%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721233652+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721233652+01'00') /Title (Italy?s Eighteenth Century: Gender and Culture in the Age of the Grand Tour) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4333 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Italy?s Eighteenth Century: Gender and Culture in the Age of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Grand Tour)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Italy?s 18th century was peopled with )] TJ ET BT 219.320 237.683 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(castrati)] TJ ET BT 255.992 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 261.992 237.683 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(cicisbei)] TJ ET BT 298.652 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and )] TJ ET BT 324.980 237.683 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(virtuose)] TJ ET BT 363.644 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( according to this new book on gender )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and culture in the age of the Grand Tour. The perspective on and variety of the characters introduced in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume are quite extraordinary ? musicologists, literary scholars, and historians of art and science present )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mathematical prodigies, entrepreneur artists, and a curious wax modeller, among others. Some of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women are well-known to historians of the Grand Tour and some less so but what characterises most of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them is their activity and persistence in a period in which women were defined by their weaknesses, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual and physical. Most of the men who appear in the volume, by contrast, are characterised by their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resistance or indifference -- neglectful or dead husbands \(with the exception of Angelica Kauffman?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consort\), sceptical )] TJ ET BT 124.328 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(philosophes)] TJ ET BT 181.664 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and recalcitrant academicians. The )] TJ ET BT 357.272 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(castrati)] TJ ET BT 393.944 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are the exception but they only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proved what many in the 18th century believed ? that Italy was the place where not only women become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men but men became women.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a long and scholarly book with 13 chapters and an introduction by one of the three editors, Paula )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Findlen. Read from cover to cover, it works as a kind of kaleidoscope of elite cultural life in some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(871)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 28 February, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paula Findlen)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wendy Wassyng Roworth)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catherine M. Sama)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780804759045)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(53.95)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(504pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stanford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palo Alto, CA)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Melissa Calaresu)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8360 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(urban centres of northern and central Italy, from the beginning to the end of the 18th century. It privileges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions of gender and focuses, in particular, on women as painters, poets, and writers who read and wrote )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and were read and written about. It is their activity which defined them although they also appear as objects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of pornographic desire. The focus on women has encouraged a necessary and welcome consideration of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lives within their families. These are not simply stories of exceptional women. All of them were bound by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their obligations as mothers, daughters, sisters, and wives and the fullness and distractions of their lives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outside of the realm of ideas, words, and images are integrated in to each of the chapters, almost without )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exception. Such a consideration also extends to Martha Feldman?s chapter on the )] TJ ET BT 427.616 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(castrati )] TJ ET BT 467.288 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and on the role of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their families by birth or by adoption in their careers. In fact, the ?wholeness? of the book comes partly from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this emphasis on networks, for example, the network of cosmopolitan readers across Europe, the network of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(salons and )] TJ ET BT 87.344 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(conversazioni)] TJ ET BT 154.004 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( which Grand Tourists visited, the network of Arcadia and its colonies, the network )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of women promoting other women, and, of course, those of patronage and family.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Almost all of the chapters have a person at their centre, so the book is a kind of a prosopography of Italian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural life, but one in which the reader has a strong sense of their wider networks of support and resistance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well as of their daily and domestic lives, for example, in the descriptions of the activity of the households )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Rosalba Carriera and Angelica Kauffman in the chapters by Catherine Sama and Wendy Wassyng )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roworth, or the weariness and strains of having to maintain the finances or public profile of their families as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the cases, respectively, of two Venetian women, Luisa Bergalli and Giustina Renier Michiel, described by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Susan Dalton and by Sama. The result of this focus on gender is that no central character is studied entirely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on her or his own, living in the world of the mind, with their books and correspondents as company, as so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many conventional accounts of enlightened personages have been written ? unless, of course, they have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chosen this path such as anatomical wax modeller, Anna Morandi Manzolini, who seems, in Rebecca )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Messbarger?s suggestive chapter, curiously undistracted by family concerns after her husband?s sudden )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death as she focuses on what she really wants to do, that is, provide an accurate description in words and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depiction in wax of the male reproductive system.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The contribution of this volume, argues Paula Findlen, is to suggest an alternative path to study Italy in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18th century between the conventional images which dominate the historiography of the Enlightenment on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one side and the Grand Tour on the other. In particular, she would like to give Italians greater agency in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multi-faceted collection as not simply objects of desire, curiosity, and exoticisation but as agents embedded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in their own local practices and communities. The volume does this very successfully but the accounts and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(images of the Grand Tour remain central to many of the essays. Findlen writes, ?Rather than simply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revisiting the caricatures of Italian society perpetuated by the accounts of Grand Tourists, we should analyze )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them in relation to documents internal to this culture. If the eighteenth century, as many scholars have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggested, was the period in which the Italian peninsula developed new, stronger, and more diverse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connections to many other parts of Europe, then one of the goals of studying this century should be an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploration of the dialogue between foreign and indigenous views of Italy? \(p. 7\). With this focus, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(despite these intentions, the extent to which this volume can not help but pander to ?the whole louche, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lubricious, and luminous fantasia that was )] TJ ET BT 239.000 244.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(settecento)] TJ ET BT 286.988 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Italy?, as one reviewer writes, testing her powers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alliteration on the dust cover of the hard back edition, needs to be discussed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The men \(and some women\) working hard for reform in this period and connected up to the print, academic, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and social networks of the European enlightenment responded to the conventional images of Italy found in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the pages of Samuel Sharp?s )] TJ ET BT 174.992 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Letters from Italy )] TJ ET BT 261.992 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1766\) or Joseph-Jrome Lalande?s, )] TJ ET BT 438.944 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Voyage d?un franois )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(en Italie )] TJ ET BT 76.676 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1769\). Ferdinando Galiani, for instance, whose life and work linked him up to the wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enlightened movement, wrote in despair of the way foreign travellers visited his native city, Naples, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lesser known Neapolitan, Michele Torcia, attacked Lalande directly, ridiculing the extreme conclusions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the city to which the obsession of foreigners with )] TJ ET BT 303.320 118.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(castrati )] TJ ET BT 342.992 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could take them.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 422.648 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 422.648 117.555 m 436.640 117.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 436.640 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The enlightened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement in Italy, in fact, provides less ballast in this volume than it could have, and in particular, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant amount of recent scholarship in Italian on the reform movement is absent in the footnotes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(References to Harold Acton?s )] TJ ET BT 181.304 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Bourbons of Naples )] TJ ET BT 300.644 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was first published in 1956 or Eric Cochrane?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1961 study of the Tuscan academies in this period suggest either that the publisher wanted to reduce the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 422.6477 117.8695 436.6397 129.7495 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8161 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of references in Italian or the editors wanted to highlight more sharply the dearth of scholarship on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18th-century Italy in English which this volume is trying precisely to address.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course, a focus on the reform movement would have privileged men over women for it was male )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reformers who concerned themselves with legal reform and agricultural innovation in the 18th century. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunities for women, who did not have access to a university education in law and political economy, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribute to the debates traditionally studied by scholars of the Enlightenment were limited. In contrast, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greater opportunities for literary women reflected the relative openness of the academies and salons in Italian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cities, and several chapters such as Maria Pia Donato?s informative chapter on Roman salons or Elisabetta )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Graziosi?s chapter on women and academies catalogue their achievements as hosts, poets, and academicians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in these less restrictive contexts. As Paola Giuli points out in her chapter on )] TJ ET BT 400.316 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(improvvisatrici)] TJ ET BT 473.648 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the celebrated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(performances of women as improvisers of verse have been written out of the story of the Italian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment by historians who considered improvisation as ?an aberrant expression of eighteenth-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(superficiality and penchant for empty theatricality? \(p. 305\), far from the more serious concerns of drafting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(laws and draining swamps. The focus on gender in this volume therefore brings a greater fullness in our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of enlightened culture in Italy by focusing on alternative spaces and modes of enlightened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sociability which included and welcomed women.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In her introduction, Findlen emphasises the need to consider ?how local practices and foreign perceptions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interacted? \(p. 31\) and, for this reason, the images and accounts of the Grand Tour determine, if not the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative then, some of the )] TJ ET BT 165.320 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(topoi)] TJ ET BT 189.992 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in this volume, for foreigners were obsessed with the social and sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(curiosities of Italy such as the )] TJ ET BT 179.996 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(cicisbei)] TJ ET BT 216.656 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 239.984 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(castrati)] TJ ET BT 276.656 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. However, these caricatures of the reviewer?s )] TJ ET BT 500.900 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(fantasia)] TJ ET BT 539.576 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cited above, are placed carefully in the legal, moral, and social realities as well as aesthetic conventions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the period in the chapters by Roberto Bizzocchi and Roger Freitas. Grand Tourists also marvelled at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual and social liberties granted to women in Italy. The exceptionalism of women such as Laura Bassi )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the Agnesi sisters and the theatricality of their performances as knowledgeable women, however, are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tempered in the chapter by Maria Cavazza by placing them within the limits of expectations of modesty, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family pressures, and life choices for women in this period which, in turn, were reinforced in contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paintings of religious women as described by Christopher Johns. And, finally, Findlen?s chapter on the cross-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dresser and lesbian, Caterina Vizzani, gives life to an erotic character of the 18th century while placing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(translation and consumption of her image within the medical and printing cultures of Britain and Italy. These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters, in particular, engage not only with the social realities of gender and gender relations in Italy but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also with their representation, that is, with the way that contemporary images of women jostled against the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceptionalism of a few.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Italy?s Eighteenth Century )] TJ ET BT 166.340 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a powerful volume which makes an important contribution to our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of the contours and shape of enlightened culture in Italy through the lens of gender. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduces new paradigms and explores new source material by moving beyond a series of texts which have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominated conventional accounts of the Italian enlightenment to a consideration of the space, material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture, and gender relations of enlightened sociability and exchange. It does, as the introduction promises, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(open up new pathways for new research ? for example, by showcasing the recent work and publishing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(projects of scholars such as Findlen, and Messbarger in the history of science and by providing a platform )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for literary scholars and musicologists to take an equal part in writing the history of Italy?s 18th century. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume does this all without abandoning entirely the old paradigms and source material of the Grand Tour. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whether one likes it or not, we could not write a history of the Italian enlightenment without the Grand Tour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which is why the absence of a chapter specifically on Naples is so noticeable. One wonders why the editors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chose Rome over Naples, like Angelica Kauffman when deciding where to set up permanent residence \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(158\), as the cultural centre of the book. Smaller urban centres such as Venice, Bologna and Florence are also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(included in the volume but the place of Naples in the itinerary and culture of the Grand Tour at the end of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the century can not be entirely ignored. Recent efforts have been made to incorporate and integrate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of the south within Italian and European history and play down the city?s exceptionalism in modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 107.012 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 107.012 74.787 m 121.004 74.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 121.004 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( One hopes that further research on Italy?s 18th century will include a full-length study of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Neapolitan scientific prodigy, Maria Angela Ardinghelli, and will replace the literary and often )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 107.0117 75.1015 121.0037 86.9815 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 3579 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intemperate accounts of the poet and journalist, Eleonora Fonseca Pimentel, and the Queen of Naples, Maria )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carolina, to reveal a fuller account of enlightenment culture in Naples which this volume has done so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successfully for the rest of the peninsula. )] TJ ET BT 233.312 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Italy?s Eighteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 362.636 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an impressive model of sisterly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collaboration across continents and, more importantly, a model of the way gender can challenge, transform )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and form historical narratives from within.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 704.547 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 673.930 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cited in M.T.Calaresu, ?Looking for Virgil?s tomb?, J.Elsner and J.P.Rubis \(eds\), )] TJ ET BT 466.316 673.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Voyages and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(visions: Towards a new cultural history of travel )] TJ ET BT 301.364 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London: Reaktion Books, 1999\), pp. 151-55.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 521.024 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 521.024 658.275 m 561.020 658.275 l S BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 644.019 m 78.008 644.019 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 631.162 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For the recent workshops entitled, ?Exoticizing Vesuvius? Formations of Naples c.1500?present?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(held in Cambridge and York in 2009, financed by the AHRC, and the intention to form a Neapolitan )] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(network of scholars across disciplines and chronologies, see: )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.york.ac.uk/depts/histart/naples/index.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 586.995 m 323.348 586.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 326.348 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 340.340 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 340.340 586.995 m 394.328 586.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors intend to respond to this review in due course.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 535.877 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 521.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 507.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXV/512/194.full)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 505.971 m 309.008 505.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 312.008 507.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 502.639 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 484.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 484.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/871)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 483.465 m 322.316 483.465 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 458.488 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.088 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4569)] TJ ET BT 34.016 429.688 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.york.ac.uk/depts/histart/naples/index.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 415.288 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXV/512/194.full)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 521.0237 658.5895 561.0197 670.4695 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 644.3335 78.0077 656.2135 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 587.3095 323.3477 599.1895 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.york.ac.uk/depts/histart/naples/index.html) >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 340.3397 587.3095 394.3277 599.1895 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 506.2855 309.0077 518.1655 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXV/512/194.full) >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 483.7795 322.3157 495.6595 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/871) >> endobj xref 0 38 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000578 00000 n 0000000660 00000 n 0000005045 00000 n 0000005154 00000 n 0000005264 00000 n 0000005373 00000 n 0000008934 00000 n 0000009062 00000 n 0000009146 00000 n 0000009230 00000 n 0000017643 00000 n 0000017673 00000 n 0000017801 00000 n 0000017837 00000 n 0000017921 00000 n 0000026135 00000 n 0000026165 00000 n 0000026291 00000 n 0000026327 00000 n 0000026446 00000 n 0000030078 00000 n 0000030206 00000 n 0000030261 00000 n 0000030387 00000 n 0000030442 00000 n 0000030569 00000 n 0000030674 00000 n 0000030802 00000 n 0000030857 00000 n 0000030984 00000 n 0000031091 00000 n 0000031219 00000 n trailer << /Size 38 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31314 %%EOF