%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141228173422+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141228173422+00'00') /Title (Murder and Mayhem in Seventeenth Century Cambodia) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3932 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Murder and Mayhem in Seventeenth Century Cambodia)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The so-called middle period of Cambodian history, stretching from the abandonment of the imperial urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex we know as Angkor in the 1430s until the imposition of the French protectorate in 1863, has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently begun to attract renewed scholarly attention.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While sources for the 15th and 16th centuries in Cambodia are sparse and unreliable, those from the 1600s, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which include records produced by Europeans, Chinese, Japanese and the Khmer themselves, are far more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(numerous. They allow us to construct a narrative not only of local Cambodian events but also to examine the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often-tumultuous interplay between the Khmer polity and foreign powers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the mid 17th century Cambodia was a relatively major player in the theatre of Southeast Asian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international trade. Other local actors included the kingdom of Ayudhya to the west and the Nguyen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(principality with its capital at Hue to the east. More distant regional traders included the Philippines, Tonkin, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Japan \(until 1636\), Holland \(via the Dutch East India Company\), Portugal, England and China.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Dutch East India Company's commercial efforts in Cambodia, which were considerable in the 1630s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and early 1640s, started well and ended in disaster. The turbulent closing years of the relationship are the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject of Alfons van der Kraan's lively, insightful monograph, elegantly produced by Silkworm Books. Van )] TJ ET BT 34.016 51.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(der Kraan has made good use of Dutch archival sources and has mastered most of the secondary literature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(870)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 28 February, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alfons Van der Kraan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9789749511626)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.49)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(79pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Silkworm Books)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chiangmai)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Chandler)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6760 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The story he tells is one of initial success and subsequent disaster. In 1637 the Dutch East India Company, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(based in Batavia \(present-day Jakarta\) established an entrepot in Cambodia, located on the riverbank some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20 kilometres south of the Cambodian royal capital of Udong, and near the commercial city of Phnom Penh. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Governor General of the Indies, Anthony van Diemen, was eager to capitalize on the recent Japanese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ruling that closed Japan to foreigners, forbade Japanese expatriates to come home and allowed only Dutch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Chinese vessels to engage in trade with Japan. The ruling was aimed primarily at the Portuguese, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Holland's rivals in Southeast Asia. It was also part of an ongoing anti-Christian campaign, from which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dutch as non-proselytising Protestants were happily exempt but which affected many expatriate Japanese, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who had fled the country to escape anti-Christian purges.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trade with Japan was important to the Dutch because copper and silver bars, the main Japanese export, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enabled the Company to earn high profits by minting and marketing coins in India and elsewhere. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Japanese, for their part, were eager to obtain forest products, ivory and hides from Cambodia and elsewhere )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Southeast Asia ? provided that they came to Japan in the holds of Dutch or Chinese ships.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ironically, the new Dutch factory in Cambodia was built alongside the Japanese quarter of the town, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inhabited by several hundred expatriates \(almost entirely Catholic\) who were allied for the time being with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local Portuguese \(a community numbering more than a thousand, including ?black Portuguese? from Goa, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ceylon and Africa\). The Japanese community included a number of sword-wielding warriors who were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available for hire.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Until 1642, Dutch-Cambodian relations prospered and a profitable, Dutch-sponsored trade developed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Cambodia and Japan. Relations deteriorated swiftly, however, when a 22-year old usurper, crowned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as King Ramathipothei \(r. 1642?58\), came to power. To reach the throne, the new king presided over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(massacre of his predecessor, his predecessor's father, several other members of the royal family and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hundreds of their supporters. He drew his allies from the local Malay population, as well as from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Japanese and Portuguese communities. The king's alliance with the Portuguese endangered the Dutch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community because Holland was at war with Portugal as part of its effort to eliminate Portuguese traders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Southeast Asia.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Less than six months into his reign, the young king converted to Islam, for reasons that remain obscure, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thereby alienating the Buddhist monastic order ? many of whom he had ordered killed during his rise to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power ? and a good many ordinary Khmer.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ramathipothei had already taken a strong dislike to the Dutch resident in Cambodia, Pieter van Regemortes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who had been there since 1637, and had been angered by Cambodian )] TJ ET BT 368.936 282.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sub rosa)] TJ ET BT 409.940 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( assistance to local Portuguese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traders in allowing them to ship goods to Japan aboard Chinese vessels. In late 1642, a Dutch ship had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(captured two of these junks at the mouth of the Mekong and had taken all their cargo. On behalf of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portuguese, the king had demanded recompense from the Dutch, but Van Regemortes secretly bribed him to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accept the loss of the junks as a )] TJ ET BT 187.988 225.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(fait accompli)] TJ ET BT 250.988 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Nonetheless, the Dutch position had become uncertain. At )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once stage the king had told van Regemortes that if he persisted in his hectoring behaviour he might be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trampled to death by elephants. In March 1643 van Regemortes decamped for Batavia, where he reported to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Governor van Dieman about developments in Cambodia. The governor asked him to return to Udong to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remonstrate with the King, and overcame Van Regemortes' reluctance by giving him full ambassadorial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(status.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The embassy headed included three warships and over a hundred soldiers and seamen. It sailed from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Batavia in September 1643 and arrived at the Dutch trading post six weeks later. It carried a letter from van )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Diemen to the king asking him to pay back the secret bribe he had received and also to locate and punish the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(murderers of two Dutch traders killed in a brawl in 1641. The king had previously refused to act on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second request and would not have been pleased to have a secret bribe mentioned in an official letter. If the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(king refused to accede to these demands, van Regemortes was secretly authorized to remove goods from the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 5455 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dutch warehouse and to declare war on Cambodia, sail away and blockade the Mekong River downstream )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so as to isolate the kingdom from seaborne trade. It seems likely, as van der Kraan suggests, that a copy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(van Diemen's letter had been slipped secretly to Ramathipothei before van Regemortes had time to present it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In any case, the letter's arrogance, with post-colonial hindsight, is breathtaking, and a more mentally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(balanced monarch, on grounds of sovereignty, would probably have rejected its demands. It's surprising that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(van Regemortes, who knew the king and had spent many years in the country, could make such a large )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(miscalculation. As it turned out, the letter's effect, to use an Australian popular expression, was like a poke )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the eye with a damp stick. The king, without mentioning the letter, informed van Regemortes that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would receive him on November 27, 1643.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On that day, when van Regemortes and his embassy reached the Udong market on their way to the palace )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they were set upon by several hundred of the king's troops and killed. Later in the day, another contingent of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(troops attacked the Dutch factory, killed everyone in it and looted its contents, while boarding parties )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(captured the two Dutch ships that were lying at anchor nearby, and imprisoned their crews.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the end of the day some 50 Dutch civilians and soldiers lay dead and 60 sailors had been taken prisoner. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The factory and the ships had lost their cargo and supplies. Soon afterwards, the king left Udong on an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elephant hunt that kept him away from the capital for the next three months.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A third Dutch ship lay at anchor south of Phnom Penh unaware of what had happened upstream. Harassed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Cambodian warships and urged to come ashore, the Dutch captain became suspicious and imprisoned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(four Chinese who had come aboard offering him quantities of beer and rice wine for his crew. Suspecting a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trap, the captain imprisoned the Chinese. Unde torture, they admitted that they were agents of the king, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(told the captain of the massacre. The ship eluded its pursuers and sailed back to Batavia, arriving at the end )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of January 1644, a week after news of the Cambodian massacre had reached van Diemen from another )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(source.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Van Diemen's enraged response to the debacle was to order the trial, torture and execution of the four )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chinese and to organize a punitive expedition that would, in his words, ?give priority to the punishment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambodia ? with orders to inflict as much damage upon the Cambodians as possible to take revenge and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?restore the tarnished reputation of the Netherlands?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The following pages of Van der Kraan's unabashedly ?Boys' Own History? \(pp. 35?62\) are concerned with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this expedition, which set sail from Batavia in March 1644 bearing an even harsher letter from van Diemen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Ramathipothei, demanding the release of Dutch prisoners and the full restoration of the misappropriated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(goods and vessels. If the Dutch demands were rejected \(as Van Diemen expected them to be\) the leader of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the expedition, Captain Harouse, was to declare war on Cambodia and blockade the Mekong. Van Diemen's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instructions referred to Cambodia as an ?evil and murderous nation? and Harouse was given )] TJ ET BT 479.924 268.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(carte blanche)] TJ ET BT 545.576 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conducting the war that seemed certain to take place.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As things turned out, Harouse was sailing into a trap. His fleet reached the site of the Dutch factory in early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(June, but he was unable to deliver van Diemen's letter and thus, in his view, he wasn't authorized to launch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hostilities against the Khmer, large numbers of whom he could see from his quarter deck openly preparing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for war.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 5474 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harouse prudently decided to tack downstream. When he reached Phnom Penh he found that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambodians had blocked the Mekong south of the city with two recently constructed pontoon bridges. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harouse's flotilla rammed its way through the first bridge but was blocked by the second, much stronger one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(located some 500 meters downstream. As his boats approached it, Harouse was killed by a cannon ball shot )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the riverbank. A Dutch landing party silenced the battery that had killed Harouse but a battery on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposite bank kept shelling the immobilized ships. A ferocious battle ensued that left less than half of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soldiers and sailors fit for further action ? 112 were sick, 245 had been wounded, and 62 had been killed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The battered flotilla slipped away, reaching the safety of the South China Sea by the end of June.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A fifth Dutch warship had been moored at what was known as the Mosquito Passage on the lower Mekong, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blockading the river from trading ships Its commander had not heard of the battle in Phnom Penh, and was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprised in late July by a heavily armed Cambodian flotilla, with King Ramathipodei aboard one of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ships. The Dutch warship skilfully repelled the Cambodian attackers, inflicting hundreds of casualties, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before sailing off to safety comparatively unscathed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When van Dieman heard the news of the debacle, he began preparing to mount a third, more ambitious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expedition which, had it set sail, would certainly have inflicted enormous damage in Cambodia and might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have driven Ramathipodei from power. Van Diemen planned to accomplish this mission by forming an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alliance with the King of Siam, Prasat Tong, who was less belligerent than he was, but friendly to Holland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and eager to re-establish what he saw as Siam's suzerainty over its capricious neighbor.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In April, 1645, before the expedition could be mounted, Van Diemen died, aged only 52. His replacement, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(van der Lijn, was less inclined than van Diemen had been to attack Cambodia. In van der Kraan's phrasing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 67\) van der Lijn considered ?an expedition of this magnitude and complexity as too difficult, too )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncertain and too costly?. Instead, he proposed that the Cambodian monarch release the remaining Dutch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prisoners. The 29 survivors arrived in Batavia in early 1647, effectively bringing hostilities to an end.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Van der Kraan closes his brisk, absorbing study by suggesting that had van Diemen lived to mount the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expedition with Siamese assistance, Siamese domination of the Cambodian court might have taken place a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century earlier than it did. In any case, Ramathipodei was an anomaly, and was overthrown by a Vietnamese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invasion that triggered a Cambodian rebellion. Having relied to a large extent on Malay, Japanese and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portuguese support, the king was removed from the throne by his own people and a neighboring power. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parallels spring to mind from the 20th century, when both Lon Nol and Pol Pot, deprived of popular support, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were driven out in one case by local people heavily assisted by the Vietnamese and in the other by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vietnamese, assisted to an extent by local people.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Murder and Mayhem in Seventeeth Century Cambodia)] TJ ET BT 297.308 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a short book that is both fun to read and provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(us with a vivid, well-researched glimpse of a particularly unedifying episode in the history of pre-colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperialism and the violent, pre-nationalist responses that it occasionally provoked.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 237.295 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 219.515 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 219.515 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/870)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 218.121 m 322.316 218.121 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 193.144 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.744 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4562)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 218.4355 322.3157 230.3155 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/870) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000552 00000 n 0000000634 00000 n 0000004618 00000 n 0000004727 00000 n 0000004837 00000 n 0000004946 00000 n 0000008507 00000 n 0000008635 00000 n 0000008719 00000 n 0000008784 00000 n 0000015597 00000 n 0000015662 00000 n 0000021170 00000 n 0000021254 00000 n 0000026781 00000 n 0000026909 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27004 %%EOF