%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 28 0 R 60 0 R 101 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818101111+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818101111+01'00') /Title (Beauty and the Male Body in Byzantium: Perceptions and Representations in Art and Text) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4485 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Beauty and the Male Body in Byzantium: Perceptions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Representations in Art and Text)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The product of extensive fieldwork, )] TJ ET BT 209.312 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Beauty and the Male Body in Byzantium; Perceptions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Representations in Art and Text)] TJ ET BT 186.680 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a revised version of an already polished PhD thesis submitted under the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(title ?Unveiling Male Beauty: Perception and Representation in Byzantine Imagery and the Texts from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eleventh to the Fourteenth Centuries? at the Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London, in 2004. Its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lucid and assertive prose and its stylish presentation are unusually attractive for a first solely-authored )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic book. Further, the claims of originality Myrto Hatzaki makes are absolutely justified as there is no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other comprehensive study that deals explicitly with the topic of beauty in Byzantium published in any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major European language. A so far unpublished PhD thesis on St Demetrius )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 402.308 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 402.308 165.009 m 416.300 165.009 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 416.300 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that belongs to the present )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewer would have been most probably unknown to her. In any case, the said thesis only deals with aspects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of this topic, and it does so obliquely and recurrently, and not as a main focus of what is discussed. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book?s arguments are robust and elegant, and they stand perfectly happily without knowledge of my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(findings. Yet, for the sake of completion and the stimulation of fruitful scholarly discussion \(a main )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objective of )] TJ ET BT 94.004 95.123 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 184.664 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( after all\), I shall list them before I continue.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first and more general aspect that corresponds to Hatzaki?s interests is the perception of youthfulness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and physicality in the veneration of St Demetrius, by physicality meaning both strength and beauty. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(907)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 May, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Myrto Hatzaki)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230007154)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(204pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New York, NY)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eugenia Russell)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 402.3077 165.3235 416.2997 177.2035 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8683 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(saint?s physicality is a quality evidently lauded in the sources \(especially those written by authors in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more mature age\) but one that seems contrary to traditional notions of monastic bodily denial. This element )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have fitted well into the discussion of the beauty of soldiers or military saints, the last chapter of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Beauty and the Male Body in Byzantium)] TJ ET BT 227.324 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which indeed Hatzaki pursues with due skill. St Nestor, the even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(younger \(and rawer in his beauty\) companion of St Demetrius in martyrdom, is also present in that last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter, unlike the older and more obscure St Loupos, also a military saint and a )] TJ ET BT 422.960 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(therapon)] TJ ET BT 466.292 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(servant\) of St )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Demetrius. The latter is said to have cured the faithful using his dead master?s blood, an allusion to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sacrificial blood of Christ but not to physical beauty. Although the absence of St Loupos from the book can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be justified, perhaps a more general parallel between the youthful sacrifice \(and beauty\) of Christ and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(martyred saints could have been more prominent in Hatzaki?s appraisal. Such a Christo-centric approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was vital in the veneration of youthful saints such as St Demetrius, St Panteleimon, St Stephen and others. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the West this is most obviously expressed in the hightened depiction of the martyrdom of St Sebastian.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second aspect relevant here is the discussion of Lucian?s )] TJ ET BT 331.280 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Imagines )] TJ ET BT 378.272 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or )] TJ ET BT 391.268 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essays in Portraiture)] TJ ET BT 493.940 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 500.936 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 500.936 612.003 m 514.928 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 514.928 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unparalleled Hellenistic work of appreciation of ancient painting and sculpture, which deals with all the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important art historical monuments of antiquity, many of which are now lost. The Lucianic dialogue is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transformed by the Byzantine author Demetrius Chrysoloras into a discourse on the nature of deity between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(St Demetrius and his executor, Emperor Maximian.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 281.984 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 281.984 554.979 m 295.976 554.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 295.976 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It takes the form of a new dramatic dialogue on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations of divine beauty and, as it is a Byzantine re-working, its super-imposed Christian meanings. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This would have connected with Hatzaki?s third chapter and her references to Apelles and Pheidias, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially with regard to the treatment of the body as )] TJ ET BT 291.968 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(agalma)] TJ ET BT 327.968 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(statue\) and the permanence of beauty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represented in that way. Although the two works mentioned here are mainly concerned with female beauty, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they throw light onto notions of beauty and its representations more generally. Incidentally, Hatzaki does use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instances of female beauty in parts of her book to make certain points.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is another recent book that deals with countenance but in a very different way. External appearance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a core value of the Roman world, one that was fiercely criticized by philosophers and the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christians. V. Henry T. Nguyen, )] TJ ET BT 193.664 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Christian Identity in Corinth: A Comparative Study of 2 Corinthians, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Epictetus & Valerius Maximus)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 181.676 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 181.676 400.419 m 195.668 400.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 198.668 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an excellent study of societal dynamic and identity in the affluent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roman colony of Corinth. It focuses on the social commentary of three authors, Epictetus, Valerius )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maximus and St Paul. Using heurestic as opposed to comparative methodology, Nguyen investigates the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resonance of persona/???????? in the three sources used, while he warns of similar resonances in Seneca, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Plutarch, Petronius and Dio Chrysostom. The distinction between ??????? and ?????? evident in the letters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Paul \(2 Cor. 5.12; 2 Cor. 10.7; Gal. 2.6; Gal. 6.12 are some examples\) speaks of Greco-Roman influences, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and especially the Hellenistic philosophical systems of Stoicism and Cynicism, both of which influenced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early Christian thought and practice significantly. The social concept study of persona/???????? in Nguyen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encompasses much more than beauty. It is about an implicit Romano-centricity that expressed itself in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multitude of ways. The visual expression of that persona/ ???????? can be further subdivided into several )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinct functions all of which were clearly and publicly expressed. This approach is very different to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study of latent beauty in Byzantium encountered in Hatzaki and offers a welcome counterpoint.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Originality of thought and expression are not Hatzaki?s only virtues. Her ability to carve a securely-defined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(area of expertise in such a highly populated field as medieval art history is also remarkable. After opening )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(daringly with a reference to Oscar Wilde, the book establishes early on how traditional ancient Greek )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perceptions of beauty can be found in Byzantium too, with particular reference to being blond \()] TJ ET BT 491.924 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(xanthos)] TJ ET BT 529.256 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highly praised characteristic in the Eastern Mediterranean where blond hair is generally a rarity. The blond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hair of Achilles, Menelaos, Jason, and Orestes, among other heroes, had been regarded a sign of god-like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(status by the ancient Greeks. The concept of blondness offers a punchy and memorable introduction to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex discussion that is to follow. The book falls roughly into two distinct halves. It discusses in its first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three chapters the ideal of beauty in Byzantine historiography and literature, while the second half is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dedicated to more specific themes. These themes are beauty in pain and death, including the beauty of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dead Christ, the beauty of liminal masculinity, and beauty in relation to military saints. The comparison )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the idealised, perfect dead body of Christ and the pained and anxious expression of a pale )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 500.9357 612.3175 514.9277 624.1975 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 281.9837 555.2935 295.9757 567.1735 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 181.6757 400.7335 195.6677 412.6135 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R 34 0 R 37 0 R 40 0 R 43 0 R 46 0 R 49 0 R 52 0 R 55 0 R 58 0 R ] /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 9845 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Theotokos is particularly resonant.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 200.660 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 200.660 795.075 m 214.652 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 214.652 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Throughout the book, descriptions of visual evidence, the author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialism, act as an intricate internal dialogue that illuminates other materials and concepts discussed. A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(handsome study of the depiction of sorrow in the Byzantine tradition by Teodora Burnand, relevant to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hatzaki?s fourth and sixth chapters, was published only a month before this book.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 427.964 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 427.964 752.307 m 441.956 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hatzaki is equally at ease discussing the learned Byzantine authors and the genres of the Greek Vernacular, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rare virtue in a scholarly field that has a greater fondness for fragmentation than the search of similitudes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The same interest in both aspects of medieval Greek literature has been lavishly displayed in a recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monograph about Byzantine identity by Gill Page.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 275.672 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 275.672 683.283 m 289.664 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 289.664 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Hatzaki also makes a point of throwing light upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neglected corners of the discipline. She is sure to comment, for instance, on under-rated sources such as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work of the court poet Manuel Philes. The personality of St Neophytos the Recluse, recently re-appraised by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthoulles Demosthenous )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 164.012 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 164.012 640.515 m 178.004 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 178.004 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( long after Catia Galatariotou?s original monograph )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 429.632 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 429.632 640.515 m 443.624 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 443.624 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, also finds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accommodation in her commentary. Likewise, inclusion of the 14th century church of St Vlassios in Veroia, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a church very rarely mentioned in works about Byzantium, is to be lauded. The same holds for two relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unknown depictions of the martyrdom of St George on the Wheel, and a string of evocative Lamentation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scenes which, although not unknown, are rarely viewed comparatively.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hatzaki conducts her research in an open manner that establishes contact with other work done in the field. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Her insightful and confident scholarship makes excellent use of existing secondary literature, as is evident in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her bibliography and detailed discussions of the material. Looking at things at a larger scale, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complements brilliantly the work of Margaret Alexiou )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 298.316 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 298.316 514.467 m 318.308 514.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 318.308 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( regarding the practice of )] TJ ET BT 441.932 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(threnos)] TJ ET BT 477.932 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(lamentation\) in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Byzantine tradition and the work of Christopher Walter )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 320.972 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 320.972 500.211 m 340.964 500.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 340.964 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( regarding the portrayal of military saints. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet, if I had to liken )] TJ ET BT 134.336 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Beauty and the Male Body in Byzantium)] TJ ET BT 327.644 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to one other book alone, this would have to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Icons of their Bodies; Saints and their Images in Byzantium)] TJ ET BT 341.336 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by Henry Maguire. There is much that is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obvious in what the two works share. However, there is more than commonalities in the field of study and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(high production values that links them together. To make my point, I will use a distinction made by another )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author reviewed in )] TJ ET BT 126.992 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 217.652 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 220.652 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 220.652 428.931 m 240.644 428.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 240.644 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( That is Andrekos Varnava and he said, while talking about his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own work in his Response, that Cyprus was not the subject but the object of his study. That is exactly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case with the two books in question. Maguire?s book, in his own words, is about art.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 439.652 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 439.652 400.419 m 459.644 400.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 459.644 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Hatzaki?s, in hers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about beauty \(p. 2\). The discussion of saints, iconography and spirituality is not the subject but the object of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their work. This detachment in their perspective and the complexity of their interpretations unites them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In conclusion, the wealth of new scholarship akin to Hatzaki?s that is mentioned in this review is by no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(means a criticism of her work. On the contrary, the fact that several new scholars are producing related work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independently, shows how pertinent her research is. Furthermore, the meticulousness and intensity of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book will make it a must amongst Byzantinists and Hellenists, whether art historians or not. Its extensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrations render it a useful reference source for Byzantine imagery. Palgrave Macmillan, too, must be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commended for the high production values displayed here. Further, the book?s inventive art historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language can serve as a model for new researchers and its engagement with historiography and literature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offers fresh perspectives to those who study or teach those disciplines. )] TJ ET BT 374.624 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Beauty and the Male Body in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Byzantium )] TJ ET BT 87.680 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has come well over a decade after Henry Maguire?s seminal monograph )] TJ ET BT 437.912 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Icons of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bodies )] TJ ET BT 69.680 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and it has every reason to hope to succeed it. Moreover, the interest in masculinities and spirituality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a distinct field of study within Anglo-American scholarship is evident in the production of a relatively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new American online, scholarly, peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary journal, the )] TJ ET BT 407.264 190.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Men, Masculinities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and Spirituality \(JMMS\))] TJ ET BT 151.340 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. This growing interest might mean that )] TJ ET BT 344.000 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Beauty and the Male Body in Byzantium)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will be read and appreciated well beyond the world of Byzantine Studies and enter the conscience of other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spheres of scholarship.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hatzaki?s argument is further asserted in a forthcoming chapter playfully named ?The Good, the Bad and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ugly?. In this piece the author states that ?Byzantium has largely been seen as a world which valued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spirituality over physicality? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 174.344 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 174.344 91.299 m 194.336 91.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 194.336 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a thesis that she seeks to overturn with her work. Having appreciated the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(skill and persuasive power of Hatzaki?s writing, my personal inclination is still to hold on to the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional view of Byzantine culture that she describes. This may simply show my preoccupations as a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 30 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 200.6597 795.3895 214.6517 807.2695 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 427.9637 752.6215 441.9557 764.5015 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 275.6717 683.5975 289.6637 695.4775 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 164.0117 640.8295 178.0037 652.7095 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 42 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 429.6317 640.8295 443.6237 652.7095 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 45 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 298.3157 514.7815 318.3077 526.6615 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 48 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 320.9717 500.5255 340.9637 512.4055 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 51 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 220.6517 429.2455 240.6437 441.1255 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 54 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 439.6517 400.7335 459.6437 412.6135 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 57 0 obj [28 0 R /Fit] endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 59 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 174.3437 91.6135 194.3357 103.4935 ] >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 63 0 R 65 0 R 67 0 R 69 0 R 71 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R 79 0 R 81 0 R 83 0 R 85 0 R 87 0 R 89 0 R 91 0 R 93 0 R 95 0 R 97 0 R 99 0 R ] /Contents 61 0 R >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Length 10822 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(student of hagiography and ecclesiastical history. It also shows my interest in Byzantium as a literary and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(musical culture, an angle which introduces further complexities to Hatzaki?s Byzantium. Those who work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with hymnography and liturgical materials often find that Byzantine notions of beauty in word and song )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(somehow defy physicality. Similar notions are found in the sources. The Byzantine statesman and author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantine Harmenopoulos, for instance, has given extensive descriptions of the melodious chanting that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took place in the Acheiropoietos which, matched with the beauty of the light within the church, uplifted the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minds of the faithful. In this he seems to focus more on oral than on visual beauty. He also mentions that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is cause for dual praise spread equally on the object of the adoration and those who practice it. In that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the act of worship seems as important as its visual symbols.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 320.336 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 320.336 681.027 m 340.328 681.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 340.328 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In any case, Hatzaki offers an interpretation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that is appealing and thought-provoking. Her filter of physicality is a tool for studying well-known materials )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a new way. She has explored another interpretative possibility through this research that most art )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians had overlooked. As with most arguments in the arts and humanities, however, it will be up to each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual reader to decide how far they will follow Hatzaki, and others who make similar claims, in their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pursuit of a physical over a spiritual Byzantium.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 576.243 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 545.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eugenia Russell, ?Encomia to St Demetrius in Late Byzantine Thessalonica?, Unpublished PhD )] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thesis, University of London \(2009\). A revised version of this work is forthcoming with Peter Lang.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 515.715 m 118.004 515.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 502.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lucian of Samosata, )] TJ ET BT 165.332 502.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Essays in Portraiture)] TJ ET BT 268.004 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, in )] TJ ET BT 286.340 502.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lucian, Volume IV)] TJ ET BT 376.664 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. and trans. A.M. Harmon )] TJ ET BT 64.016 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London and Cambridge MA, 1925\), pp. 255?95.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 300.656 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 300.656 487.203 m 354.644 487.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 474.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Demetrius Chrysoloras, ???? ?????????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????, ????? ??? ?? ????? )] TJ ET BT 64.016 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(????????? ?? ??? ? ????, ed. Vassileios Laourdas, )] TJ ET BT 318.224 460.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gregorios Palamas)] TJ ET BT 412.556 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 40 \(1957\), 342?53.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 506.876 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 506.876 458.691 m 560.864 458.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 445.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 445.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(V. Henry T. Nguyen, )] TJ ET BT 168.992 445.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Christian Identity in Corinth: a Comparative Study of 2 Corinthians, Epictetus )] TJ ET BT 64.016 431.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(& Valerius Maximus)] TJ ET BT 164.012 431.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament, Series 2 \(Tbingen, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 417.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 417.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 415.923 m 149.000 415.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 403.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Myrto Hatzaki, )] TJ ET BT 140.336 403.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Beauty and the Male Body in Byzantium: Perceptions and Representations in Art and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 388.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Text)] TJ ET BT 84.680 388.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, 2009\), p. 67 ff.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 219.980 388.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 219.980 387.411 m 273.968 387.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 374.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 374.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Teodora Burnand, ?Donors and Iconography: The Case of the Church ?St. Virgin? in Dolna )] TJ ET BT 64.016 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kamenitsa \(XIV c.\)?, in )] TJ ET BT 182.648 360.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Spirituality in late Byzantium; Essays Presenting New Research by )] TJ ET BT 64.016 346.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(International Scholars)] TJ ET BT 172.352 346.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Eugenia Russell \(Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 2009\), pp. 99?105.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 483.296 346.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 483.296 344.643 m 537.284 344.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 331.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 331.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gill Page, )] TJ ET BT 115.016 331.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Being Byzantine: Greek Identity Before the Ottomans, 1200?1420)] TJ ET BT 431.636 331.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 528.956 331.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 528.956 330.387 m 556.616 330.387 l S BT 64.016 317.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 316.131 m 90.344 316.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 303.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 303.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthoulles A. Demosthenous, )] TJ ET BT 211.676 303.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(? ?)] TJ ET BT 226.676 303.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(????????? ???? ??????? \(1134-1214 ???.\) ??? ? ????? ???)] TJ ET BT 64.016 289.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Leukosia, 2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 149.000 289.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 149.000 287.619 m 202.988 287.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 274.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 274.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catia Galatariotou, )] TJ ET BT 158.336 274.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making of a Saint; The Life, Times and Sanctification of Neophytos the Recluse)] TJ ET BT 64.016 260.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 1991\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 158.336 260.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 158.336 259.107 m 212.324 259.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 246.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 246.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Margaret Alexiou, )] TJ ET BT 155.660 246.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ritual Lament in Greek Tradition)] TJ ET BT 338.000 246.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2nd ed., Lanham, Boulder, New York, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 231.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford, 2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 135.668 231.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 135.668 230.595 m 195.656 230.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 217.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 217.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Walter, )] TJ ET BT 162.332 217.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Warrior Saints in Byzantine Art and Tradition)] TJ ET BT 405.356 217.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Aldershot, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 496.676 217.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 496.676 216.339 m 556.664 216.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 203.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 203.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Author?s Response to Hubert Faustmann, Review of )] TJ ET BT 319.988 203.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Imperialism in Cyprus, 1878?1915: the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 189.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Inconsequential Possession)] TJ ET BT 196.340 189.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Manchester, 2009\), by Andrekos Varnava \(review no. 845\) )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 174.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/paper/faustmannhresp.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 173.571 m 358.652 173.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 361.652 174.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 375.644 174.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( [accessed 1 February 2010].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 513.932 174.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 513.932 173.571 m 553.928 173.571 l S BT 64.016 160.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 159.315 m 84.008 159.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 146.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(13.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 146.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry Maguire, )] TJ ET BT 143.660 146.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Icons of their Bodies; Saints and their Images in Byzantium)] TJ ET BT 450.980 146.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Princeton, NJ, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 132.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1996\), p. xvii.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 131.684 132.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 131.684 130.803 m 191.672 130.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 117.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 117.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Myrto Hatzaki, ?The Good, the Bad and the Ugly?, in )] TJ ET BT 325.640 117.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Companion to Byzantium)] TJ ET BT 457.976 117.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. E. James, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 103.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World 37 \(Oxford, 2010, forthcoming\), pp. 93?107, p. 93.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 529.304 103.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 529.304 102.291 m 556.964 102.291 l S BT 64.016 89.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 88.035 m 96.344 88.035 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 75.178 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 75.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These matters are discussed extensively in my thesis, as in note 1. 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