%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 36 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140902113212+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140902113212+01'00') /Title (Spain, Europe and the Wider World 1500-1800) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4246 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Spain, Europe and the Wider World 1500-1800)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor Sir John Elliott is surely the most distinguished Anglophone historian of early modern Spain and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its empire; and his mastery of that topic has enabled him to make an equally distinguished contribution to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our understanding of Europe as a whole between the 15th and 18th centuries. In this collection of some of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his most recent articles, essays and lectures, Elliott continues to demonstrate the remarkable qualities which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have underpinned that reputation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Part 1: Europe? opens with Elliott?s important and widely cited )] TJ ET BT 347.324 204.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Past and Present)] TJ ET BT 429.320 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( article, first published in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1992, on ?A Europe of Composite Monarchies?, in which he explores more sympathetically than has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditionally been the case this distinctive early modern political structure, its strengths and weaknesses. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Learning from the Enemy: Early Modern Britain and Spain?, an otherwise less easily-found Dacre Lecture, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given in Oxford in 2007 in honour of Hugh Trevor-Roper, one-time mentor of the author, Elliott explores )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what he identifies as a rather obscure side to the relationship between England and Spain in the later 16th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and early 17th centuries: alongside the very negative reaction of the former to the latter, encapsulated in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so-called ?Black Legend? of Catholic cruelty, there was an understandable readiness to admire and imitate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some aspects of a dominant Spanish culture and practice, until a reversal of attitude occurred in face of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish decline in the later 17th century. For their part, Spaniards were less inclined to look to England for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(solutions to Spain?s problems, at least before the 18th century, and not always then. Nevertheless, his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(891)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 April, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Huxtable Elliott)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780300145373)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(322pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Storrs)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7995 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploration enables Elliott to draw some broader conclusions about a subject which greatly interested the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(honorand of the lecture ? ?why societies become dynamic at certain moments in their history?, for example )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe between 1500 and 1800 ? and to suggest that the explanation included a readiness \(here, on the part )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the competing states of early modern Europe\) to contemplate the achievements of others. In ?The General )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Crisis in Retrospect: A Debate Without End? \(2005\), Elliott provides an invaluable history of, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commentary on that debate, reiterating his view that it was the state which was revolutionary and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upheavals conservative; he also takes the opportunity to repeat a contention familiar to readers of his work, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the importance of the broad canvas and of comparison of one state and society with another, to tease out the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crucial features of a historical situation. One further observation by Elliott in this essay is elaborated in that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which follows. In ?A Non-Revolutionary Society: Castile in the 1640s? \(1990\), Elliott explores the paradox )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Castile exhibited all the ?preconditions? of revolution in that disturbed decade, but did not in fact revolt. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this way, Elliott throws into relief the subject of loyalty in the past, a theme which historians have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguably neglected for its opposite, disloyalty, rebellion, treachery. In the final essay in this section, ?Europe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after the Peace of Westphalia? \(1999\), Elliott reflects upon the view that the Peace of Westphalia was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turning point in European history, suggesting that if that was the case, this was not so much the consequence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the peace itself as of the long conflict which that settlement ended.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In ?Part II: A Wider World?, Elliott considers Europe?s overseas expansion, with particular emphasis ? not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprisingly ? on that of Spain. In ?The Seizure of Overseas Territories by the European Powers? \(1990\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which has appeared in two previous collections, Elliott considers the two different inspirations to overseas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploration and empire, the desire for trade and that for conquest, and seeks to answer the question just why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European expansion took the form of seizure and settlement of the territories of others. In his Creighton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lecture \(1991\), ?Illusion and Disillusionment: Spain and the Indies?, Elliott ruminates on a subject ? the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impact of Spain?s empire on Spain itself ? which is certainly not new, as he notes, but into which he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manages to breathe some new life, connecting it with his over-riding interest in the Olivares project. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another public performance, the Stenton Lecture \(1994\), entitled ?Britain and Spain in America: Colonists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Colonised?, Elliott compares ? or rather contrasts ? the patterns of empire of British and Spaniards in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Americas, and above all their treatment of the native populations to the advantage of the Spaniards, thus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implicitly undermining the so-called ?Black Legend?. In seeking to explain it he suggests that the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach rested on a want of confidence in the superiority of their own religion and culture which Ireland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(somehow played a part in. In the more recent ?King and Patria in the Hispanic World? \(2004\), Elliott is in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part seeking to locate the Spanish Indies within the composite monarchy, identifying the development of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idea of )] TJ ET BT 70.004 342.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(patria)] TJ ET BT 99.344 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( there and its reaction against a radical Bourbon metropole after 1808. The reaction of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial creole elites to centralising reform in the 18th century reappears in ?The Same World, Different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Worlds? \(2005\), in which Elliott revisits an aspect of the encounter of Old and New Worlds from 1492 ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how Spaniards reacted to the difference ? which he first addressed in )] TJ ET BT 367.256 299.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Old World and the New)] TJ ET BT 502.256 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 505.256 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 505.256 298.371 m 519.248 298.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 519.248 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reaction, the collapse of imperial Spain in the Americas, and the contrasting histories of the two regions after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independence, is also the subject of the final essay in this section, ?Starting Afresh? The Eclipse of Empire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in British and Spanish America? \(2007\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Part III: The World of Art? is the briefest in Elliott?s thematic triptych, and in it he turns his attention to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(artistic environment of early modern Europe, which he has long sought to incorporate into his studies of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics of that era. In ?El Greco?s Mediterranean: The Encounter of Civilisations? \(2003\), Elliott sees the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cretan artist?s move to Toledo after failing to secure the royal patronage of Philip II as paradoxically the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(means to resolve the problem of the meeting of different artistic traditions, the Greek and the Latin. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(following essay, Elliott considers ?Court Society in Seventeenth-Century Europe: Madrid, Brussels, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London? \(1999\), arguing that whereas the Spanish Court represented a gilded cage, one in which Rubens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self-confessedly could not produce, that same environment could allow others - above all Velazquez ? to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce great works. This point recurs in the final essay in this section, in which Velazquez moves centre )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stage. In ?Appearance and Reality in the Spain of Velazquez? \(2006\), Elliott traces the career of the artist in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the context of the Spain of Philip III and Philip IV, and the opportunities offered by the Court.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Not entirely surprisingly, the present collection remains largely Hispanic in focus, but it does also reflect )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 505.2557 298.6855 519.2477 310.5655 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R 31 0 R 34 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8606 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important shifts in the focus of Elliott?s recent research. The most obvious difference, perhaps, is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geographical. Elliott?s work on Habsburg, Imperial Spain has always included ? it could not do otherwise ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Americas, or Indies. Nevertheless, his favoured area was European Spain, the Iberian peninsula. But in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent years Elliott has paid much greater attention to Spanish America, culminating of course in his massive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent comparative study of the British and Spanish imperial experiments in the Americas, )] TJ ET BT 471.956 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empires of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Atlantic World)] TJ ET BT 105.020 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 108.020 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 108.020 723.795 m 122.012 723.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Accompanying this development in Elliott?s work is another. Hitherto, Elliott has largely confined himself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Habsburg Spain \(which ended with the death of Carlos II in 1700\) and its immediate aftermath. Thus, his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imperial Spain)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 105.680 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 105.680 669.027 m 119.672 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 119.672 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( concluded in 1716, with the termination by the new Bourbon king of the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship between Castile and Aragon which had characterised Habsburg Spain. However, the present )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection now extends his range into ? and beyond ? the 18th century, going down to the end of empire in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first decades of the 19th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Associated with this latter shift is a third, rather buried away but of enormous significance. In his earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Revolt of the Catalans)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 165.020 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 165.020 585.747 m 179.012 585.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 179.012 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and in )] TJ ET BT 217.676 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imperial Spain)] TJ ET BT 289.340 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Elliott emphasised the centre-periphery divide. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now Elliott is less sure. Buried in his essay on ?King and Patria in the Hispanic World? \(p. 178\) is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarkable observation that ?it is important not to overemphasise the dichotomy between centre and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periphery as a critical fault-line in the structure of the Spanish Monarchy?. \(adding in a footnote, ?as I did ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in my Imperial Spain?? \). Indeed! Clearly, Elliott?s is a mind still on the move, rather than one locked into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(older ways of seeing and understanding his subject.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In his introduction Elliott repeats the explanation, given in the earlier collection of his essays, also published )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Yale UP, )] TJ ET BT 96.008 475.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Spain and its World, 1500-1700)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 249.680 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 249.680 473.955 m 263.672 473.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 263.672 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, of how he became interested in Spanish history while on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tour of Spain when a student at Cambridge in 1950. Looking back, Elliott sees that he was in a very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(favourable position, given the weak state of Spanish history ? i.e. Spanish historical research and writing ? at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that time, still feeling the impact of the Civil War and Franco?s victory. Elliott does not go into the subject ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one which in fact merits more attention than it has in fact attracted ? but Spain?s \(academic\) historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community was badly hit by the Civil War and its aftermath. Individuals suffered in various ways, while pre-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war structures often disappeared to be replaced by new institutions, including for example the journal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hispania)] TJ ET BT 78.020 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1940-\), and a new agenda in historical research and writing. It is not entirely surprising, then, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so much could be achieved by foreign historians in the following half century. Elliott undoubtedly heads the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(list of the ?Anglo-Saxons? who carved out a name for themselves as researchers and interpreters of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of early modern Spain, but there were many more: Koenigsberger, Parker, Thompson, Stradling, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Israel, Kamen, Jago, Kagan, Casey, Lynch, Phillips, Nader, to name just a few. Some of these were pupils of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elliott, who has continued to supervise doctoral research in the field. But, says Elliott, the period in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such a distinctive contribution was made by the foreigners is drawing to a close if it has not ended already, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because Spanish historical writing has made enormous advances in recent decades, for a variety of reasons. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elliott may be a little indulgent here, because some Spanish research remains narrow, even parochial, unable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? even unwilling in the case of some histories of the autonomous regions beyond Castile ? to locate itself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the bigger picture \(one of the defining strengths of the foreign historians of Spain\); some approaches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remain wedded to rather dogmatic Marxist-style interpretations and labels. Nevertheless, Elliott is surely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right in his broad perception: for all these lingering weaknesses, Spanish historical writing is much healthier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than 50 years ago and far less dependent upon the insights of foreigners than it was.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 435.944 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 435.944 188.835 m 449.936 188.835 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many of the essays exemplify Elliott?s favoured comparative method, an approach which he justifies in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction to the volume, which is among its most rewarding reads, not least because in it Elliott reflects ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(admittedly briefly - on various topics, themes, and historical methods. Among the subjects treated is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transformation of Spanish historical work, Elliott recalling Trevor-Roper?s comments on the possibilities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offered by Spanish history, c.1950, an opportunity Elliott himself has certainly seized \(see above\). Elliott )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also engages with the supposed exceptionalism of Spain, a subject which leads him onto national history and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the conflicting temptations to exaggerate on the one hand differences and on the other hand similarities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between states, societies and situations in the past. This paves the way for further rumination on Elliott?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part on the state of historical research and writing more generally. Elliott expresses some concern at what he )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 108.0197 724.1095 122.0117 735.9895 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 105.6797 669.3415 119.6717 681.2215 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 165.0197 586.0615 179.0117 597.9415 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 249.6797 474.2695 263.6717 486.1495 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 435.9437 189.1495 449.9357 201.0295 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R ] /Contents 37 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Length 7776 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sees as the excessive specialisation and concentration on minute detail associated with the recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proliferation of research; at the other extreme, he is concerned at the broad ? too broad ? ?macro-historical? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of more recent origin, studies so wide-ranging that they lack definition. Elliott sees his collection as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some sort of answer to the problem posed by these two very different ? but equally risky ? approaches. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Suggesting that the theme of the collection is an aspiration to ?connect and compare?, Elliott expresses the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hope that with the essays reprinted here he has achieved some sort of equilibrium between the two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approaches, ?addressing problems ? of general interest and importance, while anchoring them in specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical contexts shaped by time and place?. Adopting a metaphor attributed to the French historian, Le )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roy Ladurie, Elliott would like to think that his collection ?is the work of a parachutist with a few truffles in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his bag?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In fact, there are more than just a few truffles here, scattered through the introduction and the various essays. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many of them, as has already been noted, relate to how historians go about their business. Thus, we read on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p. 132 that ?if we refuse to postulate any direct causal connection on the grounds of the lack of firm )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documentary proof, we may well be guilty of a failure of the imagination, which itself leads to historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distortion no less serious ??. Insights ? challenges? ? of this type are surely just one of the many reasons why )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elliott?s work will continue to be read. Certainly, knowledge and understanding of one or two of the topics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which are the subject of essays in this book has moved on: witness Juan Gelabert?s study )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 465.296 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 465.296 554.979 m 479.288 554.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 479.288 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of )] TJ ET BT 495.284 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Castilla )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(convulsa 1631?52)] TJ ET BT 121.676 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, evidence which supports Elliott?s contention \(above\) that Spanish historians have picked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up the Anglo-Saxon baton. But, in conclusion, and as was only to be expected, this is an immensely readable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection from a historian who is not only capable of adopting a broad perspective, addressing big questions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and rooting them firmly in space and time, but is also an excellent essayist. It is usual on these occasions to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welcome the publication of essays, lectures and so on which might otherwise be hard to find, but for all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these reasons this collection is doubly welcome.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.939 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 405.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. H. Elliott, )] TJ ET BT 125.360 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Old World and the New, 1492?1650)] TJ ET BT 320.360 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1970\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 417.680 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 417.680 403.923 m 471.668 403.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 391.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. H. Elliott, )] TJ ET BT 125.360 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, 1492?1830)] TJ ET BT 477.692 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New Haven, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(CT, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 116.348 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 116.348 375.411 m 170.336 375.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 362.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. H. Elliott, )] TJ ET BT 125.360 362.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imperial Spain, 1469-1716)] TJ ET BT 255.020 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1963\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 336.344 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 336.344 361.155 m 390.332 361.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 348.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. H. Elliott, )] TJ ET BT 125.360 348.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Revolt of the Catalans: a Study in the Decline of Spain, 1598?1640)] TJ ET BT 469.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1963\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 332.643 m 149.000 332.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 319.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. H. Elliott, )] TJ ET BT 125.360 319.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Spain)] TJ ET BT 152.696 319.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( and its World, 1500-1700)] TJ ET BT 279.032 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New Haven, CT, 1989\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 401.336 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 401.336 318.387 m 455.324 318.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 305.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For the impact of French historians and historical approaches, see the recently published )] TJ ET BT 491.276 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La historia )] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(moderna de Espana y el hispanismo frances)] TJ ET BT 275.996 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. F. Garcia Gonzalez \(Madrid, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 471.608 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 471.608 289.875 m 525.596 289.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 277.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Juan Gelabert, )] TJ ET BT 136.328 277.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Castilla convulsa, 1631?52)] TJ ET BT 268.004 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Madrid, 2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 347.324 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 347.324 275.619 m 401.312 275.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept the review and does not wish to comment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 224.501 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 205.519 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 187.739 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 187.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/891)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 186.345 m 322.316 186.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 161.368 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 146.968 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4652)] TJ ET BT 34.016 132.568 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 38 0 obj [36 0 R /Fit] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 465.2957 555.2935 479.2877 567.1735 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 417.6797 404.2375 471.6677 416.1175 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 116.3477 375.7255 170.3357 387.6055 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 336.3437 361.4695 390.3317 373.3495 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 332.9575 148.9997 344.8375 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 401.3357 318.7015 455.3237 330.5815 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 30 0 R >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 52 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 471.6077 290.1895 525.5957 302.0695 ] >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 33 0 R >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 54 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 347.3237 275.9335 401.3117 287.8135 ] >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 38 0 R >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 186.6595 322.3157 198.5395 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/891) >> endobj xref 0 57 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000546 00000 n 0000000628 00000 n 0000004926 00000 n 0000005035 00000 n 0000005145 00000 n 0000005254 00000 n 0000008815 00000 n 0000008943 00000 n 0000009027 00000 n 0000009111 00000 n 0000017159 00000 n 0000017189 00000 n 0000017317 00000 n 0000017353 00000 n 0000017465 00000 n 0000026124 00000 n 0000026154 00000 n 0000026282 00000 n 0000026318 00000 n 0000026348 00000 n 0000026476 00000 n 0000026512 00000 n 0000026542 00000 n 0000026670 00000 n 0000026706 00000 n 0000026736 00000 n 0000026864 00000 n 0000026900 00000 n 0000026930 00000 n 0000027058 00000 n 0000027094 00000 n 0000027234 00000 n 0000035063 00000 n 0000035093 00000 n 0000035221 00000 n 0000035257 00000 n 0000035385 00000 n 0000035440 00000 n 0000035568 00000 n 0000035623 00000 n 0000035751 00000 n 0000035806 00000 n 0000035933 00000 n 0000035988 00000 n 0000036116 00000 n 0000036171 00000 n 0000036299 00000 n 0000036354 00000 n 0000036482 00000 n 0000036537 00000 n 0000036665 00000 n trailer << /Size 57 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 36760 %%EOF