%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 23 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R 66 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140416060924+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140416060924+01'00') /Title (Art and Crusade in the Age of Saint Louis) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R 21 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5019 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Art and Crusade in the Age of Saint Louis)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nobody doubts the exceptional importance of the long reign of Louis IX \(1226-70\) as perceived either from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern historical perspectives, or presented in thirteenth-century \(or later\) views. Yet for those who wish to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integrate into the historical nexus information and ideas deriving from all manner of specifically visual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources there has been in recent years a lack of fresh studies on which to draw. Whether researching or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(teaching, the drawbacks of such a situation are obvious: Louis IX deserves better.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Before turning to a consideration of Weiss's useful and important book, it is worth taking some time to try to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand why Louis IX has been relatively poorly served by art historians in the last quarter of a century. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is, I think, largely the result of a series of historiographical accidents, most obvious in the study of the vast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body of evidence from illuminated manuscripts of the period \(and less notable in the treatment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(architecture and sculpture\). The flurry of investigation and publication that marked the septicentenary of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Louis' death in 1970 was followed by the untimely death of Robert Branner in 1974 \(he was only 46\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(posthumous publication of his last great monograph made available an ambitious work of fundamental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research that sketched out a vast panorama, but which remains difficult to use.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 409.940 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 409.940 131.625 m 423.932 131.625 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 423.932 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Meanwhile in 1973 Reiner )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Haussherr published an indispensable commentary volume to accompany the facsimile publication of one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Bibles moraliss in Vienna, a key work of the 1220s,)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 305.984 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 305.984 103.113 m 319.976 103.113 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 319.976 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( but he has been unable to follow it up with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multi-volume study of the Bibles moralises which he has frequently cited as in preparation. Harvey Stahl's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doctoral thesis of 1973 on the volume of Old Testament Miniatures)] TJ ET BT 360.320 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Morgan Library remains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unpublished,)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.684 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.684 60.345 m 109.676 60.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 109.676 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and his major work on the exquisite St Louis Psalter \(Paris, Bibliothque nationale de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(92)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 February, 2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Daniel Weiss)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780521621305)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1998)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(279pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Lowden)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 409.9397 131.9395 423.9317 143.8195 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 305.9837 103.4275 319.9757 115.3075 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.6837 60.6595 109.6757 72.5395 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R 38 0 R 41 0 R 44 0 R 47 0 R 50 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 9294 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France, MS lat. 10525\), yet one more crux in our understanding of the period, is still awaited.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This conspicuous hiatus has, however, begun to be corrected within the last few years, and Daniel Weiss's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book can be seen as a significant and very welcome stage in the process. Based on his 1992 dissertation,)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 534.596 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 534.596 754.563 m 548.588 754.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 548.588 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will soon be joined by a book by Sara Lipton based on her 1991 dissertation;)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 402.656 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 402.656 740.307 m 416.648 740.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 416.648 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Hans-Walther Stork has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published two volumes based on his dissertation, as well as a commentary on the facsimile of the Morgan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fragment of the Toledo Bible moralise \(which he calls the 'Bible of Saint Louis'\);)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 428.624 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 428.624 711.795 m 442.616 711.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 442.616 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Philippe Bttner is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preparing his 1996 dissertation for publication;)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 259.664 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 259.664 697.539 m 273.656 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 273.656 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Gerald Guest, it is to be hoped, will publish his 1998 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thesis;)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.688 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.688 683.283 m 78.680 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 78.680 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( my own long-prepared two-volume study of the Bibles moralises, due for publication in April )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000, will, I hope, also play a part in this invigorating process.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 334.328 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 334.328 669.027 m 348.320 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 348.320 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Close to other themes of Weiss's book, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stained glass of the Sainte-Chapelle, presented in a pioneering volume of the Corpus Vitrearum some forty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years ago,)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 82.664 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 82.664 640.515 m 102.656 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 102.656 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has recently been reconsidered in the thesis of A.A. Jordan, as yet unpublished.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 486.248 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 486.248 640.515 m 506.240 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And Stephen Murray's recent study of Amiens Cathedral reflects on the architecture of the Sainte-Chapelle.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 600.003 m 54.008 600.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 54.008 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Meantime a flurry of articles as distinct from books by these and other scholars have continued to map )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out new territory in and around the topic of art in the Age of Saint Louis, or \(to continue the metaphor\) have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proposed modifications to the maps we already possess.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is time, then, to consider what Weiss does in his book, and this I propose to do in three sections. I shall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(summarise the main arguments of the book, fairly briefly. I shall draw attention to a few minor flaws. And )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finally I shall open up for discussion some more basic questions about how the arguments work. This will be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a constructive spirit, based on my judgement that this is a valuable book, and that it deserves to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debated. Most of what he has to say is soundly based on the accepted wisdom of the secondary sources, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he has already himself contributed in articles. But of course there is always the urge to go further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weiss's book is quite short, and divided into two major parts, plus a conclusion. Part I is focused on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sainte-Chapelle, and Part II on the illuminated manuscript known after its current location as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Bibliothque de l'\) Arsenal Old Testament. A brief introduction \('The Formation of a Crusader King'\) sets )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the scene and adumbrates some of the discussion to follow. Weiss then retells the story of Louis' acquisition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Crown of Thorns and other Passion relics that had been amassed in the Byzantine imperial palace in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantinople, and the construction of the Sainte-Chapelle to house and display them in his palace on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ile de la cit in Paris. Ideological parallels are drawn with the palatine chapels at Aachen and at Palermo, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weiss follows Slobodan Curcic in seeing the Norman Cappella Palatina as strongly reminiscent of imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(halls in the Great Palace at Constantinople \(e.g., p. 22, although quite how Louis would have known this, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pace)] TJ ET BT 56.672 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( p. 224 n. 69, is unclear to me\). Architecturally, however, the contemporary and local design of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Episcopal and royal chapels is emphasized as crucial for the plan and elevation of the Sainte-Chapelle. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(glazed, painted, and sculpted decoration of the chapel is then considered, with emphasis given to the broad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(links between the Old Testament, Passion, and Relic cycles, and the particular visual links between Old )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Testament kings and their Capetian successors. The setting and display of the relics is discussed under the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(title )] TJ ET BT 55.688 249.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Solomonic Kingship and the New Temple)] TJ ET BT 254.024 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. After considering the tribune that flanked and supported the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elevated dais on which the relics were housed in a magnificent shrine, and the baldachino that covered the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shrine, Weiss suggests a number of Solomonic parallels: with biblical descriptions of the throne of Solomon, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a tradition of its representation in art, and with the facade of the Aqsa mosque on the Temple Mount in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jerusalem, known to the Crusaders as the )] TJ ET BT 235.316 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Templum Salomonis)] TJ ET BT 332.984 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Thus the passion reliquary was to the Sainte-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapelle what the ark was to the temple of Solomon, Paris was a new Jerusalem, Louis was a new Solomon.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part II begins with Louis' crusade, and moves rapidly to Acre, where, by general consent, the Arsenal Old )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Testament was made during the king's lengthy sojourn, 1250-54. Weiss first presents an extensive overview )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of this unusual manuscript with its vernacular and at times highly selective biblical text, and most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importantly its twenty pages of images, acting as frontispieces before the various Old Testament books \(all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are reproduced, three in colour\). In working through the cycle of images \(which comprises 115 individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scenes, for most of the frontispieces are subdivided\) he identifies sources or analogues primarily Gothic \(i.e. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Western\) or Byzantine. Notably close parallels are found, for example, in the Oxford Bible moralise \(MS )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bodley 270b\), which Weiss argues accompanied the king to Acre, and may even have been made )] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 534.5957 754.8775 548.5877 766.7575 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 402.6557 740.6215 416.6477 752.5015 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 428.6237 712.1095 442.6157 723.9895 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 259.6637 697.8535 273.6557 709.7335 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.6877 683.5975 78.6797 695.4775 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 40 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 334.3277 669.3415 348.3197 681.2215 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 43 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 82.6637 640.8295 102.6557 652.7095 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 46 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 486.2477 640.8295 506.2397 652.7095 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 49 0 obj [23 0 R /Fit] endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 600.3175 54.0077 612.1975 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 53 0 R >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Length 8175 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specifically to be taken on crusade. Amongst the Byzantine sources are found a number of individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscripts of varied types \(an Octateuch, a Psalter, a Book of Kings, and so forth\), and in this case Weiss )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests that the artist may have seen these manuscripts in Constantinople, and be basing himself on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(versions of the original images copied into a sketchbook. Weiss then works through the images to see how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and why the iconographic and stylistic elements were combined as they were. His deduction is that they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflect the complex contemporary circumstances of the crusaders in Outremer at one level, and the specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusading ideology of Louis IX, as Capetian king but also as a new Solomon, at another. The local element )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is especially conspicuous in, for example, the turbans and levantine costume worn by some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protagonists, or Job's naturalistic-looking camels. In particular the three slightly varied full-page )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations of Solomon before three excerpts from the Wisdom books \(mainly Proverbs\) are found to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exemplify Weiss's argument.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After a chapter of conclusion to the section on the Arsenal Old Testament, there are two further conclusions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entitled )] TJ ET BT 73.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Crusader Politics and the Patronage of Louis IX)] TJ ET BT 306.692 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and )] TJ ET BT 333.020 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Art and the Crusade)] TJ ET BT 430.688 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. These do more than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merely restate the author's position, and enable him to situate the objects of his study within a broader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context. The text is followed by notes, a selected bibliography, and an index.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is very clearly written, and the arguments easy to follow. The author is generally well-informed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the notes effectively indicate his sources. Most of the crucial visual material is illustrated in the book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the integration of image with text generally makes this readily accessible. This is a book solidly based )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on a large body of secondary work. It can be safely recommended to historians who require a clear and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attractive presentation of its topic. Any student reading it will be reliably informed, and, it is to be hoped, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspired to want to know more. I have some minor quibbles. Some editorial correction is required. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Latin, for example, the reading is certainly )] TJ ET BT 241.640 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(significat)] TJ ET BT 286.316 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ... )] TJ ET BT 301.316 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in cuius utero)] TJ ET BT 367.316 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( not )] TJ ET BT 388.652 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(signat ... cuis uteros)] TJ ET BT 485.324 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( on p. 235 n. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(56 \(cf. fig. 30\); read )] TJ ET BT 133.652 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sacerdotium)] TJ ET BT 192.980 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( not )] TJ ET BT 214.316 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sacerdotum)] TJ ET BT 270.308 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( on p. 54. The reference on p. 112 to fig. 41 should be to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fig. 35. Some of the monochrome illustrations are inadequate in a book of this expense \(e.g. figs. 2, 5, 6, 22\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The colour and monochrome images of the Sainte-Chapelle and Arsenal Old Testament are, however, good. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It would have been helpful to include a scale in figs. 2, 8 and 10, and/or to record a few dimensions on pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25-29. The significance attached to God's representation as Christ in the Job miniature is puzzling \(p. 170 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and pl. VII\), given his similar appearance elsewhere in the book \(e.g., pls. VI, VIII, figs. 34-40\). I think it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doubtful that the Arsenal Bible 'functioned primarily as a picture-book with accompanying text' \(p. 114\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given that it has only some 20 pages of pictures as against more than 700 with text alone, and the images )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were placed in spaces left by the scribe \(this aspect of the codicology could have been explored further\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Morgan Old Testament and the various Bibles moralises are, I suggest, true picture books in that every page )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(or folio\) has a picture on it, to which text was only added as a subsequent activity. The brief remarks on p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(86 concerning thirteenth-century vernacular Bibles and the 'popular canonical version' are potentially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misleading. It is not clear what biblical version Weiss uses for his translations: the text on p. 168, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, is certainly not from the Vulgate, nor is it based on the version of the manuscript \(f. 368v\). This is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not an issue to overlook in a text/image enquiry.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is time now to move away from such matters and consider broader issues. In keeping with the discussion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(format of this electronic journal I shall fire off a series of questions, much as one might in the discussion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after a lecture. Many of these questions, I realise, cannot easily be answered. But that does not mean that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they need not be asked. My motive is to suggest not so much how this book should be read \(that is up to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual\) but how, starting out from the position Weiss has argued, we might now wish to proceed. I will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus mainly on the Arsenal Bible \(but resist the temptation to use information from my forthcoming study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which was not available to Weiss at the time he was writing\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Why, we may ask, would Louis IX be thought to want a vernacular abbreviated Old Testament with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frontispieces? Why does the book have to have been made for him \(or even by him as donor\)? \(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Templars are considered briefly on pp. 203-4 as possible sponsors, and sidelined.\) Nothing in the book's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(later history implies a connection with Saint Louis , or the 'royal library' in the )] TJ ET BT 412.976 78.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(trsor des chartes)] TJ ET BT 498.968 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(palace \(as on pp. 208-9\). What is to say the book was not made, say, for Queen Marguerite, who was with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(him in Acre? Or was it perhaps ordered by one or other of them for a third party, a relative, one of their )] TJ ET endstream endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 56 0 R 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R 64 0 R ] /Contents 55 0 R >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Length 8216 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(children possibly? The vernacular text could support that view, as well as aspects of the David/Solomon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theme. That it has some sort of royal link seems to me quite probable \(and I am not questioning its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manufacture in Acre\), but a much greater range of possibilities could be explored, and the underlying notion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 'Louis IX as patron or recipient' needs to be carefully examined.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When we look at a large and complex artefact like the Arsenal Old Testament we have to ask who made the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crucial decisions that transformed it stage by stage from an idea into an object. To term it a royal book does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not take us very far. \(By extension, similar questions are raised by the Sainte-Chapelle, where the decision-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(making process undoubtedly extended over years, and must have involved many individuals in often highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex debate. Certainly it is a royal chapel, but what might have been the role of, for example, Blanche of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Castille, Louis IX's mother never a person to be underestimated especially in the realms of art and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(architecture?\) Did Louis himself choose the \(odd\) textual model for the Arsenal Old Testament, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supervise its abbreviation? This is hardly likely. The text was not merely abbreviated, moreover: only certain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books were included. Who chose them? If this was the work of a religious \(rather than a royal\) in Acre, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems likely, under what kind of supervision did he work? Who devised the often subtle and complex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(images? Were they planned by the king? Hardly. By the religious, then, in the guise of 'iconographer'? Or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were they devised primarily by the artist, alone or in consultation with one or more people? Who was it who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decided, detail by detail, what balance of Gothic, Byzantine, and 'Crusader' content to include? If the artist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was the best available in Acre, as seems likely, how closely was he directed? When he depicted Joshua and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his army setting off to conquer the promised land as westerners with heraldic shields \(fig. 38\) the implied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaning seems to be obvious \(the Israelites are proto-crusaders\), but when in another frontispiece he depicts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the army of the Maccabees fighting that of Bacchides \(fig. 49\), why is it the opposition who have the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crusading shields? Is this a subtle point, or an oversight, or merely some aspect of visual entertainment? The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same issue is raised by the different ways in which the Israelites/Jews are represented, most notable when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they are given turbans and levantine \('moslem'\) dress. How much of this variation is meaningful, how much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety for art's sake? More specifically in terms of what we read out of images, if the coronations of David )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Solomon \(figs. 41, 42\) are closely based on the Capetian royal )] TJ ET BT 356.636 428.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ordo)] TJ ET BT 379.304 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of 1250, why is the king in both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instances shown holding an orb and being given a labarum, when according to the )] TJ ET BT 430.952 413.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ordo)] TJ ET BT 453.620 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( he should be given a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sceptre \(not a labarum\), and no orb is mentioned \(see pp. 173-4 and accompanying notes\)? Similarly, when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it is argued, for example, that the trefoil-headed arch above Solomon in two of the full-page images is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reference to the baldachino above the relics in the Sainte-Chapelle \(p. 184\), we need to ask not merely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether the reference is plausible, but if it is how it was brought about, and who would have understood it. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout, issues of production and consumption, of input and out-take, ought not to be elided into a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole, however seamless and attractive the result might appear.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a book which has taken the material seriously, and deserves to be taken seriously in its turn. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional, even old-fashioned in some aspects of its approach, the search for iconographic sources and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconstruction of lost models, for example. Nonetheless it should be very useful to teachers and scholars. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deserves to find a place in bibliographies and on reading lists. It also deserves to be widely discussed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Due to outstanding work commitments the author has not yet been able to respond to this review.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 198.099 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 167.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Branner, )] TJ ET BT 144.332 167.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Manuscript Painting in Paris During the Reign of Saint Louis )] TJ ET BT 444.356 167.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Berkeley and Los )] TJ ET BT 64.016 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Angeles, 1977\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 140.336 153.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 140.336 151.827 m 194.324 151.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 138.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 138.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reiner Haussherr, )] TJ ET BT 153.656 138.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bible Moralise. Faksimile-Ausgabe im Originalformat des Codex Vindobonensis )] TJ ET BT 64.016 124.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(2554 der sterreichischen Nationalbibliothek, Codices Selecti, XL-XL)] TJ ET BT 402.668 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Graz, 1973\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 469.976 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 469.976 123.315 m 523.964 123.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 110.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harvey Stahl, )] TJ ET BT 133.004 110.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Iconographic Sources of the Old Testament Miniatures, Pierpont Morgan Library, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 96.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(M. 638)] TJ ET BT 98.012 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Ph.D. thesis \(New York University, 1974\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 309.656 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 309.656 94.803 m 363.644 94.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 81.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Daniel Weiss, )] TJ ET BT 134.336 81.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Pictorial Language of the Arsenal Old Testament: Gothic and Byzantine )] TJ ET BT 64.016 67.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Contributions and the Meaning of Crusader Art)] TJ ET BT 294.032 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Ph.D. thesis \(Johns Hopkins University, 1992\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 526.364 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 526.364 66.291 m 554.024 66.291 l S BT 64.016 53.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 52.035 m 90.344 52.035 l S endstream endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 57 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 140.3357 152.1415 194.3237 164.0215 ] >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 59 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 469.9757 123.6295 523.9637 135.5095 ] >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 61 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 309.6557 95.1175 363.6437 106.9975 ] >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 63 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 526.3637 66.6055 554.0237 78.4855 ] >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 65 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 52.3495 90.3437 64.2295 ] >> endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 68 0 R 70 0 R 72 0 R 74 0 R 76 0 R 78 0 R 80 0 R 82 0 R 84 0 R ] /Contents 67 0 R >> endobj 67 0 obj << /Length 5683 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sara Lipton, )] TJ ET BT 126.344 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jews in the Commentary Text and Illustrations of the Early Thirteenth-Century Bibles )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(moralises)] TJ ET BT 116.012 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Ph.D. thesis \(Yale University, 1991\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 299.996 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 299.996 780.819 m 353.984 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 767.962 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hans-Walter Stork, )] TJ ET BT 160.328 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bible moralise Codex Vindobonensis 2554 der sterreichischen )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nationalbibliothek. Transkription und bersetzung, Saarbrncker Hochschulschriften, 9)] TJ ET BT 485.012 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(St. Ingbert, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1988\); )] TJ ET BT 98.348 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Die Wiener franzsische Bible moralise Codex 2554 der sterreichischen Nationalbibliothek, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saarbrcker Hochschulschriften, 18)] TJ ET BT 238.328 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(St. Ingbert, 1992\); )] TJ ET BT 336.320 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Die Bibel Ludwigs des Heiligen. Vollstndige )] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Faksimile-Ausgabe im Originalformat von MS M. 240 der Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Codices Selecti, 102, 102)] TJ ET BT 185.672 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Graz, 1995\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 252.980 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 252.980 695.283 m 306.968 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 682.426 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philippe Bttner, )] TJ ET BT 149.024 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bilder zum Betreten der Zeit: Bible Moralise und kapetingisches Knigtum)] TJ ET BT 514.664 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Ph.D. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thesis \(Basel University, 1996\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 215.672 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 215.672 666.771 m 269.660 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 653.914 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gerald B. Guest,)] TJ ET BT 144.668 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Queens, Kings, and Clergy: Figures of Authority in the 13th-Century Moralized )] TJ ET BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bibles)] TJ ET BT 94.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Ph.D. thesis \(New York University, 1998\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 305.660 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 305.660 638.259 m 359.648 638.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 625.402 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Lowden,)] TJ ET BT 132.008 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( The Making of the Bibles Moralises, 1. The Manuscripts, 2. The Book of Ruth)] TJ ET BT 512.660 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University Park, forthcoming 2000.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 235.004 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 235.004 609.747 m 288.992 609.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 596.890 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M. Aubert, L. Grodecki, J. Lafond, J. Verrier: )] TJ ET BT 286.964 596.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Les vitraux de Notre-Dame et de la Sainte-Chapelle de )] TJ ET BT 64.016 582.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Paris, Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi)] TJ ET BT 239.012 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, France 1.1 \(Paris, 1959\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 363.656 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 363.656 581.235 m 423.644 581.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 568.378 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A.A. Jordan, )] TJ ET BT 128.336 568.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Narrative Design in the Stained Glass Windows of the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris)] TJ ET BT 510.008 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Ph.D. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thesis \(Bryn Mawr College, 1994\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 231.332 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 231.332 552.723 m 291.320 552.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 539.866 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(12.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen Murray, )] TJ ET BT 147.668 539.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Notre-Dame, Cathedral of Amiens: the Power of Change in Gothic)] TJ ET BT 469.652 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Cambridge, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1996.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 91.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 91.016 524.211 m 151.004 524.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 480.367 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 462.587 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 462.587 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/92)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 461.193 m 316.316 461.193 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 436.216 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 421.816 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/647)] TJ ET BT 34.016 407.416 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 69 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 299.9957 781.1335 353.9837 793.0135 ] >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 28 0 R >> endobj 70 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 71 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 252.9797 695.5975 306.9677 707.4775 ] >> endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 31 0 R >> endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 73 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 215.6717 667.0855 269.6597 678.9655 ] >> endobj 73 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 75 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 305.6597 638.5735 359.6477 650.4535 ] >> endobj 75 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 37 0 R >> endobj 76 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 77 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 235.0037 610.0615 288.9917 621.9415 ] >> endobj 77 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 40 0 R >> endobj 78 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 79 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 363.6557 581.5495 423.6437 593.4295 ] >> endobj 79 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 43 0 R >> endobj 80 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 81 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 231.3317 553.0375 291.3197 564.9175 ] >> endobj 81 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 46 0 R >> endobj 82 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 83 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 91.0157 524.5255 151.0037 536.4055 ] >> endobj 83 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 49 0 R >> endobj 84 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 85 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 461.5075 316.3157 473.3875 ] >> endobj 85 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/92) >> endobj xref 0 86 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000551 00000 n 0000000654 00000 n 0000005725 00000 n 0000005834 00000 n 0000005944 00000 n 0000006053 00000 n 0000009614 00000 n 0000009742 00000 n 0000009826 00000 n 0000009855 00000 n 0000009983 00000 n 0000010019 00000 n 0000010048 00000 n 0000010176 00000 n 0000010212 00000 n 0000010241 00000 n 0000010366 00000 n 0000010402 00000 n 0000010542 00000 n 0000019889 00000 n 0000019919 00000 n 0000020047 00000 n 0000020083 00000 n 0000020113 00000 n 0000020241 00000 n 0000020277 00000 n 0000020307 00000 n 0000020435 00000 n 0000020471 00000 n 0000020501 00000 n 0000020629 00000 n 0000020665 00000 n 0000020695 00000 n 0000020821 00000 n 0000020857 00000 n 0000020887 00000 n 0000021015 00000 n 0000021051 00000 n 0000021081 00000 n 0000021208 00000 n 0000021244 00000 n 0000021274 00000 n 0000021402 00000 n 0000021438 00000 n 0000021468 00000 n 0000021594 00000 n 0000021630 00000 n 0000021695 00000 n 0000029923 00000 n 0000030035 00000 n 0000038304 00000 n 0000038432 00000 n 0000038487 00000 n 0000038615 00000 n 0000038670 00000 n 0000038797 00000 n 0000038852 00000 n 0000038978 00000 n 0000039033 00000 n 0000039157 00000 n 0000039212 00000 n 0000039352 00000 n 0000045088 00000 n 0000045216 00000 n 0000045271 00000 n 0000045399 00000 n 0000045454 00000 n 0000045582 00000 n 0000045637 00000 n 0000045765 00000 n 0000045820 00000 n 0000045948 00000 n 0000046003 00000 n 0000046131 00000 n 0000046186 00000 n 0000046314 00000 n 0000046369 00000 n 0000046496 00000 n 0000046551 00000 n 0000046679 00000 n trailer << /Size 86 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 46773 %%EOF