoked by the young left?s fierceness of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitment ? are strong, and Harrison?s judgements forthright and perceptive. However, the overall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impression given of the decade is rather piecemeal, as if getting close to the details of the decade makes us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lose sight of why people think it was important as a holistic experience. Those of us who are more lumpers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than splitters will be left looking for an embracing explanation of where it all came from and how it all fitted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together. One of the strongest parts of this chapter is its discussion of the sexual revolution \(pp. 506?13\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the reaction against it \(pp. 518?20\), although how this relates to discussion of sexual change earlier on \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(234?49\) is unclear; on the other hand, retired student radicals may feel their aims and motivations deserved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more explanation than ?genuine but misplaced indignation? \(p. 501\); and Harrison seems outside his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comfort zone when discussing popular music. The chapter follows the currently conventional line that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?London set much of the permissive pace? and that sixties trends moved only slowly if at all across ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provinces?, as Harrison is apt, rather anachronistically, to call the rest of us \(p. 473\). This is a widely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accepted view, which tends to undermine the idea of ?the sixties?, but as far as I know nobody has done any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research on, say, hippies in Halifax or sex in Sunderland, to test the hypothesis. The same goes for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harrison?s assertion that ?provincial England? was rather more in sympathy with Mary Whitehouse than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Hugh Carleton Greene?s BBC \(p. 518\): the North has a long anti-establishment tradition, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mancunians surely rejoiced in TW3?s iconoclasm as much as any metropolitan sophisticate, let alone the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inhabitants of Surbiton. But my argumentative comments testify to the entertaining and provocative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(character of this chapter ? which would, however, work better as the book?s climactic moment if there was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stronger underlying analysis to draw together the themes of the other chapters.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Those of us who teach post-war history have long felt the absence of a scholarly but readable account of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period which focuses on social and cultural themes. No book of this scope and ambition could succeed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(everything it sets out to do, and in this age of RAEs and REFs perhaps only those outside academia or, as in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this case, of a seniority and eminence that obviates such mundane considerations, could even attempt it. No )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one will agree with everything in Brian Harrison?s book, but everyone will find it both readable and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarly, with an intellectual backbone missing from the entertaining, often illuminating, but under-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analytical popular versions, such as Dominic Sandbrook?s, which have come to occupy much of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(territory. It deserves a warm welcome, and a wide readership.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 210.099 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 179.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. J. P. Taylor, )] TJ ET BT 140.012 179.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English History 1914?1945)] TJ ET BT 272.684 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1965\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 351.332 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 351.332 178.083 m 405.320 178.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 165.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ross McKibbin, )] TJ ET BT 145.688 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Classes and Cultures: England 1918?1951)] TJ ET BT 352.364 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 431.012 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 431.012 163.827 m 485.000 163.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 150.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Kynaston, )] TJ ET BT 148.340 150.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Austerity Britain 1945?1951)] TJ ET BT 285.680 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2007\); Paul Thompson, )] TJ ET BT 452.012 150.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Edwardians: the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Remaking of British Society)] TJ ET BT 197.672 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1975\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 278.996 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 278.996 135.315 m 332.984 135.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 110.453 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history today)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.historytoday.com/blog/books-blog/richard-weight/finding-role-united-kingdom-1970-1990)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 80.547 m 528.656 80.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 531.656 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals 1)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 53.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://tcbh.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/1/118.full)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 52.035 m 280.352 52.035 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 283.352 53.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 39.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals 2)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 351.3317 178.3975 405.3197 190.2775 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 431.0117 164.1415 484.9997 176.0215 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 278.9957 135.6295 332.9837 147.5095 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 80.8615 528.6557 92.7415 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historytoday.com/blog/books-blog/richard-weight/finding-role-united-kingdom-1970-1990) >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I 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