%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 25 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150525114402+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150525114402+01'00') /Title (The International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest: 1500 to the Present) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4217 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest: 1500 to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(the Present)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Large encyclopaedias linked to online subscription websites which are continually updated seem fashionable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(today, whether in the high powered form of the )] TJ ET BT 263.972 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dictionary of National Biography)] TJ ET BT 426.980 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the UK or more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercialised enterprises like Wiley-Blackwell?s )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 283.964 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(International Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 283.964 207.951 m 547.616 207.951 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 48.008 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. A reviewer who has contributed entries to others in this genre is hardly best placed to criticise such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enterprises. It would therefore be inappropriate not to offer a critical welcome this latest example. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encyclopaedia of protest and revolution runs to seven volumes with over 4,000 double columned pages and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it covers the years from 1500 to the present including an essay by Lawrence Davidson on Osama Bin Laden )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and al-Qaeda and entries on popular protests up to and including the G8 Protests at Heiligedamm in June )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007. Reading the whole thing would be a herculean task and beyond this reviewer?s capacity or pocket. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The print version retails at 750 after the initial offer. I have been given instead one volume \(a-bl\) and a free )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(month?s subscription to roam the website. Fortunately there is a lexicon as a guide and a search page )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enabling the reader/reviewer to plot different tracks.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This however gives rise to a technical criticism. Whereas the double column format of the printed version )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(922)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tuesday, 1 June, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Immanuel Ness)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781405184649)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(825.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4280pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wiley-Blackwell)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.revolutionprotestencyclopedia.com/public/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chichester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Haynes)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 283.9637 220.5763 283.9637 220.5763 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.revolutionprotestencyclopedia.com/public/) >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 283.9637 208.0915 547.6157 219.9715 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.revolutionprotestencyclopedia.com/public/) >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7662 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes it easy to use, the online version does not seem to have easy defaults enabling economical printing. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(You are either stuck, therefore, with online reading or the problem of nearly setting fire to the printer when a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substantial number of entries are downloaded to be read in hard copy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But what of the content? There is an obvious problem in the design of such encyclopaedias. Unless a strong )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editorial judgement is made to influence entries in the direction of the theme of the encyclopaedia there is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable risk of overlap between entries here and elsewhere whether by the same or different publishers. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is most obviously the case with the biographical entries. Eduard Bernstein, the first great revisionist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socialist in pre-First World War Germany, is sufficiently important to have his biography appear in many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(places so it is hard to see how the entry differs from that available elsewhere even though Manfred Steger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does a clear enough job of distilling his career and ideas. Similarly, while Beethoven is in one sense a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolutionary figure it is less clear why he should appear here and again how his brief biography differs from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that easily available elsewhere and for free. There are, however, many lesser known figures to whom it is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pleasure to be introduced. Naming them risks acknowledging one?s ignorance but as an example I might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(note Anton Wilhelm Arno \(1703?1759\), a freed slave in 18th century Germany who for a time became a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant intellectual figure before returning to Ghana and disappearing.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The central problems for this reviewer, however, lie elsewhere. The biggest is perhaps the chaotic approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to commissioning pieces. I had hoped to find useful integrating articles outlining and synthesising the bigger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debates on types and forms of protest and revolution and how they relate to wider social structures. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although there is a mass of material from which the diligent reader can partly reconstruct these there are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hardly any entries that do the work for you. True there are general entries on food riots, forms of non violent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protest, unemployed protests, the student movement etc. But there is no synthetic account of peasant protest, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no essay on revolt, revolution, revolutionary war. There is a mass of material, on strikes but no essay on ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strike? or ?the general strike?. ?The sit in?, ?the factory occupation?, ?the demonstration? etc are also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(missing. I had hoped to find a piece on the history of consumer protests which some argue go back to sugar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boycotts as part of the Abolitionist movement. But while there is a lot on abolitionism there is no single )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entry on consumer protests. Indeed there is no entry on the category of ostensible ?new social movements? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even though entries on individual movements are numerous. What this suggests is a curiously old fashioned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach. The stress is on people, organisations and incidents rather than forms and underlying structures. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But this will make it hard, however good the actual entries, for a reader who is not already clear about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bigger issues to get as much as could potentially have been got from a better organised collection of pieces. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus we can read of the fall of the Bastille but not of the revolutionary crowd nor of debates about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychology of the crowd and popular movements in general. The )] TJ ET BT 349.628 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sans-culottes)] TJ ET BT 412.292 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( appear but there is no general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion of the craft worker and how their protests differ from factory workers, or the role of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dangerous classes or the lumpenproletariat and the many other elements that make up and underpin debates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about popular protest and revolution. Even the terms protest and revolution do not have entries of their own.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This makes it easier to deal with the limited number of big theme articles which do exist. In the absence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pieces on feudalism, absolutism, capitalism etc, the best place to start is probably Paul Le Banc?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commendable long entry on ?Imperialism, modernisation to globalization? which sets out some of the basic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguments about global development exploring orthodox Marxism, modernisation theory, dependency )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theory, world system theory and globalization and empire. From this we could then move to Clifford D. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Connor?s more descriptive essay on ?Imperialism, historical evolution?. The new reader would still lack an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adequate understanding of how social structures have emerged in the core of the system but they will at least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have a sense of the wider pattern of development. The next stop might then be the piece by Paul Robinson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on ?Class, poverty and revolution? which is the closest we seem to come to a general account of social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement theory. Then it would be back to Paul Le Blanc for another long essay on ?Class identity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protest? and then to a surprisingly short and blunt entry for such a big topic as ?class struggle? by Kunal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chattopadhyay. Armed, albeit lightly, with some general sense of the bigger issues the reader can then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progress in many different directions ? to the classic western revolutions \(?successful? and ?aborted?\), to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps the Taiping Rebellion \( Amit Bhattacharyya\) or to more recent ?Grassroots resistance to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(globalisation? \(Walden Bello\) and ?Food security and protests? \(Brenda Biddle\). It is possible to search for )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7821 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organised movements or protests with no guarantee that the one you are interested in will be there but with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the promise that some entries will surprise you.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This journey from structures to types of protests and individual forms is but one of many that can be taken. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another journey would be to follow through on a country. If we take Russia as an example we can move )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forward from the Pugachev Revolt of 1773?5 through the Decembrist Uprising \(1825\) to the Cholera Riots )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 1830?1. Then there is a jump, with nothing extended on peasant protest in Russia despite its significance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the debates surrounding it. There are some references to Russian populism but Lawrence Goodwyn?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(main entry on ?Populism? is about the American version. We pick up Russia again with the revolution of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1905?7, the pre-war labour upsurge, several entries on the Russian Revolution and Civil War, then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolutionary figures \(with movements less well covered\). Then we have the rise of Stalin, the fall of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(USSR and so on. Anyone unfamiliar with the history of protest and revolution in Russia will find much here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with considerable detail in places. But these entries raise another issue. Who do you ask to contribute ? an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insider or an outsider? In the case of Russia several of the key entries are written by David Mandel. Mandel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is the author of a major study of working class activity in the Russian Revolution and his later works include )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussions of the collapse of the USSR and he has remained engaged with members of the Russian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(democratic and popular opposition. His entries are, therefore, as one would expect, to a high standard. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since we already have his writing on these topics it is not clear what is gained from asking him \(and several )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like authors\) to produce an additional synthesis of what is easily available in their work rather than asking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instead for a view from a younger figure. This is perhaps a perennial problem in such compilations. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(famous 11th edition of the )] TJ ET BT 163.676 513.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Encyclopaedia Britannica)] TJ ET BT 289.328 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and its appendix volumes were so good not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because they were written by the greatest experts of the time but because they produced elegant essays and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes significantly advanced arguments. The articles in this edition on the events either side of 1914 in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russia, controversial though they are, are still immensely valuable. But the format in the )] TJ ET BT 462.308 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(International )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Encyclopaedia of Revolution and Protest)] TJ ET BT 231.332 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( does not allow the same level of detail or development.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The observant reader so far will perhaps note that the cast of authors includes some major writers on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critical left. Given the themes and the nature of the current global crisis this might not be unexpected. After )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so much academic discussion which has tried to play down traditions of popular protest and revolution, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self-confident and, at times, even angry view from the left is welcome. But I for one would have liked to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have seen the argument with critics carried forward more openly and in a more engaged way, rather than left )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implicit or even, on occasion, aggressively asserted. There was surely scope for some discussion of the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dismissive approaches found in the historiography of protest and revolution but historiography doesn?t )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figure much at all, including the absence of a general discussion of the historiography of protest and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution themselves.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But if the entries come broadly from the critical left there is still an inconsistency in the way that major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues are approached. The crude narrative of protest and revolution is that it has contributed to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement towards the eventual transcendence of capitalism by a socialist society. Class struggle exists, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positive, and in the long run moves society forward. Every strike, argued the Industrial Workers of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World, is a small revolution and a preparation for the big one.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But for several generations this new society was identified with the self-defined socialisms of the Soviet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bloc, China and some post colonial states in poorer parts of the world. The collapse of the USSR, the shift in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(China and the weakening of ?third worldism? have all served to undermine this narrative. For liberals and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservatives the result has been some version of the Fukuyama thesis where liberal democracy is the best )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we can hope for. For the critical left, defined in part by its opposition to simply identifying socialism with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the societies that claimed this title, this dominant narrative has always been a problem. The entry on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?socialism? does set out some aspects of this but by itself is too little. Paul Le Blanc adds a little more in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essay on ?Joseph Stalin and ?revolution from above??, where, although he does not engage directly with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debates on the left about Russia recently set out by Marcel van der Linden, it is clear that he does not see )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stalinism as either a necessary outcome of the Russian Revolution or a legitimate form of socialism.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 515.972 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 515.972 77.043 m 529.964 77.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 529.964 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quotes Roy Medvedev to the effect that Stalin?s victories ?turned out in fact to be defeats for socialism?. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his entry on Marxism, Le Blanc sets out further elements of this debate on the left. There are also entries )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 515.9717 77.3575 529.9637 89.2375 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 29 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 5878 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from which it is possible to reconstruct more parts of an alterative narrative including on Trotsky, Cornelius )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Castoridias and the ?Socialisme ou Barbarmisie group? although the uninformed reader would hardly gain a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense of the richness of the debate outlined by van der Linden. But if they turn to other entries they would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have no idea at all. For example, the entry on ?Albania, socialism? by Dalakoglou and Halili simply assumes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the terms socialism and communism can be used unproblematically to describe Albanian society after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1945 even though on anybody?s account it was highly aberrant, even in an aberrant group of self-defined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socialist societies. Unfortunately the same is true of many other entries. This again then takes us back to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lack of another general entry ? this time on communism ? to help frame debates as well as the lack of a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considered theoretical approach more generally.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(We are left therefore with a chaotic richness alongside the criticisms. The editors have looked to have a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(genuinely global coverage. Some 150 entries, for example, relate to Africa \(though carping again ? where is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the essay on forms of colonial and post-colonial resistance to frame them?\) Anarchism gets a good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treatment, in some ways more systematic than socialism. Having recently read a brief history of the United )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fruit Company I am happy to find out more about the Banana Plantation Worker Rebellion in Colombia in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1929. Readers in Britain will be surprised at the lack of a specific entry on ?the general strike? or ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(miners? strike? but welcome the entry on the Brixton riots. They may be puzzled though at the inclusion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ian Paisley and Unionism, and especially in the absence of a general entry framing the issue of more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reactionary forms of protest. It is good to see that art and culture gets a strong look in though again the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selection is eclectic to say the least. Punks are there but I might have sacrificed the entry on the irrepressible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Slavoj Zizek for one say on protest and the counter-culture of the 1960s, perhaps more than three mentions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Bob Dylan and the odd reference to Joe Hill, Pete Seegar and the American folk tradition? But is this a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(judgement informed by a sense of historical significance or simply that of the personal views of an aging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewer? I suspect that most professional historians will not be rushing first to this encyclopaedia to back )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up their teaching nor will it be the first thing that comes to mind to suggest to students but few will not enjoy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(browsing it even if they share this reviewer?s sense that an important opportunity has been lost, at least in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the printed version ? to produce a really powerful guide that will have a longer life. Perhaps this can be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rectified over time in the online version, assuming that the system we live in, and commercial publishing, is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not overcome by more protest and revolution ? a suggestion which some readers will think smacks of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?utopianism?, a topic on which they will find several interesting entries here but not the basis of a real )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evaluation of how the past of revolution and protest might inform our future.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 336.147 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 305.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marcel van der Linden, )] TJ ET BT 179.648 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Western Marxism and the Soviet Union: A Survey of Critical Theories and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Debates Since 1917)] TJ ET BT 159.332 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Leiden, 2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 236.648 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 236.648 289.875 m 290.636 289.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 265.013 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 246.031 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 228.251 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 228.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/922)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 226.857 m 322.316 226.857 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 201.880 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.480 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4803)] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.080 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.revolutionprotestencyclopedia.com/public/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 158.680 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 236.6477 290.1895 290.6357 302.0695 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 227.1715 322.3157 239.0515 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/922) >> endobj xref 0 31 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000581 00000 n 0000000677 00000 n 0000004946 00000 n 0000005055 00000 n 0000005165 00000 n 0000005274 00000 n 0000008835 00000 n 0000008963 00000 n 0000009047 00000 n 0000009175 00000 n 0000009279 00000 n 0000009407 00000 n 0000009511 00000 n 0000009576 00000 n 0000017291 00000 n 0000017375 00000 n 0000025249 00000 n 0000025279 00000 n 0000025405 00000 n 0000025441 00000 n 0000025532 00000 n 0000031463 00000 n 0000031591 00000 n 0000031646 00000 n 0000031774 00000 n trailer << /Size 31 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31869 %%EOF