%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 22 0 R 33 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721184539+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721184539+01'00') /Title (The Environmental Legacy of Harry Truman) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4202 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Environmental Legacy of Harry Truman)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karl Boyd Brooks, noted environmental historian and now Director of Region 7 of the Environmental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Protection Agency, has edited an interesting volume of essays written primarily by environmental, political, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and legal scholars, mostly by historians, that, in part, grew out of a 2007 symposium held at Key West, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Florida, titled ?Truman and the Environment: Los Alamos to the Everglades?. The symposium, which was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sponsored by the Truman Little White House, the Southeast Region of the National Archives, and the Harry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(S. Truman Library Institute for National and International Affairs hoped to understand how the actions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(President Truman impacted how his successors have ?discharged their constitutional duty ?to promote the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common welfare?? \(p. xiii\). This book is the fifth volume in Truman State University?s Truman Legacy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series, which has previously examined national security, civil rights, Israel and the Middle East, Native )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Americans, and immigration topics.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the opening preface and introduction Brooks sets the tone for some of the essays that follow. He argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clearly that American environmental history did not begin in the 1960s, but rather that scholars should look )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(back further in American history to see the roots of America?s environmental experience. Brooks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concludes: ?The years between 1945 and 1956 contributed no less to American environmental history than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did the dozen years after )] TJ ET BT 154.976 75.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Silent Spring)] TJ ET BT 217.316 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(p. xix\). The other point that Brooks argues is that because Truman?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environmental legacy ?endures as a tangible heritage of concrete and steel and asphalt throughout the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(929)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 July, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karl Boyd Brooks)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781931112932)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(24.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(184pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Truman State University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kirksville, MO)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jon E. Taylor)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7944 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation? \(p. xxvii\) which resulted in the destruction of untold numbers of ecosystems, then it served as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(catalyst that ignited the environmental movement in the 1960s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?The Environmental Legacy of the Truman Presidency? section features four essays. In ?Taking the Postwar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Seriously,? Mark W. T. Harvey clearly agrees with Brooks that environmental history has not received the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention it deserved and makes a compelling case that environmental history research has not made it into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the larger narrative of American history because American history textbooks have bought into the myth that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the American environmental movement began in the 1960s with the publication of Rachel Carson?s )] TJ ET BT 516.620 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Silent Spring)] TJ ET BT 96.356 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 99.356 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 99.356 683.283 m 113.348 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 113.348 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Harvey then embarks on a tour de force of some of the most significant environmental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history scholarship within the past ten years but does not provide the reader with a remedy for getting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environmental history prior to Carson into the textbooks. Paul Milazzo follows Harvey with the essay, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?From Truman to Eisenhower: Rethinking Postwar Environmental ?Consensus?? in which he examines the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(water development and water pollution control policies of both presidents. However, Milazzo, who is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author of )] TJ ET BT 80.672 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Unlikely Environmentalists: Congress and Clean Water, 1945?1972 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 411.992 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 411.992 612.003 m 425.984 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 425.984 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( spends more time talking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the Eisenhower administration?s policies rather than Truman?s policies, which this reviewer found )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strange even when Milazzo warns his readers not to believe that he hoped they would not think they have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?fallen victim to some sort of presidential bait and switch? \(p. 20\). Furthermore, this essay does not explain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(why Truman signed the Water Pollution Control Act of 1948, which was the nation?s first water-quality law )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 53\) and the author?s bibliography does not reflect he had conducted research at either the Truman or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eisenhower libraries. The third essay in this section by Thomas Robertson, ?Conservation After World War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(II: The Truman Administration, Foreign Aid, and the ?Greatest Good??, was the only essay in this section )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that significantly examines Truman?s environmental legacy. Within an international context, the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(probes how Truman?s foreign policy intertwined with natural resource issues by looking at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administration?s role in encouraging a world conference on conservation and how natural resources were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treated under the Marshall Plan and in Truman?s Point 4 program, which was designed to help )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underdeveloped areas of the world pursue economic prosperity. What is compelling about Robertson?s essay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is that he describes how Truman?s advisors believed that their programs practiced conservation, but were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenged by other conservationists, usually from outside government, who disagreed. Robertson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concludes, ?While many Truman administration officials began to equate conservation with economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development, a small but important minority of conservationists began to articulate criticisms of economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and population growth? \(p. 44\). The concluding essay, Christopher H. Schroeder?s ?Administrative Law )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reform and Environmental Lawmaking?, is interesting because he chronicles how the Administrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Procedure Act \(APA\) was signed into law by Truman in 1946; however, its connection to Harry Truman?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environmental record could have been strengthened by case studies that explain how the law was applied in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environmental situations and by an essay that included footnotes and a bibliography.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second section of the book, ?Harry Truman?s Continuing Legacy,? features two essays; however, like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schroeder?s piece, these are not accompanied by either footnotes or a bibliography. ?The Importance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Executive Leadership to Environmental Progress? by Christine Todd Whitman, who served as Administrator )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Environmental Protection Agency under George W. Bush from 2001 to 2003, discusses her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disappointment that George W. Bush refused to recognize global warming as a serious issue, but concludes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by making the observation that she hopes George W. Bush?s legacy on the environment would not be same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as that of Harry Truman, which \(articulated by Karl Brooks\) ?ignited the constructive creativity that finally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forced a reckoning of the costs? \(p. 74\). Michael Grunwald?s ?Swamped: Harry Truman, South Florida, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Changing Political Geography of American Conversation? recounts Harry Truman?s dedication of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Everglades National park in Florida in 1947 and discusses the preservation of the Everglades up to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present. The author considers Truman to be a ?people-first conservationist? ? someone who put the use and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of the resources ahead of assessing how the use would impact on the resources.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume is complimented by two sets of primary documents that were selected from the Harry S. Truman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Library and Museum archives, a photo essay at the end of the book, and by several appendices. The first set )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of documents describes Truman?s ?booster? mindset that stressed development, progress, and growth. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These documents are fine, but one would have thought this collection of essays would have at least one )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 99.3557 683.5975 113.3477 695.4775 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 411.9917 612.3175 425.9837 624.1975 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 28 0 R 31 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 8190 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(article that could have utilized these documents to define his ?booster? ethic. Furthermore, Harry Truman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a farmer and this volume does not mention his experience as a Jackson County farmer, which seems to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be a glaring omission. Could it be that his ?boosterism? stemmed from his experiences as a farmer from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1906 to 1917 in Grandview, Missouri? It was on the farm where Harry Truman most closely interacted with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the environment and this volume completely glosses over this. The second set of documents are directly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(related to some of the essays written in the book; however, this set also introduced the reader to new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material, leaving him wanting to know more. One photo caption notes that in 1948 Congress passed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Water Pollution Control Act and in April 1950 Truman?s Interior Secretary Oscar Chapman hosted the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation?s first air pollution conference \(p. 53\). For a president who seemed to single handedly usher in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environmental movement of the 1960s through his destructive environmental policies, it seems to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disingenuous to not talk about how the Water Pollution Control Act and the 1950 Air Pollution Conference )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be considered as achievements for Truman?s environmental legacy. Perhaps these are discussed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greater detail in Brooks?s )] TJ ET BT 159.992 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Before Earth Day: The Origins of American Environmental Law, 1945-1970)] TJ ET BT 530.972 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 533.972 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 533.972 624.003 m 547.964 624.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The photo essay demonstrates Truman?s destructive environmental legacy by featuring photographs that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(showed Truman?s love for roads and dams by including pictures and captions that showed him and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?public-power zealot[s]? \(p. 104\)dedicating the Grand Coulee Dam and the McNary dam on the Columbia )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(River. The appendices include a couple of articles written about how to research Truman?s environmental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legacy in the holdings of the National Archives and the concluding appendix features a brief chronology of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Harry S. Truman and the Natural Environment.?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book misses an opportunity to engage with significant environmental issues. Brooks discusses the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of nuclear power in his opening chapter, but not one essay in this volume is devoted to this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(topic. Also, the National Trust for Historic Preservation was chartered by Congress in 1949 and the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not even consider why or who was behind the push to create the Trust and whether or not the push to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preserve America?s historic resources was linked in any way with those who spoke out against Truman?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environmental record. Furthermore, the book does not give the reader a clear view of how Truman?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secretaries of the interior viewed natural resources. Three Secretaries of the Interior, Harold Ickes, Julius )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Krug, and Oscar Chapman, respectively served during Truman?s tenure as president and some overall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison/contrast of their views would have been tremendously helpful. Harold Ickes, as Robertson notes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in his article, was very active in supporting a world conference on conservation. However, Ickes resigned in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1946 to protest Truman?s appointment of Edwin Pauley to serve as Secretary of Navy. Pauley was president )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of an oil company that specialized in off shore drilling on continental shelf lands located off the coasts of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(United States. At the time, it was debated whether the federal government or the states had jurisdiction over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these lands. Pauley and Ickes had gotten into a battle and Ickes threatened to file suit. Ickes resignation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seemed to indicate a distinct difference in how the secretary and Truman viewed natural resources and yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(none of this story makes its way into this volume. Finally, while Brooks mentions the dams that were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constructed during Truman?s presidency there is never any analysis given to how these dams were received )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the local communities and what their reaction is to their placement. In all fairness, Brooks covers some of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this in his first book )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 133.028 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 133.028 255.603 m 147.020 255.603 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 147.020 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, as does Mark W. T. Harvey in )] TJ ET BT 301.316 256.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Symbol of Wilderness: Echo Park and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(American Conservation Movement )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 204.320 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 204.320 241.347 m 218.312 241.347 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 218.312 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; however, it would have been good to draw these voices into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Truman?s environmental legacy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall, I found the focus of this book challenging. The individuals selected are qualified to weigh in on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Truman?s environmental legacy; however, it seems that most get hung up on the fact that the president?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environmental legacy was dismal at best and despite reaching to find a legacy the Water Pollution Control )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Act of 1948 and the air pollution conference of 1950 are seemingly dismissed as achievements. While )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Truman deserves the environmental criticism offered him in this volume, the real environmental story )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should not be centered around Harry Truman, but instead around those individuals who spoke out against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Truman?s policies. One of the arguments of the book was that Truman?s putrid environmental legacy led to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the environmental movement of the 1960s; however, the book never really gave me a good sense of how the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary criticism of Truman?s environmental legacy was connected to the environmental movement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the 1960s. If the book could have given more scholarly attention to those of Truman?s contemporaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who were speaking out against his policies at the time and demonstrated the connection between their )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 533.9717 624.3175 547.9637 636.1975 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 133.0277 255.9175 147.0197 267.7975 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 204.3197 241.6615 218.3117 253.5415 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R ] /Contents 34 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Length 4055 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criticisms and the way the environmental movement of the 1960s drew upon them, then perhaps a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nuanced argument would have emerged, that Truman?s policies played a role in igniting the environmental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement, but so too did a growing opposition to his view of how the environment should be treated that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerged in the 1940s and 1950s in response to his destructive environmental policies. For the most part, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brooks and others have crafted a declension narrative of environmental history in the 1940s and 1950s that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can only be corrected by more research or drawing upon recent work, much of which they reference, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(better see how this period is connected with the environmental movement that emerged in the 1960s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 676.035 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 645.418 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rachel Carson, )] TJ ET BT 140.336 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Silent Spring)] TJ ET BT 223.676 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Boston, MA, 1962\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 327.008 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 327.008 644.019 m 380.996 644.019 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 631.162 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Milazzo, )] TJ ET BT 133.676 631.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Unlikely Environmentalists: Congress and Clean Water, 1945?1972)] TJ ET BT 461.996 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Lawrence, KS\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 615.507 m 118.004 615.507 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 602.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karl Boyd Brooks, )] TJ ET BT 158.012 602.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Before Earth Day: The Origins of American Environmental Law, 1945-1970)] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Lawrence, KS, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 173.648 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 173.648 586.995 m 227.636 586.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 574.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karl Boyd Brooks, )] TJ ET BT 158.012 574.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Public Dams, Private Power: The Hells Canyon High Dam Controversy )] TJ ET BT 508.316 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Seattle, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(WA, 2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 121.004 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 121.004 558.483 m 174.992 558.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 545.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark W. T. Harvey, )] TJ ET BT 164.984 545.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Symbol of Wilderness: Echo Park and the American Conservation Movement )] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Seattle, WA, 2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 163.664 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 163.664 529.971 m 217.652 529.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 505.109 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 486.127 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 468.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 468.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/929)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 466.953 m 322.316 466.953 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 441.976 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.576 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4833)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.176 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 327.0077 644.3335 380.9957 656.2135 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 615.8215 118.0037 627.7015 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 173.6477 587.3095 227.6357 599.1895 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 121.0037 558.7975 174.9917 570.6775 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 163.6637 530.2855 217.6517 542.1655 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 30 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 467.2675 322.3157 479.1475 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/929) >> endobj xref 0 47 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000543 00000 n 0000000625 00000 n 0000004879 00000 n 0000004988 00000 n 0000005098 00000 n 0000005207 00000 n 0000008768 00000 n 0000008896 00000 n 0000008980 00000 n 0000009071 00000 n 0000017068 00000 n 0000017098 00000 n 0000017225 00000 n 0000017261 00000 n 0000017291 00000 n 0000017419 00000 n 0000017455 00000 n 0000017553 00000 n 0000025796 00000 n 0000025826 00000 n 0000025954 00000 n 0000025990 00000 n 0000026020 00000 n 0000026148 00000 n 0000026184 00000 n 0000026214 00000 n 0000026342 00000 n 0000026378 00000 n 0000026497 00000 n 0000030605 00000 n 0000030733 00000 n 0000030788 00000 n 0000030915 00000 n 0000030970 00000 n 0000031098 00000 n 0000031153 00000 n 0000031281 00000 n 0000031336 00000 n 0000031464 00000 n 0000031519 00000 n 0000031647 00000 n trailer << /Size 47 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31742 %%EOF