%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 23 0 R 25 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141024055832+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141024055832+01'00') /Title (Catherine the Great) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R 21 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4794 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Catherine the Great)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another biography of Catherine the Great? Simon Dixon locates his new book somewhere between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Russia in the Age of Catherine the Great)] TJ ET BT 229.676 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by Isabel de Madariaga )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 347.972 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 347.972 271.929 m 361.964 271.929 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 361.964 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which he terms ?the most important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(and appropriately weighty\) study of Catherine?s reign in any language,? and John T. Alexander?s )] TJ ET BT 509.912 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Catherine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Great: Life and Legend)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 167.672 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 167.672 243.417 m 181.664 243.417 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 181.664 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ?the first modern scholarly biography, particularly interesting on medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matters and also strong on social history? \(p. 391\). Implying that neither work is truly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehensive??clearly an impossible goal??his own effort seeks ?to recover a sense of place, situating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catherine in the context of the Court society in which she grew up in Germany and lived most of her long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life in Russia? \(p. 2\). In so doing he brings to bear the fruits of a substantial recent historiography devoted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(court life in early modern Europe and Russia viewed as a crucial component of governance in an age of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchical absolutism, with works by T. C. W. Blanning and Richard S. Wortman accorded particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 80.348 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 80.348 143.625 m 94.340 143.625 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 94.340 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( True to his word, Professor Dixon?s book is much less an account of Catherine?s private life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(see Alexander\) or a political history of her reign \(see de Madariaga\) than it is a minutely detailed chronicle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Russian court life of the period 1744 \(Catherine?s arrival in St. Petersburg from her native Germany\) to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1796 \(her death\) as gleaned from its verbal but also, to some extent, its visual remains \(the book includes 23 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary illustrations along with six maps\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As all historians know, recovering context in a way that is at once faithful to the documents and intelligible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(881)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 31 March, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Dixon)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781861977229)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(447pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Profile Books)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Cracraft)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 347.9717 272.2435 361.9637 284.1235 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 167.6717 243.7315 181.6637 255.6115 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 80.3477 143.9395 94.3397 155.8195 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 7608 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to our contemporaries is the essence of our craft. In this central task Dixon largely succeeds, at times )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brilliantly. The kaleidoscope of coronations and royal weddings that he deftly presents, of extravagant court )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entertainments and solemn church rites, of gargantuan meals and gorgeous dress parties, the rapidly shifting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scenes peopled by a wondrous array of dignified grandees and sleazy parvenus, cunning diplomats and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sycophantic scholars, secret lovers and duteous servants, is little short of stunning ? to the point, at times, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surfeit. And at the center of it all sits comely, )] TJ ET BT 253.988 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(zaftig)] TJ ET BT 280.664 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Catherine \(Dixon is ever discreet, indeed politically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correct, in describing her\), now deeply, not to say passionately engaged in the proceedings, now cooly, even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wittily observant \(her own memoirs and letters are Dixon?s most important source\), now adroitly exploiting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a tense situation for her own frequently noble ? or nobly selfish ? ends. The overall impression ? and an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(element of subjective impressionism is unavoidable here ? is one of barely contained bedlam, with all or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of the several hundred people involved ? ?the Court? ? reeling from crisis to crisis, from bedazzlement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to horror, from joyful celebration to ignominious, if well-compensated, defeat. Catherine ruled by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conciliation, persuasion, blandishment, bribery, deception, spectacle, and pure charm; rarely were courtiers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who incurred her disfavour subjected to the threat let alone the application of harsh punishment. She also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(liked to claim, as Dixon duly reports, that hers was an orderly as well as an enlightened court. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?discipline? was instantly the watchword of the day when her son and successor Tsar Paul assumed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throne \(p. 316\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the same time, larger underlying developments ? the fate of serfdom in Russia, the development of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industry, the promotion of trade and public education, the peopling of empty lands ? are conscientiously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(noted and major events of the period ? the Pugachev rebellion, the conquest of Crimea and partitions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Poland, the rise of Prussia or the advent of the French Revolution, the bloody wars and complex diplomacy ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are at least alluded to in the rush to the next item on the Imperial Russian court calendar. Catherine?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislative achievements, of which she was extremely, perhaps inordinately, proud, are recorded with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(measured deference if not always clearly explained, whether in their short-term application or longer term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance. Chapter ten, for example, is entitled ?The Search for Emotional Stability 1776?1784,' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggesting that the assortment of such developments, events, and achievements occurring over these eight )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vital years that the chapter in due course mentions was historically less important than the contemporaneous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flow of Catherine?s love life. Nor is the chapter?s conclusion ? ?For all Catherine?s emotional turbulence, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the direction of her government had remained firm? \(p. 269\) ?entirely reassuring. When all?s said and done, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, one puts down Dixon?s book in grateful realization that he has given us a literate, compassionate, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immensely colourful but plausible representation of an important chunk of the Russo-European past.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Notwithstanding her long and largely successful reign, Catherine suffered a relative dearth of serious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical study until quite recently, as Professor Dixon?s epilogue somewhat inadvertently shows. Sexism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(populism, Marxism, and plain old prurience all played their part in either denying her historical importance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or grossly distorting her record. So did envy. In fact, Dixon concludes his panoptic chronicle by suggesting, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a little unexpectedly, that her ?gentle methods? and ?tolerant and trusting? manner rarely inspired her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successors ?not least because it has served as a subtle form of ammunition for their critics for most of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two centuries since her death? \(p. 335\). Be that as it may, Dixon?s bibliographical essay \(?Further Reading?\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well as numerous chapter notes make it clear that in the last 20 years or so much serious work has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accomplished in both Russian and English \(also German\). This solid literature is frequently cited by Dixon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than engaged: there is little historiographical discussion in his book, little critical evaluation of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources and of the controversies that study of her reign has given rise to among historians?historians rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than royal contemporaries and successors, contemporary friends and foes, contemporary and later publicists, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the commentators Dixon mostly pays heed to, particularly in his epilogue.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The lack of an obvious historiographical dimension in turn raises the question of the book?s intended )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readership. The hundreds of chapter notes \(filling nearly 50 pages\), invocation of an academic totem like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jrgen Habermas \(not in the index but see p. 345 n. 43\), and glancing reference to numerous figures and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events only fellow historians could be expected to recognize, suggest that the latter are his target. And yes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialists in early modern Russian and European history will certainly find material here of considerable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest, thanks to the diligence of Dixon?s research even in quite tangential sources ? e.g. Mozart?s )] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 6017 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collected letters \(pp. 234, 254\) ? and determination to work in all his findings. On the other hand, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abundance of anecdote and sensational detail, the strong preference for narrative over analysis, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pleasantly fluent, often humorous style, the barely repressed delight in drollery, scandal, and the bizarre, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indicate a more general, commercially rewarding audience. Can one write history that is both? That is at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once instructive and entertaining? Academically sound yet readily readable? Serious, but fun? A good deal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of history aspiring to be both has indeed recently appeared, especially, it seems, in Britain, whence its most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successful practitioners have tended to migrate to the United States \(e.g. Simon Schama, Niall Ferguson\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there to occupy prestigious academic chairs while surfacing regularly in the public media and generating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ever more lavishly published books. Such historians are to be distinguished from the ?telly dons? of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(yesteryear, who were dons first, dutifully practicing their craft in quiet seclusion, and occasional television )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(talking heads only second. The Schamusons of today are agented megastars, their work as historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inseparable from their work in the media.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It?s doubtful that Professor Dixon would wish to put himself in that league \(it seems safe to predict he?ll )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stay in London\). His is much closer to the hard monographic work on which all good history, academic or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular, is built. He entirely eschews the massive interpretive claims of the Schamusons and their grand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical verdicts ? characteristics of their work that make it eminently teachable, to be sure. Indeed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dixon?s colleagues might wish that his book spoke more often directly to their professional concerns. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we must not ask for the moon. His book is a richly rewarding depiction, impeccably produced, of the Age of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catherine the Great in all its questionable glory. The notion that history can be at once instructive and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entertaining is here handsomely vindicated.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 478.707 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 448.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Isabel de Madariaga,)] TJ ET BT 164.312 448.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Russia in the Age of Catherine the Great)] TJ ET BT 362.972 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1981\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 444.296 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 444.296 446.691 m 498.284 446.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 433.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John T. Alexander, )] TJ ET BT 158.996 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Catherine the Great: Life and Legend)] TJ ET BT 340.652 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1989\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 419.300 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 419.300 432.435 m 473.288 432.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 419.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(T. C. W. Blanning, )] TJ ET BT 158.684 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Power of Culture and the Culture of Power)] TJ ET BT 388.028 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2002\) and Richard S. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wortman, )] TJ ET BT 115.340 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Scenarios of Power: Myth and Ceremony in Russian Monarchy)] TJ ET BT 419.972 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Princeton, NJ, 1995\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 529.292 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 529.292 403.923 m 556.952 403.923 l S BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 389.667 m 90.344 389.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author thanks Professor Cracraft for his generous review and does not wish to respond further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 338.549 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 324.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nytimes)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 310.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/20/books/review/catherine-the-great-portrait-of-a-woman-by-robert-k-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 308.643 m 537.920 308.643 l S BT 34.016 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(massie-book-review.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 294.387 m 156.332 294.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 159.332 295.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 291.055 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 273.275 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 273.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/881)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 271.881 m 322.316 271.881 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 246.904 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.504 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4608)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/20/books/review/catherine-the-great-portrait-of-a-woman-by-robert-k-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 203.848 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(massie-book-review.html?pagewanted=all&_moc.semityn.www)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 444.2957 447.0055 498.2837 458.8855 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 419.2997 432.7495 473.2877 444.6295 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 529.2917 404.2375 556.9517 416.1175 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 389.9815 90.3437 401.8615 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 308.9575 537.9197 320.8375 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/20/books/review/catherine-the-great-portrait-of-a-woman-by-robert-k-massie-book-review.html?pagewanted=all&_moc.semityn.www) >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 294.7015 156.3317 306.5815 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/20/books/review/catherine-the-great-portrait-of-a-woman-by-robert-k-massie-book-review.html?pagewanted=all&_moc.semityn.www) >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 272.1955 322.3157 284.0755 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/881) >> endobj xref 0 41 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000515 00000 n 0000000618 00000 n 0000005464 00000 n 0000005573 00000 n 0000005683 00000 n 0000005792 00000 n 0000009353 00000 n 0000009481 00000 n 0000009565 00000 n 0000009594 00000 n 0000009722 00000 n 0000009758 00000 n 0000009787 00000 n 0000009915 00000 n 0000009951 00000 n 0000009980 00000 n 0000010106 00000 n 0000010142 00000 n 0000010207 00000 n 0000017868 00000 n 0000017994 00000 n 0000024064 00000 n 0000024192 00000 n 0000024247 00000 n 0000024375 00000 n 0000024430 00000 n 0000024558 00000 n 0000024613 00000 n 0000024739 00000 n 0000024794 00000 n 0000024921 00000 n 0000025127 00000 n 0000025254 00000 n 0000025460 00000 n 0000025588 00000 n trailer << /Size 41 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25683 %%EOF