%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 23 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721175132+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721175132+01'00') /Title (Behind Closed Doors. At Home in Georgian England) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4131 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Behind Closed Doors. At Home in Georgian England)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When historians of the future come to write about the historiographical preoccupations of 21st-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britons, they surely will observe our growing obsession with consumer behaviour and material culture. One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular trend in the last 20 years has been the widening of methodologies employed by historians, from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the traditional text-based approaches to archival research, to a wider conceptualisation of all forms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical evidence as artefacts, including the written and printed word. This has allowed a broadening of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional purview of the historian, opening up new possibilities for studying all manner of material goods )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which previously had been considered more within the milieu of the archaeologist or art connoisseur than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the historian. But we have needed pioneers, historians skilled in rendering the discrete and often daunting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialist languages of diverse fields such as art history, design history and archaeology into workable tools. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Underpinning historians? reticence about using material culture has also been a certain political attitude )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarding the ?proper? nature of research. Is interpreting an artefact in a museum as worthy as squirreling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(away in an obscure archive? A similar doubt hangs over the increasing availability of high-quality online )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resources. The Old Bailey Online project allows keyword searches to be performed in a matter of seconds: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but is it somehow ?cheating??)] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amanda Vickery?s stunning new book on domestic life in 18th-century England trumps the traditionalists by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(showing what can be achieved when a historian boldly goes into these new terrains, harnessing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(901)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 30 April, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amanda Vickery)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780300154535)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(382pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yale University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Haven, CT)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Helen Berry)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8244 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technological advancements that the internet has made possible with an impressive array of original archival )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence \(including over 60 collections in various archives and local record offices\) and a kaleidoscopic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of material sources: from textiles, furniture, and the visual arts, to wallpaper, and the built )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environment. She positions her study in the ?uncharted space between architectural history, family and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gender history and economic history? \(p. 3\). Her meat is the ?experience of interiors?, and the ?determining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role of house and home in power and emotion, status and choices? \(p. 3\). From the mansions of dukes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(duchesses explored in chapter five \(?Rooms at the Top?\), to the tiny scraps of embroidery left lovingly with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abandoned babies at the Foundling Hospital, nothing is too grand nor too humble for Vickery?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consideration. She rightly draws attention to the over-preoccupation in previous histories of consumption )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the middling sorts: both princes and paupers find a home in her book. She also takes a side-swipe at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theory that an 18th-century ?consumer revolution? was driven by middle-class desire for social emulation \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(304\). At such moments, she successfully navigates the hazardous waters between writing for academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians and for a general audience. There is enough critical engagement with the historiography to satisfy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the scholar that she has taken a clear position on the key issues that frame her research, but executed in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prose style that is always accessible and engaging, full of wit and illustrative detail. This is not an easy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(balance to strike, as any historian who has ever attempted to write for the trade press will know. Vickery?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prose is a model of its kind: as elegant and as bracing as a brisk rub-down in a gilt bath with carbolic soap.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some of the considerable achievements of this important book are Vickery?s sheer mastery of the sources, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the originality of her materials and methodology, and the provocations contained in her seductive prose. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Certain central themes are elaborated from her seminal 1998 work, )] TJ ET BT 358.268 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Gentleman?s Daughter. Women?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lives in Georgian Britain.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 160.688 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 160.688 497.955 m 174.680 497.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 174.680 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Though the title of her new book belies it)] TJ ET BT 376.328 499.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 379.328 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( gender is also a central theme of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Behind Closed Doors)] TJ ET BT 137.348 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. As in )] TJ ET BT 172.016 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Gentleman?s Daughter)] TJ ET BT 305.336 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Vickery argues that the structures of patriarchy, by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which every married man was in theory lord of his domain at home, were in practice always reliant upon the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(co-operation of husband and wife, and the mutual reliance of both genders upon one another for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(harmonious and happy life. In the everyday practicalities entailed in setting up a family home, Vickery sees )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a ?colourful universe of gender negotiation? \(p. 300\), performed within a set of expectations shaped by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social rank and sex. In chapter three, ?Setting Up Home?, she unravels the intricacies of double-entry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bookkeeping \(something for which anyone who teaches undergraduates on this subject will ever be grateful\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marking carefully the gendered patterns of accounting. While men oversaw expensive one-off purchases like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coaches, women saw to the everyday needs of clothing children and feeding the household. Even when a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pioneer of taste such as Theresa Parker at Saltram House in Devon oversaw the commissioning of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fashionable interior decorations, their names were often hidden in the ledgers and accounts, which always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paid formal deference to the authority of a husband in such matters \(p. 125\). Vickery exposes the various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical controversies over whether and when the distaff side started to gain control over the look of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic interior \(pp. 299?301\), arguing that it is more convincing to ?disentangle the persistent and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newly emergent in the jurisdictions of both men and women? \(p. 301\). One of the crucial themes which she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draws out most effectively is the gendered aspects of taste, the truly innovative contribution of the Georgians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the long-standing debates \(dating back to at least classical antiquity\) over the tensions between luxury and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(virtue. Taste, she proposes in a memorable simile, was like a new and luminous strand in the tapestry of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(good Christian stewardship and ?huswifery? \(pp. 164?5\). She concludes in chapter ten, ?A Sex in Things?? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that there was no crude division between ?men?s things? and ?women?s things?. Although Rococo style was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often depicted as a sinuous and feminine style, injurious to good old fashioned Tudor manor houses \(with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their masculine associations of old English hospitality centring upon hearth and hounds\), she proposes it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mistaken to feature women as a group with a single architectural taste. ?The platitude that an entire sex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spurned Greece and Rome for Paris and Cathay awaits proof?, she observes drily \(p. 259\). In a detailed study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the account books of Trollope and Sons, a London wallpaper manufacturer \(chapter six\), she teases out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 128.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the nuances of consumer priorities, which were as much about rank and fortune as about gender. The country )] TJ ET BT 34.016 114.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parson wanted wallpaper that was ?clean and neat?, his frugal wife showed her virtue if she fixed up a room )] TJ ET BT 34.016 100.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that was both a credit to their station in life, and within budget. Such careful stewardship, Vickery shows, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was far removed from contemporary diatribes against luxury and dissipation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The deep ambivalences and political underpinnings of the concept of ?home? for Georgians, as well as for )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 160.6877 498.2695 174.6797 510.1495 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 5297 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ourselves, make this as much a book about discomfort and exclusion from home as much as it is about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realisation of a cosy ideal of domestic bliss. Though a chapter is devoted to the enjoyment of emotional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(security derived from having a home of one?s own and a range of material comforts that were available even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in modest households by this time \(chapter eight, ?A Nest of Comforts?\) Vickery does not sweep )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncomfortable truths under the Turkey-carpet. She admits that in history as today, behind the faade of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic contentment ?Chaos often reigns. Cruelty begins at home.? \(p. 3\) Within the pages of this book are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples of single people \(the never-married, as well as widows\) and married couples who articulated the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(solace that was to be found within their own four walls. A happy home could be the material outworking of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a mutually-supportive husband and wife, like Lord and Lady Shelburne, who had sufficiently discrete spaces )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within their home to pursue separate interests, but enough co-operation to invest a mutual concern in one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another. Their joint decisions over which furniture and drawings to buy for their living rooms, Vickery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows, were indicative of much more than just their love of fashion, but their ongoing and successful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negotiation of intimacy as a couple \(p. 154\). As chapter eight, ?Women Alone? explores, some spinsters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could be humiliated by their own families by their domestic dependence, but the never-married and widows )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could also find delight in the dignity that came with their own front door and genteel rooms into which they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could invite friends and enjoy the polite rituals of tea-taking. The genteel domesticity of Diana Eyre, spinster )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Nottingham, is vividly and enticingly sketched as a full and happy life \(pp. 213?5\), in contrast to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misery of the Duchess of Grafton, estranged from her husband and frantic to maintain the trappings of her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(status after her jewels were bestowed on another woman?s bosom \(p. 141\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As Vickery shows in chapter seven, ?Trials of Domestic Dependence?, contentment at home did not depend )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upon one?s marital status. Some married couples owned grand houses which were not homes, and could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes be little better than cages. The harrowing story of the marriage of Anne Dormer of Rousham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(serves to illustrate the point \(pp. 193?6\). Today, visitors to Rousham in Oxfordshire may freely roam and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picnic in the beautiful gardens designed by William Kent, oblivious to the despotism that once took place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there. Anne could not even walk into the garden on her own since her insanely jealous husband was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effectively her jailor \(?a constant spie he is over me?\). In such instances, patriarchal authority could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceptionally cruel, particularly if a wife?s family did not intervene to help her. Vickery?s assessment is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convincing, that ?Hierarchy, rank, dependence and independence were the categories used to make sense of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the household and an individual?s role within it? \(p. 203\). Power relationships found spatial expression in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms of who controlled which parts of a house, especially its locks and keys. Vickery shows only too )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clearly the vulnerability of those who had no private space of their own. One of the most intriguing case-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies presented here is that of Gertrude Savile, the impoverished sister of a baronet, who spent much of her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life in a withdrawn, diminished condition, complaining of her dislike of company. Perversely for a woman, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she did not buy tea-making accoutrements even when she had the happy fortune of coming into an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inheritance later in life \(p. 189, and chapter eight, )] TJ ET BT 274.628 299.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(passim\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 7684 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Astonishingly, 47% of London households had lodgers \(p. 33\), whose only privacy was often a lockable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trunk: otherwise, nothing prevented prying landladies from wandering in and out of their room, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rummaging through their belongings. As Vickery shows from her original interpretation of the Old Bailey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records in chapter one ?Thresholds and Boundaries at Home?, privacy was a mutable concept for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Georgians, but it )] TJ ET BT 117.344 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(was)] TJ ET BT 136.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( something which individual men and women prized and tried to attain, since it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associated with personal dignity. Vickery is keen to argue here \(as elsewhere in her research\) that men were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject as much as women to the gendered expectations of their day. In chapter two, ?Men Alone: How )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bachelors Lived? she explores the intriguing and previously-hidden subject of how men got by between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leaving their parents? home and setting up a household of their own. She shows from a range of personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(testimonies just how dependent men were upon working women and female relatives. In their personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diaries, unmarried men like Dudley Ryder expressed their consciousness of a lack in their lives if they were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without their own hearth and home, a comfort which necessitated their securing a good and prudent wife. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vickery tends to the plight of some bachelors with great sympathy \(?Matrons bestirred themselves to make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certain that no young fox was let loose in their dovecotes?, p. 61\). In doing so, she adds a certain pathos )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards unmarried men even though during this period the sexual double standard was just one respect in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which the cards were stacked in their favour.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is in such empathetic yet firm handling of the sources that Vickery slips in polemical points, dressed up as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a plain-speaking statements of common-sense unequivocation. As mistress of the aphorism, her style is often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to round off a paragraph with a short, pithy remark that seems to summarise all that has been presented, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offering what appears to be )] TJ ET BT 168.308 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(le dernier mot )] TJ ET BT 239.300 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on any given topic. So we have the following: ?Wedding bells )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(announced the decorators? \(p. 88\); ?Anxiety about correct behaviour is the cumulative impression of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(letter-book, not hedonism? \(p. 178\) and ?Tea was a universal habit by 1760? \(p. 272\). All well and good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(although, was it )] TJ ET BT 117.344 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(really)] TJ ET BT 145.340 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( universal by that exact year?\) But what should the cautious reader make of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(following statement: ?It is a Romantic fallacy that only alone in the closet or on an isolated peak does the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self truly know itself? \(p. 45\). Admittedly Vickery qualifies this startling transcendental assertion of the truth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of selfhood with the more moderate \(and incontrovertible\) assertion that ?social interaction and public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(performance were crucial to the building and enactment of identity?. But many keepers of spiritual diaries in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early modern period, not just romantic poets on craggy outcrops in selfconsciously Wordsworthian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manner, asserted the importance of solitude in one?s ?closet? and prayerful retirement, as Vickery?s own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence elsewhere in the book illustrates perfectly. The point was not to be alone in an individualist, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern sense; in order to know oneself in a less secular age than our own, one had to be alone with God.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Behind Closed Doors)] TJ ET BT 137.348 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is beautifully illustrated throughout, and provides a model for how historians in future )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might cast their ambitions more widely in the archives for artefacts that bring colour and texture to the study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the past. These include some truly remarkable examples of domestic work made by women that have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often been ridiculed as the ?perfection of pointlessness? \(p. 232\) but which Vickery challenges the reader to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconceptualise as part of an ?ancient and venerable? tradition \(p. 233\). The astonishingly fine cut-paper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work by Anna-Maria Garthwaite showing a country house and deer park \(1707\) \(p. 252\) merits the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enlargement it is given in the end papers to the book, and animates the discussion on the hierarchy that has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditionally been imposed upon the arts that is at the core of chapter nine, ? What Women Made?. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brilliant chapter does for British women?s needlework and crafts what Laura Thatcher Ulrich did many years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ago for early American historiography, and ought to open up the specialised world of textile and design )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history as a new and rich seam of inquiry for historians. That the publication of )] TJ ET BT 417.296 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Behind Closed Doors)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coincided with touring exhibitions on Mrs Delany and Horace Walpole?s Strawberry Hill at the Yale Center )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for British Art and the Victoria and Albert Museum suggests a growing momentum behind a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widespread interest in these particular types of material culture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is possible to think of many more topics relating to the theme of the experience of the domestic interior )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than could possibly have been addressed within the scope of the ten chapters addressed by Vickery. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Children?s experiences remain elusive, although recent work by Anthony Fletcher has shed new light on this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject. Music-making at home was so essential to the conviviality of 18th-century polite society, and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 3020 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(receives a mention from Vickery, but has yet to find a historian who will give it the deeper attention it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deserves. Like)] TJ ET BT 103.328 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( The Gentleman?s Daughter)] TJ ET BT 239.648 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 245.648 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Behind Closed Doors)] TJ ET BT 348.980 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( will inspire much new research that will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explore more fully the new vistas opened up within its pages.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 733.059 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 702.442 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amanda Vickery, )] TJ ET BT 152.324 702.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Gentleman?s Daughter. Women?s Lives in Georgian Britain)] TJ ET BT 464.972 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New Haven, CT, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1998\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 92.012 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 92.012 686.787 m 146.000 686.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 661.925 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 647.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nytimes)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/20/books/review/Wulf-t.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 632.019 m 339.692 632.019 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 342.692 633.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 619.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oxford journals)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXVII/526/734.full)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 603.507 m 317.000 603.507 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 320.000 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guardian)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/oct/24/behind-closed-doors-vickery-review)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 574.995 m 433.628 574.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 436.628 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 571.663 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 553.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 553.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/901)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 552.489 m 322.316 552.489 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 527.512 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.112 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4693)] TJ ET BT 34.016 498.712 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/20/books/review/Wulf-t.html?pagewanted=all)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.312 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXVII/526/734.full)] TJ ET BT 34.016 469.912 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4] http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/oct/24/behind-closed-doors-vickery-review)] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 92.0117 687.1015 145.9997 698.9815 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 632.3335 339.6917 644.2135 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/20/books/review/Wulf-t.html?pagewanted=all) >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 603.8215 316.9997 615.7015 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://ehr.oxfordjournals.org/content/CXXVII/526/734.full) >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 575.3095 433.6277 587.1895 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/oct/24/behind-closed-doors-vickery-review) >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 552.8035 322.3157 564.6835 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/901) >> endobj xref 0 35 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000558 00000 n 0000000640 00000 n 0000004823 00000 n 0000004932 00000 n 0000005042 00000 n 0000005151 00000 n 0000008712 00000 n 0000008840 00000 n 0000008924 00000 n 0000009008 00000 n 0000017305 00000 n 0000017335 00000 n 0000017463 00000 n 0000017499 00000 n 0000017564 00000 n 0000022914 00000 n 0000022979 00000 n 0000030716 00000 n 0000030828 00000 n 0000033901 00000 n 0000034028 00000 n 0000034083 00000 n 0000034210 00000 n 0000034335 00000 n 0000034462 00000 n 0000034571 00000 n 0000034698 00000 n 0000034828 00000 n 0000034956 00000 n trailer << /Size 35 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35051 %%EOF