%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930183015+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930183015+01'00') /Title (The Society of Princes: the Lorraine-Guise and the Conservation of Power and Wealth in Seventeenth-Century France) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4393 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Society of Princes: the Lorraine-Guise and the Conservation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Power and Wealth in Seventeenth-Century France)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jonathan Spangler?s study of the Lorraine dynasty in France \(and occasionally outside the kingdom\) is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambitious undertaking. Using the example of the Lorraine-Guise, he seeks to examine the phenomenon of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the aristocrats related to sovereign rulers outside French borders who were the )] TJ ET BT 412.592 237.683 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(princes trangers)] TJ ET BT 496.916 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; to explore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the mechanisms by which the dynasty developed their fortune and exercised power and influence; and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consider what their activities reveal about the nature of the absolute monarchy, especially under Louis XIV. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(His main focus is the period from 1630 to 1720, though in his first two chapters he glances briefly back to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 16th century, when the dynasty took such a central role in the tumultuous final years of Valois rule, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed earlier to the medieval history of the duchy of Lorraine. He then turns to an examination of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(careers of various members of the family at the royal court, notably that of the comte d?Armagnac and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(younger brother the chevalier de Lorraine, favourites of Louis XIV himself and his younger brother Philippe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(duc d?Orlans \(Monsieur\) respectively. The fourth chapter surveys the dynasty?s marriage strategies and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(next chapter picks up on the contractual aspects of marriage and expands into a wider survey of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lorraines? exploitation of legal procedures and indeed fictions, and family settlements. A case study of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lorraine-Guise influence in the provinces follows, with a chapter examining various family members in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connection with southern France, particularly in Vivarais and adjacent territories. A final substantive chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlights the international dimension of the dynasty, noting those members who left France to serve the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(911)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 June, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jonathan Spangler)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(978-0-7546-5860-3)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(354pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farnham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joan Davies)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7927 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish King or the Holy Roman Emperor or to pursue their own private foreign adventures, as did Henri II )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(duc de Guise in Naples both in 1647 and 1654. The book is topped and tailed with an introduction and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion and buttressed with four appendices of family trees; summaries of wealth estimates in 1688 \(the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(year in which the order of the Saint-Esprit was conferred on no fewer than four members of the dynasty\); )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(details of land-holdings in the later 17th century; and summaries of marriage contracts made between 1583 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 1721.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The history of the Guise family in 16th-century France has received fairly extensive attention in recent years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from, )] TJ ET BT 63.344 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(inter alia)] TJ ET BT 107.684 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Jean-Marie Constant, Mark Konnert, and Stuart Carroll \(whose most recent study appeared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after the publication of this work\). This period marked their arrival on the political scene and the zenith of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their power as well as their near eclipse following the defeat of their challenge to the Valois-Bourbon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(succession. Rehabilitation followed swiftly as Henri IV bought off members of the dynasty in order to bring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peace to his kingdom but they never regained the power they had possessed and certainly never returned to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that point from which some members had apparently aspired of taking the succession for themselves. Dr )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spangler does not exactly take up where these other historians have left off; he refers in passing to some of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the political difficulties and conspiratorial activities of the family during the reign of Louis XIII, but largely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assumes familiarity on the part of his readers with this chequered period in the Lorraine-Guise story. His real )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concern is with the recovery from this period rather than with the near debacle towards the close of the 16th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century. These later generations of the Lorraine dynasty in France, in their multiple subdivisions of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(several lineages which made up the family as a whole, have never received such detailed examination. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Keeping track of the identities of individuals proves challenging especially given the dynasty?s propensity in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 17th century to change titles from generation to generation. The author is fully aware of these problems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and does his best to assist his readers with genealogical tables referenced in the index, but nonetheless more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frequent reminders incorporated into the text itself would have offered welcome guidance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although the earlier history of the Lorraine-Guise in France is not the main focus of this study, Dr )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spangler?s references to the founding ancestors do not entirely inspire confidence. Claude duc de Guise can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hardly have been sent to the court of Franois I in 1506 \(p. 38\), since Louis XII died only at the beginning of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1515 and his putative heir, the 14-year-old comte d?Angoulme, did not settle permanently at the royal court )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(until 1508. Accounts of the impact of the 1588 murders at Blois of the duc and cardinal de Guise \(pp. 1, 66\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are somewhat confused. We are told that Catholic moderates in France joined the Holy League and openly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rebelled and that Henri III himself was assassinated as consequences, yet we are also told that with the 17-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(year-old Charles succeeding his father Henri as duc de Guise in 1588 League resistance collapsed ? whereas, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Spangler himself recounts, it took nearly ten years for last of the Lorraine-Guise princes to submit. And )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the assertion that the murders alienated Philip II from the )] TJ ET BT 311.312 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(politique)] TJ ET BT 353.984 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( cause of Henri III is impossible to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sustain. If the Spanish king ever supported this cause, which seems extremely doubtful, then his alliance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Henri duc de Guise and other members of the family in the treaty of Joinville 31 December 1584 had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(already firmly repudiated any such moderate agenda.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the strengths of the 16th-century generations was their sense of family solidarity. As the dynasty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expanded, this largely persisted even through potential threats such as disputed successions. Such mutual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support, underpinned by a shared sense of quasi-sovereign status, was undoubtedly one of the factors that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enabled successful conservation of wealth and power. In the absence of significant surviving quantities of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal correspondence, that might have expressed mutual sympathies and support, Spangler makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effective use of the available legal documentation. For example, he demonstrates how the youngest son of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the comte d?Armagnac was confirmed as the focal point of dynastic ambition in the last years of Louis XIV )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through legacies, donations, )] TJ ET BT 171.668 147.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(survivances)] TJ ET BT 228.320 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and, not least, a very wealthy marriage. The Lorraine-Guise were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fortunate in securing marriages to heiresses whose wealth could go someway to extinguishing their debts or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enabling the repudiation of excessively encumbered inheritances as in the case of the comte d?Armagnac, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though his access to royal favour was perhaps as significant as his marriage to a Neufville deVilleroy in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowing him to pass the Harcourt succession to his younger siblings. In particular, the success of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Armagnac-Harcourt branch was sustained by their effectively hereditary possession of the post of Grand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ecuyer. Dr Spangler records the granting of )] TJ ET BT 247.292 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(brevets de retenue)] TJ ET BT 335.264 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or )] TJ ET BT 351.260 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(d?assurance )] TJ ET BT 414.920 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in July 1649 and in May )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7900 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1717 but focuses only on the contribution this made to the family?s material wealth. Surely it is worth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considering too the political situation; both these grants were made by regency governments \(he cites the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earlier grant by Louis XIV without mentioning that the king was then only ten years old\) facing challenges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respectively in the shape of the Frondes and of the agitation surrounding the status of Louis XIV?s )] TJ ET BT 510.284 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(princes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(lgitims)] TJ ET BT 77.348 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Was the loyalty of this branch of the Lorraine dynasty being bought as much as favour being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shown?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spangler?s discussion of the marital strategies of the dynasty in chapter four, which deals with ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corporate merger?, is thorough and illuminating, although one wonders why he decided that subjects had to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have reached 20 to qualify for his analysis, since one element omitted from consideration is the age at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage of both princes and princesses. From the predominantly princely marriages of the 16th century, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there was a gradual widening of the acceptable pool to encompass wealthy and influential aristocrats but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very rarely directly into the world of the robe or finance; however these links were made because the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aristocrats whom the Lorraines married had themselves often already forged such connections. It should be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(noted, however, that he is in error when he adds the Aligre family to their Parisian robe connections \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(185?6\) through the 1639 marriage of the comte d?Harcourt to Marie de Cambout de Coislin; the ?Aligre? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(duchesse de Coislin, also discussed on p. 220, did not come from the Parisian administrative dynasty which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been thoroughly studied by the late David Sturdy, but was a member of the old sword noble Algre )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family from Auvergne. The wife of Franois duc de Guise came from the Ferrara not the Modena branch of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Este family \(p. 137\), and was incidentally a )] TJ ET BT 263.648 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(petite-fille de France)] TJ ET BT 364.964 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. A topic emerging somewhat obliquely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this chapter and also in the discussion of Henri II duc de Guise?s career in chapter seven, is that of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unofficial or clandestine marriage; it is a pity that we are left in the dark about the nature of Guise?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship with Anne de Gonzague, the first of three repudiated or unacknowledged wives, although the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complexities of his contracts with his second and third ?wives? are explored. In this context, it seems strange )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Spangler completely fails to engage with Sarah Hanley?s arguments about the ?marital law compact? as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an intrinsic element of the relationship between family formation and state building. Spangler has, however, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identified an important and apparently novel phenomenon of independent female members of the dynasty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who neither married nor entered religion. He signals his intention to undertake further study of a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these women ? and it would be welcome if he were to set them in context by exploring the possibility of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such individuals emerging in non-princely aristocratic families in this period. Certainly he attends carefully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the role of women in the acquisition and preservation of wealth and power and his deployment of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concept of the ?matriclan? is innovative.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters four and especially five shed helpful light on the legal opportunities or loopholes that could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploited particularly at marriage and death. Here dynastic status was helpful because, like other aristocrats )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possessing )] TJ ET BT 88.352 302.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(duch-pairies)] TJ ET BT 154.340 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or simply royal favour, they could exploit the competing jurisdictions of France?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multiplicity of courts; their claims as )] TJ ET BT 214.016 287.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(princes-trangers)] TJ ET BT 299.336 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( were do not seem to have been especially critical. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The complexities of some of the financial strategies pursued, making it almost impossible to arrive at true )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuations or even true ownership of assets, invite comparison with the collateralised debt obligations and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(credit default swaps that have so bedevilled our modern economy. Perhaps, as with these financial conjuring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tricks, what mattered was perception rather than reality and arriving at a realistic balance sheet was largely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unnecessary so long as credit, and indeed )] TJ ET BT 235.304 216.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(credit)] TJ ET BT 263.300 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, was forthcoming. Thus success at court, as well as in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(courts, was a vital part of the dynasty?s wellbeing. The role of the dynasty in the French provinces is largely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explored in chapter six through the example of the Harcourts who actually moved south to Vivarais and of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Guises who maintained a more distant relationship with their territories in the same area, although there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is passing reference to the comte d?Armagnac?s role as governor of Anjou in chapter three.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It has to be admitted that the origins of this study in a 2003 Oxford D.Phil thesis sometimes remain evident, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for example in discussion of abandoned initial research plans \(p. 12\); and, on the same page, the author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspiration to the elimination of bias through use of a wide range of sources, which suggests a perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsophisticated methodological approach. Nonetheless it is certainly true that Dr Spangler has drawn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together a huge body of evidence from a very substantial range of archival and printed materials; his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bibliography lists materials from 13 archives dpartementales, besides the Archives Nationales and the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7844 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bibliothque Nationale in Paris, the British Library and the Archives Gnrales du Royaume in Brussels, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while a footnote on p. 69 cites the Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv in Vienna as the location of a copy of Mlle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(de Guise?s will, although it is not clear whether this version has been consulted. Perhaps inevitably the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imposition of a thematic treatment upon this mass of information creates certain challenges for the reader in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remembering and recognising individuals and their biographies. Dr Spangler?s intended exploration of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powerful single women in the dynasty will doubtless draw together some of the information on Mlle de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guise and on her disputed will which is scattered through the present study. But some stories remain only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(half told here: the sinister aside on p. 93 about the frightening proximity of the chevalier de Lorraine is never )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fully explained to readers unfamiliar with the detailed history of the court of Louis XIV; the princesse de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lillebonne is noted on p. 35 as ?ambassadrice extraordinaire? in 1698 but to whom or where is not signalled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nor is this intriguing role further discussed in the section devoted to her and her sons \(pp. 242?52\). On the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other hand, information is repeated, occasionally with different emphasis: for example, the chevalier de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lorraine?s benefice holding is explored pp. 83?4 and again pp. 111?2; Mlle de Guise?s request to the estates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Vivarais for the rather insignificant sum of 400 )] TJ ET BT 276.308 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(livres )] TJ ET BT 305.972 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards the cost of rebuilding the church at Joyeuse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is discussed p. 215 and again nine pages later. Dr Spangler is sometimes in two minds about the significance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of individuals: on p. 12 Marie de Rohan, duchesse de Chevreuse is declared to be a free agent rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fully integrated into the family of her second husband, but on p. 117 she is identified as the ?Lorraine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(duchesse de Chevreuse?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In these and other respects, Dr Spangler has not been well served by his publishers who, as an academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(press charging high prices for their books, should surely take rather more editorial responsibility than is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apparent here. Points are sometimes awkwardly made. Discussing the family?s failure to secure major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical posts after the mid 17th century \(pp. 81?2\), Dr Spangler argues that this deliberate crown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policy ?complies with Joe Bergin?s system? when what he really means is that his evidence fits with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor Bergin?s analysis of the reshaping of the French episcopate; and the ?large gap? left by this failure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was surely in the family?s resources and patronage rather than, as Dr Spangler actually writes, in the French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church which seems not to have suffered unduly from the absence of Guise bishops or cardinals. Infelicitous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(phrases such as ?it is here where ?? recur and language is used clumsily: ?Lorraine cadets nearly succumbed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([sic, for declined or possibly subsided?] to the level of ?mere gentlemen??\(p. 75\); ?the failed agglomeration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([maybe assimilation is intended] of the Guisards as princes of the blood? \(p. 15\); functions of provincial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(estates and other local authorities had been ?relegated [transferred or perhaps delegated?] to the royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intendants? \(p. 208\); and the curious description of Claude duc de Guise being ?punctured? at Marignano \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(64\) summons almost irresistibly an image of a Michelin duke deflating on the battlefield. Such clumsy or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incorrect use of language unfortunately leads to the assumption that ?tact? for tack \(p. 189\) and ?internment? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for interment \(p. 223\) are not simple typographical errors but outright blunders. And, throughout the book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alliances, relationships and positions are ?solidified?, never confirmed, consolidated, strengthened or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cemented. The density of some of the material with which the reader is presented does require a more fluent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and persuasive style than is often evident here.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book?s draws attention to a group that has hitherto been relatively neglected and offers information not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just about the dynasty which is its main focus but about the )] TJ ET BT 321.344 230.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(princes-trangers)] TJ ET BT 406.664 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( more generally with some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reference to others such as the La Tour d?Auvergne \(although for this family Simon Hodson?s 1999 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unpublished D.Phil. thesis remains the main source\), Rohan and Grimaldi. Unlike the Lorraine-Guise, these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(families? claims to sovereign status related to statelets or were otherwise highly theoretical; until the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absorption of the duchy of Lorraine into the Habsburg empire in the early 18th century, there was a real )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possibility that one of the Lorraines in France could have been called to succeed a cousin in Nancy, just as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Gonzaga duc de Nevers succeeded to Mantua, or as the Savoie-Nemours could have filled a vacancy at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Turin. Dr Spangler makes clear the advantages in terms of precedence and privileged access to the monarch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that this princely status gave to the Lorraine-Guise but the members of the dynasty who achieved most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(success seem to have owed that to their own personalities. One wonders therefore what distinguished these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(princes from other great aristocrats. Dr Spangler cites their apparent immunity from capital punishment in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison with the fate meted out to Henri II duc de Montmorency. This holds true for the 17th century, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but the murders at Blois could possibly be argued to be extra-judicial executions and in 1560 a higher-)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 2800 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ranking prince of the blood, Cond, escaped a death sentence only with the death of Franois II and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eclipse of his wife?s uncles, the duc de Guise and the cardinal de Lorraine. Unacknowledged but implicit in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his account of the chequered marital history of Henri II duc de Guise there appears to be a further privilege, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of immunity to the rulings of Rome on the legitimacy of his second alleged marriage, whereas the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Montmorencys in the 16th and early 17th century had to abide by the decisions of the papal court.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Society of Princes)] TJ ET BT 141.668 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( contains material that is a useful addition to the growing body of literature on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French aristocracy, while not significantly altering recent assessments of its relationship with the crown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the personal rule of Louis XIV. It is has value in its treatment of the acquisition and conservation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wealth, making effective use of wills, donations and marriage contracts in the absence of any significant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surviving body of accounts or papers concerned with household administration. The attention paid to the role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of women is noteworthy and Dr Spangler?s plans for future publication on the role of independent single )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women are to be welcomed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French History)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://fh.oxfordjournals.org/content/24/2/288.full)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 571.491 m 269.684 571.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 272.684 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 568.159 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 550.379 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 550.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/911)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 548.985 m 322.316 548.985 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 524.008 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 509.608 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4764)] TJ ET BT 34.016 495.208 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://fh.oxfordjournals.org/content/24/2/288.full)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 571.8055 269.6837 583.6855 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://fh.oxfordjournals.org/content/24/2/288.full) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 549.2995 322.3157 561.1795 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/911) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000623 00000 n 0000000705 00000 n 0000005150 00000 n 0000005259 00000 n 0000005369 00000 n 0000005478 00000 n 0000009039 00000 n 0000009167 00000 n 0000009251 00000 n 0000009316 00000 n 0000017296 00000 n 0000017361 00000 n 0000025314 00000 n 0000025379 00000 n 0000033276 00000 n 0000033367 00000 n 0000036220 00000 n 0000036347 00000 n 0000036449 00000 n 0000036577 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 36672 %%EOF