%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 33 0 R 68 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818095050+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818095050+01'00') /Title (Workers of the World: Essays toward a Global Labor History) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4867 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Workers of the World: Essays toward a Global Labor History)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marcel van der Linden?s book ?)] TJ ET BT 188.972 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Workers of the World: Essays toward a Global Labor History? )] TJ ET BT 494.972 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encyclopaedic, thought provoking, tour de force on the field of labour relations that scholars from different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplines should read \(and possibly internalise\). Written by a labour historian with the purpose of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributing to a global labour history freed from Eurocentrism and methodological nationalism, the book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by getting inspiration and using examples from, and establishing linkages with, adjacent disciplines and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives \(from industrial relations to sociology, from development to political economic theories\), goes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond the field of labour history, contributing to a much needed reformulation of work and work relations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within capitalism. Indeed, from the perspective of the reviewer and potentially of all those without a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialist historical background, the major contribution of the book has been to establish, with the use of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminating empirical studies from different epochs and from different regions of the world, a set of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theoretical departure points for the study of labour and labour relations that by their nature apply to different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplines.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this perspective, three sets of questions, particularly, are central to the book \(p.9\):)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 57.816 81.356 m 57.816 81.906 57.589 82.452 57.201 82.841 c 56.812 83.230 56.266 83.456 55.716 83.456 c 55.166 83.456 54.620 83.230 54.231 82.841 c 53.842 82.452 53.616 81.906 53.616 81.356 c 53.616 80.806 53.842 80.260 54.231 79.871 c 54.620 79.483 55.166 79.256 55.716 79.256 c 56.266 79.256 56.812 79.483 57.201 79.871 c 57.589 80.260 57.816 80.806 57.816 81.356 c f BT 64.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What is the nature of the world working class? How can we define and demarcate that class, and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which factors determine its composition?)] TJ ET 57.816 52.844 m 57.816 53.394 57.589 53.940 57.201 54.329 c 56.812 54.718 56.266 54.944 55.716 54.944 c 55.166 54.944 54.620 54.718 54.231 54.329 c 53.842 53.940 53.616 53.394 53.616 52.844 c 53.616 52.294 53.842 51.748 54.231 51.359 c 54.620 50.971 55.166 50.744 55.716 50.744 c 56.266 50.744 56.812 50.971 57.201 51.359 c 57.589 51.748 57.816 52.294 57.816 52.844 c f BT 64.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Which forms of collective action did this working class develop in the course of time, and what is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(908)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 31 May, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marcel Van der Linden)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9789004166837)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(116.10)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(469pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brill)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leiden)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maurizio Atzeni)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7723 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(logic in that development?)] TJ ET 57.816 785.318 m 57.816 785.868 57.589 786.414 57.201 786.803 c 56.812 787.192 56.266 787.418 55.716 787.418 c 55.166 787.418 54.620 787.192 54.231 786.803 c 53.842 786.414 53.616 785.868 53.616 785.318 c 53.616 784.768 53.842 784.222 54.231 783.833 c 54.620 783.445 55.166 783.218 55.716 783.218 c 56.266 783.218 56.812 783.445 57.201 783.833 c 57.589 784.222 57.816 784.768 57.816 785.318 c f BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What can we learn from adjacent disciplines? Which insights from anthropologists, sociologists and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other social scientists are useful in the development of global labour history?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In order to answer these questions, the book is divided into four sections dealing with \(in the author?s own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words\): conceptualisations; varieties of mutualism; forms of resistance; and insights from adjacent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplines. Although this structure fits well with the overall aims of the book to contribute with new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concepts to a global labour history, in the following paragraphs I will consider specific issues treated in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book in the light of their applicability and value to contemporary studies that put labour and labour relations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at the centre of their analysis. Centrality of labour means here both uncovering the mechanism through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which the wealth produced within capitalism is contemporaneously created and hidden to workers, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(envisaging strategies for their collective emancipation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the first part of the book, Van der Linden proposes a new broader conceptualization of the world working )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class )] TJ ET BT 60.344 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(less oriented to the exclusion than the inclusion of various dependent or marginalised groups of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(workers)] TJ ET BT 72.680 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. \(p.10\). Departing from the idea, emphasised in Marx?s work, that ?free? wage labour would be the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only form of labour commodification within capitalism, Van der Linden, by looking at the historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynamics and patterns of capital accumulation, argues that work has been organised in different ways, giving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space to a variety of forms of labour exploitation. While the wage workers of the industrial proletariat of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20th century have, in their number and central position, certainly epitomised the idea of class and workers? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emancipation, in reality it is possible to identify, both in historical and current perspective, the co-existence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a variety of intermediate positions, of ?grey areas?, between wage labour and other forms of work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploitation. In this sense, Van der Linden distinguishes between four different possible types of labour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commodification depending on the combination of the following conditions: a\) the carrier of labour power is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the possessor of it \(autonomous commodification\) b\) the carrier of labour power is not the possessor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(heteronomous commodification\), c\) the carrier sells his or her own labour power, d\) the carrier does not sell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his or her own labour power. Further variations can then be identified by looking at the degree of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(autonomy/dependency workers have in respect to their employers for what concern: a\) labour capacity, b\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(means of labour, c\) labour product, d\) work of the other household members, e\) relationship with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(employer outside production, f\) relationship with fellow workers in the labour process.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of all these variations and forms, the ?coerced commodification of labour power? \(p. 34\), would be the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common denominator for the identification of a class of ?subaltern workers?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This brief summary cannot give more than an overview of Van der Linden?s contribution and missed are all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the subtleties, connections, implications and empirical examples abundantly used by the author all along the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first chapters of the book, where the call for a broader conceptualization of the working class is powerfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argued and clearly laid out. While the analysis is overall convincing, historically solid, and provides useful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classifications for the study of workers worldwide in the global era, a number of questions are raised by this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?enlarged? \(as compared to the ?narrow nineteenth-century concept of the proletariat we find in Marx? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18\)\) reconstruction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Is the diversity of work relations within capitalism something new? To what extent is the emphasis on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(varieties of labour commodification helping to identify a class based strategy for collective action? What?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the link between a new way of defining the working class and forms of collective action? Is classification )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(per se enough and how this does help in framing processes of working class formation?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many Marxists would argue that heterogeneity of jobs, work relations and forms of labour commodification, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has always characterised capitalism. Marx himself, while emphasising the potentially emancipatory role of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the industrial working class because of the central position this had in the production of wealth, was aware )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and commented on various occasions about the many different forms in which human labour could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coerced and this in the sphere of both production, circulation and reproduction.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 413.612 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 413.612 81.555 m 427.604 81.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 427.604 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Thus, far from ignoring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existing differences, there was in Marx a clear hierarchy and preference for the industrial working class, not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just because this represented, for its relations with capital in the sphere of production, a class in itself, but )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 413.6117 81.8695 427.6037 93.7495 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R 31 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7008 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potentially as a revolutionary subject.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 214.328 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 214.328 795.075 m 228.320 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 228.320 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This double aspect of class, linking theoretical categorisation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(related to the type of work relations with issues of action, identification and organisation, epitomised in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class in itself/class for itself formula, remains crucial to the analysis of class within current capitalism.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 524.948 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 524.948 766.563 m 538.940 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 538.940 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other words and independently of formal class identification, is there today a new revolutionary subject that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for its role within the structure of capitalism may substitute and/or integrate the ?old? free wage labourers? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(We may all agree that, today at a greater speed than in the past, the expansive character of capitalism is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(producing )] TJ ET BT 85.676 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(a permanent fluidity of labor relations in all continents)] TJ ET BT 350.360 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(p. 363\), characterised by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?transcontinental? precariousness and flexibility of work, marginalisation of workers, increase of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(informality, all well represented by processes of de-localisation and outsourcing of manufacturing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(services through the global commodity chains. This changed reality might well justify attempts to enlarge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the working class concept as convincingly as Van der Linden does introducing useful distinctions between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occupations and work and offering, in this way, a less Eurocentric reconstruction. However, I believe it also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imposes us to think about the possibilities, in a context where a new international division of labour is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerging )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 82.340 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 82.340 597.747 m 96.332 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 96.332 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, of collective identification between different groups of workers and of their collective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articulation and resistance to the dominant system. Coming back to the question formulated above, what is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then the link between a new way of defining the working class and forms of collective action?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This concern seems to be also the )] TJ ET BT 198.320 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(leit-motif)] TJ ET BT 242.324 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of much of the analysis presented in the central part of the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that dedicates seven chapters to detailed studies of different forms of collective response to capital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domination, including both traditional forms and organisations of workers? resistance \(strike, trade unions\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and associational practices for self-help and production \(mutualism, cooperativism\). Despite their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographic relevance, I do not think these chapters help to link the theoretical sophistication of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enlarged concept of subaltern workers proposed by Van der Linden with current realities. While it is true )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Marx?s identification of the industrial working class as revolutionary subject has to be revised, in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(light of changes in the global society, the emphasis on trade unions and strikes, which epitomise the limits )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and possibilities of the ?restricted? vision, is somehow contradictory. This contradiction is also reinforced by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the institutional approach of the chapters. After opening the chapter on strikes \(chapter nine\) with reference )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the many forms in which subaltern workers can defend their interests \(?sometimes openly and sometimes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secretly, sometimes individually and sometimes collectively? \(p. 173\)\) and a large empirical exposition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this, the rest of the chapter and chapter eleven on trade unions, which is logically linked, turn then on a very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meticulous but extremely rational, pre-defined view of collective action in workplaces, which does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account for the spontaneity on which subaltern workers? resistance is often built \(as the author says at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different points in the book, eg. p. 213\). There is an underlining tendency, especially among industrial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations scholars, to reduce all forms of collective action to the formula- trade unions-leaders-strikes-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective bargaining, what I call elsewhere )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 245.624 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 245.624 300.627 m 259.616 300.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 259.616 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ?institutionalised collective action?, that I think represents a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major problem in formulating alternative organisational strategies for workers. I am sure Van der Linden )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not underestimate this, but a chapter collecting the insights coming from the experiences of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spontaneous workplace resistance and organisation \(building on chapter eight on producers cooperatives and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including workers? councils and factory occupations\) may have spread light on alternative forms of work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organization and resistance available to subaltern workers, and especially to those whose level of autonomy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from capital is reduced.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 214.3277 795.3895 228.3197 807.2695 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 524.9477 766.8775 538.9397 778.7575 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 82.3397 598.0615 96.3317 609.9415 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 245.6237 300.9415 259.6157 312.8215 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 36 0 R 39 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R 64 0 R 66 0 R ] /Contents 34 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Length 10226 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Considering again the linkages between definition of working class and collective action, the second set of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions identified in the book, I am not convinced the part on ?varieties of mutualism? adds to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument. While it is true that mutualism may implies the development of solidarity linkages and collective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identification, these associations, whether temporary or permanent, remain forms of self-help and defence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working class people that are based more on the role of workers as consumers in society than on their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(productive function. Consumer protests, consumer and service cooperatives and other forms of mutualism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may all be valid attempts to defend workers from the vagaries of the market but do not contest the logic of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the system on which exploitation and domination are based. By the contrary, workers? collective decision to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(establish producers? cooperatives, eliminating capitalists from the sphere of production, might be seen as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forms of collective action that for their nature have a strong emancipatory potential.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 436.268 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 436.268 654.771 m 450.260 654.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall, how far does the book go towards a global labour history? Are linkages between the enlarged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working class concepts and strategies for workers? collective action established? What kind of insights for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future, interdisciplinary research?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In a previous review of the same book, Peter Waterman was pointing to the fact that ?There is here only one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter which ends with at least some ?speculations about the future? \(p. 280\) and that is chapter 12 on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(labour internationalism and this within a book that could be read as if it were an archaeological study of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vanished or vanishing species?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 185.324 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 185.324 530.979 m 199.316 530.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 199.316 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( I basically agree with the spirit of Waterman?s observation \(and the new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(title he proposed for the book, )] TJ ET BT 181.664 518.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Workers of the World: Unite!)] TJ ET BT 322.976 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), which is moreover reflected in the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter 12 where, again, the emphasis is on formal institutions rather than on the perspectives for ?real life? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(workers? alliances and coalitions \(something recently developed, for instance, by Bieler et al )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 482.924 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 482.924 488.211 m 496.916 488.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 496.916 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). But, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notwithstanding, I think in the last chapter some important predictionss are made about the future and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggestions are offered for the development of new research lines that may help to establish interconnections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(teleconnections\) between the diversity of global labour relations and subaltern workers? collective actions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As van der Linden says in the conclusions of his book, ?the rebuilding of the ship of labour history is in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progress and ? we still lack a lot of timber?)] TJ ET BT 243.980 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 359?60\). Hopefully this review will contribute to this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective effort and help generate the knowledge to strengthen working class organizations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 357.171 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 326.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 326.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example see N. Iigo Carrera, ?El concepto de clase obrera?, in )] TJ ET BT 391.580 326.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Labour Again Debates:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 312.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reconceptualising the Working Class )] TJ ET BT 247.340 312.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2003\) <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 298.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.iisg.nl/labouragain/documents/inigocarrera.pdf)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 296.643 m 346.988 296.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 349.988 298.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 363.980 298.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 4 March 2010] or E. De la )] TJ ET BT 64.016 283.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Garza, ?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 103.988 283.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Comentarios al artculo del profesor Marcel Van der Linden)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 103.988 282.561 m 395.984 282.561 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 398.984 283.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 414.320 283.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 419.648 283.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(,)] TJ ET BT 422.648 283.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in )] TJ ET BT 437.984 283.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Labour Again Debates:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 269.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reconceptualising the Working Class)] TJ ET BT 244.340 269.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(003\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 276.332 269.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.iisg.nl/labouragain/documents/delagarza.pdf)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 276.332 268.131 m 547.304 268.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 64.016 255.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 78.008 255.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( [accessed 4 March 2010].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 204.296 255.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 204.296 253.875 m 258.284 253.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 241.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 241.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(B. Fine and A. Saad Filho, )] TJ ET BT 195.020 241.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Marx?s Capital)] TJ ET BT 270.692 241.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2004\), p. 167-170.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 410.012 241.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 410.012 239.619 m 464.000 239.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 226.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R. Fantasia, )] TJ ET BT 124.016 226.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cultures of Solidarity: Consciousness, Action and Contemporary American Workers)] TJ ET BT 64.016 212.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Berkeley, 1988\); R. Hyman, ?Marxist thought and the analysis of work?, in )] TJ ET BT 433.304 212.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Social Theory at Work)] TJ ET BT 541.628 212.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ed. M. Korczynsky, R. Hodson and P. Edwards \(2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 329.312 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 329.312 196.851 m 383.300 196.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 183.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M. Taylor, )] TJ ET BT 118.676 183.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Global Economy Contested: Power and Conflict Across the International Division of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 169.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Labour)] TJ ET BT 99.356 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 180.680 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 180.680 168.339 m 234.668 168.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 155.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M. Atzeni, )] TJ ET BT 118.676 155.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Workplace Conflict: Mobilization and Solidarity in a Developing Country)] TJ ET BT 474.008 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Basingstoke, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 139.827 m 149.000 139.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 126.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. Egan, ?Toward a Marxist theory of labor-managed firms: breaking the degeneration thesis?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 112.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Review of Radical Political Economics )] TJ ET BT 254.336 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(22\(4\), 1990, 67?86.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 348.656 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 348.656 111.315 m 402.644 111.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 98.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(P. Waterman, ?Review of )] TJ ET BT 190.652 98.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Workers of the World: Essays toward a Global Labour History )] TJ ET BT 496.652 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Marcel )] TJ ET BT 64.016 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(van? der Linden?, )] TJ ET BT 153.320 84.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Development and Change)] TJ ET BT 277.964 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 2009, 40 \(4\) 809?10.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 384.284 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 384.284 82.803 m 438.272 82.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 69.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. Bieler, I. Lindberg, I. and D. Pillay, )] TJ ET BT 255.992 69.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Labour and the Challenges of Globalization: What Prospects )] TJ ET BT 64.016 55.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(for Transnational Solidarity?)] TJ ET BT 205.376 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 286.700 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 286.700 54.291 m 340.688 54.291 l S endstream endobj 35 0 obj [33 0 R /Fit] endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 436.2677 655.0855 450.2597 666.9655 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj [33 0 R /Fit] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 185.3237 531.2935 199.3157 543.1735 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 41 0 obj [33 0 R /Fit] endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 482.9237 488.5255 496.9157 500.4055 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 44 0 obj << 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