%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150128063030+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150128063030+00'00') /Title (Nine Wartime Lives: Mass Observation and the Making of the Modern Self) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3026 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Nine Wartime Lives: Mass Observation and the Making of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Modern Self)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For historians of Britain, the Second World War has long occupied a privileged place in narratives of change )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and continuity in the 20th century. Until fairly recently, the 1940s stood as a transformative decade in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature, a moment when the unique pressures of total war recast politics and social relations in a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(egalitarian mould. The British people, as J. B. Priestley memorably put it, were ?bombed and burned into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(democracy,? their selfish instincts and class jealousies cast aside in pursuit of the greater good of defeating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tyranny and building a fairer world. The war, as the argument goes, speeded Britain?s transition from liberal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to social democracy, securing a popular consensus for the radical programme of social welfare and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationalization put in place by the post-war Labour governments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(937)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 1 July, 2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Hinton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199574667)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(272pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Helen McCarthy)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8002 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps inevitably, this narrative of progress soon came under attack from revisionist critics, who adopted a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more sceptical view of wartime popular radicalism and argued for the survival of traditional class hierarchies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and gender inequalities both on the home front and in the armed forces. The Labour landslide of 1945, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(according to this alternative reading, did not signal a moral transformation on the part of the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(electorate; there was no fundamental refashioning of a nation of status-conscious individualists into a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community of collectively-minded citizens. A fairer, more tolerant and less class-bound society would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to wait ? until the cultural revolution of the 1960s at the very least.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Hinton has been a major participant in these debates over the past two decades, penning two full-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(length monographs and a string of important journal articles on the social history of wartime Britain. His )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first book on this theme, )] TJ ET BT 154.016 644.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Shop Floor Citizens)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 253.028 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 253.028 642.771 m 267.020 642.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 267.020 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, explored the part played by engineering trade unionists in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promoting notions of industrial democracy in the early 1940s, whilst his second, )] TJ ET BT 422.660 629.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women and Social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Leadership )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 91.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 91.016 614.259 m 105.008 614.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 105.008 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, examined the class dynamics in operation within the Women?s Voluntary Service \(WVS\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the mass volunteer army raised by the National Government in 1939 to bolster the war effort at home. Both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies offer a scholarly, nuanced and even-handed analysis of a society at war, but ultimately side with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revisionists by uncovering the tensions which lurked beneath the dominant imagery of national unity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cross-class solidarity. The dream of worker participation in a state-planned economy, Hinton finds, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thwarted in part by the resilience of voluntarist traditions in industry, and in part by Labour?s reluctance to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ally with a movement dominated by Communist shop stewards. By nurturing support for productionist ideas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amongst workers, Hinton argues, the war presented an opportunity to democratise British industry, but it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an opportunity missed. Equally, despite reframing the unpaid, voluntary service of housewives as a patriotic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and publicly valued form of citizenship, the WVS, Hinton contends, functioned ideologically to shore up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upper- and middle-class power. The social relations of voluntary work were not democratised by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(purported levelling tendencies of the home front; rather, they reproduced the class inequalities and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antagonisms of old.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nine Wartime Lives, )] TJ ET BT 148.340 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a book which completes what might now be rightfully considered a trilogy of works )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the Second World War, Hinton continues his investigation of British society in the 1940s, but shifts the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus on to the intimate realm of personal relationships and subjectivities. This, the author suggests, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitutes the dimension missing from the two earlier works, which largely overlooked questions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(motivation and the complex and varied meanings that ?active citizenship? held in individuals? lives. To )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rectify this oversight, )] TJ ET BT 139.340 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nine Wartime Lives)] TJ ET BT 234.668 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( promises to reconnect the personal with the political ? to explore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how private experience informed public activity and vice versa - by telling the stories of six women and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three men who kept diaries for the research organisation, Mass Observation \(MO\). As a study in ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(construction of the modern self?, the book aims, as Hinton puts it, to uncover the ways in which individuals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?have used available cultural resources to weave meaningful narratives of their personal identities? \(p. 4\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That Hinton feels equipped to pursue such an ambitious research agenda is due to his long and close )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acquaintance with the voluminous archives of MO, which launched its brand of popular anthropological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enquiry in 1937, recruiting hundreds of publicly-minded men and women to carry out its work in the field. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These Mass Observers, as they were known, recorded overheard conversations, responded to central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directives on a range of topical issues, and kept diaries, in some cases continuously over many years. It is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last of these that provides, in Hinton?s words, ?the privileged source for the historical investigation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selfhood? \(p. 5\). Skilfully synthesising a dense conceptual literature on themes of modernity, identity and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self, Hinton makes a powerful case for the value of diary-writing to the historian, describing this form of self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expression as ?the room behind the shop? where the individual prepares the ?mask? that he or she shows to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the outside world. Because of the purportedly ?scientific? nature of the enterprise in which they were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engaged, the Mass Observers were uniquely self-reflexive writers, willing to engage explicitly with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions of identity, morality and belief which the casual diarist might be inclined to leave well alone.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whilst conscious that all forms of writing constitute a kind of ?performance?, and that the diaries therefore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cannot be treated as ?transparent windows on the soul? \(p. 6\), Hinton is persuasive in arguing for these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(testimonies to be taken seriously by historians and not merely raided for a colourful anecdote to support )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 253.0277 643.0855 267.0197 654.9655 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 91.0157 614.5735 105.0077 626.4535 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7427 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions reached elsewhere. He is also convincing in his suggestion that the diaries might serve as a kind )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of bridge between the social historian?s traditional concern with lived ?experience? and the cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian?s preoccupation with ?discourse?. Dissatisfied with the latter?s tendency to treat cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations as a proxy for collective identities, Hinton embraces the diaries because they demonstrate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how an individual might make use of those representations and imbue them with meanings quite different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from those intended. Real human beings, he reminds us, have messy minds capable of accommodating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eclectic and seemingly contradictory sets of ideas. Historians categorise them at their peril.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Having set out this framework of analysis, the rest of the book is organized into biographical chapters, each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(telling a different diarist?s story. The nine writers, Hinton explains, were selected not for their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representativeness ? no Mass Observer, he rightly remarks, is ?typical? ? but for their extensive public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activities and for the unusually full and revealing nature of their diaries. The six women include: Nella Last, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a lower middle-class housewife from Barrow; Gertrude Glover, former Suffragette and leading light of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(WI in Warwickshire; Mary Clayton, a left-leaning businesswoman from Battersea; Eleanor Humphries, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(downtrodden suburban wife in Blackheath; Lillian Rogers, the sexually-frustrated wife of a Birmingham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(garage mechanic; and Bertha Walton, socialist activist and wartime factory worker in the Durham coalfield. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The three featured male diarists are Ernest Von Someren, a free-thinking scientist living in an affluent home )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(counties suburb; Denis Argent, a young conscientious objector serving in the army; and Matthew Walton, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disillusioned schoolteacher and husband of Bertha.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As a group, the nine provide an immensely rich and varied set of insights into the relationship between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public and private lives. Some individual testimonies appear to lend support to themes well-established in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the conventional historiography. Nella Last, for example, experienced the war as a welcome release from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?slavery years? of peacetime, a narrative of emancipation echoed in many subsequent oral histories of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women?s wartime lives. Her extensive work for the WVS not only uncovered hidden talents and nurtured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new friendships, but assisted Nella in the quest for personal autonomy within her unsatisfactory marriage. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Civic activism, the diaries reveal, emboldened Nella in the struggle to assert her own need for self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expression and independence in the face of an anti-social and possessive husband.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Last?s testimony, together with those of Glover and Clayton, confirms another prominent theme in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established literature: the enduring power of Victorian values of service, character and altruism. These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(values underpinned the popular ?myth? of the war which projected an image of dutiful citizens selflessly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(serving Britain in her hour of need, a vision of a nation in unity that many revisionist historians have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anxious to dissect. Yet the diaries of these middle-aged, middle-class women suggest that patriotic appeals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had genuine resonance and could inspire action. On listening to Chamberlain?s famous broadcast on 3rd )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(September 1939, for example, Last felt as though ?spirit spoke to spirit?, whilst a Ministry of Information )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poster left her ?swept away on a wave of faith and exaltation? \(p. 41\). Clayton, meanwhile, displayed a stoic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resilience amidst the terror of the Blitz ? ?bombed out and keeping going? she noted in her diary after her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flat suffered an indirect hit ? and ploughed her energies into the WVS, which she regarded as ?the most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(direct way of helping my country and those around? \(p. 79\). All three women hoped that post-war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconstruction would embrace substantial measures of social reform and believed that the Labour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government should be given the chance to prove its worth. Glover was positively excited by the dramatic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outcome of the 1945 election, which she thought marked ?the beginning of carrying out all those things )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(described in all the Utopias written during the past few thousands of years and more particularly during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(last 50 or 60 years? \(p. 69\). Such fervour sits uneasily with the bold claims of revisionists concerning the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supposed apathy and materialism of the electors at the polls.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other testimonies, however, throw into question these popular narratives of the People?s War. Humphries? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voluntary work, we learn, was motivated less by a sense of patriotic duty than by the desire to avoid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conscription, absorbed as she was in appeasing a patriarchal husband and documenting the quotidian ups and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(downs of relationships with friends, servants and neighbours. Similarly, Argent relished army life not for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunity it afforded to fight the good fight against Fascism, but for the respite it brought from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pressures of civilian life and especially the demands of family and fianc. Matthew Walton briefly glimpsed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the democratic possibilities of collective action as secretary of a communal Shelter Committee, but the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7880 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moment was short-lived, dissipated by the disinterest of local residents and the tedium of nightly pumping to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(keep the shelter dry. Walton, we learn, subsequently abandoned all political activity, finding consolation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instead in the private study of literature and art.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As well as drawing out the implications of the diaries for these established historiographical debates, Hinton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(calls our attention to some less familiar themes. His diarists sustained complex spiritual lives, mixing formal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious observance with searching private reflections on the nature of good and evil, the existence of God, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and how best to live. Despite adhering to the secular rationality of the MO project, a number of diarists ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps, significantly, all female ? adopted an apocalyptic tone when writing about mankind?s capacity for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death and destruction as revealed by the war. Outwardly a respectable communicant of the Church of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England, Glover read widely on spiritual matters, believed in reincarnation and expressed an interest in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jehovah?s Witnesses, astrology and spiritualism. Rogers abandoned chapel-going aged 16, but the coming of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war, Hinton notes, ?stirred a latent millenarian sensibility? in her \(p125\), whilst for Von Someren, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dramatic events of May-June 1940 finally convinced him to join the Quakers following years of indecision. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(His private pacifist convictions, however, were soon compromised by the demands of public, professional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life when his firm began working exclusively for the state; Von Someren?s expert knowledge was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsequently employed for the purpose of improving military technologies designed to kill and maim.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other diarists did not experience such acute crises of conscience, but they reflected deeply on moral and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethical questions, sometimes prompted by the directives emanating from MO headquarters but more often in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(response to their own desire to achieve what Hinton describes as ?transcendence?. Some found this higher )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meaning in art and literature, which transported them out of their mundane material existences and beyond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the disturbing wartime reality of state-sponsored violence. Argent confided to MO in September 1939 that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?life is still worth living while the music of Beethoven can be heard ... [it is] the most worthwhile thing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which war can?t take away? \(p. 170\), and shared his fascination with Virginia Woolf?s final novel, )] TJ ET BT 512.240 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Acts, )] TJ ET BT 78.344 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he read three times between 1941 and 1943. This preoccupation with culture was not only a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entryway to a higher mental plane, but also a route to distinction, a means by which these individuals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defined their selfhood against the bland tastes of the masses or the anti-intellectualism of other members of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their own social class. The Waltons, for example, felt culturally isolated living on their lower-middle-class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(housing estate in Bishop Auckland and treasured their occasional visits to the galleries, theatres and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bookshops of London. Argent was similarly drawn to the cultural offerings of the metropolis ? pleasures not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shared by his childhood sweetheart back in staid Tunbridge Wells ? whilst Nella Last scrimped and saved to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pay for music, dancing and elocution lessons for her sons, determined that they should become ?civilised? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individuals.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hinton?s sensitive and subtle readings of these nine diaries paint a vivid picture of life in wartime Britain as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lived by real, flesh-and-blood individuals, whose collective menu of intellectual interests, spiritual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convictions, personal insecurities and sexual adventures reminds us just how unpredictable and surprising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human beings can be; ?eccentricity,? Hinton sagely remarks, ?is ordinary? \(p. 199\). Given the liveliness of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its core material and the author?s accessible prose style, )] TJ ET BT 305.288 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nine Wartime Lives)] TJ ET BT 400.616 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( will easily attract the general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader, feeding the apparently insatiable public appetite for books on the Second World War; it would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certainly not look out of place sitting alongside those doorstopper ?slice of life? volumes produced by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likes of Juliet Gardiner and Simon Garfield. Yet it is to be hoped that such a reader would readily grasp the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book?s more profound messages about selfhood and the democratisation of the emotions in mid-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain. As Hinton himself recognises in his conclusion, the war provides a backdrop against which these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nine personal dramas are played out, but much of the action begins in the late 1930s and stretches on beyond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1945. It is what the diaries reveal about the possibilities for re-making personal relationships across this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader timeframe that preoccupies Hinton, rather than the impact of the war per se. Democratisation is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented here as a fuzzy process that doesn?t happen only ? or even primarily ? at the level of the state, nor, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as )] TJ ET BT 47.012 104.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Shop Floor Citizens )] TJ ET BT 146.024 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 166.352 104.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women and Social Leadership)] TJ ET BT 313.340 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( demonstrated, in the workplace or the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community. It also happens within the home and inside the head, a realm less respectful of chronologies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defined by political events, such as the beginnings and endings of wars.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Having said that, )] TJ ET BT 118.676 49.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nine Wartime Lives )] TJ ET BT 217.004 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does offer answers to the more conventional question of what )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 7409 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difference the war made to British society, but these do not point towards any easy generalisations. In Last?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(case, for instance, the claims of the warfare state enabled her to put ?nation before husband?, providing a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rhetorical cover for her voluntary work which presumably would have packed little punch in peacetime. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Humphries, by contrast, remained as oppressed by patriarchal power as she ever had been, the war figuring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in her diary only inasmuch as it impinged on her personal relationships ? by depriving her of a valued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic servant, or precipitating a row with her husband over an accident during the black-out. The effects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the war were, therefore, ambiguous and highly individualised, and Hinton is probably wise to hold off on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawing bold conclusions about the nature of selfhood in wartime Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet a larger story does emerge from )] TJ ET BT 210.296 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nine Wartime Lives, )] TJ ET BT 311.624 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one which traces the cultural values associated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the later twentieth century ? self-actualisation, personal autonomy, egalitarianism ? back to the 1940s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and to the kinds of struggles and negotiations being worked out by the Mass Observers. The MO diaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reveal how it was possible for some individuals, in certain contexts, to challenge what Hinton ? paraphrasing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woolf ? describes as ?the tyrannies and servilities of the intimate sphere? \(p. 202\). This is a notably more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(optimistic narrative of democratisation than that found in )] TJ ET BT 311.324 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Shop Floor Citizens )] TJ ET BT 410.336 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 430.664 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women and Social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Leadership)] TJ ET BT 88.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, where the tyrannies and servilities of the public sphere were shown to have inhibited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progressive social change. It is perhaps to be regretted that Hinton does not reflect more explicitly on how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these two narratives fit together. Despite the author?s insistence that public and private lives were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interlinked, the analysis in )] TJ ET BT 163.676 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nine Wartime Lives)] TJ ET BT 259.004 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( suggests on several occasions that personal fulfilment was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not reliant on broader structural changes ? that it could be achieved )] TJ ET BT 359.276 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(despite )] TJ ET BT 396.272 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the continuities of material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inequality, class prejudice and institutionalised sexism in wider society. This allows the rather more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pessimistic conclusions of the earlier works to stand, but it leaves the reader speculating as to exactly when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and how the democratisation of these broader societal structures caught up with the quiet revolution taking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(place within the private lives of the MO diarists. Hinton alludes briefly to the impact of second-wave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feminism from the late 1960s, a movement which made the link between the personal and the political its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(central, animating idea. But that still leaves an interim period of nearly 20 years for which our understanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of these processes is woefully inadequate. This is not so much a criticism of )] TJ ET BT 401.636 428.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nine Wartime Lives )] TJ ET BT 499.964 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a plea )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for more studies stretching beyond 1945 which explore the connections between the realm of the emotions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the dynamics of the public sphere, rather than treating each in isolation. Historians eager to take on such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a challenge will find Hinton?s book an exemplary model as well as an immensely enjoyable read.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 350.403 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 319.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Hinton, )] TJ ET BT 135.680 319.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Shop Floor Citizens: Engineering Democracy in 1940s Britain )] TJ ET BT 440.336 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Aldershot, 1994\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 528.656 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 528.656 318.387 m 556.316 318.387 l S BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 304.131 m 90.344 304.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 291.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Hinton, )] TJ ET BT 135.680 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women and Social Leadership and the Second World War )] TJ ET BT 418.652 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 494.300 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 494.300 289.875 m 548.288 289.875 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 265.013 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Statesman)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.newstatesman.com/books/2010/02/mass-observation-british-madge)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 235.107 m 415.328 235.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 418.328 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Times Higher Education Supplement)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 206.595 m 270.668 206.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 273.668 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 203.263 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 185.483 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 185.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/937)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 184.089 m 322.316 184.089 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 159.112 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 144.712 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/4864)] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.312 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.newstatesman.com/books/2010/02/mass-observation-british-madge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 115.912 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=411247&sectioncode=26)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 528.6557 318.7015 556.3157 330.5815 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 304.4455 90.3437 316.3255 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 494.2997 290.1895 548.2877 302.0695 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 235.4215 415.3277 247.3015 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.newstatesman.com/books/2010/02/mass-observation-british-madge) >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 206.9095 270.6677 218.7895 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storyCode=411247§ioncode=26) >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 184.4035 322.3157 196.2835 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/937) >> endobj xref 0 40 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000580 00000 n 0000000662 00000 n 0000003740 00000 n 0000003849 00000 n 0000003959 00000 n 0000004068 00000 n 0000007629 00000 n 0000007757 00000 n 0000007841 00000 n 0000007932 00000 n 0000015987 00000 n 0000016017 00000 n 0000016145 00000 n 0000016181 00000 n 0000016211 00000 n 0000016338 00000 n 0000016374 00000 n 0000016439 00000 n 0000023919 00000 n 0000023984 00000 n 0000031917 00000 n 0000032036 00000 n 0000039498 00000 n 0000039626 00000 n 0000039681 00000 n 0000039807 00000 n 0000039862 00000 n 0000039990 00000 n 0000040045 00000 n 0000040172 00000 n 0000040296 00000 n 0000040423 00000 n 0000040554 00000 n 0000040682 00000 n trailer << /Size 40 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 40777 %%EOF