%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140827041400+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140827041400+01'00') /Title (Stages of Capital: Law, Culture, and Market Governance in Late Colonial India) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4139 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Stages of Capital: Law, Culture, and Market Governance in Late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Colonial India)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historical and anthropological encounters between culture and capital are conventionally staged in India, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elsewhere in Asia and parts of Europe such as Italy, as encounters between relationships and practices )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defined as cultural, and some set of definitional meanings, logics, institutions, and practices associated with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capitalism and the market. Though few serious scholars now view ?culture? as ever fully formed, fixed, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unchanging, the modular stability of the relationships that are understood to constitute culture, and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(habitations, meanings, deployments, and boundaries, have largely remained unshaken. This stability mirrors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in turn the stability of the ?economy? as a domain of reason and calculation whose constitution and structure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obey capital?s compelling logic. In recent years the economy?s seeming given-ness has been challenged in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different ways by anthropologists, critical philosophers, and postcolonial theorists, all however emphasising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what Susan Buck-Morss enunciates as its logical significance as a ?fundament of collective life? attendant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the constitution of the market as the ?null point of the social community?. )] TJ ET BT 406.328 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stages of Capital )] TJ ET BT 492.008 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(astutely picks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its way through ?culture? and ?community? to map their mobile redoubts, expressions, relationships, power )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arrangements and boundaries in relation to the correlative constitution of the market as an object of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regulation and governance, and to trace the mutual yet incomplete ?disembedding?, as it were, of ?market? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ?culture?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(892)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 April, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ritu Birla)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780822342687)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(360pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duke University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Durham, NC)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(G Balachandran)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7492 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The raft of fiscal and business legislation passed in colonial India between c.1870 and 1920 provides the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical archive for this work. Pertaining to taxation, succession, commercial and securities transactions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?company affairs?, and charities and charitable donations, these laws represented an assertion of colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sovereignty and its will for dominance over indigenous political and social geographies of exchange )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterized by more plural and layered sovereignty arrangements. Ideological and cultural sites for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?staging capital as modernity?, the new laws also aimed to produce the ?economic agent? as a subject of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial governance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Embedded in kinship-based forms of commerce and enterprise, this likely agent ranged across spaces the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new laws sought to carve up and constitute as public, viz. the market which was framed as a legitimate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(object of sovereign regulation to assure the free circulation of capital, and private, viewed as capital?s dark )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hole and the refuge where ?culture? found expression. Producing the economic agent, standardizing market )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(norms and practices, and resolving fluid and informal liability obligations into contractually enforceable lien )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(therefore involved negotiating and stabilizing the boundaries of family and kinship, of family firms and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(private partnerships implicated in various degrees of co-parcenary relationships, and of corporate ownership, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(management \(especially after the emergence of managing agencies\), and liability.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus the new laws sought to regulate the sway of mercantile and social groups over commercial enterprises )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well as charitable and philanthropic ventures run for public benefit. Laws to establish modern fiduciary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(norms delegitimized vernacular capitalist practices as grounded in closed networks of kinship and clan. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general colonial legislative attempts to transplant ?universal? models for market practices disrupted or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconfigured the extensive negotiability between material and symbolic capital, and market and corporate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forms of exchange, characteristic of vernacular capitalism. The new laws constrained the ability of kinship-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(based commercial networks to function as fluid and flexibly linked entities realizing, circulating, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(managing capital, and promoted their entrenchment as a ?rarefied cultural formation? vertically in ?joint )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(families? that became objects of regulation through personal law, itself premised on the assumption of joint )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(families being ?ancient cultural institutions? that trapped capital in complicated rules of succession.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stages of Capital )] TJ ET BT 119.696 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offers a nuanced account of the sources and constitution of market norms and ethics, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their elisions, ambiguities, and compromises in colonial India. An important emphasis here is on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reordering of mercantile conventions and practices through the )] TJ ET BT 338.612 363.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(operations)] TJ ET BT 389.948 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of colonial law, and contestations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and debates they provoked largely among Marwari commercial groups in Calcutta. Clearly, as the chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dealing with the working of joint-stock legislation and debates over the application of gambling laws to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wagering demonstrate, notions of legitimacy and legality were imbued with politics. Between il/legitimacy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and il/legality also fell the shadow of colonial prejudice. The framework for fiscal and mercantile laws in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late-19th century India drew on templates ported from Britain to fashion circuits for the free circulation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reproduction of capital. However, the monograph also suggests a genealogy that renders the laws and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operations endogenous to negotiations about indigenous institutions, practices, and conventions. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instanced by the ban on informal options and futures trades on the basis of allegations that they were opaque )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and vulnerable to rigging, laws and regulations were also shaped by opportunistic interventions by British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(businesses in India confronted with indigenous market practices. The moral anxieties of a native middle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class and colonial concerns also helped delegitimize indigenous betting trades, such as on rains or opium )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prices as a form of gambling, and banished them from the public realm of the market to a private realm.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indigenous actors challenged the standardizing claims of colonial law and its attempts to delegitimize their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mercantile practices by coding and regulating them as ?culture?. Yet they also translated indigenous idioms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and practices into the language and categories of law, and learnt to manipulate the cultural categories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regulating them. Confronting capital and colonial power with community and convention and translating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(values, norms, and practices continually between them, these and similar negotiations mutually reshaped and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aligned expressions and ?idioms of gemeinshaft? and the prevailing ?politics of gesellshaft?. Staged on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scale of the nation they served as a platform for Marwari groups to generalize their practices as ?native )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commerce?, represent themselves as ?native commercial classes?, and demand to speak for their interests in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the market, these claims and performances hinging in turn on secluding and fortifying the joint family as the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7500 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(habitation of an orthodox and patriarchal ?Hindu? culture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The three chapters of the first part of the monograph explore the constitution of Marwari commercial groups )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and actors as economic subjects. The first chapter studies three pieces of legislation dating to the 1880s, viz. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Negotiable Instruments Act, the Companies Act, and the Income Tax Act, to uncover the construction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a public market in opposition to the ?kinship-based? exchange relationships of vernacular capitalism. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Interestingly, while the latter two pieces of legislation promoted the constitution of the Hindu Undivided )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Family \(HUF\) as an economic entity fenced in as a cultural institution, debates over the negotiable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instruments act mobilized both tropes of difference and similarity to justify subordinating local usages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conditionally to practices and conventions familiar to British businesses in India. The residual sovereignty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the negotiable instruments act claimed over indigenous securities transactions subject to contested )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jurisdiction under customary laws grew expansive as courts, decreeing the latter, unlike other indigenous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conventions and institutions, to be ?progressive and flexible?, increasingly interpreted newer customs and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usages as superseding those deemed more ancient! The second chapter explores the evolution of judicial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precedents shaping the law on mortmain and property conferred or held in perpetuity. As well as limiting the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuity of ancestral property, new laws and jurisprudence recoded most aspects of customary gifting as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious, and suppressed fluid negotiations between charitable and profitable gifting \(and material and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbolic capital\) by enforcing distinctions between public religious and charitable trusts on the one hand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and private religious and family trusts on the other. The idea of a civic public evinced and reinforced the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expression of colonial sovereignty as market governance and the contractual regulation of fiduciary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships. With customary mercantile gifting and local sovereignty practices associated with them )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(delegitimized \(chapter three\), the private family trust emerged as a vehicle for welfare gifting and cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entrepreneurship.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The two chapters of the second part focus more directly on the negotiated nature of economic subject-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(making. Chapter four describes the mobilization of civil and criminal law to delegitimize indigenous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speculative activities \(including trading in cotton, jute, and opium futures\), and suppress leisure pastimes of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marwari origin \(such as ?rain gambling?\). For a colonial government purporting to constitute modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic subjects and establish written contracts as the sole basis for ethical market practice, both practices )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emblematized the opacity of vernacular capitalism and its appetite for seemingly unregulated risk. Informal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial conventions came under renewed suspicion from shortly before the First World War as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indigenous futures or )] TJ ET BT 139.004 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(fatka)] TJ ET BT 163.004 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( markets operated by Marwari traders began to dominate trade in jute and jute )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(products and threaten the profits of British-owned jute mills. Confronted with a strong campaign against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(fatka)] TJ ET BT 58.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and police harassment of cotton and jute traders on suspicions of gambling, Marwari business )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associations campaigned to distinguish legitimate speculative trades, which they argued resembled modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(market practices found in commodity exchanges around the world, from gambling, and proposed laws to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regulate them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For Marwari businessmen in Calcutta, greater investment in new forms of philanthropic enterprise and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(configuring and claiming to represent a wider ?public? became a means to gain greater social respectability, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contest the de-legitimization of indigenous commerce, and restore its public reputation. Reinventing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family firm as the HUF and privatizing it as an arena of cultural autonomy complemented and completed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this contextual mode of negotiation. Chapter five revisits discussions about the status of the HUF in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context of proposals to legislate on partnership firms to subject them to the law of contract, and to treat joint )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(families as corporate entities for income-tax purposes. Bridging histories of capitalism and social reform, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recounts reformers? efforts to mobilize notions of ?Hindu asceticism? to recode Marwari community ethics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the idioms of social progress, and debates within the community over laws to raise the age of consent and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sanction marriage as a civil contract. Marwari reformers campaigning to cleanse community practices of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taints of stagnation and backwardness were supportive of proposals to raise the age of consent. Viewing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(joint family more exclusively as a basis for cultural autonomy rather than also as a source of a new public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethics, their orthodox opponents insisted on coding kinship and marriage rules as bastions of tradition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond the purview of civil legislation. However social reform and cultural preservation were not exclusive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strategies. For both progressives and their orthodox opponents, the joint family remained an unchallenged )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 4154 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(basis of social and economic organization, a fastness for shielding the family firm and the fluid kinship-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(based forms of commerce it represented, to be defended against the intrusion of contractual marriage laws )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the threats they might portend for the co-parcenary property relations \(i.e. the so-called )] TJ ET BT 475.244 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sapindaship)] TJ ET BT 533.252 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the joint family under Hindu law.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stages of Capital)] TJ ET BT 116.696 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a historical study of law and legal arrangements, even much of it new and uncharted, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and an illuminating account of colonial economic governance. With its imagination and success in drawing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on critical, post-colonial, and feminist theories to read a wide range of historical materials, including )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(privately-held papers of Marwari family businesses, it is also an important contribution to our understanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the cultural politics of capitalism and political economy in colonial India.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, reading this monograph merely as a history of a specific colonial modernity staged by capital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would be to disregard the invitation to read it as a script about ?staging capital as modernity?. )] TJ ET BT 485.960 629.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stages of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Capital )] TJ ET BT 73.028 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brings to life the performance of modernity in the production of the market as a site for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sovereignty of capital. Though they did not enlist for the project with any great enthusiasm, vernacular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capitalist groups in colonial India submitted to the hegemonic sovereignty of the market as complicit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects. The idea of ?staging capital as modernity? however suggests a rich possibility of other stages and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scripts of modernity, and other protagonists rehearsing in the wings. This is a rare and refreshing recognition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in historical scholarship. Readers will not fail to note, however, that though it enmeshes them in an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engrossing plot, sketches their characters with complex and unaccustomed nuance, dresses them in hybrid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(costumes, and lights up its darkened corners, this script only brings on stage the conventional protagonists of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capitalist modernity in colonial India. The absence of other protagonists or hints about other possible scripts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps emblematizes the challenge facing critical and postcolonial historians confronted, much like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vernacular capitalist subjects, with capital?s power, now over the historical archive.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 427.855 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 410.075 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 410.075 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/892)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 408.681 m 322.316 408.681 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 383.704 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 369.304 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4656)] TJ ET BT 34.016 354.904 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 408.9955 322.3157 420.8755 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/892) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000580 00000 n 0000000662 00000 n 0000004853 00000 n 0000004962 00000 n 0000005072 00000 n 0000005181 00000 n 0000008742 00000 n 0000008870 00000 n 0000008954 00000 n 0000009019 00000 n 0000016564 00000 n 0000016629 00000 n 0000024182 00000 n 0000024266 00000 n 0000028473 00000 n 0000028601 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 28696 %%EOF