%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721233311+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721233311+01'00') /Title (Fear and Progress: Ordinary Lives in Franco?s Spain, 1939-1975) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3264 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Fear and Progress: Ordinary Lives in Franco?s Spain, 1939-1975)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fear and Progress)] TJ ET BT 137.672 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Antonio Cazorla Snchez has produced a first-class survey of life in the years of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Franco regime \(1939?75\). His compelling narrative is supported by insightful analysis into the nature of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regime and a welcome abundance of source material including oral history interviews and government )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents. This volume forms the first in a series of monographs dedicated to ?Ordinary Lives? and is soon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be followed by works examining Nazi Germany and Stalin?s Russia.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The rationale for the focus on ordinary lives in Spain, and one can assume that such reasoning will be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extended to subsequent works in the series, is to demonstrate what happened to those people who ?make? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, and experience it, in very different ways to elites. Cazorla Snchez sets out to highlight the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?prospects and aspirations of ordinary Spaniards? and ?what they were thinking and expecting from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(future? \(p.1\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(936)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 July, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Antonio Cazorla Snchez)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781405133166)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(304pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wiley-Blackwell)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chris Grocott)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7309 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fear and Progress)] TJ ET BT 124.676 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is, however, more than simply an attempt to tell the history of Spain from a fresh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective. Cazorla Snchez?s first vignette is of the poverty experienced by an ordinary family in Almeria. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Both parents and their son-in-law are described as illiterate, whilst the children \(seven of them\) had received )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only a basic education. Of the eldest daughter?s four children, the fourth \(you may already have guessed\) is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cazorla Snchez. This volume is, therefore, much more than a history of Spain; it is also a personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(condemnation of the regime by the author whose own experiences of Francoism have shaped his thinking.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author?s contempt for Franco?s regime is palpable. In part, this is why this analysis of the Franco )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regime is so compelling ? )] TJ ET BT 160.340 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fear and Progress)] TJ ET BT 251.000 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is not an abstract work, but one that is riven with both personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and political feeling. For this reviewer, whose politics are left wing and whose analytical approach is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marxist, this is fine. For others there may be points in the text where the literary flourishes of condemnation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may be too much. Either way, they are undoubtedly heart-felt.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of a similarly controversial nature \(depending on one?s preferences\) is one of Cazorla Snchez?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions regarding the effect that the regime had on Spanish values. He argues that the ?hostile and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repressive? institutions of the regime served to make Spaniards ?pessimistic in social and collective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matters?. Moreover, he goes further to add that the result of Francoism was to make Spaniards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?individualistic? \(p. 4\). As an outsider, this reviewer feels unable to comment but it is obvious that this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis will divide opinion between those who do feel equipped to engage with this judgement.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cazorla Snchez sets out his argument over five chapters: ?The Politics of Fear?, ?The Social Cost of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dictatorship?, ?Migration?, ?A Changing Society?, and ?Roads to Citizenship?. The central thesis that is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrated is that contrary to much of the literature, particularly that which has attempted to rehabilitate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Franco, Spain?s transition to an economically successful and modern nation happened in spite of, rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because of, Francoism. Indeed all that Cazorla Snchez is prepared to concede to the regime is its decision to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abandon the self-destructive policy of autarky in the 1950s and the way in which its apparatus of repression )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prevented concerted industrial action and thus served to suppress wage levels. He therefore contrasts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(MacMillan?s ?you?ve never had it so good? with the notion that in Franco?s Spain once autarky had been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abandoned ?capital ? never had it so good? \(p. 15\). Behind the terrible effects on the lives of ordinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spaniards lies, of course, their story and it is this story that Cazorla Snchez sets out to tell.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter one deals with the establishment of a regime whose control was based on repression and fear. It did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this, Cazorla Snchez argues, by publicly praising the virtues of ?Franco?s peace? through events such as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public celebration of the anniversary of 18 July \(the official starting date of the Civil War\) or through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monuments such as El Valle de los Cados. He convincingly argues that the state also solidified its control )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over the population at large by co-opting interest groups \(for example the Church, army, and landowners\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and using these to aid the creation of oppression in the regime. Such repression was not targeted solely at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(former republicans, however; Cazorla Snchez argues that this was the repression of elites against the poor, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no matter which side the latter had given preference to during the Civil War. Cazorla Snchez argues that as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the regime became more entrenched, its repressive policies served to turn people away from political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought, this despite the regime?s claim to popular and active support. This lack of desire for political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involvement of any variety goes a long way towards explaining the lack of success of the Falange as a fascist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(party.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter two examines the regime?s incompetent approach to economics. Franco?s policy of autarky caused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enormous hardship for the Spanish people and this chapter not only gives a detailed examination of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(failure at policy level, but also the consequences on the ground. One British diplomat reported, for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that in Andalucia many workers could not perform their jobs due to starvation \(p. 60\) whilst in Jaen during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1951 even the Falange recognised the fact that around 60,000 families spent most of the year simply aspiring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to have enough food to stave off death \(p. 61\). Even those with work were subject to shocking conditions in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the work place and excessively lengthy working weeks for little pay. Poverty and misery of course had a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dramatic effect on ordinary Spaniards but, so too did the inadequate educational system of Franco?s Spain. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Interestingly Cazorla Snchez points out that things got worse before they got better ? the stabilisation plan )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7715 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might well have brought an economic boom in the long-term, but at the end of the 1950s and in the short-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(term the repeal of state intervention and adoption of international capitalism caused a recession that still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further affected ordinary lives.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter three handles the massive migrations caused by the regime?s economic and repressive policies. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration was of course both to urban areas in Spain and abroad, mainly to Europe and in particular to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany. Migrations to the city might begin with one or two young men seeking work in urban areas, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should they be even modestly successful they would be followed by others from their village. One example )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Cazorla Snchez gives is that of the village of Matian which between 1963 and 1975 all but disappeared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whilst the nearby town of Ibi, a manufacturing town, tripled its population from 6,000 to nearly 19,000 \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(103\). For those who went outside of Spain to work there was a comparatively greater amount of money to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earned but even this was taxed by the state and drawn upon by the banks when it was changed into pesetas ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nevertheless, this money played a vital role in keeping the Spanish economy buoyant. Wherever migrants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ended up, and in particular if they moved within Spain, they were subject to appalling housing conditions. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And yet, for all of these deprivations, people began to break down their identities and adopt new ones in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(places to which they moved; for Cazorla Snchez it is this process that heralded a break between the views )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ordinary people and the regime.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter four looks at the various socio-economic forces that altered the views of those living under the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regime. Crucial amongst this was the changing role of the Church. Ironically because the regime had come )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to depend on the Catholic Church to such a great extent for ideological validation, backed-up by spiritual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oppression, its shift away from support of the regime and in many cases of priests on the ground into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposition, posted a quandary. Despite the Church becoming a focal-point for dissidents the regime could do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little to use repression, the Francoist?s usual response to challenges, against it due to the Church?s central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(position, at least in theory, in providing support to the regime. Similarly, the regime relied upon the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction of capitalism into Spain to distract its poverty-stricken citizens but the introduction of consumer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(goods along with radio and television sets, washing machines, and refrigerators \(and less impressively, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps no less importantly, deodorant\) all served to give people aspirations for the good life. Ironically, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(good life could not be sustained by Spain?s economy and, as Cazorla Snchez argues, with the onset of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1974 global economic crisis these ?just tasted, sweet fruit[s]? were taken away \(p. 155\). Inevitably, perhaps, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people would want them back. The economic changes over the 1960s had dramatic social consequences and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for Cazorla Snchez, it was the move towards a more urban and tolerant outlook by many Spaniards that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spelt trouble for a regime based on fear and hatred.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, chapter five examines the various forces that acted on the end of the regime and how the debates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about how the regime might continue or collapse after Franco?s death affected ordinary people. Cazorla )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Snchez argues that for ordinary Spaniards the future was uncertain. Whilst many felt that the regime could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not survive Franco, they were not entirely sure what would follow his death \(p. 175\). He argues, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasively, that the regime faced difficulties because increasingly it focussed on the prestige of Franco )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whilst ignoring the wide-spread dissatisfaction with the regime. Thus whilst popular support for Franco )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be genuinely discerned amongst the population, the same could not be said for the regime as a whole. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ETA violence and industrial unrest stimulated the usual state repression but, Cazorla Snchez argues, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was unable to force the kind of acceptance of the regime which it had hitherto. As the Governor of Gerona )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(put it in 1975 ?phrases and concepts were appearing, many of which were considered extinct. We witness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first signs of distress in the labour world and in some student circles where hitherto there had been little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political activity? \(p. 212\). The regime had, by 1975, undermined itself and without the figure of Franco to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hold it together ordinary people were clear in expressing that they had had enough.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Two things are not new about Cazorla Snchez?s approach, though I will demonstrate that they have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used in fresh ways to shed new light upon the dictatorship. The first is the use of the concept of fear and of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the role of the Church, army, Falange, and monarchy in the support of the regime. These were, of course, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explored at length in Paul Preston?s )] TJ ET BT 209.336 78.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Politics of Revenge)] TJ ET BT 322.988 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 325.988 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 325.988 77.043 m 339.980 77.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 339.980 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( What Cazorla Snchez does successfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achieve is giving the reader an insight into not how these politics were conceived or played out in Madrid, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but rather how they affected everyday Spanish life. Taken together, therefore, these two works provide an )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 325.9877 77.3575 339.9797 89.2375 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 7585 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invaluable insight into Spanish life under the dictatorship.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second approach that is not new is the use of oral history, which supports much of Cazorla Snchez?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research. Most famously, certainly for English language scholars, this was an approach used in the works of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ronald Fraser and perhaps most notably in his )] TJ ET BT 260.000 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Blood of Spain)] TJ ET BT 331.340 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 354.668 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Pueblo)] TJ ET BT 409.664 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 412.664 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 412.664 740.307 m 426.656 740.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 426.656 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But Cazorla Snchez?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work is much more than an oral history even in its methodology. The use of Spanish archival sources to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support the testimony provided in oral evidence is impressive and gives the analysis a tremendous depth. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is also the use of oral history testimony that allows for the persuasive analysis of the lives of ordinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spaniards in the regime to come to the fore. And it is also this approach which has another, no doubt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intended result ? the avoidance of the positing of a teleological economic development of the regime and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transition to democracy. As Cazorla Snchez argues, ordinary Spaniards did not know when they were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiencing Franco?s dictatorship that it would necessarily end, they certainly did not know when he might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(die, and even when they might reasonably have expected that such an event was only just around the corner )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they could not have necessarily known what would happen to the regime. It is the portrayal of this aspect of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(every day life for those Spaniards who stopped to consider the regime, their place within it, and its future )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that made life such drudgery. And such drudgery, and at times hopelessness on the part of ordinary people, is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented in Cazorla Snchez?s work with almost Orwellian mastery.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These two methodological devices, the politics of fear as a concept and the use of oral history, are refreshed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Carzola Snchez and give the reader a new insight into the regime. Seemingly more old-hat at first glance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is the combative way in which )] TJ ET BT 183.332 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fear and Progress)] TJ ET BT 273.992 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( sets out to disprove and dispel the claims of the right that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Franco?s rule was benevolent and that, for all the regime?s ills, it heralded the birth of modern, economically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developed Spain. To English language readers used to works that are sympathetic to the left \(such as those of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Preston, Sebastian Balfour, and Gabriel Jackson\) the case has already been made. But it should be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remembered, and Cazorla Snchez actively reminds us, that there are plenty of rightists, particularly in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spain, who do give a sympathetic view of the regime. Even if Cazorla Snchez?s analysis of the regime does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little more than confirm what those on the left already think about Franco?s regime it is important to sustain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the case with new evidence \(and )] TJ ET BT 192.632 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fear and Progress)] TJ ET BT 283.292 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( gives enormous succour to this\) and to challenge those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who cling uncritically to the Caudillo as a talisman.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, and in the view of this reviewer most importantly, )] TJ ET BT 317.336 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fear and Progress)] TJ ET BT 407.996 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( stakes a more solid place in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the contemporary literature on Franco?s Spain: it is a good solid history. Of late research methods into, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(insights from, the Franco regime have drawn considerably from postmodern theory and from literature. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Much of this work is consumed by a privileged consideration of theory that often relegates lived experience )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to a secondary position and sometimes considers it irrelevant. Of course literature is a useful source, not least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of all because it is evocative but here, in )] TJ ET BT 229.976 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fear and Progress)] TJ ET BT 320.636 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the real-life stories of real-life people are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented and it is to these bread-and-butter issues that historians should be listening.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 255.123 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 224.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Preston, )] TJ ET BT 130.352 224.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Politics of Revenge)] TJ ET BT 244.004 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1995\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 325.328 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 325.328 223.107 m 379.316 223.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 210.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R. Fraser, )] TJ ET BT 114.008 210.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Blood of Spain)] TJ ET BT 185.348 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1979\); R. Fraser, )] TJ ET BT 320.000 210.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Pueblo)] TJ ET BT 374.996 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1973\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 456.320 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 456.320 208.851 m 510.308 208.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.733 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 143.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 138.751 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 120.971 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 120.971 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/936)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 119.577 m 322.316 119.577 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 94.600 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.200 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4862)] TJ ET BT 34.016 65.800 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj [21 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 412.6637 740.6215 426.6557 752.5015 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 325.3277 223.4215 379.3157 235.3015 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 456.3197 209.1655 510.3077 221.0455 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 119.8915 322.3157 131.7715 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/936) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000565 00000 n 0000000647 00000 n 0000003963 00000 n 0000004072 00000 n 0000004182 00000 n 0000004291 00000 n 0000007852 00000 n 0000007980 00000 n 0000008064 00000 n 0000008129 00000 n 0000015491 00000 n 0000015575 00000 n 0000023343 00000 n 0000023373 00000 n 0000023499 00000 n 0000023535 00000 n 0000023640 00000 n 0000031278 00000 n 0000031308 00000 n 0000031436 00000 n 0000031472 00000 n 0000031600 00000 n 0000031655 00000 n 0000031783 00000 n 0000031819 00000 n 0000031947 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 32042 %%EOF