%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 18 0 R 26 0 R 42 0 R 54 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140819013941+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140819013941+01'00') /Title (The Old Bailey Proceedings Online) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3701 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Old Bailey Proceedings Online)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Proceedings of the Old Bailey)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 314.871 m 199.664 314.871 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 202.664 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 216.656 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( have only been available to historians online since 2003 but, speaking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as someone who probably visits the site two or three times a week, I am bound to wonder at how we all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(managed before then. When I commenced my doctoral research in 2000 I consulted the pages of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proceedings while hunched over an old microfilm reader in a far corner of my university library as I trawled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through pages and pages of text in the hopes of finding criminal cases that linked to my own work. It was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like looking for the proverbial needle in a haystack. Now I need only fill out a search sheet, click a button )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in seconds I am presented with information that would have taken me hours if not days to discover )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previously. Naturally, no resource is without its problems and within the )] TJ ET BT 384.992 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Old Bailey Online)] TJ ET BT 472.316 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET BT 479.312 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBO)] TJ ET BT 503.972 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) there are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(things that can frustrate the user from time to time but overall this is a tremendous achievement and a boon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for social historians everywhere.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For those unfamiliar with the resource the website offers an excellent description of what it contains:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(897)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 May, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clive Emsley)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tim Hitchcock)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert B. Shoemaker)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(HRI Online Publications)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/index.jsp)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sheffield)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Drew D. 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It allows access to over 197,000 trials and biographical )] TJ ET BT 64.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(details of approximately 2,500 men and women executed at Tyburn, free of charge for non-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial use.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 689.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The site allows the user to browse editions of the proceedings by session, search for particular offences or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 674.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individuals, or create graphs and tables for statistical analysis. Contemporary maps have been added which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 660.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allow one to look up the scene of crimes or defendant?s homes and consider the reported trials at Old Bailey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 646.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a geographical context. If we take just one random example, the case of James Drummond indicted for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 632.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highway robbery in 1729, we can see how the site works.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 605.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Drummond robbed Jacob Wakeling while he was on the road to Bow in London. Wakeling was assaulted by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two men who took money and his watch and threatened his life. Wakeling then found a watchman and set )] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(off in pursuit. He captured Drummond but the other robber escaped on a horse. The trial gives us a little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detail about the assault, the efforts to catch the criminal and the decision of the jury to find Drummond guilty.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 547.491 m 48.008 547.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( He was sentenced to death and the Ordinary of Newgate?s \(the prison?s chaplain\) account of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prisoners set for execution at the Tyburn gallows describes Drummond as 40-year-old ex-sailor from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stepney who had lived an otherwise blameless life. He was penitent in the gaol and ?died in Peace with all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the World?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 90.668 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 90.668 504.723 m 104.660 504.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 104.660 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( A statistical search reveals that Drummond?s trial was one of 26 for highway robbery that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were published in the )] TJ ET BT 140.000 491.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Old Bailey Sessions Papers )] TJ ET BT 275.324 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\()] TJ ET BT 279.320 491.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBSP)] TJ ET BT 308.648 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) in 1729, 23 of men and three of women. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statistical search allows the user to then link directly to these cases.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The resource is very easy to use. The search pages do require a bit of thought to retrieve statistical data but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the site offers a useful guide to conducting searches under each heading \(keyword, surname, offence, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(punishment etc.\) and one is able to search in a number of ways. Statistical searches can be displayed as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simple table, or as bar or pie charts. The ?Associated records? section of the site also allows one to cross )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reference trials with archival sources held elsewhere. Thus for example, we can see that in addition to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ordinary?s account of James Drummond?s confinement and death there is a record of his appearance in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?The lives of the most remarkable criminals?, a copy of which is held in the British Library. For other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offenders I have been directed to sources in the London Metropolitan Archives and the National Archive at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kew. This is another time saving device that this resource offers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The trials themselves are fascinating documents of social history, of use to a wide range of people ? not all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of them academics and certainly not all of them historians of crime. The proceedings contain a wealth of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social and cultural history. If one is interested in the fashions and consumer behaviour of the 18th and 19th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centuries then the lists of goods stolen and from where is invaluable. I have recently used the site to explore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the nature of burglary in the second half of the 19th century to try and see how householders and servants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(described these invasions of their homes. This allowed me to look at the ways that burglars entered property )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and at who discovered the break-ins, providing an interesting glimpse into the nature of servant/master )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships in the period. Others have been using the )] TJ ET BT 297.980 211.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBO)] TJ ET BT 322.640 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to look at gender or to search for ethnic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minorities in the records of trials. All this is made much easier by the digitisation of the proceedings and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(carefully constructed database.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The authors of the project, Professors Tim Hitchcock \(from the University of Hertfordshire\), Robert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shoemaker \(from the University of Sheffield\) and Clive Emsley \(from the Open University\), along with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their team of researchers, have also published historical essays and bibliographies on a range of topics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directly related to the material in the resource. Thus we have mini-articles on crime and punishment, gender, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Old Bailey courthouse and London itself. These are properly referenced and written to the highest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic standards. As a result I am able to direct students of all ages to these essays with the confidence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that they might find something more useful to read on the web than poorly referenced cut and pastes from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wikipedia. Hitchcock and Shoemaker have also produced a volume of cases from the Old Bailey which has )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 547.8055 48.0077 559.6855 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 90.6677 505.0375 104.6597 516.9175 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 9269 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been well received and offers students and the general reader another useful overview of the nature of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Old Bailey court and the sorts of crimes and offenders that came before it.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 389.936 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 389.936 780.819 m 403.928 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 55.676 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBO)] TJ ET BT 80.336 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has been an ongoing project initially funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Board \(AHRB\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Arts and Humanities Research Council \(AHRC\), and the New Opportunities fund. It has recently begun )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to carry advertisements to help it continue to exist as a free resource for users and these, so far, have not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detracted from the content. Many other useful digitised resources \(such as the )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 409.604 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Burney Collection of English )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 409.604 711.969 m 552.272 711.969 l S BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Newspapers)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 697.713 m 92.684 697.713 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 95.684 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 111.020 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 117.020 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eighteenth-Century Collections Online \(ECCO\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 117.020 697.713 m 348.008 697.713 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 351.008 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 366.344 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or the )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 400.004 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Times Digital Archive)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 400.004 697.713 m 506.000 697.713 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 509.000 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET BT 524.336 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(high subscription charges that are sometimes beyond the budgets of smaller university libraries let alone the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pockets of individual researchers or members of the public. The fact that the )] TJ ET BT 403.268 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBO)] TJ ET BT 427.928 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a free to all resource )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes it extremely valuable. In giving talks to local history societies on the nature of crime and punishment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I find that local historians and genealogists are also using the site for their own research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus the )] TJ ET BT 78.680 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBO)] TJ ET BT 103.340 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( offers added value to a wide range of users. It has recently added a User Wiki which ?allows )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(users to contribute information on people mentioned in the )] TJ ET BT 318.992 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Proceedings)] TJ ET BT 378.980 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, historical background, related )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(source materials, and corrections? and has information for schools and reading lists. This means the site can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continually be updated \(as it has been since its creation in 2003\) as new resources and information becomes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available. There are quizzes and source material for both schoolteachers and university lecturers to use. Here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are easy to use sections on ?canting? language \(underworld slang\), referencing, cultural diversity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes towards topics such as prostitution. I have been using the )] TJ ET BT 354.656 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBO)] TJ ET BT 379.316 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( site in undergraduate teaching for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the past five years and now get students to recreate trials from the proceedings and discuss the themes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues that relate to the history of crime across the 18th and 19th centuries. The students find it easy to use, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rich in detail and fascinating. They enjoy the fact that the trial records have been carefully transcribed \(while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the original scans are provided for those that like to see the ?real thing?, or to check on the occasional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misreading the transcription team have made\) and so they do not have to try and decipher those long Ss and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dense text associated with the period. This could of course be viewed as ?dumbing down? but in this new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cyber age perhaps teachers at all levels need to be less hung up on forcing students to read the original and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more concerned that they are trying to engage with primary sources ? however they are presented.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 55.676 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBO)] TJ ET BT 80.336 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is also an attractive resource. It contains plenty of high quality images and is presented in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readable font with neat links to content elsewhere on the site. It looks serious without being off-putting for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the casual visitor for which the designer, Mark Hadley, deserves credit. In terms of its technical design the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(site works extremely well and has very clear and detailed information about the digitisation and transcription )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process with clear acknowledgement of all those involved from the Gale Groups \(who had previously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published the microfilm collection of the )] TJ ET BT 233.336 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Proceedings)] TJ ET BT 293.324 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( from 1714-1834\) to the Humanities Research Institute )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(HRI\) at Sheffield and the Higher Education Digitisation service at the University of Hertfordshire for their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributions to the project. This gives the careful visitor the opportunity to seek out expertise and advice for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar future projects.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The site won the Cybrarian Project Award in 2003, in recognition of its ?outstanding effort and contribution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards the accessibility and usability of online information via their design? and was a finalist for a British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Computer Society Project Excellence IT award, under the category ?Social Contribution?. Clearly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(funding it has received has been well spent and no doubt has influenced decision to fund the team?s most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent project, )] TJ ET BT 105.656 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Plebeian Lives and the Making of Modern London)] TJ ET BT 347.972 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which will extend the digitisation project )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that started with the )] TJ ET BT 132.008 178.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBO)] TJ ET BT 156.668 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to include ?primary sources on criminal justice and the provision of poor relief and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medical care in eighteenth-century London?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 248.960 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 248.960 162.579 m 262.952 162.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 262.952 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This should be online by the time this review is published )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and will hopefully again be a free resource offering a tremendous breadth of material to researchers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 55.676 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBO)] TJ ET BT 80.336 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( website is highly professional and well designed resource available free to the general public, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academics, schools and students of all ages. It is hard to find fault with it but I would like to offer a small )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(note of caution by way of balance. The digitisation of the )] TJ ET BT 311.972 94.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Old Bailey Proceedings)] TJ ET BT 426.620 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(and other similar printed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources such as newspapers\) presents historians and others with some serious issues that need to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considered.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 389.9357 781.1335 403.9277 793.0135 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 409.6037 712.1095 552.2717 723.9895 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelprestype/news/burneynews/index.html) >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 697.8535 92.6837 709.7335 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelprestype/news/burneynews/index.html) >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 117.0197 697.8535 348.0077 709.7335 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.gale.cengage.com/DigitalCollections/products/ecco/index.htm) >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 400.0037 697.8535 505.9997 709.7335 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.galeuk.com/times/) >> endobj 39 0 obj [26 0 R /Fit] endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 248.9597 162.8935 262.9517 174.7735 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R ] /Contents 43 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Length 8384 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First, the )] TJ ET BT 79.688 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Proceedings)] TJ ET BT 139.676 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( do not contain all of the trials that took place at the Old Bailey between 1674 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1913. Nor do the trials themselves offer a verbatim record of what took place in court, both facts that are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognised by the authors of the site and clearly explained. Thus this is a partial record of the workings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Central Criminal Court throughout the long 18th and 19th centuries. Despite the best efforts of the team )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to acknowledge this there will always be a tendency for casual users to miss this information and assume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that what they are looking at represents the sum total of all trials in London between these given years. Now, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one should perhaps accept that all sources are subject to interpretation and often require explanation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(qualification before being used: this can of course be provided in the classroom or lecture theatre. However )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it is perhaps the second issue that concerns me more. The key strength of the site \(its free availability and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ease of access\) means that it inevitably becomes the first point of reference for anyone seeking to research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crime and punishment in the period. Countless students and academics have and will continue \(as I have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(myself\) to trawl the site seeking statistics of crimes, details of policing agents, records of punishments and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information about stolen property to use in essays and articles for years to come. Does this mean then that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other sources will be neglected or that in some way the Old Bailey will assume an importance that is in some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways disproportionate? It has the danger of narrowing the focus of attention to the capital and to the higher )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courts where the ?Bloody Code? of the late 18th century was practised so dramatically. In reality most of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those that experienced the criminal justice system of the 18th and 19th century did so without ever entering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Old Bailey?s walls.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As for the digitisation of the Proceedings themselves this should also give some cause for concern about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future of archival material, an issue that I know Professor Shoemaker has himself considered. If we select )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some material to be digitised and transcribed but leave others in their dusty brown archival boxes then are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we engaging in a filtration process that determines what is useful and important and what is not? Will this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allow archives pressed for space to dispense with material that is considered unnecessary or will it, to take a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more positive view, mean that material can now be stored electronically allowing space for things that might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been discarded? For my doctoral thesis I had a series of microfilms made of the justicing notebooks of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Lord Mayor of London from the 1780s. When I returned to the London Metropolitan Archives some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years later and wished to consult the original documents I was directed to the microfilms. Who now reads )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the pages of the )] TJ ET BT 112.664 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(London Chronicle)] TJ ET BT 200.336 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or indeed, the printed )] TJ ET BT 308.984 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Proceedings of the Old Bailey)] TJ ET BT 453.632 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in their original )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form? We access them electronically and often in a piece meal fashion ? disconnected from the form in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which they were originally published. Does this matter? Frankly I do not have an answer to this but I think it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a question worth asking. The digitisation of often delicate material is clearly a positive development in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recent years. Material can now be exchanged and accessed across the globe at the click of a mouse but we do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(run the risk that future generations many never need to don white gloves and experience the frisson of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unwrapping a sessions roll or turning the pages of a newspaper from the 1770s. We also need to guard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against a tendency for researchers to opt for the easily accessible Old Bailey records rather than try and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand the history of crime from a wider perspective.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, these criticisms are not really fairly directed at the team that have created the )] TJ ET BT 455.900 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBO)] TJ ET BT 480.560 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( project, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are instead questions for those that use it and for the directors of archives and university research clusters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the world. The )] TJ ET BT 140.324 218.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(OBO)] TJ ET BT 164.984 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a fantastic resource with almost limitless potential. With the addition of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Plebeian Lives)] TJ ET BT 105.008 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( database later this year it will continue to allow us to reconstruct how 'ordinary' Londoners )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lived through the pages of the Hanging Court and the details of the trials recorded there.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 155.331 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 124.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Drummond, highway robbery, 3 December 1729. Reference Number: t17291203-12.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 504.260 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 504.260 123.315 m 558.248 123.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 110.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ordinary's Account, 22 December 1729. Reference Number: OA17291222.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 426.752 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 426.752 109.059 m 480.740 109.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 96.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(T. Hitchcock and R. Shoemaker, )] TJ ET BT 223.988 96.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tales from the Hanging Court)] TJ ET BT 369.332 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(London, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 453.656 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 453.656 94.803 m 507.644 94.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 81.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 81.826 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 80.432 m 400.520 80.432 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 403.520 81.826 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6])] TJ ET BT 64.016 67.541 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([due for publication March 2010].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 227.648 67.541 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 227.648 66.147 m 281.636 66.147 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 41.285 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 504.2597 123.6295 558.2477 135.5095 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 426.7517 109.3735 480.7397 121.2535 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 453.6557 95.1175 507.6437 106.9975 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 28 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 80.7463 400.5197 92.6263 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.shef.ac.uk/hri/projects/projectpages/plebeianlives.html) >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 227.6477 66.4615 281.6357 78.3415 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 39 0 R >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 56 0 R ] /Contents 55 0 R >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Length 1181 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([7])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 791.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 773.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 773.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/897)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 772.569 m 322.316 772.569 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 747.592 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 733.192 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4680)] TJ ET BT 34.016 718.792 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 704.392 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelprestype/news/burneynews/index.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 689.992 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.gale.cengage.com/DigitalCollections/products/ecco/index.htm)] TJ ET BT 34.016 675.592 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5] http://www.galeuk.com/times/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 661.192 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6] http://www.shef.ac.uk/hri/projects/projectpages/plebeianlives.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 646.792 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([7] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 57 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 772.8835 322.3157 784.7635 ] >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/897) >> endobj xref 0 58 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000543 00000 n 0000000639 00000 n 0000004392 00000 n 0000004501 00000 n 0000004611 00000 n 0000004720 00000 n 0000008281 00000 n 0000008409 00000 n 0000008493 00000 n 0000008619 00000 n 0000008702 00000 n 0000008829 00000 n 0000008912 00000 n 0000009003 00000 n 0000016654 00000 n 0000016684 00000 n 0000016810 00000 n 0000016846 00000 n 0000016876 00000 n 0000017003 00000 n 0000017039 00000 n 0000017158 00000 n 0000026480 00000 n 0000026510 00000 n 0000026638 00000 n 0000026674 00000 n 0000026802 00000 n 0000026921 00000 n 0000027047 00000 n 0000027166 00000 n 0000027294 00000 n 0000027416 00000 n 0000027544 00000 n 0000027624 00000 n 0000027654 00000 n 0000027782 00000 n 0000027818 00000 n 0000027930 00000 n 0000036367 00000 n 0000036495 00000 n 0000036550 00000 n 0000036678 00000 n 0000036733 00000 n 0000036860 00000 n 0000036915 00000 n 0000037040 00000 n 0000037158 00000 n 0000037284 00000 n 0000037339 00000 n 0000037423 00000 n 0000038657 00000 n 0000038785 00000 n trailer << /Size 58 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 38880 %%EOF